Kaalaman Tungkol sa 3d Printer

1. Ang maagang buhay at karera ng 3d printer na si Jimmy Snyder ay ipinanganak noong 1934 sa New Brighton, Pennsylvania at di nagtagal ay lumipat sa Wheeling, West Virginia bilang isang binata, nagtatrabaho bilang isang minero ng karbon upang suportahan ang kanyang pamilya. Ang kanyang propesyonal na karera sa musika ay nagsimula sa edad na labing pitong taon, nang anyayahan siyang maglaro sa lokal na palabas sa radyo ng WWVA, "Wheeling Jamboree," sa Wheeling, West Virginia.

Kaalaman Tungkol sa 3d Printer 1

Ang isa sa mga pinakamaagang banda na ginampanan ni Snyder ay ang Toby Stroud at The Blue Mountain Boys. Pangunahin na naglaro ang mga lalaki ng bluegrass, ipinagmamalaki ang talento na manlalaro ng fiddle, si Toby Stroud, na malapit nang magkakaroon ng isang matagumpay na karera bilang isang bluegrass fiddler. Si Toby Stroud at The Blue Mountain Boys ay nasisiyahan sa menor de edad na tagumpay sa kanilang kanta na pinamagatang "Jesse James.

"Ngayon, ang kanta ay kinikilala bilang isang klasikong halimbawa ng maagang Bluegrass na musika, madalas na kasama sa mga compilation album. Hindi nagtagal ay natagpuan ni Snyder ang kanyang daan patungo sa Los Angeles, California, pagkatapos ng kanyang serbisyo sa militar ng US. Nagsimula siyang maglaro kasama ang Gene Davis band noong kalagitnaan ng 1950s.

Pagsapit ng 1959, ang Gene Davis Band ay may regular na gig sa The Palomino Club ng North Hollywood. Sinimulan ni Snyder ang pagkilala, dahil ang banda ay agad na na-advertise bilang "The Gene Davis Band na nagtatampok kay Jimmy Snyder." Iniwan ni Snyder ang Gene Davis Band noong 1961 at natagpuan ang kanyang sariling gig sa Rag Doll Club, habang tinangka ni Gene Davis na palitan siya ni Johnny Paycheck, ngunit hindi nagtagal ay nawala ang gig at ibinigay ito kay Jerry Inman.

Si Jimmy Snyder ay unang nilagdaan sa label ng bansa na Toppa Records noong unang bahagi ng 1960. Kabilang sa iba pang mga maagang artista ng Toppa ay sina Gene Davis, Johnny at Jonie Mosby, Wade Ray, Johnny Dabbs, Kenny Brown, at Lina Lynne. Sandali siyang nilagdaan sa K-Ark Records noong huling bahagi ng 1960.

Kaalaman Tungkol sa 3d Printer 2

Noong Pebrero 1971, ang K-Ark ay nagsama sa B. J. Ang B Records ng Hollywood at Snyder ay may mga paglabas sa mga linggo upang sundin, kasama sina Tony Booth at Bobby Bakersfield.

Nag-sign siya kasama ang Wayside Records, kung saan nasisiyahan siya sa pinaka-komersyo na tagumpay ng kanyang karera, na ginawa ni Little Richie Johnson. Sa ilalim ng produksyon ni Johnson na nakuha ni Snyder ang kanyang pinakamalaking hit, "The Chicago Story", isang kanta tungkol sa asawa ng isang sundalo na nakikita siya sa giyera, na may pagtatapos ng pag-ikot na itinuturing na kontrobersyal sa oras ng paglabas ng solong. Pagsapit ng 1970s siya ay nilagdaan sa American Heritage Records.

Noong 1972, ang Shelby Singleton Corportatio ay pumirma ng isang kontrata sa American Heritage Records para sa eksklusibong mga karapatan sa pamamahagi. Habang nilagdaan sa American Heritage, ang "Candy" ni Snyder ay umabot sa mga tsart ng bansa. Si Little Richie Johnson ay muling gumawa ng Snyder sa American Heritage Gumawa si Snyder ng maraming pagpapakita sa pelikula, kabilang ang klasikong kulto na "Rock All Night" at Clint Eastwood's "Any What Way You Can".

Umalis si Snyder sa California noong 1980s at lumipat sa Nashville, Tennessee, kung saan naglaro siya sa Printer's Alley, nagtutuon ng maraming naghahangad na musikero ng bansa, kabilang ang Tim McGraw at Trace Adkins, na binibigyan sila ng kanilang mga unang gig. Matapos maglaro ng Printer's Alley, nakarating siya sa gig ng bahay sa Tootsie's World Famous Orchid Lounge, kung saan nakikipaglaro siya sa Jimmy Snyder Band.

------ 2

Ang Black Legion ng 3d printer na si Effinger ay kontrolado noong 1931 ng Black Legion; naniniwala siyang maaaring ito ang batayan para sa isang network ng mga rebolusyonaryong cell. Sinuportahan niya ang pagpapalawak ng isang istrakturang militar ng mga brigada, batalyon, atbp. At hindi nagtagal ay itinaguyod ang isang rebolusyon, na balak para sa Legion na sakupin ang kapangyarihan sa Washington D.

C. At i-install siya bilang diktador. Inilarawan ni Effinger ang kanyang kilusan bilang "isang hukbong gerilya na idinisenyo upang labanan ang mga partidong Republikano at Demokratiko."

Muling isinulat niya ang kasaysayan, na inaangkin na ang Legion ay nagpetsahan sa rebolusyonaryong-era ng Boston Tea Party, kaysa sa 1920s. Sa ilalim ng paningin ni Effinger, ang Legion ay lumawak sa Ohio at Michigan noong unang bahagi ng 1930s ng Great Depression, kung saan ang isang kabanata ay unang itinatag ni Arthur Lupp sa Highland Park noong 1931. Ang pagiging miyembro nito ay katulad ng mga dating naaakit sa KKK: puting mga katutubong Protestante na ipinanganak, marami mula sa Timog, na nanganganib ng imigrasyon at iba pang mga pagbabago sa lipunan; marami ang kulang sa mga kasanayan para sa mga pang-industriya na trabaho ng mga pangunahing lungsod.

Habang inangkin ni Effinger ang pamumuno, ang mga kabanata ay lubos na malaya. Ang mga miyembro ng Black Legion ay may mahabang listahan ng mga kaaway: mga imigrante, Katoliko, Hudyo, itim, tagapag-ayos ng manggagawa, komunista, at mga sosyalista. Ang Black Legion ay naiugnay sa Michigan lalo na sa isang maliit na pagpatay sa rasista at pampulitika pati na rin ang mga pagtatangka na mag-apela sa a mas malawak na base ng pamayanan sa pamamagitan ng pag-arson at pag-atake ng bomba sa mga bookshop ng komunista at mga tagapag-ayos ng manggagawa.

Ang Black Legion ay lumawak nang higit pa sa Michigan kaysa sa Ohio, na umabot sa tinatayang pagiging miyembro ng 20,000 hanggang 30,000 noong kalagitnaan ng 1930, na may isang ikatlong batay sa Detroit. Nang maglaon ay napatunayan silang naging partikular na maimpluwensya sa Highland Park, Michigan, kasama ang isang alkalde, pinuno ng pulisya, at konsehal ng lungsod bilang mga miyembro, bukod sa maraming iba pa. Ang kanilang network ay nakatulong sa mga miyembro na makakuha ng trabaho at magkaroon ng impluwensyang pampulitika.

Noong Mayo 1936 si Charles Poole, isang tagapag-ayos ng Catholic Works Progress Administration, ay binaril at pinatay sa timog-kanlurang Detroit, Michigan ng miyembro ng Legion na si Major Dayton Dean matapos na kinidnap niya at isang gang ng mga tagasunod. Habang ang mga krimen laban sa mga hindi puti o komunista ay madalas na hindi pinansin ng maliit na bayan ng pulisya noong panahong iyon, ang mga pagkakasala para sa pagkakaugnay sa relihiyon ay madalas na mas seryoso. Ang mga mamamatay-tao ni Poole ay masiglang hinabol ng pulisya ng lungsod ng Detroit at tanggapan ng tagausig ng Wayne County.

Si Dean ay nakiusap na nagkasala at nagpatotoo laban sa iba pang mga miyembro ng kanyang gang at Legion; siya at ang sampung iba pa ay nahatulan ng habambuhay na pagkabilanggo. Ang mga pagsisiyasat na nagreresulta mula sa kanyang patotoo at galit sa publiko tungkol sa pangkat ay humantong sa mga paniniwala ng isa pang 37 kalalakihan para sa mga krimen mula sa tangkang pagpatay sa iba pan pagpatay; silang lahat ay nakatanggap ng mga sentensiya sa pagkabilanggo. Sa napakaraming pinuno na nakakulong, gumuho ang Black Legion.

------ 3.. Napiling bibliography ng 3d printer Ang may-akda ay Henri-Jean Martin maliban kung ipahiwatig kung hindi man. Les mtamorphoses du livre.

Paris: Albin Michel. C. 2004.

ISBN   2-226-14237-1.mw-parser-output cite.citationfont-style: inherit.

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Mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-kanan: 0.2em.

Mw-parser-output. Sipi. Mw-selflink-font-weight: inherit Series   : Itinraires du savoir.

Jean-Marc Chatelain; et al. (2000). La naissance du livre moderne (XIVe-XVIIe sicles)   : Mise en page et mise en texte du livre franais.

Paris: Mga Edisyon du Cercle de la librairie. ISBN   2-7654-0776-2. Livre, covs et socit Paris au XVIIe sicle, 1598-1701 (3d ed.

). Geneva: Droz. 1999.

ISBN   2-600-00384-3. (Set); (v. 1); (v.

