Knowledge Related to Shaker Loops

Shaker Loops is a 1978 composition by American composer John Adams, originally written for string septet. A version for string orchestra followed in 1983 and was first performed in April of that year at Alice Tully Hall, New York, by the American Composers Orchestra, conducted by Michael Tilson Thomas. The original "modular" score, published by Associated Music Publisher, has since been withdrawn and replaced by the 1983 "string orchestra" version.

Knowledge Related to Shaker Loops 1

The "string orchestra" version can be played either by a septet of soloists or by a string orchestra of any size, where the violins are divided into 3 parts throughout. The work is in four movements.

· Other Related Knowledge of Shaker

North America of Shaker

Anguilla (British dependent territory) Governor - Alan Hoole, Governor of Anguilla (19951996) Robert Harris, Governor of Anguilla (19962000) Chief Minister - Hubert Hughes, Chief Minister of Anguilla (19942000) Antigua and Barbuda Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Antigua and Barbuda (1981present) Governor-General - Sir James Carlisle, Governor-General of Antigua and Barbuda (19932007) Prime Minister - Lester Bird, Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda (19942004) Aruba (constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Governor - Olindo Koolman, Governor of Aruba (19922004) Prime Minister - Henny Eman, Prime Minister of Aruba (19942001) The Bahamas Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of the Bahamas (1973present) Governor-General - Sir Orville Turnquest, Governor-General of the Bahamas (19952001) Prime Minister - Hubert Ingraham, Prime Minister of the Bahamas (19922002) Barbados Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Barbados (1966present) Governor-General - Sir Denys Williams, Acting Governor-General of Barbados (19951996) Sir Clifford Husbands, Governor-General of Barbados (19962011) Prime Minister - Owen Arthur, Prime Minister of Barbados (19942008) Belize Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Belize (1981present) Governor-General - Sir Colville Young, Governor-General of Belize (1993present) Prime Minister - Manuel Esquivel, Prime Minister of Belize (19931998) Bermuda (British dependent territory) Governor - David Waddington, Baron Waddington, Governor of Bermuda (19921997) Premier - David Saul, Premier of Bermuda (19951997) British Virgin Islands (British dependent territory) Governor - David Mackilligin, Governor of the British Virgin Islands (19951998) Chief Minister - Ralph T.

O'Neal, Chief Minister of the British Virgin Islands (19952003) Canada Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada (1952present) Governor General - Romo LeBlanc, Governor General of Canada (19951999) Prime Minister - Jean Chrtien, Prime Minister of Canada (19932003) Cayman Islands (British dependent territory) Governor - John Wynne Owen, Governor of the Cayman Islands (19951999) Head of Government - Truman Bodden, Leader of Government Business of the Cayman Islands (19942000) Costa Rica President - Jos Mara Figueres, President of Costa Rica (19941998) Cuba Communist Party Leader - Fidel Castro, First secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba (19652011) President - Fidel Castro, President of the Council of State of Cuba (19762008) Premier - Fidel Castro, President of the Council of Ministers of Cuba (19592008) Dominica President - Crispin Sorhaindo, President of Dominica (19931998) Prime Minister - Edison James, Prime Minister of Dominica (19952000) Dominican Republic President - Joaqun Balaguer, President of the Dominican Republic (19861996) Leonel Fernndez, President of the Dominican Republic (19962000) El Salvador President - Armando Caldern Sol, President of El Salvador (19941999) Grenada Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Grenada (1974present) Governor-General - Sir Reginald Palmer, Governor-General of Grenada (19921996) Sir Daniel Williams, Governor-General of Grenada (19962008) Prime Minister - Keith Mitchell, Prime Minister of Grenada (19952008) Guatemala President - Ramiro de Len Carpio, President of Guatemala (19931996) lvaro Arz, President of Guatemala (19962000) Haiti President - Jean-Bertrand Aristide, President of Haiti (19941996) Ren Prval, President of Haiti (19962001) Prime Minister Claudette Werleigh, Prime Minister of Haiti (19951996) Rosny Smarth, Prime Minister of Haiti (19961997) Honduras President - Carlos Roberto Reina, President of Honduras (19941998) Jamaica Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Jamaica (1962present) Governor-General - Sir Howard Cooke, Governor-General of Jamaica (19912006) Prime Minister - P. J. Patterson, Prime Minister of Jamaica (19922006) Mexico President - Ernesto Zedillo, President of Mexico (19942000) Montserrat (British dependent territory) Governor - Frank Savage, Governor of Montserrat (19931997) Chief Minister - Reuben Meade, Chief Minister of Montserrat (19911996) Bertrand Osborne, Chief Minister of Montserrat (19961997) Netherlands Antilles (constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Governor - Jaime Saleh, Governor of the Netherlands Antilles (19902002) Prime Minister - Miguel Arcangel Pourier, Prime Minister of the Netherlands Antilles (19941998) Nicaragua President - Violeta Chamorro, President of Nicaragua (19901997) Panama President - Ernesto Prez Balladares, President of Panama (19941999) Saint Kitts and Nevis Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Kitts and Nevis (1983present) Governor-General - Sir Cuthbert Sebastian, Governor-General of Saint Kitts and Nevis (19962013) Prime Minister - Denzil Douglas, Prime Minister of Saint Kitts and Nevis (19952015) Saint Lucia Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Lucia (1979present) Governor-General - Sir Stanislaus A.

James, Governor-General of Saint Lucia (19881996) George Mallet, Governor-General of Saint Lucia (19961997) Prime Minister - John Compton, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia (19821996) Vaughan Lewis, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia (19961997) Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Territorial collectivity of France) Prefect - Ren Maurice, Prefect of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (19941996) Jean-Franois Carenco, Prefect of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (19961997) President of the General Council - Grard Grignon, President of the General Council of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (19941996) Bernard Le Soavec, President of the General Council of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (19962000) Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (1979present) Governor-General - Sir David Emmanuel Jack, Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (19891996) Sir Charles Antrobus, Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (19962002) Prime Minister - Sir James Fitz-Allen Mitchell, Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (19842000) Trinidad and Tobago President - Noor Hassanali, President of Trinidad and Tobago (19871997) Prime Minister - Basdeo Panday, Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (19952001) Turks and Caicos Islands (British dependent territory) Governor - Martin Bourke, Governor of the Turks and Caicos Islands (19931996) John Kelly, Governor of the Turks and Caicos Islands (19962000) Chief Minister - Derek Hugh Taylor, Chief Minister of the Turks and Caicos Islands (19952003) United States of America President - Bill Clinton, President of the United States (19932001) Puerto Rico (Commonwealth of the United States) Governor - Pedro Rossell, Governor of Puerto Rico (19932001) United States Virgin Islands (Insular area of the United States) Governor - Roy Schneider, Governor of the United States Virgin Islands (19951999)

------

Published works of Shaker

Ibur is the author of Both Wings Flappin, Still Not Flyin (2014) and The Little Mrs./Misses (2017), both from PenUltimate Press, Inc. Ibur, Jane, "Us and Them" in Teaching the Arts Behind Bars, ed.

Rachel Marie-Crane Williams, (Boston: Northeastern University Press, 2003), 96-105. Literary anthologies"Stray Dogs," "Cat Nap," The First Anthology of Missouri Women Writers, Sheba Review, Inc., Jefferson City, MO, 1987.

Knowledge Related to Shaker Loops 2

"If Only," If I Had A Hammer: Women's Work in Poetry, Fiction and Photographs, Papier-Mache Press, Watsonville, CA, 1990. "If Only," The Book of Wisdom, Multnomah Publishers, Inc., Sisters, OR, 1997.

"God On Noah," "Grandmother And Me," First Harvest, Brodsky Library Press, St. Louis, MO, 1997. "Remains," Animals in Poetry, Sarasota Poetry Theatre Press, Sarasota, FL, 2001.

"Tea," Drumvoices Review Special 10th Anniversary Anthology of Poetry, Fiction and Drama, Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL, 2003. "Gangrene," "The Great Toe," Reflections on a Life With Diabetes: A Memoir in Many Voices, Virtualbookworm.com Publishing Inc.

, College Station, TX, 2004. "Mrs. Abraham," "Mrs.

Stand-in," "Shooting Stars" "Mom & Frank," New Harvest, Brodsky Library Press, St. Louis, MO, 2005. "Daze," Blindness Isnt Black, VSA Arts of Missouri Press, St.

Louis, MO, 2009. "Mrs. Noahs Seduction," "Third Year," "Mrs.

Noahs Sing-a-long," Winter Harvest, Brodsky Library Press, St Louis, MO, 2011.Literary magazines"After Apple Picking," River Styx, No. 5 World Myths (1979), Big River Association Press, St.

Louis, MO. "Chair," "Teeth," Webster Review, Vol. 5, No.

2 (1980), Webster College Press, St. Louis, MO. "She Locks Her Memories," "World's Rim," Phantasmagoria, Vol.

II, No. 2 (1981), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "How High Is Maybe," Pastiche, Vol.

II, Nos. 9 and 10 (1981), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "Augusta," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol.

VIII, No. 2 (1981), Saint Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO.

"A Hat Converses With Its Head," Pastiche, Vol. II, Nos. 11 and 12 (1981), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH.

"Dear Daughter, Dear Mother," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. IX, No. 1 (1982), St.

Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "The Home With No Means Of Access," Phantasmagoria, Vol.

III, No. 1 (1982), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "Office Hours," Pastiche, Vol.

III, Nos. 1 and 2 (1982), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "The Girl In The Closet," "The Honk," Slipstream,Vol.

III (1983), Slipstream Publications, Niagara Falls, NY. "Click Your Heels," "I Been Sick So Long, It's Begun To Be A Song To Me," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. X, No.

1 (1983), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO.

"Haunted," Writer's Information Rhyme Time (1985), Rhyme time/Story time/Mystery time Press, Coeur d'Alene, ID. "The Honk," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. XII, No.

1 (1986), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO.

"Family Life," Soulard Culture Squad Review, No. 1 (1986), St. Louis, MO.

"A Man Leans Forward," Crazyquilt, Vol. II, No. 3 (1987), Crazyquilt Press, San Diego, CA.

"He Took It With Him," Radical Bones, Vol. I, No. 1 (1987), Nanora Sweet Press, St.

