'ghastly' Antique Medical Equipment Shows How far Medicine Has Advanced (thankfully!)

From bed pans to bone saws, a collection of medical equipment is being used to tell the story of health care in Tasmania, starting with the convict era.

The Collection of Medical Artefacts, also known as COMA, has finally found a home at the Jane Franklin College in Hobart after years sitting in storage.

The 3,000-piece collection includes a set of surgical equipment from the 1850s.

The tools are displayed in a velvet-lined case, belying their more brutal functions, which included amputations without anaesthetic.

Curator Liz Bondfield said the tools gave an insight into the experiences of both doctors and patients.

"I imagine it from a patient's point of view, imagining what it would be like to be so sick with an infection that the only remedy was for a doctor to amputate a limb," she said.

The collection also includes some early dental equipment and a convict tooth, complete with cavity.

The Heritage Programs Manager for the Port Arthur Historic Site, Jody Steele, said the tooth was one of several found at the site of the convict hospital, and had a "very nasty cavity".

"[It was] pulled in a very violent manner, because all of the roots have been snapped off. So it's not a nice story," she said.

She said two of the first doctors in Tasmania were transported convicts who claimed to be surgeons.

"Whether or not they had the experience, we don't have a clear idea about that."

But it wasn't just convicts who suffered the trauma of early medical procedures, according to historian Alison Alexander.

She said Lady Jane Franklin, the wife of Tasmanian governor John Franklin, would have experienced some rather brutal treatment for a rather unfortunate medical problem.

"She had very bad piles that had to be extracted without anaesthetic of course - and I dare say there was some ghastly instrument for extracting piles."

The collection also highlights the medical advancements pioneered during World War I.

"During the First World War science had perfected the art of killing, but it was also applied to the art of saving life, alleviating pain and treating those who had been wounded," Australian War Memorial Director Brendan Nelson said.

He said wartime advances included the development of anaesthesia using nitrous oxide, and improvements in setting broken bones.

"By 1917 we had the first blood bank on the Western Front, sodium citrate was put into blood that had been donated so it could be kept on ice for 28 days," he said.

The war also saw the start of facial reconstructive surgery, using cartilage and bone from the chest walls and other parts of the body to recreate people's faces.

Dr Nelson said the collection of medical artefacts served a higher purpose than providing a medical history lesson.

"It's essential for us and future generations to keep them and know the stories of them and of the people that are behind them, because that informs who we are," he said.

The collection is available for viewing by appointment.











First posted

March 11, 2018 09:35:57

'ghastly' Antique Medical Equipment Shows How far Medicine Has Advanced (thankfully!) 1