2). Paunang ni Roger Chartier   ; Seryes   : Titre courant, 1420-5254, 14-15   ; Tanaw   : "Ce livre a d'abord paru en 1969 dans la collection Histoire et civilisation du livre." Tingnan din: (1969) (parehong pamagat at publisher, walang ISBN) Seryes   : Histoire et civilization du livre, 3   ; Tanaw   : "Publications du Center de recherches d'histoire et de philologie de la IVe section de l'cole pratique des hautes tudes, Paris.

"Orihinal na ipinakita bilang thesis ng may-akda, Paris. Febvre, Lucien; Henri-Jean Martin (1997). Ang pagdating ng aklata   : Ang epekto ng pag-print 1450-1800.

London: Verso. ISBN   1-85984-108-2. Tr.

Ni David Gerard   ; Ed. Nina Geoffrey Nowell-Smith at David Wootton   ; Tanaw   : Muling pag-print, iba pang mga muling pag-print ng publisher na ito 1990 & 1984, orihinal na nai-publish (London   : N.L.

B., 1976)   ; Pagsasalin ng L'apparition du livre. Ang aklat na Pranses   : Relihiyon, absolutism, at mambabasa, 1585-1715.

Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 1996. ISBN   0-8018-5179-3.

Seryes   : Johns Hopkins symposia sa paghahambing ng kasaysayan, ika-22. Ang kasaysayan at kapangyarihan ng pagsulat. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

1994. ISBN   0-226-50835-8. Tr.

Ni Lydia G. Cochrane. Pag-print, kapangyarihan, at mga tao sa ika-17 siglong Pransya.

Metuchen, N.J. : Scarecrow Press.

1993. ISBN   0-8108-2477-9. Tr.

Ni David Gerard   ; Tanaw   : Pagsasalin ng Livre, двоs et socit Paris au 17e sicle. Orihinal na ipinakita bilang thesis ng may-akda, Paris. Kasama sina Roger Chartier at Jean-Pierre Vivet (1989)..

Histoire de l'dition franaise. Paris: Fayard-Cercle de la Librairie. ISBN   2-213-02399-9.

Suriin ang mga halaga ng petsa sa: | taon (tulong) 4 na dami. Kasama si Bruno Delmas (1988).. Histoire et pouvoirs de l'crit.

Paris: Librairie acadmique Perrin. ISBN   2-262-00616-4. Seryes   : Histoire et dcadence, ISSN 0291-3852   ; Paunang salita ni Pierre Chaunu.

Le livre franais sous l'Ancien Rgime. Paris: Promodis / Editions du Cercle de la Librairie. C.

1987. ISBN   2-903181-57-8. Seryes   : Histoire du livre.

Pour une histoire du livre   : XVe-XVIIIe sicles   : Mga confrence ng cinc. Naples: Bibliopolis. C.

1987. Seryes   : Lezioni della Scuola di stud superiori sa Napoli, 8. Kasama sina Roger Chartier at Jean-Pierre Vivet (c1982).

Histoire de l'dition franaise. Paris: Bibliothque Nationale. ISBN   2-903181-06-3.

Suriin ang mga halaga ng petsa sa: | taon (tulong) 4 na dami. Febvre, Lucien; Henri-Jean Martin (1976). Ang pagdating ng libro: ang epekto ng pag-print ng 1450-1800.

N.L.B.

: London. ISBN   0-902308-17-3. Tr.

Ni David Gerard   ; Ed. Nina Geoffrey Nowell-Smith at David Wootton   ; Seryes   : Mga pundasyon ng library ng kasaysayan   ; Tandaan: Pagsasalin ng L'apparition du livre Febvre, Lucien; kasama si Henri-Jean Martin (1971). L'apparition du livre par Lucien Febvre et Henri Jean Martin.

Avec le concours de Anne Basanoff et al. Paris: Albin Michel. Seryes   : L'volution de l'humanit no.

30; Tanaw   : Dati nai-publish bilang v.49 ng Bibliothque de synthse historique na "L'evolution de l'humanite". Le Livre et la sibilisasyon.

Paris: cole nationale suprieure de bibliothcaires. 1968. Histoire du livre.

Paris: Bibliothque Nationale. 1964.