Louis, MO. "His Bread I Eat, His Song I Sing," "Ingestion," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. XIV, No.

1 (1987), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO.

"The Crying House," Saint Louis Home Magazine (1987), Pershing Publishing Corporation, St. Louis, MO. "My Fathers Secret Life," Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Poetry (1989), Putnam Press, St.

Louis, MO. "Corn," "Phone," "Plate," "Glove," "Cards," "River," "Mirror," "Shoes," Webster Review, Vol. XIV, No.

1 (1989), Webster University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Your Face," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol.

XVI, No. 1 (1989), St. Louis University Press, St.

Louis, MO. "Friday Nights," "Sparrows," River Styx, No. 32 (1990), Big River Association Press, St.

Louis, MO. "Rebirth," Literati Internazionale, Vol. I, No.

1 (1991), McGraw-Beauchamp Publications, Chicago, IL. "Pieces of My Soul," Break Bread With The World: A Commemorative Collection Of Poems/Anecdotes/Commentaries (1991), Parks Publishing Corporation, East St. Louis, IL.

"Spinner Sponn," "Hot Dog Kind of Girl," Spitball, No. 43 (1993), McNaughton & Gunn, Inc. Publications, Cincinnati, OH.

"Augusta," Webster Review, No. 17 (1993), Webster University Press, St. Louis, MO.

"Ham," Earths Daughters, No. 43/44 (1994), Something Press, Buffalo, NY. "Bowl," California State Poetry Quarterly, Vol.

21, No. 4 (1995), Kimberly Press Inc., Orange, CA.

"Water," "God On Noah," Sagarin Review, Vol. 5 (1995), St. Louis College of Jewish Studies Press, St.

Louis, MO. "Slaughter," Work, Vol. 1, No.

2 (Fall/Winter 1995/96), Wagging Tale Publications, San Francisco, CA . "Wounds," Mediphors, No. 6.

(Fall/Winter 1995), Mediphors Inc., Bloomsburg, PA. "Amtrak Disaster," "Dream Catcher," Eyeball, No.

4. (1997), First Civilizations Inc., St.

Louis, MO. "Mrs. Paladin," "Mrs.

Rifleman," River Styx, No. 54 (1999), Big River Association Press, St. Louis, MO.

"Tea," "1970," "Undress," Drumvoices Review: A Confluence of Literary, Cultural and Vision Arts, Vol. 8, Nos. 1 and 2 (1999), Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL.

"Half the Problem," Drumvoices Review: Words from 15 Cities Poetic Voices of Contemporary Urban Cultures, Vol. 9, Nos. 1 and 2 (2000), Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL.

"Water," "Cutting Toenails," Sagarin Review, Vol. 5 (2002), St. Louis College of Jewish Studies Press, St.

Louis, MO. "Just," Natural Bridge, No. 9 (2003), University of Missouri Press, St.

Louis, MO. "Mrs. Noah Looks Back," Runes A Review of Poetry: Storm Issue (2004), Arctos Press, Sausalito, CA.

"Forbidden," Lilith, Vol. 30, No. 2 (2005), Lilith Publications, Inc.

, New York, NY. "Grief," "Night Creatures," "Wings Moist from the Other World," Natural Bridge, No. 15 (2006), University of Missouri Press, St.

Louis, MO. "Hibiscus," "The Skull," Boulevard, Vol. 21, Nos.

62 and 63 (2006), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO.

"Frying Pan," River Styx, No. 76/77 (2008), Big River Association Press, St. Louis, MO.

"Mrs. Noah 3:27," Souwester (2009), Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL. "Mrs.

Noah: Lost and Found," Folio, Winter 2010 (2009), American University Press, Washington, DC. "Tea," Drumvoices Review: A Confluence of Literary, Cultural and Vision Arts, Vol. 17 (2011), Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL.