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Airel India Pvt Ltd is a leading manufacturer of , dental instruments, dental materials, dental equipment, confident dental chair, dental products, and dental tools. Get best dental chair cost, price online at Showcase India.Incorporated in 2006. Airel India Private Limited is one of the leading manufacturers and suppliers of latest and the most advantageous dental chair, dental instruments, dental materials, dental chair price, dental equipment, confident dental chair, dental products, dental tools at best price. Ergonomic access and patient comfort combined - dental chair Hygienic - Hygienic has been thought of everywhere on the dental chair as one can integrate the IGN Calbenium disinfection system, to improve asepsis. Compact - Simply placed on the top of the stand for easy cleaning, this compact designed glass bowl can be easily removed and cleaned. Comfortable - Whatever position you are working in, both the patient's and practitioner's comfort has been carefully studied so that all operations are conducted smoothly and calmly. Ergonomics - The double articulated headrest adapts perfectly to all your patient's head positions so they feel really comfortable. Both mobile joints and pneumatic vertical slide movement are adjusted by as single button·RELATED QUESTIONWhy are there few dental equipment manufacturers? Is there anyone who have an idea to manufacture dental equipment?First of all the market is limited, there are only a limited number of dentists. The competition is also tough, in several ways. If you have a new and desirable product it is easy to sell - but you will saturate the market eventually, and the demand will be stable at a low level. If you produce instruments or complete units you must compete both with the quality and the price of existing brands, which is not easy.My own experience is that dentists seldom buy cheap, low quality equipment, because it is difficult to do a good job with bad instruments, and in the end you don't save any money doing that.Chinese manufacturers produce very cheap instruments and units (I can't personally say anything about the quality level), but still the big German, American, Japanese and Finnish brands are doing well because they are considered the best you can get.Why are there few dental equipment manufacturers? Is there anyone who have an idea to manufacture dental equipment?
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Chinese president Xi Jinping made clear at the National Health and Wellness Conference that health is the prerequisite for people's all-around development and a precondition for the sustainable development of China. Oral health is an indispensable component of overall health in humans. However, the long neglect of oral health in overall health agendas has made oral diseases an increasing concern. With this perspective, we described the global challenges of oral diseases, with an emphasis on the challenges faced by China. We also described and analyzed the recently released health policies of the Chinese government, which aim to guide mid-term and long-term oral health promotion in China. More importantly, we called for specific actions to fulfill the larger goal of oral health for the nation. The implementation of primordial prevention efforts against oral diseases, the integration of oral health into the promotion of overall health, and the management of oral diseases in conjunction with other chronic non-communicable diseases with shared risk factors were highly recommended. In addition, we suggested the reform of standard clinical residency training, the development of domestic manufacturing of dental equipment and materials, the revitalization traditional Chinese medicine for the prevention and treatment of oral diseases, and integration of oral health promotion into the Belt and Road Initiative. We look forward to seeing a joint effort from all aspects of the society to fulfill the goal of Healthy China 2030 and ensure the oral health of the nation.The Chinese president Xi Jinping made a keynote speech at the National Health and Wellness Conference on 19th August 2016. The speech made clear that health is the prerequisite for people's all-around development and a precondition for the economic and social development of China. The Chinese government is determined to give strategic priority to developing people's fitness and accelerating the development of a healthy China. This speech set a clear direction for China's health policy in the future. Since October 2016, the Chinese government has released a series of policies regarding health and healthy development in China. The Healthy China 2030 blueprint released by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in October 2016 underlined five specific targets for the all-around development of healthy China in the next 15 years, which includes improving the country's health level, controlling major risk factors, increasing the health service capacity, expanding the scale of health industry, and optimization the health service system. Of note, most of the health policies released by the government cover the promotion of oral health, indicating the tremendous political will of the Chinese government to invest in public oral health. The central idea of these policies is to realize a paradigm shift from a treatment-centered practice to the prevention-oriented management of oral diseases. All these policies will guide mid-term to long-term efforts toward oral health promotion and provide good opportunities for the development of sustainable public oral health in China.