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Ipinakilala sa 3d Printer
Ipinakilala sa 3d Printer
1. Tagapaprotekta ng mga Aborigine ng 3d printer Matapos dumating sa Sydney noong Nobyembre 1838, si Sievwright ay nanirahan sandali kasama ang kanyang asawang si Christina, at ang kanilang pitong anak sa Melbourne. Pagkatapos ay lumipat ang buong pamilya upang manirahan sa mga Aborigine sa lugar ng Geelong. Ito ay nasa gilid ng lugar na itinalaga sa kanya, na kilala bilang Western District, na sumasaklaw sa halos 40,000 square kilometres. Ang mga naninirahan sa British at Irish ay nagsimulang dumating sa Distrito mga tatlong taon na ang nakalilipas, ngunit sa panahong iyon libu-libong mga Aboriginal na tao ang mas marami pa kaysa sa mga Europeo. Bilang isang Protector ng mga Aborigine, ang Sievwright ay kinomisyon ng gobyerno ng Britain na kumatawan sa mga Aboriginal, at upang maprotektahan sila "mula sa kalupitan, pang-aapi at kawalang katarungan" at "mula sa mga pagpasok sa kanilang pag-aari". Noong Pebrero 1841, si Sievwright at ang kanyang pamilya ay lumipat pa sa kanyang distrito upang magtayo ng isang bagong kampo sa Lake Keilambete, malapit sa kasalukuyang Terang. Pagkalipas ng isang taon, lumipat siya sa Mt Rouse, malapit sa kasalukuyang araw na Penshurst, muling hinihimok ang mga Aborigine ng distrito na sumali sa kanya. Ang mga paghihirap ni Sievwright ay malaki, hindi nagsasalita ng mga wika ng mga Aborigine sa ilalim ng kanyang pangangalaga, at karamihan sa kanila ay nakikipag-ugnay sa mga Europeo sa kauna-unahang pagkakataon. Gayunpaman, sa bawat isa sa kanyang mga kampo ay naglunsad siya ng limitadong mga programa sa pagsasanay sa agrikultura bilang kapalit ng pagkain, kapag ang tradisyunal na mga suplay ng pagkain ay naging mas mahirap habang mas maraming mga naninirahan sa Europa ang dumating na may mga tupa at baka. Kasabay nito, naglunsad siya ng isang serye ng mga pagsisiyasat sa pagpatay sa mga Aboriginal na tao. Ang kanyang pagsisikap na humingi ng mga pag-uusig sa mga Europeo na kasangkot sa pagpatay ay naging labis na hindi sikat sa mga puting naninirahan. Ang isang squatter ay naitala sa kanyang pribadong journal na noong Pebrero 1840, si Sievwright ay naging "pinakamasikat na tao na huminga". Sa parehong oras, iniulat ng Port Phillip Gazette na ang Sievwright ay "nasa napakasamang amoy" kasama ang mga squatter ng Western District. "Ang mga ginoo na ito, lumilitaw, pinutol siya sa lahat ng okasyon, at hindi siya papasok sa kanilang mga bahay. " Noong Agosto 1842, sinabi sa Sievwright na siya ay nasuspinde nang walang bayad dahil sa mga singil laban sa kanyang moral na karakter, mula pa noong 1839. Sinabi ng Superintendent ng Port Phillip na si Charles La Trobe kay Gobernador ng NSW na si George Gipps sa Sydney na kahit na ang mga paratang laban sa Sievwright ay hindi totoo, sila ay "mula sa simula ay nakamamatay sa kanya at sa kanyang kamakailang karera". Sinuportahan na ng Chief Protector na si Robinson ang isang plano na ibagsak ang Sievwright buwan na mas maaga. Bago pa man malaman ni Sievwright ang kanyang suspensyon sa Mt Rouse, naiulat ito sa Melbourne ng Port Phillip Gazette. Sa parehong oras, ang Gazette ay tinukoy ang isang banta ng pamahalaang kolonyal na tanggihan ang mga lisensya ng squatting sa bahagi ng Western District kung saan iniulat ng Sievwratg ang kamakailang pagpatay sa tatlong mga kababaihang Aboriginal at isang bata. "Mayroon pa ring pag-aalinlangan kung ang buong kapakanan ay hindi pinalaki," sabi nito. Matapos maging maliwanag na ang suspensyon ni Sievwright ay batay kahit papaano sa bahagi sa isang liham na isinulat ng kanyang sariling asawa noong 1839, kapwa siya at ang kanilang panganay na anak na babae, si Frances, ay sumulat kay La Trobe na ipinagtanggol siya. Gayunpaman, nanatiling nasuspinde ang Sievwright, at ang pamilya ay nadulas sa kahirapan. "Ang sitwasyon ni G. Sievwright ay pumigil sa kanya sa paggawa ng mga kaibigan sa mga puting populasyon, "isang lalaking tinawag na Frederic Nesbitt ang sumulat kay La Trobe. "Sagakatuwid sila ngayon ay nagdurusa ng parusa na nagawa ang kanilang tungkulin sa mga Aborigine." Si Geelong Police Magistrate na si Nicholas Fenwick ay kinumpirma ang kalagayan ng pamilya, na sinasabi sa Superintendent: "Walang sinuman dito na lilitaw ang magbibigay sa kanila ng anumang bagay sa kredito ngayon na si G. Sievwright ay nasuspinde, at kung paano nila nagawa upang makuha ang kanilang pang-araw-araw na tinapay, walang makasasabi, at ang kanilang mga anak ay nasa basahan. " Sa London, Kalihim ng Estado para sa Digmaan at ang mga Kolonya, Edward Smith-Stanley, inindorso ang rekomendasyon ni Gipps na ang Sievwright ay tatanggalin. "Dapat kong nais kung posible na maiwasan ang paghabol pa sa bagay na ito, dahil hindi ito ng isang tauhang angkop para sa pagsisiyasat sa publiko, "Sinabi niya sa Gobernador. Si La Trobe at Gipps ay nagpatuloy na tanggihan ang mga hinihingi ni Sievwright para sa isang buong pagtatanong sa mga paratang na humantong sa kanya pagpapaalis. Sumang-ayon lamang sila sa dalawang pagtatanong sa kasunod na mga paghahabol na itinaas noong 1844 na hindi niya ginamit ang mga tindahan ng gobyerno. Sinabi ni Sievwright kay La Trobe na pinagsisisihan niyang sabihin na ang Chief Protector na si Robinson ang kanyang "bukas na idineklarang kalaban", at pinipigilan ang pinuno ebidensya ng dokumentaryo na magpapakita ng mga pag-angkin na walang batayan. Upang higit na subukang malinis ang kanyang pangalan, sumulat si Sievwright ng isang mahabang liham sa Geelong Advertiser, ang tinig ng mga squatter ng Western District. Sa loob ng dalawang araw noong Pebrero 1845, inilaan nito ang apat na pahina ng broadsheet sa liham ni Sievwright. Isinama nito ang sulat na nauugnay sa Protectorate, ang kanyang mga pananaw sa kung ano ang tiningnan niya bilang maling pamamahala nito ni Robinson, at ang kabiguan ni La Trobe na bigyan ang kanyang kahilingan para sa isang buong pagtatanong sa kanyang pagpapaalis. "Hindi namin makita ang isang lalaking durog, tulad ng ginawa ni G. Sievwright, nang hindi umiiyak ng 'kahiya'. Ipinagtapat namin na hanggang sa magawa ang mga pagsisiwalat na ito, palagi kaming inaaliw ng isang malakas na pagtatangi laban kay G. Sievwright, at hindi sumiklab upang ipahayag ito, at samakatuwid ay natutuwa kami sa pagkakataong gumawa ng reparation, "ang komento ng Advertiser. Noong Mayo 1845, naglayag si Sievwright mula Melbourne patungong London, na iniiwan ang kanyang pamilya sa Melbourne, upang ilagay ang kanyang kaso para sa isang pagtatanong direkta sa gobyerno ng British. Sinusubukan pa rin niya nang hindi matagumpay kahit papaano noong 1849. ------ 2 Napiling bibliography ng 3d printer Ang may-akda ay Henri-Jean Martin maliban kung ipahiwatig kung hindi man. Les mtamorphoses du livre. Paris: Albin Michel. C. 2004. ISBN   2-226-14237-1. Mw-parser-output cite.citationfont-style: inherit.mw-parser-output. Sisipi ng qquotes: "" "" "" "" "" ''' ".mw-parser-output. Id-lock-free a,. Mw-parser-output. Citation .cs1-lock-free abackground-image: url ("/ / upload. Wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65 / Lock-green.svg / 9px-Lock-green. Svg.png "); background-image: linear-gradient (transparent, transparent), url ("/ / upload.wikimedia. Org / wikipedia / Commons / 6 / 65 / Lock-green. svg "); background-repeat: no-repeat; background-size: 9px; background-position: kanan. 1em center. Mw-parser-output. Id-lock-limited a, .mw-parser-output. Id-lock-registration a, .mw-parser-output. Sipi. Cs1-lock-limited a, .mw-parser-output. Sipi. 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Cs1-registrationcolor: # 555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,. Mw-parser-output. cs1-registration spanborder-sa ilalim: 1px dotted;cursor: tulong. mw-parser-output. Cs1-ws-icon abackground-image: url ("/ / upload.wikimedia.org / wikipedia / Commons / thumb/4 / 4c / Wikisource-logo. Svg / 12px-Wikisource-logo. Svg. png "); background-image: linear-gradient (transparent, transparent), url ("/ / upload. Wikimedia.org / wikipedia / commons / 4c / Wikisource-logo. svg "); background-repeat: no-repeat; background-size: 12px; background-position: kanan. 1em center. mw-parser-output code. ccs1-codecolor: inherit; background: inherit; border: inherit;padding: inherit. Mw-parser-output. cs1-hidden-errordisplay: none; font-size: 100%. mw-parser-output. Cs1-visible-errorfont-size: 100%. mw-parser-output. ccs1-maintdisplay: walang kulay: # 33aa33; margin-left: 0. 3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,. Mw-parser-output .cs1-registration, .mw-parser-output. Cs1-format-size: 95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,. Mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left: 0.2em. Mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-kanan, .mw-parser-output. Cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-kanan: 0.2em.mw-parser-output. Sipi. Mw-selflink-font-weight: inherit Series   : Itinraires du savoir. Jean-Marc Chatelain; et al. (2000). La naissance du livre moderne (XIVe-XVIIe sicles)   : Mise en page et mise en texte du livre franais. Paris: Mga Edisyon du Cercle de la librairie. ISBN   2-7654-0776-2. Livre, covs et socit Paris au XVIIe sicle, 1598-1701 (3d ed.).. Geneva: Droz. 1999. ISBN   2-600-00384-3. (Set); (v. 1); (v. 2). Paunang ni Roger Chartier   ; Seryes   : Titre courant, 1420-5254, 14-15   ; Tanaw   : "Ce livre a d'abord paru en 1969 dans la collection Histoire et civilisation du livre." Tingnan din: (1969) (parehong pamagat at publisher, walang ISBN) Seryes   : Histoire et civilization du livre, 3   ; Tanaw   : "Publications du Center de recherches d'histoire et de philologie de la IVe section de l'cole pratique des hautes tudes, Paris. " Orihinal na ipinakita bilang thesis ng may-akda, Paris. Febvre, Lucien; Henri-Jean Martin (1997). Ang pagdating ng aklata   : Ang epekto ng pag-print 1450-1800. London: Verso. ISBN   1-85984-108-2. Tr. Ni David Gerard   ; Ed. Nina Geoffrey Nowell-Smith at David Wootton   ; Tanaw   : Muling pag-print, iba pang mga muling pag-print ng publisher na ito 1990 & 1984, orihinal na nai-publish (London   : N.L.B. , 1976)   ; Pagsasalin ng L'apparition du livre. Ang aklat na Pranses   : Relihiyon, absolutism, at mambabasa, 1585-1715. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 1996. ISBN   0-8018-5179-3. Seryes   : Johns Hopkins symposia sa paghahambing ng kasaysayan, ika-22. Ang kasaysayan at kapangyarihan ng pagsulat. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1994. ISBN   0-226-50835-8. Tr. Ni Lydia G. Cochrane. Pag-print, kapangyarihan, at mga tao sa ika-17 siglong Pransya. Metuchen, N. J. : Scarecrow Press. 1993. ISBN   0-8108-2477-9. Tr. Ni David Gerard   ; Tanaw   : Pagsasalin ng Livre, двоs et socit Paris au 17e sicle. Orihinal na ipinakita bilang thesis ng may-akda, Paris. Kasama sina Roger Chartier at Jean-Pierre Vivet (1989).. Histoire de l'dition franaise. Paris: Fayard-Cercle de la Librairie. ISBN   2-213-02399-9. Suriin ang mga halaga ng petsa sa: | taon (tulong) 4 na dami. Kasama si Bruno Delmas (1988).. Histoire et pouvoirs de l'crit. Paris: Librairie acadmique Perrin. ISBN   2-262-00616-4. Seryes   : Histoire et dcadence, ISSN 0291-3852   ; Paunang salita ni Pierre Chaunu. Le livre franais sous l'Ancien Rgime. Paris: Promodis / Editions du Cercle de la Librairie. C. 1987. ISBN   2-903181-57-8. Seryes   : Histoire du livre. Pour une histoire du livre   : XVe-XVIIIe sicles   : Mga confrence ng cinc. Naples: Bibliopolis. C. 1987. Seryes   : Lezioni della Scuola di stud superiori sa Napoli, 8. Kasama sina Roger Chartier at Jean-Pierre Vivet (c1982). Histoire de l'dition franaise. Paris: Bibliothque Nationale. ISBN   2-903181-06-3. Suriin ang mga halaga ng petsa sa: | taon (tulong) 4 na dami. Febvre, Lucien; Henri-Jean Martin (1976). Ang pagdating ng libro: ang epekto ng pag-print ng 1450-1800. N. L.B. : London. ISBN   0-902308-17-3. Tr. Ni David Gerard   ; Ed. Nina Geoffrey Nowell-Smith at David Wootton   ; Seryes   : Mga pundasyon ng library ng kasaysayan   ; Tandaan: Pagsasalin ng L'apparition du livre Febvre, Lucien; kasama si Henri-Jean Martin (1971). L'apparition du livre par Lucien Febvre et Henri Jean Martin. Avec le concours de Anne Basanoff et al. Paris: Albin Michel. Seryes   : L'volution de l'humanit no. 30; Tanaw   : Dating nai-publish bilang v. 49 ng Bibliothque de synthse historique na "L'evolution de l'humanite". Le Livre et la sibilisasyon. Paris: cole nationale suprieure de bibliothcaires. 1968. Histoire du livre. Paris: Bibliothque Nationale. 1964.