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Knowledge Related to Shaker Mountain
Knowledge Related to Shaker Mountain
Shaker Mountain, 1,835 feet (559 m), is a prominent peak in the Taconic Mountains of western Massachusetts. The mountain is located in Pittsfield State Forest and is named after the nearby Hancock Shaker Village, a former Shaker religious colony and now a historic site. The summit is wooded and is traversed by the 5 mi (8.0 km) Shaker Trail, a loop trail that begins at the historic site. The mountain is wooded with northern hardwood tree species. Shaker Mountain is located within Hancock, Massachusetts. The Taconic ridgeline continues north from Shaker Mountain as Doll Mountain and west as Holy Mount The mountain drains into Shaker Brook and Lily Brook, thence to the Housatonic River and Long Island Sound. · Other Related Knowledge of boston shaker Hannah Poling of boston shaker Hannah, Jon's daughter, was born in 1999 and received five vaccines in one day in 2000 at the age of 19 months; this occurred because she had fallen behind on her vaccine schedule as a result of a series of ear infections. According to Kathleen Seidel, the Poling family filed a case with the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program on October 25, 2002. In 2006, Jon, along with three other researchers, all of whom were affiliated with Johns Hopkins at the time, published a case report and chart review retrospective series regarding the association of mitochondrial disease and autism in the Journal of Child Neurology. In 2008, after the government conceded his daughter's vaccine injury case, Dr Poling said, Many in the autism community and their champions believe that the result in this case may well signify a landmark decision as it pertains to children developing autism following vaccinations. This still remains to be seen, but currently there are almost 5,000 other cases pending. Hannah's case had originally been placed with the almost 5,000 Autism Omnibus cases pending hearing 5 years before her case was conceded administratively. Others have speculated that in the Poling case, all that was really conceded was that "the vaccines, given to Hannah in 2000, aggravated a pre-existing condition namely, mitochondrial disease that then manifested as autism-like symptoms." Similarly, Rahul K. Parikh contended that ".this was not a case of vaccines causing autism. Rather, this is a case where the court deemed it plausible that vaccines aggravated an underlying disease caused by bad mitochondria, and that some of the symptoms Hannah showed were similar to autism," and Julie Gerberding said, "Let me be very clear that the government has made absolutely no statement indicating that vaccines are a cause of autism." It has also been noted that Hannah's mitochondrial disease is very rare, and that no evidence proves that it is possible for vaccines to cause or worsen mitochondrial diseases, with Chuck Mohan of the United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation noting that "there is very little scientific research in this area." In addition, Paul Offit has argued that the VICP's concession to Hannah was "poorly reasoned" and contended that this program had "turned its back on science" in recent years. Offit also noted that "whereas it is clear that natural infections can exacerbate symptoms of encephalopathy in patients with mitochondrial enzyme deficiencies, no clear evidence exists that vaccines cause similar exacerbations." Another unclear aspect of Hannah's case is whether she had a pre-existing mitochondrial disorder that vaccinations aggravated, or whether vaccinations caused that disorder. Hannah's mother, Terry Poling, has stated that "The government chose to believe the first theory," but added that "We dont know that she had an underlying disorder." However, the Polings' neurologist, Andrew Zimmerman, wrote in a letter to the Polings' attorneys that there was a pre-existing mitochondrial dysfunction. Dr. Zimmerman wrote, "The cause for regressive encephalopathy in Hannah at age 19 months was underlying mitochondrial dysfunction, exacerbated by vaccine-induced fever and immune stimulation that exceeded metabolic energy reserves." On July 21, 2008, Steven Novella posted an article on Neurologica, his blog, in which he briefly mentioned the Poling case, saying, "The case was settled (not judged in Polings favor, but settled) because both sides realized it was a special case that could not be extrapolated to other vaccine-autism cases." In response, Dr. Poling wrote a letter to Dr. Novella in which he states, among other things, that "The only thing unique about my little girls case is the level of medical documentation--5 to 20% of patients with ASDs have mitochondrial dysfunction." Novella's response to this letter, posted on July 23, 2008, argued that "Hannah Polings history has many features that are not typical of autism like a history of otitis media with frequent fevers, seizures, and what sounds like a rare encephalitis that probably did result from vaccines. Even if we put her mitochondrial mutation aside this is not a typical case of autism." On September 3, 2010, autism blogger Matt Carey broke the story about the settlement deal including a $1.5M initial payment and an annuity to cover costs of the life care plan. On September 9, 2010, Sharyl Attkisson also reported that the Poling family were going to receive $1.5 million for the first year alone, and might receive a total of over $20 million over Hannah's lifetime. ------ Background of boston shaker The state of New York approved a piece of legislation which encouraged students to start their school days with the Pledge of Allegiance and a prayer with the text: Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers and our country. Amen.The case was brought by a group of families of public school students in New Hyde Park from the Herricks Union Free School District who sued the school board president William J. Vitale, Jr. The families argued that the voluntary prayer written by the state board of regents to "Almighty God" contradicted their religious beliefs. Led by Steven I. Engel, a Jewish man, the plaintiffs sought to challenge the constitutionality of the state's prayer in school policy. They were supported by groups opposed to the school prayer including rabbinical organizations, Ethical Culture, and Jewish organizations. The acting parties were not members of one particular religious persuasion, or all atheists. Their religious identities were legally identified in court paperwork as two Jews, an atheist, a Unitarian church member, and a member of the New York Society for Ethical Culture. However, despite being listed in the court papers as an atheist, plaintiff Lawrence Roth, who was raised Jewish, later denied that he was an atheist and described himself as religious and a participant of prayer. When religious affiliation was discussed during preparations for the case, Roth claimed he was "a very religious person, but not a churchgoer" and that he that he said prayers but was unsure of what prayer could accomplish. This resulted in the group's lawyer telling him "You're the atheist." Roth later stated "apparently, you have to have an atheist in the crowd, so we started from there." The plaintiffs argued that opening the school day with such a prayer violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution (as applied to the states through the Fourteenth Amendment), which states, in part, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion". The governments of twenty-two states submitted an amicus curiae brief to the Supreme Court urging affirmance of the New York Court of Appeals decision that upheld the constitutionality of the prayer. The American Jewish Committee, the Synagogue Council of America, and the American Ethical Union each submitted briefs urging the Court to instead reverse and rule that the prayer was unconstitutional. ------ Biography of boston shaker Berger is a long-time supporter of alternative energy solutions to global environmental problems. He has repeatedly called attention to the nation's excessive dependence on foreign oil and the huge economic and environmental costs, and risks. He has outlined strategies for a clean, renewable energy economy in his books and articles which have appeared in publications such as Huffington Post, Scientific American, The Boston Globe, The Christian Science Monitor, The Los Angeles Times, Huffington Post, and Renewable Energy World. Berger's writing on energy and natural resource issues has helped to launch the environmental restoration movement, beginning with his book Restoring the Earth in 1985. Education and WorkIn 1966, John J. Berger earned a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science from Stanford University. Prior to his work on energy and the environment, Berger was an innovator in journalism. In 1970, he co-founded Alternative Features Service, Inc. to support the development of alternative and college newspapers and radio stations in the U.S. with syndicated press materials that especially highlighted the creation of alternative institutions, such as free clinics, people's banks, free universities, and alternative housing. In 1976, after publishing his first book, Nuclear Power: The Unviable Option, with introduction by Nobel Laureate Dr. Linus Pauling and a foreword by Senator Mike Gravel, he was invited by David Brower to become Friends of the Earth's Energy Projects Director in San Francisco.: Just a few years later, in 1979, he became a technical editor at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California. The next year, Berger was awarded an MA in Energy and Natural Resources from the University of California, Berkeley. In 1980 and 1981, Berger taught courses in energy technology and policy at Vista College and the University of San Francisco. In 1984, Berger began two years of postgraduate research on land-use policy in Sacramento at the University of California, Davis. In 1985, he published Restoring the Earth: How Americans Are Working to Restore Our Damaged Environment and became the executive director of Restoring the Earth, an environmental organization based in Berkeley, California. Berger then went on to receive a PhD in Ecology from the University of California, Davis in 1990 and served as visiting Associate Professor of Environmental Policy at the Graduate School of Public Affairs of the University of Maryland and Professor of Environmental Science at the University of San Francisco. His awards include: a Switzer Foundation Environmental Fellowship for graduate study, a year-long fellowship for study at the University of Tunis in Tunisia, a summer writing fellowship at the Blue Mountain Center in the Adirondacks; and selection to participate in a summer-study program at the Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory for Genetic Research. Berger is also an independent energy and environmental consultant. He is currently (2016) an Affiliated Research Fellow at UC Berkeley's Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory. ------ Selected publications of boston shaker Poling, J. S.; Karanian, J. W.; Salem Jr, N.; Vicini, S. (1995). "Time- and voltage-dependent block of delayed rectifier potassium channels by docosahexaenoic acid". Molecular Pharmacology. 47 (2): 381390. PMID 7870048.mw-parser-output cite.citationfont-style:inherit.mw-parser-output .citation qquotes:"""""""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registrationcolor:#555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:12px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output code.cs1-codecolor:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none;font-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-errorfont-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-formatfont-size:95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left:0.2em.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-right:0.2em.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inherit Poling, J. S.; Vicini, S.; Rogawski, M. A.; Salem Jr, N. (1996). "Docosahexaenoic acid block of neuronal voltage-gated K channels: Subunit selective antagonism by zinc". Neuropharmacology. 35 (7): 969982. doi:10.1016/0028-3908(96)00127-X. PMID 8938727. Poling, J. S.; Rogawski, M. A.; Salem Jr, N.; Vicini, S. (1996). "Anandamide, an endogenous cannabinoid, inhibits Shaker-related voltage-gated K channels". Neuropharmacology. 35 (7): 983991. doi:10.1016/0028-3908(96)00130-X. PMID 8938728.
Knowledge Related to Crushed Red Pepper
Knowledge Related to Crushed Red Pepper