Skid Row Dental Clinic Feels Bureaucracy's Bite
Skid Row Dental Clinic Feels Bureaucracy's Bite
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The mission needs to add doors to three non-load-bearing walls, build some partitions and repair plumbing and electrical wiring to install six dental chairs.But the permit process has dragged on for months, costing the mission thousands of dollars and thwarting the efforts of those who wish to help. Advertisement City officials concede that the process is confusing and often time-consuming and say they are working to streamline the system.But they are not working fast enough to satisfy the mission's building engineer, Richard Anderson. Flailing his arms in disbelief, Anderson told how it took three days to get past an ordinance that required him to increase parking for patients.He paused, waiting for his message to sink in:Homeless patients don't drive cars.The mission paid an architect at least $100 an hour to spend three days wading through bureaucratic regulations, Anderson said. 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"Then you get out of line, get your receipt and get back in the same line."Last Wednesday, he said, he arrived at the department's office in the morning and didn't leave until 4:30 p.m. Often, he said, he may wait more than an hour and a half in one line only to find out it's the wrong one.He said only his faith in God is able to temper his frustration."Normally I say to myself, 'This is not eternity,' " he said. "I'm not going to be frustrated in eternity."Anderson said there is a good rationale behind most regulations, and that complying with any individual requirement is not that onerous. It is the cumulative effect of dozens of seemingly minor regulations that takes a toll. And some regulations do not originate with city bureaucrats.Changes in the federal Americans With Disabilities Act require the mission to reverse the swing of two bathroom doors. When the building was completed three years ago, the doors fit the code. Now they don't. That's $1,000 per steel doorway, Anderson said.As far as negotiating Los Angeles' permit process, Victor Penera, the Building and Safety Department's chief of engineering, acknowledged that clients can be confused.He said a task force Mayor Richard Riordan established three years ago streamlined the arcane permit process when business and civic leaders reported that it had caused a 50% drop in construction over five years. Advertisement Riordan's press secretary Noelia Rodriguez said the mayor approved 66 of the task force's recommendations to cut red tape, half of which he implemented by executive order. The others, she said, are working their way through the City Council.Even so, she said, the city still loses businesses and other organizations due to what she called the byzantine permit process."When any type of organization can go across to Burbank and get away from red tape, it's a no-brainer," she said. 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He said the mission's clinic would be comparable to the largest free clinic in the county, the Los Angeles Free Clinic at Beverly and La Cienega boulevards.Dental students, supervised by faculty, would do the bulk of the work, Rosenblum said. He estimated that students would handle 60 appointments every week."There are people who need attention," said Rosenblum. "A lot of people could have been treated in this last year."
Inside the Dental Office - Tools of the Trade
Inside the Dental Office - Tools of the Trade
The dental office can be a mysterious place for the uninitiated. Even for those who have been going to regular appointments their entire lives, it might be difficult to name or pick out more than a couple of the common instruments. Of course, the most important tool in the hands of any competent dentist comes in the form of their own talent and experience. This is why the average person can typically not purchase dental equipment over the counter. While the tools have specific purposes, they are best left to the professionals. Here are some of the tools of the trade and how a dentist uses them to care for your teeth. The Mirror There is perhaps no more important tool in a dental office than the mirror. Without it, a dentist would have a very difficult time seeing behind teeth and getting a good look at exactly what is going on inside a patient's mouth. If you've ever tried to examine your teeth in the mirror, you know how frustrating it can be. You can get a good look at your front teeth, and even a few of those closer to the back. But when it comes to looking around at the other side or examining those in the back of your mouth, you're going to be out of luck. In combination with some bright lights, the dentist can use small mirrors to get a very close look at your teeth and gums, helping them to diagnose problems. The Scraper No dental office is complete without several forms of this important tool. Very sharp and extremely hard, the scraper is used to scrape away plaque from the teeth before it can harden to the point where nothing can get rid of it. The dentist will usually bring it out during an examination, simultaneously getting rid of some of that build up while also watching out for more serious problems like gum disease and cavity formation. It is this scraper that usually causes the gums to bleed during an appointment, but when used carefully on healthy gums, bleeding should be kept to a minimum. The Drill Teeth are made from the hardest material the human body can form-enamel. That means a special tool is needed to break through this enamel without smashing the tooth altogether. The drill serves that purpose. Even people who don't have an inherent fear of the dentist tend to get a shiver up their spine when they think of the sound that drill makes, but without it , many advanced surgical procedures would be impossible.