CONCRETE 3D PRINTER  Introduction , Working , Types , Applications , Advantages & Disadvantages
CONCRETE 3D PRINTER Introduction , Working , Types , Applications , Advantages & Disadvantages
CONCRETE 3D PRINTINGThree dimensional printing (3DP) is a manufacturing process that builds layers to create a three- dimensional solid object from a digital model. It allows for mass customization and complex shapes that cannot be produced in other ways, eliminates the need for tool production and its associated labour, and reduces waste stream. Because of these advantages, 3DP has been increasingly used in different areas. including medical, automotive, aerospace, construction, etc. 3D printing for civil structures can significantly reduce the construction time and cost.However, unlike applications of 3DP in other areas, civil structures are typically large scale, with length or height spanning hundreds of meters. They are subjected to complex loadings, including gravity, wind, seismic, etc. Therefore, it is challenging to develop suitable printing tools and materials. As a result, 3DP of civil structures is still at a primitive stage. 1. Contour crafting 2. Concrete printing 3. CON print 3DThis Three are Extrusion based techniquesThe extrusion-based technique is analogous to the fussed deposition modelling (FDM) method which extrudes cementitious material from a nozzle mounted on a gantry, crane or a 6-axes robotic arm to print a structure layer by layer.This technique has been aimed at on-site construction applications such as large-scale building components with complex geometries, and has a great potential to make a significant and positive contribution to the construction industry. A schematic of the extrusion based technique is illustrated in Figure1. Contour crafting (CC) technology has been developed at the university of Southern California, USA. This technology uses the extrusion-based technique to extrude two layers of cementitious mixture to build a vertical concrete formwork. Custom-made reinforcement ties are manually inserted between layers (at every 30 cm horizontal and 13 cm vertically) while the CC machine is constantly extruding the layers. Trowel-like Gins are attached to the print head to create smooth extruded surfaces. Once the extruded formwork is completed, concrete is then manually poured to a height of 13 cm and a second batch is poured on top of the first batch after one hour. A one hour delay batch is to control the lateral pressure of the concrete by allowing it to partially cure and harden. The chief advantagesThe superior surface finish and the greatly enhanced of fabrication. Other key advantage of CC is possibility of integration with other robotics methods for installing internal components such as pipes, electrical conductors, and reinforcement modules to enhance mechanical property. The CC technology currently produces vertical elements largely in compression. When doorway or window is required a lintel is placed to bridge the gap and the wall can be placed above. Therefore, it avoids the cantilever problem.Drawbacks for the CC technology :1.This technology is limited to vertical extrusion, hence yielding 2. 5 D topologies (vertical extension of a planar shape),2. The initial formwork and trowel system can be rather complex to implement for production, depending on the size and shape of the object being printed.3.The interrupted sequential casting of concrete within the formwork due to hydrostatic pressure and weak mechanical properties of the extruded concrete may result in weakened interfacial zones between the layers. 2. Concrete PrintingConcrete Printing technology has been developed by a team at Loughborough University in the United Kingdom. This technology also uses the extrusion-based technique and to some extent is similar to the cc technology.However, the concrete Printing technology has been developed to retain 3D freedom and has, smaller resolution of deposition, which allows for greater control of internal and external geometries In addition, the material used in Concrete Printing is a high performance fiber-reinforced fine-aggregate concrete resulting in superior material properties to those obtained in the CC technology. Concrete printing requires additional support to create overhangs and other freeform features. It use, second material, in a similar manner to the FDM method. The disadvantage of this process is that an additional deposition device is needed for the second material resulting in more maintenance, cleaning and control instructions and the secondary structure must be cleaned away in a post processing operation. Drawbacks of Concrete Printing Technology(1) The trade-off necessary for maintaining its dimensional accuracy makes the process quite slow with regards to the envisioned industrial application,(2) Although the technology initially aimed at the veneration of 3D topologies rather than 2.5 D. the use of second material to support overhangs reduces the efficiency and flexibility of the process while increasing its material cost,(3) Dimensions and possibilities in terms of shape-design are limited by the dimensions of the printing frame3. and Concrete Printing technologies, while demonstrating many technological advantages, are subjected inherent limitations such as the necessity of using new and advanced machinery, small mineral some aggregate sizes (fine-aggregate mortar rather than concrete), and limited size of the printed elements (i. e. the size of the 3D printer must be larger than the size of the element to be printed). To overcome these limitations, a novel approach for 3DCP technology for on-site construction, named CONPrint 3D, is currently being developed at the TU Dresden, Germany, which intends to bring 3DCP directly into the building sites. The main advantages of CONPrint 3D technology are high geometrical flexibility, usage of commonly used construction machinery and low dependency skilled labour. READ MORE (Working,Advantages,Disadvantages,purposes)Originally published at
CONCRETE 3D PRINTER  Introduction , Working , Types , Applications , Advantages & Disadvantages
CONCRETE 3D PRINTER Introduction , Working , Types , Applications , Advantages & Disadvantages
CONCRETE 3D PRINTINGThree dimensional printing (3DP) is a manufacturing process that builds layers to create a three- dimensional solid object from a digital model. It allows for mass customization and complex shapes that cannot be produced in other ways, eliminates the need for tool production and its associated labour, and reduces waste stream. Because of these advantages, 3DP has been increasingly used in different areas. including medical, automotive, aerospace, construction, etc. 3D printing for civil structures can significantly reduce the construction time and cost.However, unlike applications of 3DP in other areas, civil structures are typically large scale, with length or height spanning hundreds of meters. They are subjected to complex loadings, including gravity, wind, seismic, etc. Therefore, it is challenging to develop suitable printing tools and materials. As a result, 3DP of civil structures is still at a primitive stage. 1. Contour crafting 2. Concrete printing 3. CON print 3DThis Three are Extrusion based techniquesThe extrusion-based technique is analogous to the fussed deposition modelling (FDM) method which extrudes cementitious material from a nozzle mounted on a gantry, crane or a 6-axes robotic arm to print a structure layer by layer.This technique has been aimed at on-site construction applications such as large-scale building components with complex geometries, and has a great potential to make a significant and positive contribution to the construction industry. A schematic of the extrusion based technique is illustrated in Figure1. Contour crafting (CC) technology has been developed at the university of Southern California, USA. This technology uses the extrusion-based technique to extrude two layers of cementitious mixture to build a vertical concrete formwork. Custom-made reinforcement ties are manually inserted between layers (at every 30 cm horizontal and 13 cm vertically) while the CC machine is constantly extruding the layers. Trowel-like Gins are attached to the print head to create smooth extruded surfaces. Once the extruded formwork is completed, concrete is then manually poured to a height of 13 cm and a second batch is poured on top of the first batch after one hour. A one hour delay batch is to control the lateral pressure of the concrete by allowing it to partially cure and harden. The chief advantagesThe superior surface finish and the greatly enhanced of fabrication. Other key advantage of CC is possibility of integration with other robotics methods for installing internal components such as pipes, electrical conductors, and reinforcement modules to enhance mechanical property. The CC technology currently produces vertical elements largely in compression. When doorway or window is required a lintel is placed to bridge the gap and the wall can be placed above. Therefore, it avoids the cantilever problem.Drawbacks for the CC technology :1.This technology is limited to vertical extrusion, hence yielding 2. 5 D topologies (vertical extension of a planar shape),2. The initial formwork and trowel system can be rather complex to implement for production, depending on the size and shape of the object being printed.3.The interrupted sequential casting of concrete within the formwork due to hydrostatic pressure and weak mechanical properties of the extruded concrete may result in weakened interfacial zones between the layers. 2. Concrete PrintingConcrete Printing technology has been developed by a team at Loughborough University in the United Kingdom. This technology also uses the extrusion-based technique and to some extent is similar to the cc technology.However, the concrete Printing technology has been developed to retain 3D freedom and has, smaller resolution of deposition, which allows for greater control of internal and external geometries In addition, the material used in Concrete Printing is a high performance fiber-reinforced fine-aggregate concrete resulting in superior material properties to those obtained in the CC technology. Concrete printing requires additional support to create overhangs and other freeform features. It use, second material, in a similar manner to the FDM method. The disadvantage of this process is that an additional deposition device is needed for the second material resulting in more maintenance, cleaning and control instructions and the secondary structure must be cleaned away in a post processing operation. Drawbacks of Concrete Printing Technology(1) The trade-off necessary for maintaining its dimensional accuracy makes the process quite slow with regards to the envisioned industrial application,(2) Although the technology initially aimed at the veneration of 3D topologies rather than 2.5 D. the use of second material to support overhangs reduces the efficiency and flexibility of the process while increasing its material cost,(3) Dimensions and possibilities in terms of shape-design are limited by the dimensions of the printing frame3. and Concrete Printing technologies, while demonstrating many technological advantages, are subjected inherent limitations such as the necessity of using new and advanced machinery, small mineral some aggregate sizes (fine-aggregate mortar rather than concrete), and limited size of the printed elements (i. e. the size of the 3D printer must be larger than the size of the element to be printed). To overcome these limitations, a novel approach for 3DCP technology for on-site construction, named CONPrint 3D, is currently being developed at the TU Dresden, Germany, which intends to bring 3DCP directly into the building sites. The main advantages of CONPrint 3D technology are high geometrical flexibility, usage of commonly used construction machinery and low dependency skilled labour. READ MORE (Working,Advantages,Disadvantages,purposes)Originally published at