Crushed red pepper or red pepper flakes is a condiment or spice consisting of dried and crushed (as opposed to ground) red chili peppers. This condiment is most often produced from cayenne-type peppers, although commercial producers may use a variety of different cultivars, usually within the 30,000-50,000 Scoville unit range. The village of Bukovo, North Macedonia is often credited with the creation of crushed red pepper. The name of the villageor a derivative of itis now used as a name for crushed red pepper in general in a number of Southeast European languages: " /" (bukovska piper/bukovec, Macedonian), "bukovka" (Serbo-Croatian and Slovene) and "" (bkovo, Greek). Crushed red pepper shakers have become a standard on tables at Mediterranean restaurants and especially pizza parlors around the world. Often there is a high ratio of seeds, which are popularly believed to contain the most spice. Crushed red pepper is used by food manufacturers in pickling blends, chowders, spaghetti sauce, pizza sauce, soups and sausage. Crushed red pepper in Turkey, served as a common condiment with very few seeds, is known as pul biber in English. One specially prepared variety of it is the Urfa pul biber (isot). · Other Related Knowledge of Shaker Managerial and coaching career of Shaker BurySmith began his managerial career with Bury in November 1973, taking over from Allan Brown. At the age of 29 he was the youngest manager in the Football League. He had initial success, guiding Bury to promotion from the Fourth Division in the fourth automatic place at the end of the 197374 season. He stabilised the Gigg Lane outfit in the Third Division in 197475 with a 14th-place finish. They went on to finish 13th in 197576, before finishing five points off the promotion places in 197677. He was sacked by Bury on 16 November 1977 after a poor start to the season. The "Shakers" finished the 197778 campaign in 15th place under the stewardship of Bob Stokoe. Port ValeA day after leaving Bury he was appointed as manager of Port Vale. He replaced club legend Roy Sproson, and was given a large war chest to spend after a successful lottery scheme was set up at Vale Park. He took over with the club in 21st place in the Third Division. His first game in charge was a 00 draw with Midland Counties League side Arnold in the First Round of the FA Cup. In January, veteran defender Graham Hawkins was signed as a player-coach from Blackburn Rovers for 6,000. Forward Neville Chamberlain also joined the club as a professional, becoming the club's first black pro. John Froggatt also joined the club, signing from Colchester United for 10,000. Chairman Arthur McPherson celebrated this abandonment of frugality by declaring "we are going places". Local journalist Chris Harper slated the board for their decisions, calling them 'berserk'. Froggatt scored fifteen seconds into his debut in a 40 win over Exeter City. However this would be as good as it got for both Froggatt and Vale that season. In February, Vale beat Fort Lauderdale Strikers in a friendly, but also started a five games sequence without a win. Ged Stenson arrived the next month from Everton for a 'bargain' 3,000, and John Lumsdon joined on loan from Stoke City. Vale improved, and were unbeaten in six of their seven March games, with Chamberlain scoring on his debut. Yet on 28 March they started a club-record streak of twelve home games without a win that would continue into the following season. Encouragement came from the youth side, who reached the Quarter Finals of the FA Youth Cup. With four games to go, Vale were one point clear of the drop, however by losing all of their remaining games the "Valiants" ended the 197778 season in 21st place and were relegated into the Fourth Division. Smith was appointed as manager of Swindon Town in May 1978, with the club having to pay a compensation fee of 10,500 to Port Vale. His assistant, Dennis Butler, stayed on at the club and was appointed as his successor. Swindon TownDespite still being a relatively young manager, Smith guided Swindon to a Third Division promotion challenge in his first season in charge - missing out by three points after losing the last two games of the season. His two signings, Alan Mayes and Andy Rowland, formed a deadly strike partnership, and were both selected on the PFA Team of the Year. The following season Swindon beat Stoke City, Wimbledon and Arsenal to reach the League Cup semi-final. They lost out to Wolverhampton Wanderers when Wolves scored the winner five minutes from the end of the second leg. However Town squandered a promising league position to finish the campaign in tenth place. During the campaign his team recorded an 80 win over former club Bury. Having spent large amounts of money, particularly on 150,000 left-back David Peach and 110,000 midfielder Glenn Cockerill, expectations were high at Swindon for the 198081 season. However, Smith was sacked in October 1980 after Swindon lost their first five games and were stuck in the relegation zone. They finished the campaign in 17th place under the stewardship of John Trollope. Newport CountyIn 1981, he joined the coaching staff at Blackpool and in July 1982 moved to be a coach at Newport County. He was appointed manager of Newport in June 1985, and kept the club rooted to 18th in the Third Division in 198586, before a run of seven straight defeats saw the club hovering above the relegation places and ultimately cost him his job. His replacement John Relish managed to steer the club to safety. CoachingHe coached Cardiff City between 1989 and July 1990 after being brought to the club by manager Frank Burrows. Later that year he became assistant manager to Colin Addison at Hereford United. He joined the coaching staff at Swansea City in March 1991, and the following year manager Frank Burrows appointed him as his assistant. In October 1995 he became manager of Swansea after the departure of Burrows, but resigned just 80 days later in December of the same year. A playing revolt at Vetch Field led to the resignation of his replacement, Kevin Cullis, before the "Swans" finished 199596 in the Second Division relegation zone under the stewardship of Jan Mlby. In 1996 Smith was appointed to the coaching staff at Sheffield Wednesday by David Pleat, where he performed a variety of roles before leaving in the summer of 1999. ------ Cochranites (aka "The Society of Free Brethren and Sisters") of Shaker Jacob Cochran was said to have promoted the restoration of the apostolic Christian church, a popular sentiment at that time. He also claimed success in miracle-working and exorcism. Cochran also instituted holy dancing and a frenzy called reaping in which participants are "thrown into the greatest agitations; a violent exertion of the arms and body, for a long time together.To other violent motions of the arms and body, they give the appellation of winnowing, and separating the chaff from the wheat: another they call, gathering and burning the chaff." Cochran dismissed traditional concepts of marriage, citing passages in the bible where seven wives shared one man. As early as 1818-1819 the group was referring to spiritual wifery. Cochran would assign women to the men since legal marriages were not considered valid. He would also shift these women between men as he saw fit as their prophet. It was said that about half of the women in the group were once assigned to him. Ephraim Stinchfield, who observed the community on a number of occasions, recorded 16 pages of "abominations" including unwed couples staying together, and Cochran's habit of taking young women into private rooms for extended periods of time. After their meeting was over, I retired and spent the rest of the evening with six of this society, one of whom called himself an ordained minister in their society. I had now for the first time, an opportunity of inquiring into their distinguishing peculiar tenets. They, like all other enthusiasts, pretended to light superior to that of any other religious society, since the Apostles; and the power of healing the sick, raising the dead, and casting out devils -- all of which, they said, had been literally performed among them. Extraordinary dreams and visions, they asserted, had been experienced, and wonders wrought. They had private, sometimes dark, meetings; in which none, but such as were bound by oath, to the most inviolable secrecy, not to divulge what was transacted in the meeting, upon penalty of eternal damnation, or of having their names blotted out of the book of life, were admitted. That each brother and sister in this fraternity, has a spiritual husband, wife, mate, or yoke fellow, such as they choose, or their leaders choose for them. These spiritual mates, dissolve, or disannul, all former marriage connections; and many of them bed and board together, to the exclusion of all former vows. Such conduct as this, had not become general, and many of them would deny that such things existed among them, though proved by the most solemn declarating of persons of undoubted veracity. I had, before I left this place, such a discovery of the mystery of iniquity, working to the subverson of all social ties, between husband and wife, parents and children, rulers and ruled, ministers and people; the rising generation corrupted by the introduction of such vicious practices, under a cloak of religion, that it seemed as if I should be constrained to run from house to house, and cry day and night, against the abomination that maketh desolate. Cochran also was working towards a communal order where everything was held in common. However, within a few years, Cochran was eventually convicted of gross lewdness, lascivious behavior, and adultery and spent four years in prison. His followers were once said to be in the thousands, but only a handful remained loyal to their prophet after his imprisonment. A few years after his release from prison, Jacob Cochran established a colony for a portion of his followers, in what is now Grove township, Allegany Co., New York. This little-known group lived in close proximity to several people who later became prominent members within the Latter Day Saint Movement including Warren Cowdery, William Marks and Lyman Wightthe first Mormon branches in Allegany County were established in the area immediately surrounding the Cochranite colony, during the early 1830s. Cochran has been called a "John the Baptist" for Mormonism by Saco Valley historian G.T. Ridlon because so many Cochranites were among those who converted to Mormonism and moved west. Although the Cochranites practiced a type of "spiritual wifery" (see above) which sanctioned multiple female partners for each man in the group, their doctrines did not include the precept of "eternal marriage", and thus differed slightly from Utah Mormon polygamy. Latter Day Saint historical sources indicate that Mormon missionaries were laboring successfully to make converts among Maine's Cochranites as early as 1832: at the Church conference held in Saco, Maine on August 21, 1835, at least seven of the newly ordained apostles were in attendance. John C. Bennett, a leading Mormon who was excommunicated, is credited with introducing the Cochranite term spiritual wifery to Mormonism. Bennett's version of the multiple female partners practice appears to have more closely resembled Jacob Cochran's doctrine than it did the precept of polygamy alleged to exist among the Latter Day Saints.
Knowledge Related to Soap Shaker
Knowledge Related to Soap Shaker
A soap shaker is a box entirely made from wire metal mesh with a handle. The box may be opened so as to be able to place in this box a piece or pieces of bar soap. These may be pieces that have become too small to be used as hand soap. The box may now be securely closed. Held by its handle the box may be vigorously shaken in a water filled bucket or other container. The shaking will move the water through the box. The result is that the water will become soapy, rich with suds to be used for all kinds of cleaning purposes. This way even small pieces of bar soap could be re-used and are not wasted. The use of a soap shaker was common early to mid 20th century. The invention and sale of powdered or liquid soap diminished its use. · Other Related Knowledge of Shaker IPOC International Growth Fund of Shaker IPOC International Growth Fund, which controls several Russian telecoms, was competing against Alfa Group for control of a large share in Megafon. Galmond's disputed 25% share in Megafon was held by Leonid Rozhetskin's LV Finance, a company which sold its share on 5 August 2003 for $200 million through several shell companies to Altimo a subsidiary of Alfa Group, the company fronted by Russian oligarch Mikhail Fridman. But, Galmond had an agreement to purchase LV Finance's 25% share in MegaFon already in 2001. Alfa Group was at the centre of many disputes involving disputed ownership of telecommunications operations. These companies included Norwegian Telenor, Swedish-Finnish TeliaSonera, Turkey's Turkcell and others. IPOC International Growth Fund even launched a RICO suit in the United States against Alfa Group and its associates. Early 2004 while Leonid Reiman was Deputy Minister of Transport and Communications, Gossvyaznadzor (Russian: ) stated that it is unclear how taxes are paid by VimpelCom OJSC and Impulse Design Bureau OJSC, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of VimpelCom. Reiman suggested that the two merge. While the courts came to a decision, however, Megafon greatly increase its market share in the key Moscow region as VimpelCom was held back from expanding into that region. At the time, Alfa has a significant share in Vimpel. In Geneva, the International Chamber of Commerce arbitration tribunal ruled that IPOC International Growth Fund had legal right to the 25% share in MegaFon and that Alfa Grouup did not have a genuine and proper commercial transaction when it tried to obtain the stake. During the proceedings, Kroll, a private investigations firm, had surveilled the chairman of the Geneva panel. In March 2004 on a tip from Alfa Group that IPOC International Growth Fund was involved in money laundering activities, Paula Cox, the Bermuda Minister of Finance, hired KPMG to independently investigate the IPOC International Growth Fund and eleven other associated companies for any improper activities. On 9 March 