Hot Wheels: Arizona Man Designs Flame-Throwing Wheelchair
Hot Wheels: Arizona Man Designs Flame-Throwing Wheelchair
A fire-spitting device has turned an ordinary motorized wheelchair into a set of hot wheels.The flame-throwing wheelchair is the brainchild of Lance Greathouse, a Glendale, Ariz., dental equipment repairman."It started out as a rescue helicopter seat. I had an electric golf cart and an old lawn mower and put the parts together and it was born," Greathouse told ABCNews.com.His other creations in development include a six-wheel-drive chair, an ejection seat wheelchair and a "Dr. Evil chair," named after the Austin Powers character, complete with a barbecue."They show the person's personality - what they're like, what they're about," Greathouse said.In between creating tricked-out wheelchairs, Greathouse said he also restores a few each month at his own expense and donates them to an Arizona charity."There are so many wheelchairs laying around not doing any good. I'm constantly getting requests for chairs," he said.His passion for restoring wheelchairs and dreaming up custom creations came, he said, when he watched his brother's five-year battle with a rare form of Parkinson's."I saw people treat him really differently in his wheelchair," Greathouse said. "It was, 'What's happened to you?' They felt sorry for him"After he created a souped-up wheelchair for his brother, Brent, Greathouse said it "changed the way people looked at him."He said he hopes his custom creations do the same thing for other people who use them."They want to live and have fun just like everybody else, [but] there aren't any choices out there," he said. "A lot of people think I am crazy, but every disabled person who sits in my chair says, 'We love it!'"
Newport Man Blew Investors' Millions Gambling in Vegas, Feds Say
Newport Man Blew Investors' Millions Gambling in Vegas, Feds Say
A Newport Beach man who allegedly secured millions from investors for his dental equipment company blew the money gambling in Las Vegas and paying for his children's private-school tuitions, according to a federal indictment.William Knox is charged with six counts of wire fraud for taking investment money for his company, Osseous Technologies of America, but spending the money on himself instead, the indictment says.Knox raised at least $3.5 million - including $1.5 million from an investor in Pasadena - from 2010 to 2012, says the indictment, which was handed down this month.Knox allegedly also convinced a Laguna Beach resident to wire $200,000 for a 30-day loan, saying it would help keep the business running and that another dental company would preparing to buy Osseous for $10 million. Advertisement But the same day that the $200,000 arrived in his company's bank account, Knox allegedly withdrew the money in cashier's checks and deposited it in a gambling account at the Venetian casino in Las Vegas, the document alleges.Court documents describe Knox as following a similar pattern with the Pasadena investor, whose money ended up at another casino.Using a hidden recorder planted on one of his alleged victims, FBI agents recorded Knox admitting he gambled away the money, according to court documents. The tape reportedly recorded Knox saying he contemplated suicide after he realized that his alleged fraud would be uncovered.Knox went on to say that he was committed to a mental facility after he told a therapist he'd thought of killing himself and his family, according to an FBI agent's description of the recording. Advertisement Agents arrested Knox on Nov. 18 after prosecutors filed a criminal complaint. The grand jury indictment was unsealed Dec. 4.Knox has pleaded not guilty and is free on a $125,000 bond. An attorney for Knox said she had little to say yet about the case."I'm still waiting to get any evidence from the government," said the lawyer, Stephanie Ames.ALSO:Nearly 100 cats, dogs rescued from filthy conditionsSan Jose shop owner is glad he sold winning Mega Millions ticketNCIS agent pleads guilty in bribery scandal, may get 20-year Advertisement Jeremiah Dobruck writes for Times Community News
Fred Lee's Social Network: Vancouver Fraser Port Authority's Gala
Fred Lee's Social Network: Vancouver Fraser Port Authority's Gala