Ipinakilala sa 3d Printer
Ipinakilala sa 3d Printer
1. Tagapaprotekta ng mga Aborigine ng 3d printer Matapos dumating sa Sydney noong Nobyembre 1838, si Sievwright ay nanirahan sandali kasama ang kanyang asawang si Christina, at ang kanilang pitong anak sa Melbourne. Pagkatapos ay lumipat ang buong pamilya upang manirahan sa mga Aborigine sa lugar ng Geelong. Ito ay nasa gilid ng lugar na itinalaga sa kanya, na kilala bilang Western District, na sumasaklaw sa halos 40,000 square kilometres. Ang mga naninirahan sa British at Irish ay nagsimulang dumating sa Distrito mga tatlong taon na ang nakalilipas, ngunit sa panahong iyon libu-libong mga Aboriginal na tao ang mas marami pa kaysa sa mga Europeo. Bilang isang Protector ng mga Aborigine, ang Sievwright ay kinomisyon ng gobyerno ng Britain na kumatawan sa mga Aboriginal, at upang maprotektahan sila "mula sa kalupitan, pang-aapi at kawalang katarungan" at "mula sa mga pagpasok sa kanilang pag-aari". Noong Pebrero 1841, si Sievwright at ang kanyang pamilya ay lumipat pa sa kanyang distrito upang magtayo ng isang bagong kampo sa Lake Keilambete, malapit sa kasalukuyang Terang. Pagkalipas ng isang taon, lumipat siya sa Mt Rouse, malapit sa kasalukuyang araw na Penshurst, muling hinihimok ang mga Aborigine ng distrito na sumali sa kanya. Ang mga paghihirap ni Sievwright ay malaki, hindi nagsasalita ng mga wika ng mga Aborigine sa ilalim ng kanyang pangangalaga, at karamihan sa kanila ay nakikipag-ugnay sa mga Europeo sa kauna-unahang pagkakataon. Gayunpaman, sa bawat isa sa kanyang mga kampo ay naglunsad siya ng limitadong mga programa sa pagsasanay sa agrikultura bilang kapalit ng pagkain, kapag ang tradisyunal na mga suplay ng pagkain ay naging mas mahirap habang mas maraming mga naninirahan sa Europa ang dumating na may mga tupa at baka. Kasabay nito, naglunsad siya ng isang serye ng mga pagsisiyasat sa pagpatay sa mga Aboriginal na tao. Ang kanyang pagsisikap na humingi ng mga pag-uusig sa mga Europeo na kasangkot sa pagpatay ay naging labis na hindi sikat sa mga puting naninirahan. Ang isang squatter ay naitala sa kanyang pribadong journal na noong Pebrero 1840, si Sievwright ay naging "pinakamasikat na tao na huminga". Sa parehong oras, iniulat ng Port Phillip Gazette na ang Sievwright ay "nasa napakasamang amoy" kasama ang mga squatter ng Western District. "Ang mga ginoo na ito, lumilitaw, pinutol siya sa lahat ng okasyon, at hindi siya papasok sa kanilang mga bahay. " Noong Agosto 1842, sinabi sa Sievwright na siya ay nasuspinde nang walang bayad dahil sa mga singil laban sa kanyang moral na karakter, mula pa noong 1839. Sinabi ng Superintendent ng Port Phillip na si Charles La Trobe kay Gobernador ng NSW na si George Gipps sa Sydney na kahit na ang mga paratang laban sa Sievwright ay hindi totoo, sila ay "mula sa simula ay nakamamatay sa kanya at sa kanyang kamakailang karera". Sinuportahan na ng Chief Protector na si Robinson ang isang plano na ibagsak ang Sievwright buwan na mas maaga. Bago pa man malaman ni Sievwright ang kanyang suspensyon sa Mt Rouse, naiulat ito sa Melbourne ng Port Phillip Gazette. Sa parehong oras, ang Gazette ay tinukoy ang isang banta ng pamahalaang kolonyal na tanggihan ang mga lisensya ng squatting sa bahagi ng Western District kung saan iniulat ng Sievwratg ang kamakailang pagpatay sa tatlong mga kababaihang Aboriginal at isang bata. "Mayroon pa ring pag-aalinlangan kung ang buong kapakanan ay hindi pinalaki," sabi nito. Matapos maging maliwanag na ang suspensyon ni Sievwright ay batay kahit papaano sa bahagi sa isang liham na isinulat ng kanyang sariling asawa noong 1839, kapwa siya at ang kanilang panganay na anak na babae, si Frances, ay sumulat kay La Trobe na ipinagtanggol siya. Gayunpaman, nanatiling nasuspinde ang Sievwright, at ang pamilya ay nadulas sa kahirapan. "Ang sitwasyon ni G. Sievwright ay pumigil sa kanya sa paggawa ng mga kaibigan sa mga puting populasyon, "isang lalaking tinawag na Frederic Nesbitt ang sumulat kay La Trobe. "Sagakatuwid sila ngayon ay nagdurusa ng parusa na nagawa ang kanilang tungkulin sa mga Aborigine." Si Geelong Police Magistrate na si Nicholas Fenwick ay kinumpirma ang kalagayan ng pamilya, na sinasabi sa Superintendent: "Walang sinuman dito na lilitaw ang magbibigay sa kanila ng anumang bagay sa kredito ngayon na si G. Sievwright ay nasuspinde, at kung paano nila nagawa upang makuha ang kanilang pang-araw-araw na tinapay, walang makasasabi, at ang kanilang mga anak ay nasa basahan. " Sa London, Kalihim ng Estado para sa Digmaan at ang mga Kolonya, Edward Smith-Stanley, inindorso ang rekomendasyon ni Gipps na ang Sievwright ay tatanggalin. "Dapat kong nais kung posible na maiwasan ang paghabol pa sa bagay na ito, dahil hindi ito ng isang tauhang angkop para sa pagsisiyasat sa publiko, "Sinabi niya sa Gobernador. Si La Trobe at Gipps ay nagpatuloy na tanggihan ang mga hinihingi ni Sievwright para sa isang buong pagtatanong sa mga paratang na humantong sa kanya pagpapaalis. Sumang-ayon lamang sila sa dalawang pagtatanong sa kasunod na mga paghahabol na itinaas noong 1844 na hindi niya ginamit ang mga tindahan ng gobyerno. Sinabi ni Sievwright kay La Trobe na pinagsisisihan niyang sabihin na ang Chief Protector na si Robinson ang kanyang "bukas na idineklarang kalaban", at pinipigilan ang pinuno ebidensya ng dokumentaryo na magpapakita ng mga pag-angkin na walang batayan. Upang higit na subukang malinis ang kanyang pangalan, sumulat si Sievwright ng isang mahabang liham sa Geelong Advertiser, ang tinig ng mga squatter ng Western District. Sa loob ng dalawang araw noong Pebrero 1845, inilaan nito ang apat na pahina ng broadsheet sa liham ni Sievwright. Isinama nito ang sulat na nauugnay sa Protectorate, ang kanyang mga pananaw sa kung ano ang tiningnan niya bilang maling pamamahala nito ni Robinson, at ang kabiguan ni La Trobe na bigyan ang kanyang kahilingan para sa isang buong pagtatanong sa kanyang pagpapaalis. "Hindi namin makita ang isang lalaking durog, tulad ng ginawa ni G. Sievwright, nang hindi umiiyak ng 'kahiya'. Ipinagtapat namin na hanggang sa magawa ang mga pagsisiwalat na ito, palagi kaming inaaliw ng isang malakas na pagtatangi laban kay G. Sievwright, at hindi sumiklab upang ipahayag ito, at samakatuwid ay natutuwa kami sa pagkakataong gumawa ng reparation, "ang komento ng Advertiser. Noong Mayo 1845, naglayag si Sievwright mula Melbourne patungong London, na iniiwan ang kanyang pamilya sa Melbourne, upang ilagay ang kanyang kaso para sa isang pagtatanong direkta sa gobyerno ng British. Sinusubukan pa rin niya nang hindi matagumpay kahit papaano noong 1849. ------ 2 Napiling bibliography ng 3d printer Ang may-akda ay Henri-Jean Martin maliban kung ipahiwatig kung hindi man. Les mtamorphoses du livre. Paris: Albin Michel. C. 2004. ISBN   2-226-14237-1. Mw-parser-output cite.citationfont-style: inherit.mw-parser-output. Sisipi ng qquotes: "" "" "" "" "" ''' ".mw-parser-output. Id-lock-free a,. Mw-parser-output. Citation .cs1-lock-free abackground-image: url ("/ / upload. Wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65 / Lock-green.svg / 9px-Lock-green. Svg.png "); background-image: linear-gradient (transparent, transparent), url ("/ / upload.wikimedia. Org / wikipedia / Commons / 6 / 65 / Lock-green. svg "); background-repeat: no-repeat; background-size: 9px; background-position: kanan. 1em center. Mw-parser-output. Id-lock-limited a, .mw-parser-output. Id-lock-registration a, .mw-parser-output. Sipi. Cs1-lock-limited a, .mw-parser-output. Sipi. Cs1-lock-registration abackground-image: url ("/ / upload.wikimedia.org / wikipedia / Commons / thumb / d / d6 / Lock-grey-alt-2. Svg / 9px-Lock-grey-alt-2. Svg. png "); background-image: linear-gradient (transparent, transparent), url ("/ / upload. Wikimedia.org / wikedia / Commons / d / d6 / Lock-grey-alt-2. svg "); background-repeat: no-repeat; background-size: 9px; background-position: kanan. 1em center.mw-parser-output. Id-lock-subscription a,. Mw-parser-output. Citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground-image: url ("/ / upload. Wikimedia.org / wikipedia / Commons / thumb / a / a / Lock-red-alt-2. Svg / 9px-Lock-red-alt-2. Svg.png "); background-image: linear-gradient (transparent, transparent), url ("/ / upload.wikimedia. Org / wikipedia / Commons / a / a / Lock-red-alt-2. svg "); background-repeat: no-repeat; background-size: 9px; background-position: kanan. 1em center. Mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription, .mw-parser-output. Cs1-registrationcolor: # 555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,. Mw-parser-output. cs1-registration spanborder-sa ilalim: 1px dotted;cursor: tulong. mw-parser-output. Cs1-ws-icon abackground-image: url ("/ / upload.wikimedia.org / wikipedia / Commons / thumb/4 / 4c / Wikisource-logo. Svg / 12px-Wikisource-logo. Svg. png "); background-image: linear-gradient (transparent, transparent), url ("/ / upload. Wikimedia.org / wikipedia / commons / 4c / Wikisource-logo. svg "); background-repeat: no-repeat; background-size: 12px; background-position: kanan. 1em center. mw-parser-output code. ccs1-codecolor: inherit; background: inherit; border: inherit;padding: inherit. Mw-parser-output. cs1-hidden-errordisplay: none; font-size: 100%. mw-parser-output. Cs1-visible-errorfont-size: 100%. mw-parser-output. ccs1-maintdisplay: walang kulay: # 33aa33; margin-left: 0. 