2005, TeliaSonera, TeleComInvest, and IPOC International Growth Fund signed a shareholders' agreement in which they would actively pursue MegaFon's public listing. From the spring to October of 2005, Richard Burt's Due Diligencec performed Project Yucca for BGRd in which the auditing firm KPMG was infiltrated for Alfa Group's benefit by Due Diligence in order to obtain information about KPMG's audit of the IPOC International Growth Fund.e Later, the Bermuda government accused the IPOC International Growth Fund, which is associated with Bermuda and BVI registered owners of Russian telecoms, of money laundering and also accused Due Diligence of impersonating secret service personnel. Author Eamon Javers in his book "Broker, Trader, lawyer, Spy", describes the infiltration by Alfa Group's agents into the KPMG investigation and the attempt to influence and manipulate the result of the investigation. In November 2005, The Financial Times reported that Jeffrey Galmond established through court documents that Leonid Reiman is the sole beneficiary of the Fiduciare Commerce Trust which indirectly controls OAO Telecominvest. In 2006, the beneficial owner of IPOC International Growth Fund was found to be Leonid Reiman according to a Zurich ruling by the International Chamber of Commerce. In February 2007, Galmond was accused by the Bermuda Minister of Finance, Paula Cox of minor infringements of local business requirements. She asked the supreme court to wind up IPOC International Growth Fund, a company owned by Galmond, along with several other companies associated with Galmond. Galmond and IPOC worked to solve the issue. One step taken was for IPOC to fund a report by KPMG into its operations. KPMG's report, which cost its client(s) US$13 million, found no evidence that Galmond was not the beneficial owner of the MegaFon stake, or Alfa's claim that money going into IPOC funds was the proceeds of money laundering. In April 2007 Finance Minister Paula Cox instructed the Registrar of Companies to file the petition to wind-up IPOC International Growth Fund and eight related companies. The move was aimed at protecting Bermuda's reputation as a jurisdiction. Bermuda also received around $22.5 million as its share of $45 million confiscated on 1 May 2008 from IPOC International Growth Fund in a criminal prosecution in the British Virgin Islands, where three IPOC-owned companies were domiciled. In July 2007, Altimo, which is owned by Mikhail Fridman's Alfa Group, won in its dispute with the IPOC International Growth Fund and received ownership of the 25.1% stake in MegaFon which was formerly owned by LV Finance. Both Altimo and IPOC International Growth Fund jointly decided to "end all court actions and end legal claims against each other." At that time, IPOC through its holdings in TeleComInvest held a 39.3% share of MegaFon and Alfa Group through Altimo held a 25.1% stake in MegaFon. ------ Zahra and George's model of Shaker Cohen and Levinthal have focused a lot on investments in R&D to develop ones absorptive capacity, but many other researchers showed later on that several other areas could be explored to develop an organizations absorptive capacity. This led to a review of the concept by Shaker Zahra and Gerry George and a reformulation of the definition that expanded greatly the concept and further defined it as being made of two different absorptive capacities: potential absorptive capacity and realized absorptive capacity. Their new definition of absorptive capacity is: a set of organizational routines and processes by which firms acquire, assimilate, transform and exploit knowledge to produce a dynamic organizational capability. Potential Absorptive CapacityZahra and George presented the potential absorptive capacity is made of two elements. First there is knowledge acquisition which refers to a firms capability to identify and acquire externally generated knowledge that is critical to its operations. Second, there is assimilation capability which refers to the firms routines and processes that allow it to analyze, process, interpret and understand the information obtained from external sources. Potential absorptive capacity makes the firm receptive to acquiring and assimilating external knowledge. Realized Absorptive CapacityRealized absorptive capacity is made up of transformation capability on one hand that can be defined as a firms capability to develop and refine the routines that facilitate combining existing knowledge and the newly acquired and assimilated knowledge. On the other hand, realized absorptive capacity is also made of the exploitation capability of a firm which is basically the capacity of a firm to apply the newly acquired knowledge in product or services that it can get financial benefit from. Realized absorptive capacity is a function of the transformation and exploitation capabilities. Zahra and George go on to suggest a series of indicators that can be used to evaluate each element of absorptive capacity. Knowledge acquisition capability (the number of years of experience of the R&D department, the amount of R&D investment) Assimilation capability (the number of cross-firm patent citations, the number of citations made in a firms publications to research developed in other firms) Transformation capability (the number of new product ideas, the number of new research projects initiated) Exploitation capability (the number of patent, the number of new product announcements, the length of product development cycle)George and his colleagues (Zou, Ertug, George, 2018) conduct a meta-analysis of absorptive capacity and they find that: (1)Absorptive capacity is a strong predictor of innovation and knowledge transfer, and its effects on financial performance are fully mediated by innovation and knowledge transfer; (2) The firm size-absorptive capacity relationship is positive for small firms but negative for larger firms. The firm age-absorptive capacity relationship is negative for mature firms and not significant for young firms; (3) Social integration mechanisms, knowledge infrastructure, management support, and relational capability all have a positive and significant impact on the absorptive capacity-innovation relationship (whereas they do not find the breadth of external search or competitive intensity to impact that relationship). Environmental dynamism has a marginally significant negative impact on the absorptive capacity-innovation relationship; and (4) They also find that the absorptive capacity-innovation relationship is stronger when absorptive capacity is measured by surveys rather than when absorptive capacity is measured by archival proxies. A refined model of Absorptive CapacityA more recent contribution proposed to (a) reintroduce the original first component in Cohen and Levinthal's model. The contribution noted (b) that transformation is not a step after assimilation, but represents an alternative process. Consequently, it suggested that (c) the neat distinction between potential absorptive capacity and realized absorptive capacity does not hold any more. ad (a): Firms often fail to identify and absorb new external knowledge; recognizing the value of new external knowledge is often biased and needs to be fostered; it is not automatic. Managers have often problems in assessing the value of new external knowledge when it is not relevant for the current demands of key customers. ad (b): Both assimilation and transformation involve some degree of change of the new knowledge and its combination with the existing knowledge. When the new knowledge fits existing cognitive schemas well, it is assimilated. When the new knowledge cannot be assimilated, the cognitive structures must be transformed. Firms transform their knowledge structures when knowledge cannot be assimilated. Transformation does not follow assimilation, it is an alternative to it. ad (c): As transformation is an alternative to assimilation and not sequential to assimilation, it becomes part of potential absorptive capacity in Zahra and George's model; consequently, realized absorptive capacity simply relabels the component of exploitation. Further, without the effect of realized capacity, potential capacity cannot have any effect on a firm's competitive advantage; potential absorptive capacity cannot be meaningful separated from realized absorptive capacity in empirical studies on value creation. Accordingly, firms with high levels of absorptive capacity (1) recognize the value of new external knowledge, (2) acquire, (3) assimilate or transform, and (4) exploit new external knowledge. However, Zahra and George argue that the concept has a too broad definition as well as no clear dimensions or scales, evidenced by the variations among different studies that have used the absorptive capacity theory. Bosch et al. contend that absorptive capacity should not be based only on prior related knowledge, as Cohen and Levinthal originally proposed, but rather, organizational culture and combinative capabilities should be considered as antecedents to a firms absorptive capacity. For example, a business culture that appreciates and supports continued learning has a higher absorptive capacity than other business cultures that do not support individual learning and development. To further clarify concepts related to the absorptive capacity theory, Wheeler introduced an application derived from the dynamic capability and absorptive capacity theories for business innovations. Wheelers Net-Enabled Business Innovation Cycle facilitates understanding and predicting how firms transform its prior orientation and internal resources associated with net-enablement into business innovation and economical growth.
Knowledge Related to Shaker Mountain
Knowledge Related to Shaker Mountain
Shaker Mountain, 1,835 feet (559 m), is a prominent peak in the Taconic Mountains of western Massachusetts. The mountain is located in Pittsfield State Forest and is named after the nearby Hancock Shaker Village, a former Shaker religious colony and now a historic site. The summit is wooded and is traversed by the 5 mi (8.0 km) Shaker Trail, a loop trail that begins at the historic site. The mountain is wooded with northern hardwood tree species. Shaker Mountain is located within Hancock, Massachusetts. The Taconic ridgeline continues north from Shaker Mountain as Doll Mountain and west as Holy Mount The mountain drains into Shaker Brook and Lily Brook, thence to the Housatonic River and Long Island Sound. · Other Related Knowledge of boston shaker Hannah Poling of boston shaker Hannah, Jon's daughter, was born in 1999 and received five vaccines in one day in 2000 at the age of 19 months; this occurred because she had fallen behind on her vaccine schedule as a result of a series of ear infections. According to Kathleen Seidel, the Poling family filed a case with the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program on October 25, 2002. In 2006, Jon, along with three other researchers, all of whom were affiliated with Johns Hopkins at the time, published a case report and chart review retrospective series regarding the association of mitochondrial disease and autism in the Journal of Child Neurology. In 2008, after the government conceded his daughter's vaccine injury case, Dr Poling said, Many in the autism community and their champions believe that the result in this case may well signify a landmark decision as it pertains to children developing autism following vaccinations. This still remains to be seen, but currently there are almost 5,000 other cases pending. Hannah's case had originally been placed with the almost 5,000 Autism Omnibus cases pending hearing 5 years before her case was conceded administratively. Others have speculated that in the Poling case, all that was really conceded was that "the vaccines, given to Hannah in 2000, aggravated a pre-existing condition namely, mitochondrial disease that then manifested as autism-like symptoms." Similarly, Rahul K. Parikh contended that ".this was not a case of vaccines causing autism. Rather, this is a case where the court deemed it plausible that vaccines aggravated an underlying disease caused by bad mitochondria, and that some of the symptoms Hannah showed were similar to autism," and Julie Gerberding said, "Let me be very clear that the government has made absolutely no statement indicating that vaccines are a cause of autism." It has also been noted that Hannah's mitochondrial disease is very rare, and that no evidence proves that it is possible for vaccines to cause or worsen mitochondrial diseases, with Chuck Mohan of the United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation noting that "there is very little scientific research in this area." In addition, Paul Offit has argued that the VICP's concession to Hannah was "poorly reasoned" and contended that this program had "turned its back on science" in recent years. Offit also noted that "whereas it is clear that natural infections can exacerbate symptoms of encephalopathy in patients with mitochondrial enzyme deficiencies, no clear evidence exists that vaccines cause similar exacerbations." Another unclear aspect of Hannah's case is whether she had a pre-existing mitochondrial disorder that vaccinations aggravated, or whether vaccinations caused that disorder. Hannah's mother, Terry Poling, has stated that "The government chose to believe the first theory," but added that "We dont know that she had an underlying disorder." However, the Polings' neurologist, Andrew