Days before Thanksgiving, port terminals and suppliers came together to give thanks and support the communities where they live, work and play. Presented by the Vancouver Fraser Port Authority, a capacity crowd gathered for the annual Port Fundraising Gala in partnership with Global Container Terminals, Fraser Surrey Docks, Western Stevedoring, and DP World Vancouver. Sharing a commitment to create thriving communities where they operate, the port terminals and suppliers for 18 years have come together to support their port region, raising more than $1.9 million for deserving charities in Metro Vancouver.The 19th edition would catapult the tally well beyond the $2 million mark. Vancouver Fraser Port Authority president and chief executive officerwelcomed attendees to the multi-course fundraising dinner co-chaired by , and .This year's event was held in honour and support of three charitable organizations, Harvest Project on the North Shore, Mission Possible in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside and Reach Child and Youth Development Society south of the Fraser River. Through ticket purchases, the sale of auction items, and the generous contributions of attendees, the evening endeavours looked to meet or exceed last year's $240,000 raised to support the charities working hard to improve the lives of thousands of people each year."The people and businesses we call neighbours make Metro Vancouver one of the world's most livable regions, and as a port community, we share a commitment to create thriving communities where we live and work," said Silvester. "By working together, we continue to prove that when we raise one another up, we all flourish." Established in 1988, the Chinese Canadian Dental Society of British Columbia (CCDSBC) was created to promote and encourage its members to contribute to their community and the Canadian society-at-large. Over the years through its annual gala fundraiser, CCDSBC has raised funds to establish bursaries and endowment funds, update dental equipment at Vancouver General Hospital, and contributed to the purchase of a mobile community clinic in partnership with UBC's Faculty of Dentistry.For CCDSBC's 30th anniversary celebrations, the B.C. Dental Association's Save A Smile program, supporting the urgent dental care needs of B.C. children from low-income families, was beneficiary of the charity dinner. To date, the program has supported 2,000 children in accessing dental treatment, says Dr. Angelique Leung, chair of the program, addressing the party crowd that convened at the Hyatt Regency Hotel for the Cruise Around the World-themed party.Captained by longtime event chair , the dental-do of fine food, wine and entertainment would take guests around the globe. Sought-after luxury cruises to Asia, the Middle East and the Mediterranean, part of an exclusive live auction, would contribute to a record night and $100,000 collected, putting smiles on the faces of everyone involved. Taking a page from the CCDSBC playbook, dental professionals from the South Asian community hosted its second annual fundraiser. Created in 2017, the Indo Canadian Dental Association (ICDA) welcomed a capacity crowd to Richmond's River Rock Show Theatre for its Sitarry Night Gala, held over the Thanksgiving weekend. Committed to promoting and raising funds for oral health care in the community, this year's lavish Bollywood luau led by Dr. benefited the B.C. Oral Cancer Prevention Program at UBC and efforts to lessen the hardship caused by the disease though public education, early detection and effective treatmentAttended by some one hundred dentists and their loved ones, industry partners, notable dignitaries and community and leaders, 500 guests were in attendance for the TD-sponsored, black-tie merrymaker. A spirited live auction and a raffle of a one-once bar of gold donated by Nicola Wealth Management had revellers digging deep into their wallets to support the cause. The evening of camaraderie and fundraising also paid tribute to , the legendary South Asian VOICE photo journalist often referred to as the "Smile Catcher" who passed away from a lengthy battle with throat cancer.
How Moving to Bolivia Saved Our Retirement
How Moving to Bolivia Saved Our Retirement
By David Hammond, InternationalLiving.comThis article comes to us courtesy of InternationalLiving.com, the world's leading authority on how to live, work, invest, travel, and retire better overseas.Nestled in an Andean valley at 6,000 feet, the Bolivian city of Tarija is truly one of South America's great undiscovered gems. You'll find colonial architecture, a near-perfect Mediterranean climate, and vineyards outside town stretching to the horizon. It's also one of the most affordable cities in the Americas: you can live a comfortable retirement in a centrally-located apartment for $1,200 a month, including rent, enjoy a delicious three-course meal for as little as $4, or visit one of its many medical facilities from $20. Tarija is home to 235,000 people, among them a small community of around 250 expats -- mostly from Europe, North America, and New Zealand. Last year Martin and Joyce Powell joined them when they sold their home and belongings in Glasgow, Kentucky, and began a new life as expat retirees in Tarija. Like many expats, the couple's main reason for moving abroad was financial. They calculated that, even when Social Security payments came, they wouldn't have enough to retire. "In the U.S., I would have worked until I died," says Martin. "Moving to Tarija was a way to make things work out. And we can enjoy a much higher standard of living here." In Kentucky, Martin, 60, had been a professional butler. Among his clients was Kentucky Governor John Y. Brown, Jr. He also had his own commercial cleaning business that he and Joyce, 58, worked at together. A friend from Kentucky had retired to Tarija, Bolivia, 10 years ago. This friend returns to Kentucky every year or two, and when he learned Martin and Joyce were considering retiring abroad, he encouraged them to visit Tarija. "We loved the climate," says Martin. "We don't have extremes in temperature, and the nights cool off." Average daytime highs range between 78 F and 86 F. Nighttime low temperatures range from 46 F to 62 F. "Tarijia is different enough to be interesting and small enough to be