3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,. Mw-parser-output .cs1-registration, .mw-parser-output. Cs1-format-size: 95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,. Mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left: 0.2em. Mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-kanan, .mw-parser-output. Cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-kanan: 0.2em.mw-parser-output. Sipi. Mw-selflink-font-weight: inherit Series   : Itinraires du savoir. Jean-Marc Chatelain; et al. (2000). La naissance du livre moderne (XIVe-XVIIe sicles)   : Mise en page et mise en texte du livre franais. Paris: Mga Edisyon du Cercle de la librairie. ISBN   2-7654-0776-2. Livre, covs et socit Paris au XVIIe sicle, 1598-1701 (3d ed.).. Geneva: Droz. 1999. ISBN   2-600-00384-3. (Set); (v. 1); (v. 2). Paunang ni Roger Chartier   ; Seryes   : Titre courant, 1420-5254, 14-15   ; Tanaw   : "Ce livre a d'abord paru en 1969 dans la collection Histoire et civilisation du livre." Tingnan din: (1969) (parehong pamagat at publisher, walang ISBN) Seryes   : Histoire et civilization du livre, 3   ; Tanaw   : "Publications du Center de recherches d'histoire et de philologie de la IVe section de l'cole pratique des hautes tudes, Paris. " Orihinal na ipinakita bilang thesis ng may-akda, Paris. Febvre, Lucien; Henri-Jean Martin (1997). Ang pagdating ng aklata   : Ang epekto ng pag-print 1450-1800. London: Verso. ISBN   1-85984-108-2. Tr. Ni David Gerard   ; Ed. Nina Geoffrey Nowell-Smith at David Wootton   ; Tanaw   : Muling pag-print, iba pang mga muling pag-print ng publisher na ito 1990 & 1984, orihinal na nai-publish (London   : N.L.B. , 1976)   ; Pagsasalin ng L'apparition du livre. Ang aklat na Pranses   : Relihiyon, absolutism, at mambabasa, 1585-1715. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 1996. ISBN   0-8018-5179-3. Seryes   : Johns Hopkins symposia sa paghahambing ng kasaysayan, ika-22. Ang kasaysayan at kapangyarihan ng pagsulat. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1994. ISBN   0-226-50835-8. Tr. Ni Lydia G. Cochrane. Pag-print, kapangyarihan, at mga tao sa ika-17 siglong Pransya. Metuchen, N. J. : Scarecrow Press. 1993. ISBN   0-8108-2477-9. Tr. Ni David Gerard   ; Tanaw   : Pagsasalin ng Livre, двоs et socit Paris au 17e sicle. Orihinal na ipinakita bilang thesis ng may-akda, Paris. Kasama sina Roger Chartier at Jean-Pierre Vivet (1989).. Histoire de l'dition franaise. Paris: Fayard-Cercle de la Librairie. ISBN   2-213-02399-9. Suriin ang mga halaga ng petsa sa: | taon (tulong) 4 na dami. Kasama si Bruno Delmas (1988).. Histoire et pouvoirs de l'crit. Paris: Librairie acadmique Perrin. ISBN   2-262-00616-4. Seryes   : Histoire et dcadence, ISSN 0291-3852   ; Paunang salita ni Pierre Chaunu. Le livre franais sous l'Ancien Rgime. Paris: Promodis / Editions du Cercle de la Librairie. C. 1987. ISBN   2-903181-57-8. Seryes   : Histoire du livre. Pour une histoire du livre   : XVe-XVIIIe sicles   : Mga confrence ng cinc. Naples: Bibliopolis. C. 1987. Seryes   : Lezioni della Scuola di stud superiori sa Napoli, 8. Kasama sina Roger Chartier at Jean-Pierre Vivet (c1982). Histoire de l'dition franaise. Paris: Bibliothque Nationale. ISBN   2-903181-06-3. Suriin ang mga halaga ng petsa sa: | taon (tulong) 4 na dami. Febvre, Lucien; Henri-Jean Martin (1976). Ang pagdating ng libro: ang epekto ng pag-print ng 1450-1800. N. L.B. : London. ISBN   0-902308-17-3. Tr. Ni David Gerard   ; Ed. Nina Geoffrey Nowell-Smith at David Wootton   ; Seryes   : Mga pundasyon ng library ng kasaysayan   ; Tandaan: Pagsasalin ng L'apparition du livre Febvre, Lucien; kasama si Henri-Jean Martin (1971). L'apparition du livre par Lucien Febvre et Henri Jean Martin. Avec le concours de Anne Basanoff et al. Paris: Albin Michel. Seryes   : L'volution de l'humanit no. 30; Tanaw   : Dating nai-publish bilang v. 49 ng Bibliothque de synthse historique na "L'evolution de l'humanite". Le Livre et la sibilisasyon. Paris: cole nationale suprieure de bibliothcaires. 1968. Histoire du livre. Paris: Bibliothque Nationale. 1964.
Startups Use SLS 3D Printers to Enter the Market
Startups Use SLS 3D Printers to Enter the Market
Trends of the global startups market show that the era of virtual ventures is in the downturn. Now it is time for advanced manufacturing. With that in mind, business owners are looking for reliable and inexpensive tools for prototyping. We are living in the global startup revolution era. According to the Startup Genome Report, venture capital investments in startups hit $140 billion invested in 2017. It was the decade high. As this sector is growing about 25% every two years, we can observe some crucial shifts inside it. Companies that were on the rise at the beginning of the startup era, focused mainly on digital media, social media apps, and other strictly internet based companies are declining. Now it is time for blockchain, advanced manufacturing, and artificial intelligence.Advanced manufacturing is the futureWhy is that? Internet-based companies used to be the first choice for the new business owners because of being inexpensive. At least at the beginning. It was easier to buy a domain, learn Wordpress a little bit and create a value proposition to potential customers. US Small Business Administration reports that most microbusinesses cost around $3,000.That is way it was a boom for companies offering services instead of real products. When it comes to the production, the steep road ahead effectively deterred future entrepreneurs.- There are a lot of factors to take into account when you are hitting the market with the real product says Konrad Glowacki, one of the Co-Founders of Sinterit. Costs effectiveness is crucial. When we established Sinterit in 2014, it was a startup too. Time and money are two agents you need to control wisely he adds.Prototyping is a one of the areas that are causing the most problems. You needed to order a lot of elements to keep it cheap. But for startup owners, it could be way too risky.Prototyping the problem solvedFor years, the only way to make useful prototype was to order samples made by CNC machines. It took a lot of time (12 weeks per part), was costly and needed a lot of knowledge in designing pieces. Another possibility was injection molding, but way more expensive and consuming a lot of time, from 2 to 8 weeks. In this environment starting an internet-based business seemed to be less problematic.Three factors that changed the startup environmentEverything changed when 3D printers become popular. Those machines lowered not only the prototyping costs but also shortened the time needed to produce the final element.With a lot of possible options, startup owners were looking for the most available ones, like basic 3D printers. For simple, uncomplicated and undemanding products it seemed to be a perfect solution. But for more sophisticated ones, with a lot of little parts that need to be both precise and durable, the limitations of the most popular machines become more visible. Low accuracy and demanding post-processing frighten some start-uppers. There is always an option of sending production files to service providers. But new business owners who are devoutly concerned with the security and copyright protection issues are not likely to do so.Desktop SLSA lot of those concerns ended with the development of the desktop SLS 3D printing branch. With companies like Sinterit, the producer of Sinterit Lisa and Lisa PRO, prototyping process become available for almost everyone. Three most common barriers holding potential business owners from entering the SLS world become the history.With the price even 20th times lower than the industrial machines, desktop SLS 3D printers started to appear in the design offices more often.That also dealt with the second stopper, which was the space needed to place the printer in house. Now you can put it on the desk, literally next to your laptop.And the third one, the ease of use was a game changer. As the industrial 3D printers need a trained operator, desktop machines are so easy to operate, with integrated software included in its price. You need a little knowledge to start printing. Not to mention that after the process ends, you just need to get rid of the remaining powder and thats it. Without shipping costs and waiting time.Startups choose SLS 3D printersHistory shows that even the most prominent companies like Microsoft or Apple were settled in the garage. When you have your genuinely original idea, you dont need a production plant to test it. The day to scale your business will come sooner or later.Owning an affordable SLS printer is the first step to develop functional prototypes, arrange some test or even prepare for a crowdfunding campaign. It is easier to get funding for a real product rather than use the most beautiful render. For Sebastian Religa, CTO in LOCKY, the worlds first smart key overlay producer, it was crucial.- We decided to use Sinterit Lisa to make a functional prototype for LOCKY. We needed a reliable tool to produce the first examples of our device that will have the characteristics of the final product says Sebastian Religa. Using desktop SLS 3D printer we got the best precision of every detail, fast production time and the most cost-effective solution he adds.It took about 18 hours to print four sets of LOCKY, ready to put the key inside and test all of the functions. Sinterit Lisa can print even 16 complete sets in one go
Ultimate Buyers Guide for the Weedo M2 Desktop 3D Printer (Review)
Ultimate Buyers Guide for the Weedo M2 Desktop 3D Printer (Review)
Check The Price For Weedo 3d PrinterWEEDO M2 Desktop 3D printer is a really popular 3d printer that offers 5th generation extruders with the ability to be blocked. The Weedo M2 also has a specialized nozzle great for controlling the printer and its fully-enclosed. Believe it or not Weedo is also a brand considered to be the worlds first desktop 3D printer made in China. Owning a Weedo M2 printer it can rest assure that your prints will be high quality and super accurate.Benefits of The Weedo M2 PrinterThe Weedo M2 Printer has so much to offer when it comes to 3d printing. We have the review for the Weedo M2 from top to bottom and here are some of the benefits that come with using this printer. Easy Removable Print Tray:Attractive print plate So it will be extremely simple to changing the covering tape on print surfaceLarge Print Size:Most extreme printing size is 200*150*150mm, print accuracy up to 0.1 mm, utilize 1.75 mm PLA/PRA PRO fiberFaster More Precise Prints:Worlds first work area 3D printer furnished with molecule filtration module, Filtration fineness up to 0.08um, diminish the unsafe gas in the printing procedure for you and prints quicker. Less Noise:The shut structure alongside three entryways, 2 on the sides and one on the top. Being encased permits the printing procedure low clamor and scent. Incredible for working alongside your printer. Three point alterations make the leveling procedure simple and speedy notwithstanding for a tenderfootGreat Support and Warranty:Full producers guarantee and lifetime backing given by WEEDO. On the off chance that you need any help, dont hesitate to get in touch with us, we will do our best to fix any issues you may have.Carbon channel System:This is the worlds first 3d printer outfitted with a carbon filtration framework, which can sift through little particles and smell, keeps a solid domain for everybody. Driven Colorful Printing:produce a too high printing exactness. The exceptional printing subtleties guarantee a 100% attack of printing parts.Specialized Support:Other than our online administration framework, you can likewise connect with our specialized help by means of Skype or phone. Visit our site to find out additional. Completely Enclosed Structure:Completely encased structure makes the commotion of our printer as low to 46db, keeps a very condition for everybody. This printer has four straightforward entryways, it is helpful to watch the printing from various points, and furthermore extremely simple to upkeep.Shrewd modification:You can modify the speed and temperature whenever amid printing. Additionally this printer has programmed power off capacity which can spare the power.Prepared to print:This printer not just comes completely amassed, it has just been adjusted at the manufacturing plant so its prepared to print out of the box.WEEDO additionally incorporates a SD card with preinstalled models, so you