Zimmerman, wrote in a letter to the Polings' attorneys that there was a pre-existing mitochondrial dysfunction. Dr. Zimmerman wrote, "The cause for regressive encephalopathy in Hannah at age 19 months was underlying mitochondrial dysfunction, exacerbated by vaccine-induced fever and immune stimulation that exceeded metabolic energy reserves." On July 21, 2008, Steven Novella posted an article on Neurologica, his blog, in which he briefly mentioned the Poling case, saying, "The case was settled (not judged in Polings favor, but settled) because both sides realized it was a special case that could not be extrapolated to other vaccine-autism cases." In response, Dr. Poling wrote a letter to Dr. Novella in which he states, among other things, that "The only thing unique about my little girls case is the level of medical documentation--5 to 20% of patients with ASDs have mitochondrial dysfunction." Novella's response to this letter, posted on July 23, 2008, argued that "Hannah Polings history has many features that are not typical of autism like a history of otitis media with frequent fevers, seizures, and what sounds like a rare encephalitis that probably did result from vaccines. Even if we put her mitochondrial mutation aside this is not a typical case of autism." On September 3, 2010, autism blogger Matt Carey broke the story about the settlement deal including a $1.5M initial payment and an annuity to cover costs of the life care plan. On September 9, 2010, Sharyl Attkisson also reported that the Poling family were going to receive $1.5 million for the first year alone, and might receive a total of over $20 million over Hannah's lifetime. ------ Background of boston shaker The state of New York approved a piece of legislation which encouraged students to start their school days with the Pledge of Allegiance and a prayer with the text: Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers and our country. Amen.The case was brought by a group of families of public school students in New Hyde Park from the Herricks Union Free School District who sued the school board president William J. Vitale, Jr. The families argued that the voluntary prayer written by the state board of regents to "Almighty God" contradicted their religious beliefs. Led by Steven I. Engel, a Jewish man, the plaintiffs sought to challenge the constitutionality of the state's prayer in school policy. They were supported by groups opposed to the school prayer including rabbinical organizations, Ethical Culture, and Jewish organizations. The acting parties were not members of one particular religious persuasion, or all atheists. Their religious identities were legally identified in court paperwork as two Jews, an atheist, a Unitarian church member, and a member of the New York Society for Ethical Culture. However, despite being listed in the court papers as an atheist, plaintiff Lawrence Roth, who was raised Jewish, later denied that he was an atheist and described himself as religious and a participant of prayer. When religious affiliation was discussed during preparations for the case, Roth claimed he was "a very religious person, but not a churchgoer" and that he that he said prayers but was unsure of what prayer could accomplish. This resulted in the group's lawyer telling him "You're the atheist." Roth later stated "apparently, you have to have an atheist in the crowd, so we started from there." The plaintiffs argued that opening the school day with such a prayer violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution (as applied to the states through the Fourteenth Amendment), which states, in part, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion". The governments of twenty-two states submitted an amicus curiae brief to the Supreme Court urging affirmance of the New York Court of Appeals decision that upheld the constitutionality of the prayer. The American Jewish Committee, the Synagogue Council of America, and the American Ethical Union each submitted briefs urging the Court to instead reverse and rule that the prayer was unconstitutional. ------ Biography of boston shaker Berger is a long-time supporter of alternative energy solutions to global environmental problems. He has repeatedly called attention to the nation's excessive dependence on foreign oil and the huge economic and environmental costs, and risks. He has outlined strategies for a clean, renewable energy economy in his books and articles which have appeared in publications such as Huffington Post, Scientific American, The Boston Globe, The Christian Science Monitor, The Los Angeles Times, Huffington Post, and Renewable Energy World. Berger's writing on energy and natural resource issues has helped to launch the environmental restoration movement, beginning with his book Restoring the Earth in 1985. Education and WorkIn 1966, John J. Berger earned a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science from Stanford University. Prior to his work on energy and the environment, Berger was an innovator in journalism. In 1970, he co-founded Alternative Features Service, Inc. to support the development of alternative and college newspapers and radio stations in the U.S. with syndicated press materials that especially highlighted the creation of alternative institutions, such as free clinics, people's banks, free universities, and alternative housing. In 1976, after publishing his first book, Nuclear Power: The Unviable Option, with introduction by Nobel Laureate Dr. Linus Pauling and a foreword by Senator Mike Gravel, he was invited by David Brower to become Friends of the Earth's Energy Projects Director in San Francisco.: Just a few years later, in 1979, he became a technical editor at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California. The next year, Berger was awarded an MA in Energy and Natural Resources from the University of California, Berkeley. In 1980 and 1981, Berger taught courses in energy technology and policy at Vista College and the University of San Francisco. In 1984, Berger began two years of postgraduate research on land-use policy in Sacramento at the University of California, Davis. In 1985, he published Restoring the Earth: How Americans Are Working to Restore Our Damaged Environment and became the executive director of Restoring the Earth, an environmental organization based in Berkeley, California. Berger then went on to receive a PhD in Ecology from the University of California, Davis in 1990 and served as visiting Associate Professor of Environmental Policy at the Graduate School of Public Affairs of the University of Maryland and Professor of Environmental Science at the University of San Francisco. His awards include: a Switzer Foundation Environmental Fellowship for graduate study, a year-long fellowship for study at the University of Tunis in Tunisia, a summer writing fellowship at the Blue Mountain Center in the Adirondacks; and selection to participate in a summer-study program at the Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory for Genetic Research. Berger is also an independent energy and environmental consultant. He is currently (2016) an Affiliated Research Fellow at UC Berkeley's Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory. ------ Selected publications of boston shaker Poling, J. S.; Karanian, J. W.; Salem Jr, N.; Vicini, S. (1995). "Time- and voltage-dependent block of delayed rectifier potassium channels by docosahexaenoic acid". Molecular Pharmacology. 47 (2): 381390. PMID 7870048.mw-parser-output cite.citationfont-style:inherit.mw-parser-output .citation qquotes:"""""""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registrationcolor:#555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:12px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output code.cs1-codecolor:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none;font-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-errorfont-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-formatfont-size:95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left:0.2em.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-right:0.2em.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inherit Poling, J. S.; Vicini, S.; Rogawski, M. A.; Salem Jr, N. (1996). "Docosahexaenoic acid block of neuronal voltage-gated K channels: Subunit selective antagonism by zinc". Neuropharmacology. 35 (7): 969982. doi:10.1016/0028-3908(96)00127-X. PMID 8938727. Poling, J. S.; Rogawski, M. A.; Salem Jr, N.; Vicini, S. (1996). "Anandamide, an endogenous cannabinoid, inhibits Shaker-related voltage-gated K channels". Neuropharmacology. 35 (7): 983991. doi:10.1016/0028-3908(96)00130-X. PMID 8938728.
شرب الخمر في الاعتبار ، وقد يكون الكوكتيل الخالي من الكحول هو ما تحتاجه
شرب الخمر في الاعتبار ، وقد يكون الكوكتيل الخالي من الكحول هو ما تحتاجه
يقترب موسم الأعياد بسرعة ، ولكن بالنسبة للكثيرين ، يتم الترحيب به مع بعضكم من القلق. مع حركات مثل Go Sober For October و DryJanuary التي تنطوي على أعداد متزايدة من الناس ، فإن الشرب اليقظ هو الكلمة الطنانة عن المدينة. في كثير من الأحيان ، يتم جعل غير شارب الحزب يشعر بعدم كفاية بطريقة ما بعد التفكير الذي لا يستحق أي معاملة خاصة. حتى كلمة الامتناع يبدو أنها تعني التكفير عن الذنب. لكن الأمور تتغير. كان هناك تحول في الموقف تجاه الكحول مؤخرًا والعديد من الشباب يشربون كميات أقل ويطالبون بالمزيد من أجل تذوقهم. أعتقد أن مالكي الحانة بدأوا في تلبية الحاجة إلى مجموعة من المشروبات الخالية من الكحول. من الواضح أن الحانة تجني المال من المبيعات الرطبة ، ومع ذلك ، لا يوجد كحول لا يعني ربحًا أقل هذه الأيام. لقد كنا جميعًا غير شاربين في بعض الأحيان ، سواء كان ذلك بسبب الحمل ، مشاهدة وزننا أو تناول السكر ، أو كوننا السائق ، أو ببساطة الرغبة في الخفض والاستيقاظ. يبدو أن العملاء مستعدون لإنفاق الأموال على شيء مثير للاهتمام وأكثر تفكيرًا ، حيث يمكنهم شربه طوال المساء ، عند تناول الكحول مجانًا. لقد وجدت في الماضي أن الجاني للشرب الممل لم يكن غياب الكحول ، ولكن المشروبات باهتة اضطررت إلى رشفها بقلب غارق. إنه يتركني أتساءل ، كيفيسوف تدير كل ليلة كصاحب حانة وشخص يحب تعقيد النبيذ ، والملاحظات المريرة للبيرة ، وهو بديل في كثير من الأحيان سكرية يصنع الدرجة ، خاصة مع الطعام. ما أفتقده عند إزالة الكحول هوالملمس وعمق النكهة ، وهذا هو المكان الذي يمكن أن يأتي فيه الكوكتيل بمفرده. نعم ، هناك بيرة جيدة غير كحولية يمكن تناولها ، ومجموعة من الخلاطات المثيرة للاهتمام التي من الرائع أن يكون لها نسخة خلفية ، ولكن يمكن صنع العديد من التلفيقات اللذيذة مما لدينا في الحديقة أو لوح التخزين. من الممتع التجربة واللعب ، فضلاً عن كونها أسهل على الجيب. لاحظت حانتي بشكل خاص تحركًا نحو شرب أكثر وعياً خارج شهر أكتوبر الرصين ويناير الجاف ، ومع ذلك هناك بالتأكيد تحول ثقافي مع وصول جيل الشباب إلى الحانات. أعتقد أن الحنك الجديد الذي يشرب طعمًا أنظف ، مع zingyflavours والقوام ، ومجرد إضافة صغيرة أو عنصر غير عادي يمكن أن يحول الدنيوية إلى الدهشة. النباتات هي الكلمة الجديدة لعلماء الخلط الذين يجعلون الكوكتيلات غير الكحولية مثيرة للاهتمام ، ولكن يمكن ترجمة ذلك ببساطة في المنزل إلى دفعات الشاي أو شراب الأعشاب والزهور. يمكن أن يعطي Smoky lapsang souchong تلميحًا من الخث الموجود في المفرد ، في حين أن Montmorency cherryconcert يمكن أن يضفي حموضة الفواكه والعمق دون حلاوة. لا يوجد شيء أكثر روعة من أن تقدم للضيوف الذين لا يشربون مشروبًا تم إنشاؤه بمحبة وجعلهم يشعرون بالترحيب وجزء من العصابة ، وبنفس القدر من التخطيطات التي تكمل أي طعام لديك الوقت والجهد في صنعه. فيما يلي أحد الوصفات الخريفية المفضلة لدي ، حيث تمزج الكمثرى الفاتنة مع الملاحظات الدافئة من إكليل الجبل الخشبي. غير المدمنين على الكحول هذا الموسم يمكن أن يكون كبروا ، لذيذ ومتطورة مع القليل من الخيال والمرح. هذا مشروب أنيق لأمسية الخريف ، حيث تبدأ الظلال تطول ويظهر البرد في الهواء. بالنسبة لي ، الكمثرى الناضجة هي علاج فاتنة وعطرة ، خاصة عندما تقترن بلمسة من الدفء ، إكليل الجبل الخشبي. ستحتاج إلى: كوب ، شاكر ، عصير كمثرى من strainer60ml من 2 كمثرى صغيرة ، أو عصير الكمثرى عالي الجودة الذي يتم شراؤه من المتجر (ليس من التركيز) 30 مللي عصير الليمون الطازج الطازج 25 مل شراب مصنوع من إكليل الجبل (وصفة أدناه) مكعبات الثلج المتلألئة ماء غصن من إكليل الجبل وشريحة من الكمثرى لزخرجمع عصير الكمثرى ، عصير الليمون وشراب إكليل الجبل في شاكر كوكتيل مع الثلج ، ويهز جيدا. سلالة في زجاج الصخور وأعلى مع دفقة من الماء الفوار. مقبلات مع غصن من إكليل الجبل وشريحة من الكمثرى. للحصول على مشروب أطول ، أضف المزيد من الماء واندفاعة من عصير الليمون. تختلف شدة نكهة الأعشاب على مدار العام ، لذلك قد تحتاج إلى تجربة هذه العصائر الجميلة. ما عليك سوى استخدام ملعقة صغيرة لاختبار القوة أثناء الغليان ، وضبطها حسب الضرورة. 200 جرام سوغار200 مل ماء عشبة/زهرة الاختيار ، على سبيل المثال: ضع السكر والماء في مقلاة على نار خفيفة ، مع التحريك باستمرار ، يذوب السكر. اجلب الشراب على نار هادئة ، أضف العشبة التي اخترتها أو زهرة ثم استمر في الاسترخاء لمدة 510 دقيقة أخرى. إزالة من الحرارة والسماح لتبرد. سلالة شراب في زجاجة معقمة.
Knowledge Related to Soap Shaker
Knowledge Related to Soap Shaker