comfortable. We are still discovering new things. We love the older Spanish-style buildings and the plazas," says Martin. "There are lots of parks, and they are all clean and beautiful. But the best part of life here ... we don't have to work." As for Joyce, she says: "I love the mountain views here. Every time I look at them they fill my heart." Tarija's colorful and bustling main plaza, Plaza de Armas Luis de Fuentes y Vargas, has several good restaurants nearby. And just two blocks away is another plaza: Plaza Mariscal Antonio José de Sucre, with green lawns, lush trees, and wide walks. Altogether, Tarija has 15 plazas and parks, as well as four lookout points, where there's high ground, called miradores. Colonial architecture in Tarija includes several churches, such as the Basilica of San Francisco and the Church of San Roque, built in the early 1600s. For shopping, you'll find 11 markets where you get the freshest produce at the best price, as well as family-owned bakeries and butcher shops. You'll also find half-a-dozen supermarkets--good places to get paper goods and toiletries. An Emphasis on Family and FriendshipMartin and Joyce have made friends with local Bolivians and they eat out with other expats regularly. Sometimes the Powells' Bolivian neighbors hold dances in their homes, clearing the patio or terrace to make room. "We dance for a couple of hours, then they serve a meal. After that, we dance for a couple more hours. It's a traditional Bolivian dance that's like line dancing--with the women on one side and the men on the other," says Martin.The Powells also enjoy going on picnics in the nearby countryside with their local friends. "Everyone brings their own meat and a side dish," says Joyce. "At the picnics they cook over charcoal. They season steaks with salt and lemon when they barbecue here," says Martin. Martin and Joyce's friends, who've lived in Tarija all their lives, have taken them to special spots outside town. One is a thermal lake. "It's a two-acre lake that feels like a two-acre bathtub," says Martin. "When you go deeper, it gets warmer instead of colder." Joyce has practiced paper-folding, making origami figures, since she was young. In Tarija, some of the local children have taken an interest in her hobby, and Joyce is now teaching them the craft. The couple pays $200 a month for a centrally located apartment. "It's one-and-a-half years old. It's a two-bedroom place, with a garage on the first floor, near the plaza," says Martin. Martin and Joyce pay around $21 a month, total, for their home utilities, which include electricity, gas, and water. WiFi is around $38 a month and they pay $15 a month for their two smartphones. They have limited-minute plans, with their unused minutes rolling over into the next month. They also have MagicJack, a VoIP phone service that allows them to make unlimited calls to the U.S. over the Internet, for $40 a year. Like many expats in Tarija, Martin and Joyce get by fine without a car, opting instead for public transportation. A taxi is around 60 cents per person to the edge of town. Taxis with a regular route like a bus, called taxis trufis, cost around 30 cents per person. A bus ride is around 22 cents."But most of the time we walk to do our shopping and take care of daily errands," says Joyce. As for food prices, "canned foods, processed foods, and imported foods cost more [than the U.S.]. Fruits and vegetables are cheap. Dairy and meat are about the same," says Joyce. Healthcare for $75 a monthMartin has a heart condition. One night he had a cardiac emergency. Joyce called one of their new local friends, who helped her get Martin to Tarija's cardiac hospital. "They saved his life," says Joyce. "The total cost was $600. The most expensive thing was the seven hours of oxygen." The cost to visit the heart doctor for a checkup is $22. "It's not Star Trek modern, but it's clean, sufficient, and nice," says Martin of the cardiac hospital. Martin and Joyce also visit a dentist in Tarija. "The dental equipment here is more advanced than I've seen in the U.S.," says Martin. Minus medical expenses, the Powells' total living costs come to around $1,000 a month. Most of the medications that Martin gets cost only 30% of what they would in the States. The couple are currently in the process of joining a Bolivian healthcare plan that will cover almost all of their medications for $75 a month. Martin and Joyce are enjoying a retirement that would have been impossible in the U.S. They're living in a place and a climate they love. And they're sharing the adventure of learning a new language and discovering a new culture. "For me, it's choosing something new that I like. It's a beautiful thing," says Martin. "We didn't come 4,000 miles to live the same way we did in Kentucky," says Martin. "We like the Bolivian people and find them warm and hospitable." To overcome the language barrier, Martin and Joyce took Spanish lessons. They've joined a local church where they've made friends and get an opportunity to practice their Spanish. And Martin builds his vocabulary reading the local paper. "There is very little crime here. There is a little bit of 'ticky-tacky' (unfinished homes and graffiti), but I don't see it anymore. It's like a wrinkle on someone you love," says Martin.Related Articles:Retired In Our 40s And Homesteading In BelizeEscape The "Rocking Chair" Retirement In Costa RicaCotacachi, Ecuador Is What Small-Town USA Once WasEarlier on Huff/Post50:
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