can begin printing ideal out of the case. Conclusion:Hopefully after taking some time and checking out our Weedo 3d printer review, you now have a better understanding of what it offers. perfect stability of capability and price-low and great for beginners. If you have a weedo 3-d printer, the organization is ready to provide life time aid in case troubles stand up. Features including auto power off, adjustable temperature and overflow safety collectively bring a great person experience. Its far most appropriate for primary and secondary learners and schools. With its high-velocity smart camera, you can gain insights into the whole printing system. Its led lighting fixtures generation will assist you to see thru your fashions.Originally published at on June 1, 2019 RELATED QUESTION Have you ever known/seen someone have to use the emergency shower in science labs? They are sometimes tested (on an annual basis) by the physical plant or occupational health and safety people at an institution, and Ive seen it done under these conditions. And of course they are used (rarely) for actual emergencies. But the best story I know is this: A friend of mine, who will remain unnamed, while a new technician at a university that shall remain unnamed, asked about the emergency shower outside the lab. Other folks in the lab challenged the new tech to give the handle a pull. (I expect that they were expecting her to get soaked, and that they thought itd be a fine practical joke to play on the newbie.) Challenge accepted! The valve broke, and the shower could not be turned off. There was no drain beneath the shower. Water began to flood the building from an upper floor. It turns out that somebody neglected to put a cutoff valve on the emergency water supply. Water had to shut off at a valve on a main that supplied a reasonably large area. This took some time. Meanwhile, water was flowing at high volume. Considerable damage ensued. Honestly, officer, some guy weve never seen before wandered through the hall, pulled the shower handle, and ran!
Why 3D Printer Manufacturers Should NEVER Make Software
Why 3D Printer Manufacturers Should NEVER Make Software
Have you heard of Pirate3Ds Buccaneer 3D Printer?Its the Jony Ives-inspired 3D printer that never took sail.With a sleek, aluminum body, smooth, crystal clear acrylic housing, and beautiful aesthetics, its all beauty and no brains.If you arent in the loop, Pirate3D raised a (then) record-breaking $1. 4M on Kickstarter for their Buccaneer 3D Printer in 2013.It was a hit.Largely because most consumers had never seen such a well thought out 3D printer at such an affordable price point.At the time, the most well-known printer was Makerbots Replicator 2, which ran for $2,200 and Pirate3D claimed to have a better designed, faster printer (The Buccaneer) for just $347. Truth is: it WAS a well-designed printer and we were just as excited for Pirate3D to pull this off.Not only that, Pirate3D was ambitious enough to pitch an entire 3D printing ecosystem, instead of just a 3D printer.They claimed to have a cloud-based component to the Buccaneer 3D printer called Treasure Island that would allow users to directly send 3D printable objects into their printer from any web-enabled device. It makes a lot of sense and the guys at Pirate3D were definitely thinking about the importance of having a source for rich 3D printable content.Thats not all.They also claimed to deliver something called Smart Objects which was supposed to be an idiot-proof 3D design software that anyone could easily use without having any specialized training.With Smart Objects, anyone without design experience could easily manipulate and customize 3D models according to their own needs before printing them. Again, this is all well thought out and I tip my hat to the Pirate3D founders for their boldness and ambition.With that said, the biggest reason, I believe, that Pirate3D struggled to deliver printers and eventually failed is because of a tremendous lack of focus.Manufacturing 3D printers is not an easy task and people underestimate the difficulty of engineering hardware. Not to mention, there are countless successfully funded 3D printers on Kickstarter that failed to deliver the printers. (Remember ez3Ds Phoenix 3D Printer? Or how about Duy Dangs Eventerbot?)Keep in mind, this does not even include the gargantuan task of building a software-driven ecosystem around the printer (i.e: Smart Objects, Treasure Island etc.).To make it even more difficult, it was going to be executed by recent college graduates with zero experience in business or manufacturing. . .Its just that the current design has heavy costs because it was designed by 3 fresh graduates with no training in industrial design and manufacturing two years ago Brendan Goh, Co-Founder of Pirate3DKeep in mind, this company failed after raising an additional $2 million dollar investment.In my opinion, 3D printer manufacturers should focus their energy on hardware, not softwareThere are benefits to being a jack of all trades, but, when it comes to technology, it is often best to stick to ones expertise and focus on one area.In fact, Pirate3D is an excellent real-world case study highlighting that fact. Do you see Lamborghini trying to get into consumer washing machines or Apple coming out with a new line of breakfast cereal? Nope.Building a software-driven ecosystem for consumer 3D printers is an incredibly complex task.Which is why it should only be left for companies with expertise in software. (like us)Personally, I have been advocating for 3D printer manufacturers building their own 3D printer operating systems for this exact reason. In fact, in August 2015, I even used Pirate3D as an example of a company that is contributing to the market fragmentation of 3D printer software.Not only that, Brendon from Pirate3D seems to agree with me:. .Developing an entire ecosystem of our own combination of hardware, software and library was a far more costly engineering project than expected Brendan Goh, Co-Founder of Pirate3DWhen 3D printer manufacturers lose focus and start branching off into software, the result is an incessantly fragmented marketplace filled with complex software and lack of compatibility.In Pirate3Ds case, a potentially successful Kickstarter that went belly up, leaving most of their backers empty-handed.If you are a 3D Printer manufacturer interested in making your printers easy-to-use, we can help. Our expertise is in software engineering for 3D Printing, and as the fastest growing cloud platform in 3D Printing, weve learned a LOT about the industry throughout the years.Let us help you make your 3D Printers even more useful and easier to use by helping you engineer the software (embedded or otherwise) that ships with your printers.If you are curious about specific questions, simply get in touch with us. Dilanka. RELATED QUESTION Whats the first thing one should do if they accidentally sprayed insect killer spray on their eyes? Flush with water. Almost universally, when you get something in your eyes, flushing with water is the first step - thats why you see those emergency eye wash stations in chemistry labs. Check the label before you use it (because if that happens, you may not be able to read the label). Some are more dangerous than others and may direct you to take additional steps, but in some cases, a good flushing may be all you need. Example: Ortho Home Defense - If in eyes: flush with plenty of water. See a doctor if irritation persists.
CONCRETE 3D PRINTER  Introduction , Working , Types , Applications , Advantages & Disadvantages
CONCRETE 3D PRINTER Introduction , Working , Types , Applications , Advantages & Disadvantages
CONCRETE 3D PRINTINGThree dimensional printing (3DP) is a manufacturing process that builds layers to create a three- dimensional solid object from a digital model. It allows for mass customization and complex shapes that cannot be produced in other ways, eliminates the need for tool production and its associated labour, and reduces waste stream. Because of these advantages, 3DP has been increasingly used in different areas. including medical, automotive, aerospace, construction, etc. 3D printing for civil structures can significantly reduce the construction time and cost.However, unlike applications of 3DP in other areas, civil structures are typically large scale, with length or height spanning hundreds of meters. They are subjected to complex loadings, including gravity, wind, seismic, etc. Therefore, it is challenging to develop suitable printing tools and materials. As a result, 3DP of civil structures is still at a primitive stage. 1. Contour crafting 2. Concrete printing 3. CON print 3DThis Three are Extrusion based techniquesThe extrusion-based technique is analogous to the fussed deposition modelling (FDM) method which extrudes cementitious material from a nozzle mounted on a gantry, crane or a 6-axes robotic arm to print a structure layer by layer.This technique has been aimed at on-site construction applications such as large-scale building components with complex geometries, and has a great potential to make a significant and positive contribution to the construction industry. A schematic of the extrusion based technique is illustrated in Figure1. Contour crafting (CC) technology has been developed at the university of Southern California, USA. This technology uses the extrusion-based technique to extrude two layers of cementitious mixture to build a vertical concrete formwork. Custom-made reinforcement ties are manually inserted between layers (at every 30 cm horizontal and 13 cm vertically) while the CC machine is constantly extruding the layers. Trowel-like Gins are attached to the print head to create smooth extruded surfaces. Once the extruded formwork is completed, concrete is then manually poured to a height of 13 cm and a second batch is poured on top of the first batch after one hour. A one hour delay batch is to control the lateral pressure of the concrete by allowing it to partially cure and harden. The chief advantagesThe superior surface finish and the greatly enhanced of fabrication. Other key advantage of CC is possibility of integration with other robotics methods for installing internal components such as pipes, electrical conductors, and reinforcement modules to enhance mechanical property. The CC technology currently produces vertical elements largely in compression. When doorway or window is required a lintel is placed to bridge the gap and the wall can be placed above. Therefore, it avoids the cantilever problem.Drawbacks for the CC technology :1.This technology is limited to vertical extrusion, hence yielding 2. 5 D topologies (vertical extension of a planar shape),2. The initial formwork and trowel system can be rather complex to implement for production, depending on the size and shape of the object being printed.3.The interrupted sequential casting of concrete within the formwork due to hydrostatic pressure and weak mechanical properties of the extruded concrete may result in weakened interfacial zones between the layers. 