A soap shaker is a box entirely made from wire metal mesh with a handle. The box may be opened so as to be able to place in this box a piece or pieces of bar soap. These may be pieces that have become too small to be used as hand soap. The box may now be securely closed. Held by its handle the box may be vigorously shaken in a water filled bucket or other container. The shaking will move the water through the box. The result is that the water will become soapy, rich with suds to be used for all kinds of cleaning purposes. This way even small pieces of bar soap could be re-used and are not wasted. The use of a soap shaker was common early to mid 20th century. The invention and sale of powdered or liquid soap diminished its use. · Other Related Knowledge of Shaker IPOC International Growth Fund of Shaker IPOC International Growth Fund, which controls several Russian telecoms, was competing against Alfa Group for control of a large share in Megafon. Galmond's disputed 25% share in Megafon was held by Leonid Rozhetskin's LV Finance, a company which sold its share on 5 August 2003 for $200 million through several shell companies to Altimo a subsidiary of Alfa Group, the company fronted by Russian oligarch Mikhail Fridman. But, Galmond had an agreement to purchase LV Finance's 25% share in MegaFon already in 2001. Alfa Group was at the centre of many disputes involving disputed ownership of telecommunications operations. These companies included Norwegian Telenor, Swedish-Finnish TeliaSonera, Turkey's Turkcell and others. IPOC International Growth Fund even launched a RICO suit in the United States against Alfa Group and its associates. Early 2004 while Leonid Reiman was Deputy Minister of Transport and Communications, Gossvyaznadzor (Russian: ) stated that it is unclear how taxes are paid by VimpelCom OJSC and Impulse Design Bureau OJSC, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of VimpelCom. Reiman suggested that the two merge. While the courts came to a decision, however, Megafon greatly increase its market share in the key Moscow region as VimpelCom was held back from expanding into that region. At the time, Alfa has a significant share in Vimpel. In Geneva, the International Chamber of Commerce arbitration tribunal ruled that IPOC International Growth Fund had legal right to the 25% share in MegaFon and that Alfa Grouup did not have a genuine and proper commercial transaction when it tried to obtain the stake. During the proceedings, Kroll, a private investigations firm, had surveilled the chairman of the Geneva panel. In March 2004 on a tip from Alfa Group that IPOC International Growth Fund was involved in money laundering activities, Paula Cox, the Bermuda Minister of Finance, hired KPMG to independently investigate the IPOC International Growth Fund and eleven other associated companies for any improper activities. On 9 March 2005, TeliaSonera, TeleComInvest, and IPOC International Growth Fund signed a shareholders' agreement in which they would actively pursue MegaFon's public listing. From the spring to October of 2005, Richard Burt's Due Diligencec performed Project Yucca for BGRd in which the auditing firm KPMG was infiltrated for Alfa Group's benefit by Due Diligence in order to obtain information about KPMG's audit of the IPOC International Growth Fund.e Later, the Bermuda government accused the IPOC International Growth Fund, which is associated with Bermuda and BVI registered owners of Russian telecoms, of money laundering and also accused Due Diligence of impersonating secret service personnel. Author Eamon Javers in his book "Broker, Trader, lawyer, Spy", describes the infiltration by Alfa Group's agents into the KPMG investigation and the attempt to influence and manipulate the result of the investigation. In November 2005, The Financial Times reported that Jeffrey Galmond established through court documents that Leonid Reiman is the sole beneficiary of the Fiduciare Commerce Trust which indirectly controls OAO Telecominvest. In 2006, the beneficial owner of IPOC International Growth Fund was found to be Leonid Reiman according to a Zurich ruling by the International Chamber of Commerce. In February 2007, Galmond was accused by the Bermuda Minister of Finance, Paula Cox of minor infringements of local business requirements. She asked the supreme court to wind up IPOC International Growth Fund, a company owned by Galmond, along with several other companies associated with Galmond. Galmond and IPOC worked to solve the issue. One step taken was for IPOC to fund a report by KPMG into its operations. KPMG's report, which cost its client(s) US$13 million, found no evidence that Galmond was not the beneficial owner of the MegaFon stake, or Alfa's claim that money going into IPOC funds was the proceeds of money laundering. In April 2007 Finance Minister Paula Cox instructed the Registrar of Companies to file the petition to wind-up IPOC International Growth Fund and eight related companies. The move was aimed at protecting Bermuda's reputation as a jurisdiction. Bermuda also received around $22.5 million as its share of $45 million confiscated on 1 May 2008 from IPOC International Growth Fund in a criminal prosecution in the British Virgin Islands, where three IPOC-owned companies were domiciled. In July 2007, Altimo, which is owned by Mikhail Fridman's Alfa Group, won in its dispute with the IPOC International Growth Fund and received ownership of the 25.1% stake in MegaFon which was formerly owned by LV Finance. Both Altimo and IPOC International Growth Fund jointly decided to "end all court actions and end legal claims against each other." At that time, IPOC through its holdings in TeleComInvest held a 39.3% share of MegaFon and Alfa Group through Altimo held a 25.1% stake in MegaFon. ------ Zahra and George's model of Shaker Cohen and Levinthal have focused a lot on investments in R&D to develop ones absorptive capacity, but many other researchers showed later on that several other areas could be explored to develop an organizations absorptive capacity. This led to a review of the concept by Shaker Zahra and Gerry George and a reformulation of the definition that expanded greatly the concept and further defined it as being made of two different absorptive capacities: potential absorptive capacity and realized absorptive capacity. Their new definition of absorptive capacity is: a set of organizational routines and processes by which firms acquire, assimilate, transform and exploit knowledge to produce a dynamic organizational capability. Potential Absorptive CapacityZahra and George presented the potential absorptive capacity is made of two elements. First there is knowledge acquisition which refers to a firms capability to identify and acquire externally generated knowledge that is critical to its operations. Second, there is assimilation capability which refers to the firms routines and processes that allow it to analyze, process, interpret and understand the information obtained from external sources. Potential absorptive capacity makes the firm receptive to acquiring and assimilating external knowledge. Realized Absorptive CapacityRealized absorptive capacity is made up of transformation capability on one hand that can be defined as a firms capability to develop and refine the routines that facilitate combining existing knowledge and the newly acquired and assimilated knowledge. On the other hand, realized absorptive capacity is also made of the exploitation capability of a firm which is basically the capacity of a firm to apply the newly acquired knowledge in product or services that it can get financial benefit from. Realized absorptive capacity is a function of the transformation and exploitation capabilities. Zahra and George go on to suggest a series of indicators that can be used to evaluate each element of absorptive capacity. Knowledge acquisition capability (the number of years of experience of the R&D department, the amount of R&D investment) Assimilation capability (the number of cross-firm patent citations, the number of citations made in a firms publications to research developed in other firms) Transformation capability (the number of new product ideas, the number of new research projects initiated) Exploitation capability (the number of patent, the number of new product announcements, the length of product development cycle)George and his colleagues (Zou, Ertug, George, 2018) conduct a meta-analysis of absorptive capacity and they find that: (1)Absorptive capacity is a strong predictor of innovation and knowledge transfer, and its effects on financial performance are fully mediated by innovation and knowledge transfer; (2) The firm size-absorptive capacity relationship is positive for small firms but negative for larger firms. The firm age-absorptive capacity relationship is negative for mature firms and not significant for young firms; (3) Social integration mechanisms, knowledge infrastructure, management support, and relational capability all have a positive and significant impact on the absorptive capacity-innovation relationship (whereas they do not find the breadth of external search or competitive intensity to impact that relationship). Environmental dynamism has a marginally significant negative impact on the absorptive capacity-innovation relationship; and (4) They also find that the absorptive capacity-innovation relationship is stronger when absorptive capacity is measured by surveys rather than when absorptive capacity is measured by archival proxies. A refined model of Absorptive CapacityA more recent contribution proposed to (a) reintroduce the original first component in Cohen and Levinthal's model. The contribution noted (b) that transformation is not a step after assimilation, but represents an alternative process. Consequently, it suggested that (c) the neat distinction between potential absorptive capacity and realized absorptive capacity does not hold any more. ad (a): Firms often fail to identify and absorb new external knowledge; recognizing the value of new external knowledge is often biased and needs to be fostered; it is not automatic. Managers have often problems in assessing the value of new external knowledge when it is not relevant for the current demands of key customers. ad (b): Both assimilation and transformation involve some degree of change of the new knowledge and its combination with the existing knowledge. When the new knowledge fits existing cognitive schemas well, it is assimilated. When the new knowledge cannot be assimilated, the cognitive structures must be transformed. Firms transform their knowledge structures when knowledge cannot be assimilated. Transformation does not follow assimilation, it is an alternative to it. ad (c): As transformation is an alternative to assimilation and not sequential to assimilation, it becomes part of potential absorptive capacity in Zahra and George's model; consequently, realized absorptive capacity simply relabels the component of exploitation. Further, without the effect of realized capacity, potential capacity cannot have any effect on a firm's competitive advantage; potential absorptive capacity cannot be meaningful separated from realized absorptive capacity in empirical studies on value creation. Accordingly, firms with high levels of absorptive capacity (1) recognize the value of new external knowledge, (2) acquire, (3) assimilate or transform, and (4) exploit new external knowledge. However, Zahra and George argue that the concept has a too broad definition as well as no clear dimensions or scales, evidenced by the variations among different studies that have used the absorptive capacity theory. Bosch et al. contend that absorptive capacity should not be based only on prior related knowledge, as Cohen and Levinthal originally proposed, but rather, organizational culture and combinative capabilities should be considered as antecedents to a firms absorptive capacity. For example, a business culture that appreciates and supports continued learning has a higher absorptive capacity than other business cultures that do not support individual learning and development. To further clarify concepts related to the absorptive capacity theory, Wheeler introduced an application derived from the dynamic capability and absorptive capacity theories for business innovations. Wheelers Net-Enabled Business Innovation Cycle facilitates understanding and predicting how firms transform its prior orientation and internal resources associated with net-enablement into business innovation and economical growth.
Knowledge Related to Crushed Red Pepper
Knowledge Related to Crushed Red Pepper