2. Concrete PrintingConcrete Printing technology has been developed by a team at Loughborough University in the United Kingdom. This technology also uses the extrusion-based technique and to some extent is similar to the cc technology.However, the concrete Printing technology has been developed to retain 3D freedom and has, smaller resolution of deposition, which allows for greater control of internal and external geometries In addition, the material used in Concrete Printing is a high performance fiber-reinforced fine-aggregate concrete resulting in superior material properties to those obtained in the CC technology. Concrete printing requires additional support to create overhangs and other freeform features. It use, second material, in a similar manner to the FDM method. The disadvantage of this process is that an additional deposition device is needed for the second material resulting in more maintenance, cleaning and control instructions and the secondary structure must be cleaned away in a post processing operation. Drawbacks of Concrete Printing Technology(1) The trade-off necessary for maintaining its dimensional accuracy makes the process quite slow with regards to the envisioned industrial application,(2) Although the technology initially aimed at the veneration of 3D topologies rather than 2.5 D. the use of second material to support overhangs reduces the efficiency and flexibility of the process while increasing its material cost,(3) Dimensions and possibilities in terms of shape-design are limited by the dimensions of the printing frame3. and Concrete Printing technologies, while demonstrating many technological advantages, are subjected inherent limitations such as the necessity of using new and advanced machinery, small mineral some aggregate sizes (fine-aggregate mortar rather than concrete), and limited size of the printed elements (i. e. the size of the 3D printer must be larger than the size of the element to be printed). To overcome these limitations, a novel approach for 3DCP technology for on-site construction, named CONPrint 3D, is currently being developed at the TU Dresden, Germany, which intends to bring 3DCP directly into the building sites. The main advantages of CONPrint 3D technology are high geometrical flexibility, usage of commonly used construction machinery and low dependency skilled labour. READ MORE (Working,Advantages,Disadvantages,purposes)Originally published at
3D Printer Manufacturer India | 3D Printer Suppliers
3D Printer Manufacturer India | 3D Printer Suppliers
3D Printer ManufacturerAbout Auto Abode:Email: Contact No. : 91 9899961666Welcome to the future of ManufacturingEstablished in 2015 under the inspiration of Indias National Programme Make in India, autoAbode focuses in bringing the power of technology in transforming our lives by the way we manufacture, process and automate.Introducing the concept of Smart Manufacturing, we at autoAbode manufacture high end, cloud based professional consumer and industrial range 3D printers in India that supports all materials. Our 3D Printers are equipped with unique VLFF (Variable Layer Fused Fabrication ) technologypowered with auto-bed levelling that makes it easy to use.Our range of 3d Printers Duper PRO series are designed and crafted to provide end-to-end IOT and 3d Printing Solutions across all industries and sectors.Autoabode is the best 3D Printer Manufacturer in IndiaWhat is 3d Printing?3D printing or additive manufacturing is a process of making three dimensional solid objects from a digital file. The creation of a 3D printed object is achieved using additive processes. In an additive process an object is created by laying down successive layers of material until the entire object is created.If you are looking for 3D Printing Services in India We are the best option for you. We assure you the quality of work we provide.Our 3D Printing Manafacturing Services, IOT Solutions, and much more?3D Printer ManufacturersMade in India, autoAbodes 3D Printers are equipped with VLFF technology that gives quality that is beyond regular FDM/FFF quality.IOT Solutions ProvidersWe help companies in Research and Development by combining Electronics and 3D Printing to offer IOT solutions such as Robotics, IOT enabled devices, IOT wearables, branding and help connect and visualize data to create complete solution. Rapid PrototypingWe bring your ideas to life. Our team of engineers and 3D graphic designers helps you create products from basic ideas/ board drawings to actual 3d printed prototype object. Hold the prototype in your hands, make improvements, finalise and start selling. Product Design & Development Made Easy & Affordablei. Product Concept Modeling- 3D printing allows you to prove out your concept ideas by printing your 3D design as a one-off finished product within hours or days.ii. Physical Testing before Marketing Get to market faster by printing your physical prototypes quickly in-house. You will be able to identify any product deficiencies and make improvements early in the design process when its least costly.3D Printing as a ServiceOur 24/7 E-comm platform provides 3d Printing services where we undertake all kinds of 3d Printing solutions like SLS, SLA, DLP, FDM, Colour 3d Printing in various materials like Sandstone, Polymers, Nylons, ABS, PLA, Transparent, Flexi both in single and HD colour.Applications of 3D Printing and IOTDelivering measurable results for companies across all sectorsArchitectureCreate Your Scale Models FasterSeeing is believing. Duper range of 3d Printing helps architectural firms seize more opportunities by creating complex, durable models in-house, directly from CAD data. Our 3D printing technology produces astonishingly smooth, detailed architectural models in an array of materials, including rigid photopolymers ready for painting and finishing.AutomotiveCreate Assembly Aids & End Use PartsBy building durable concept models, prototypes, tooling and low-volume end-use parts in-house, automotive engineers and designers can work more iteratively, test more thoroughly and move confidently into production. We create resilient automotive prototypes and parts made from high-performance engineering thermoplastics.Commercial ProductsGain More Opportunities with 3D PrintingCommercial products manufacturers need the flexibility to make great products in small, medium or large volumes.Designers and engineers utilize Duper range of 3D Printers to skip expensive, time-intensive machining and gain the agility to make changes any time. DefenseDesign faster when time is criticalWhen customized equipment is vital and deadlines are non-negotiable, 3D printing gives government, military and defense manufacturers the freedom to design a single end-use part and models quickly create low-volume tooling, and build complex, precise prototypes.Medical OrthopedicOur 3D imaging process of converting MRI/ CT scan data to 3D printed Pre-Surgical model helps Doctors to plan surgeries with high accuracy saving long surgery time. 3D printing takes the efficiencies of digital design to the production stage. By combining oral scanning, CAD/CAM design and 3D printing, dental labs can accurately and rapidly produce crowns, bridges, stone models and a range of orthodontic appliances.New Tool to Education3d Printers help students in school and colleges to develop their creativity and inspire them to innovate.autoAbode is partnering with Atal Tinkering Labs to offer advanced 3D printers at affordable cost, catering to educators and students alike. With autoAbode- A 3D Printer Manufacturer, students gain a key advantage in the engineering and help them innovate and bring their ideas to life.Geographical Data and 3D ImagingUsing Google maps and autoAbodes 3D Imaging solutions, we help builders, Govt in planning land, sewage for redevlopment purpose.Auto abode a 3D Printer Manufacturer, will always help you will all your doubts. please feel free to call us. RELATED QUESTION Have you ever known/seen someone have to use the emergency shower in science labs? They are sometimes tested (on an annual basis) by the physical plant or occupational health and safety people at an institution, and Ive seen it done under these conditions. And of course they are used (rarely) for actual emergencies. But the best story I know is this: A friend of mine, who will remain unnamed, while a new technician at a university that shall remain unnamed, asked about the emergency shower outside the lab. Other folks in the lab challenged the new tech to give the handle a pull. (I expect that they were expecting her to get soaked, and that they thought itd be a fine practical joke to play on the newbie.) Challenge accepted! The valve broke, and the shower could not be turned off. There was no drain beneath the shower. Water began to flood the building from an upper floor. It turns out that somebody neglected to put a cutoff valve on the emergency water supply. Water had to shut off at a valve on a main that supplied a reasonably large area. This took some time. Meanwhile, water was flowing at high volume. Considerable damage ensued. Honestly, officer, some guy weve never seen before wandered through the hall, pulled the shower handle, and ran!
3D Printer That Can Print Human Skin: Spanish Scientists ...
3D Printer That Can Print Human Skin: Spanish Scientists ...
Spanish scientists have developed a prototype 3D bioprinter to produce functional human skin. Picture: Universidad Carlos III de MadridSource:SuppliedPRETTY soon if your skin becomes wrinkly, saggy or damaged you might just be able print yourself some new skin to patch up your ageing body. It may be the biggest human organ, but its about to become a lot less finite.Thats because scientists in Spain have developed a prototype for a 3D bioprinter that is capable of producing totally functional human skin.The skin can be used for research purposes, testing cosmetics and other chemical-based products, and for transplanting onto human patients.(It) can be transplanted to patients or used in business settings to test chemical products, cosmetics or pharmaceutical products in quantities and with timetables and prices that are compatible with these uses, said Jos Luis Jorcano, one of the researchers behind the project.This new version of human skin is one of the first living human organs created using bioprinting to be introduced to the marketplace, according to Phys.org.The endeavour is a collaboration between scientists at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) and bio-engineering company BioDan Group which specialises in regenerative medicine with a particular focus on skin.The material the printer produces mimics the structure of skin, with the inside layer consisting of fibroblasts that produce collagen, the protein that gives elasticity and mechanical strength to the skin.As well as medical applications, one day a similar product could conceivably be used in robotics as the lifelike epidermis of our eventual robot companions.Printable human skin could come in handy in some surprising ways.Source:SuppliedThis method of bioprinting allows skin to be generated in a standardised, automated way, and the process is less expensive than manual production, Alfredo Brisac, CEO of BioDan Group claimed.The research was published recently in the electronic version of the scientific journal Biofabrication.As the authors note, significant progress has been made over the past 25 years in the development of in vitro-engineered substitutes for skin, but bioprinters could make it much easier to produce such materials in a more cost effective way.3D bioprinting has emerged as a flexible tool in regenerative medicine, the authors wrote.In the present study, we have used this technique to print a human bilayered skin using bioinks containing human plasma as well as primary human fibroblasts and keratinocytes that were obtained from skin biopsies.These results demonstrate that 3D bioprinting is a suitable technology to generate bioengineered skin for therapeutical and industrial applications in an automatised manner.
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