Crushed red pepper or red pepper flakes is a condiment or spice consisting of dried and crushed (as opposed to ground) red chili peppers. This condiment is most often produced from cayenne-type peppers, although commercial producers may use a variety of different cultivars, usually within the 30,000-50,000 Scoville unit range. The village of Bukovo, North Macedonia is often credited with the creation of crushed red pepper. The name of the villageor a derivative of itis now used as a name for crushed red pepper in general in a number of Southeast European languages: " /" (bukovska piper/bukovec, Macedonian), "bukovka" (Serbo-Croatian and Slovene) and "" (bkovo, Greek). Crushed red pepper shakers have become a standard on tables at Mediterranean restaurants and especially pizza parlors around the world. Often there is a high ratio of seeds, which are popularly believed to contain the most spice. Crushed red pepper is used by food manufacturers in pickling blends, chowders, spaghetti sauce, pizza sauce, soups and sausage. Crushed red pepper in Turkey, served as a common condiment with very few seeds, is known as pul biber in English. One specially prepared variety of it is the Urfa pul biber (isot). · Other Related Knowledge of Shaker Managerial and coaching career of Shaker BurySmith began his managerial career with Bury in November 1973, taking over from Allan Brown. At the age of 29 he was the youngest manager in the Football League. He had initial success, guiding Bury to promotion from the Fourth Division in the fourth automatic place at the end of the 197374 season. He stabilised the Gigg Lane outfit in the Third Division in 197475 with a 14th-place finish. They went on to finish 13th in 197576, before finishing five points off the promotion places in 197677. He was sacked by Bury on 16 November 1977 after a poor start to the season. The "Shakers" finished the 197778 campaign in 15th place under the stewardship of Bob Stokoe. Port ValeA day after leaving Bury he was appointed as manager of Port Vale. He replaced club legend Roy Sproson, and was given a large war chest to spend after a successful lottery scheme was set up at Vale Park. He took over with the club in 21st place in the Third Division. His first game in charge was a 00 draw with Midland Counties League side Arnold in the First Round of the FA Cup. In January, veteran defender Graham Hawkins was signed as a player-coach from Blackburn Rovers for 6,000. Forward Neville Chamberlain also joined the club as a professional, becoming the club's first black pro. John Froggatt also joined the club, signing from Colchester United for 10,000. Chairman Arthur McPherson celebrated this abandonment of frugality by declaring "we are going places". Local journalist Chris Harper slated the board for their decisions, calling them 'berserk'. Froggatt scored fifteen seconds into his debut in a 40 win over Exeter City. However this would be as good as it got for both Froggatt and Vale that season. In February, Vale beat Fort Lauderdale Strikers in a friendly, but also started a five games sequence without a win. Ged Stenson arrived the next month from Everton for a 'bargain' 3,000, and John Lumsdon joined on loan from Stoke City. Vale improved, and were unbeaten in six of their seven March games, with Chamberlain scoring on his debut. Yet on 28 March they started a club-record streak of twelve home games without a win that would continue into the following season. Encouragement came from the youth side, who reached the Quarter Finals of the FA Youth Cup. With four games to go, Vale were one point clear of the drop, however by losing all of their remaining games the "Valiants" ended the 197778 season in 21st place and were relegated into the Fourth Division. Smith was appointed as manager of Swindon Town in May 1978, with the club having to pay a compensation fee of 10,500 to Port Vale. His assistant, Dennis Butler, stayed on at the club and was appointed as his successor. Swindon TownDespite still being a relatively young manager, Smith guided Swindon to a Third Division promotion challenge in his first season in charge - missing out by three points after losing the last two games of the season. His two signings, Alan Mayes and Andy Rowland, formed a deadly strike partnership, and were both selected on the PFA Team of the Year. The following season Swindon beat Stoke City, Wimbledon and Arsenal to reach the League Cup semi-final. They lost out to Wolverhampton Wanderers when Wolves scored the winner five minutes from the end of the second leg. However Town squandered a promising league position to finish the campaign in tenth place. During the campaign his team recorded an 80 win over former club Bury. Having spent large amounts of money, particularly on 150,000 left-back David Peach and 110,000 midfielder Glenn Cockerill, expectations were high at Swindon for the 198081 season. However, Smith was sacked in October 1980 after Swindon lost their first five games and were stuck in the relegation zone. They finished the campaign in 17th place under the stewardship of John Trollope. Newport CountyIn 1981, he joined the coaching staff at Blackpool and in July 1982 moved to be a coach at Newport County. He was appointed manager of Newport in June 1985, and kept the club rooted to 18th in the Third Division in 198586, before a run of seven straight defeats saw the club hovering above the relegation places and ultimately cost him his job. His replacement John Relish managed to steer the club to safety. CoachingHe coached Cardiff City between 1989 and July 1990 after being brought to the club by manager Frank Burrows. Later that year he became assistant manager to Colin Addison at Hereford United. He joined the coaching staff at Swansea City in March 1991, and the following year manager Frank Burrows appointed him as his assistant. In October 1995 he became manager of Swansea after the departure of Burrows, but resigned just 80 days later in December of the same year. A playing revolt at Vetch Field led to the resignation of his replacement, Kevin Cullis, before the "Swans" finished 199596 in the Second Division relegation zone under the stewardship of Jan Mlby. In 1996 Smith was appointed to the coaching staff at Sheffield Wednesday by David Pleat, where he performed a variety of roles before leaving in the summer of 1999. ------ Cochranites (aka "The Society of Free Brethren and Sisters") of Shaker Jacob Cochran was said to have promoted the restoration of the apostolic Christian church, a popular sentiment at that time. He also claimed success in miracle-working and exorcism. Cochran also instituted holy dancing and a frenzy called reaping in which participants are "thrown into the greatest agitations; a violent exertion of the arms and body, for a long time together.To other violent motions of the arms and body, they give the appellation of winnowing, and separating the chaff from the wheat: another they call, gathering and burning the chaff." Cochran dismissed traditional concepts of marriage, citing passages in the bible where seven wives shared one man. As early as 1818-1819 the group was referring to spiritual wifery. Cochran would assign women to the men since legal marriages were not considered valid. He would also shift these women between men as he saw fit as their prophet. It was said that about half of the women in the group were once assigned to him. Ephraim Stinchfield, who observed the community on a number of occasions, recorded 16 pages of "abominations" including unwed couples staying together, and Cochran's habit of taking young women into private rooms for extended periods of time. After their meeting was over, I retired and spent the rest of the evening with six of this society, one of whom called himself an ordained minister in their society. I had now for the first time, an opportunity of inquiring into their distinguishing peculiar tenets. They, like all other enthusiasts, pretended to light superior to that of any other religious society, since the Apostles; and the power of healing the sick, raising the dead, and casting out devils -- all of which, they said, had been literally performed among them. Extraordinary dreams and visions, they asserted, had been experienced, and wonders wrought. They had private, sometimes dark, meetings; in which none, but such as were bound by oath, to the most inviolable secrecy, not to divulge what was transacted in the meeting, upon penalty of eternal damnation, or of having their names blotted out of the book of life, were admitted. That each brother and sister in this fraternity, has a spiritual husband, wife, mate, or yoke fellow, such as they choose, or their leaders choose for them. These spiritual mates, dissolve, or disannul, all former marriage connections; and many of them bed and board together, to the exclusion of all former vows. Such conduct as this, had not become general, and many of them would deny that such things existed among them, though proved by the most solemn declarating of persons of undoubted veracity. I had, before I left this place, such a discovery of the mystery of iniquity, working to the subverson of all social ties, between husband and wife, parents and children, rulers and ruled, ministers and people; the rising generation corrupted by the introduction of such vicious practices, under a cloak of religion, that it seemed as if I should be constrained to run from house to house, and cry day and night, against the abomination that maketh desolate. Cochran also was working towards a communal order where everything was held in common. However, within a few years, Cochran was eventually convicted of gross lewdness, lascivious behavior, and adultery and spent four years in prison. His followers were once said to be in the thousands, but only a handful remained loyal to their prophet after his imprisonment. A few years after his release from prison, Jacob Cochran established a colony for a portion of his followers, in what is now Grove township, Allegany Co., New York. This little-known group lived in close proximity to several people who later became prominent members within the Latter Day Saint Movement including Warren Cowdery, William Marks and Lyman Wightthe first Mormon branches in Allegany County were established in the area immediately surrounding the Cochranite colony, during the early 1830s. Cochran has been called a "John the Baptist" for Mormonism by Saco Valley historian G.T. Ridlon because so many Cochranites were among those who converted to Mormonism and moved west. Although the Cochranites practiced a type of "spiritual wifery" (see above) which sanctioned multiple female partners for each man in the group, their doctrines did not include the precept of "eternal marriage", and thus differed slightly from Utah Mormon polygamy. Latter Day Saint historical sources indicate that Mormon missionaries were laboring successfully to make converts among Maine's Cochranites as early as 1832: at the Church conference held in Saco, Maine on August 21, 1835, at least seven of the newly ordained apostles were in attendance. John C. Bennett, a leading Mormon who was excommunicated, is credited with introducing the Cochranite term spiritual wifery to Mormonism. Bennett's version of the multiple female partners practice appears to have more closely resembled Jacob Cochran's doctrine than it did the precept of polygamy alleged to exist among the Latter Day Saints.
Knowledge Related to Shaker Mountain
Knowledge Related to Shaker Mountain
Shaker Mountain, 1,835 feet (559 m), is a prominent peak in the Taconic Mountains of western Massachusetts. The mountain is located in Pittsfield State Forest and is named after the nearby Hancock Shaker Village, a former Shaker religious colony and now a historic site. The summit is wooded and is traversed by the 5 mi (8.0 km) Shaker Trail, a loop trail that begins at the historic site. The mountain is wooded with northern hardwood tree species. Shaker Mountain is located within Hancock, Massachusetts. The Taconic ridgeline continues north from Shaker Mountain as Doll Mountain and west as Holy Mount The mountain drains into Shaker Brook and Lily Brook, thence to the Housatonic River and Long Island Sound. · Other Related Knowledge of boston shaker Hannah Poling of boston shaker Hannah, Jon's daughter, was born in 1999 and received five vaccines in one day in 2000 at the age of 19 months; this occurred because she had fallen behind on her vaccine schedule as a result of a series of ear infections. According to Kathleen Seidel, the Poling family filed a case with the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program on October 25, 2002. In 2006, Jon, along with three other researchers, all of whom were affiliated with Johns Hopkins at the time, published a case report and chart review retrospective series regarding the association of mitochondrial disease and autism in the Journal of Child Neurology. In 2008, after the government conceded his daughter's vaccine injury case, Dr Poling said, Many in the autism community and their champions believe that the result in this case may well signify a landmark decision as it pertains to children developing autism following vaccinations. This still remains to be seen, but currently there are almost 5,000 other cases pending. Hannah's case had originally been placed with the almost 5,000 Autism Omnibus cases pending hearing 5 years before her case was conceded administratively. Others have speculated that in the Poling case, all that was really conceded was that "the vaccines, given to Hannah in 2000, aggravated a pre-existing condition namely, mitochondrial disease that then manifested as autism-like symptoms." Similarly, Rahul K. Parikh contended that ".this was not a case of vaccines causing autism. Rather, this is a case where the court deemed it plausible that vaccines aggravated an underlying disease caused by bad mitochondria, and that some of the symptoms Hannah showed were similar to autism," and Julie Gerberding said, "Let me be very clear that the government has made absolutely no statement indicating that vaccines are a cause of autism." It has also been noted that Hannah's mitochondrial disease is very rare, and that no evidence proves that it is possible for vaccines to cause or worsen mitochondrial diseases, with Chuck Mohan of the United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation noting that "there is very little scientific research in this area." In addition, Paul Offit has argued that the VICP's concession to Hannah was "poorly reasoned" and contended that this program had "turned its back on science" in recent years. Offit also noted that "whereas it is clear that natural infections can exacerbate symptoms of encephalopathy in patients with mitochondrial enzyme deficiencies, no clear evidence exists that vaccines cause similar exacerbations." Another unclear aspect of Hannah's case is whether she had a pre-existing mitochondrial disorder that vaccinations aggravated, or whether vaccinations caused that disorder. Hannah's mother, Terry Poling, has stated that "The government chose to believe the first theory," but added that "We dont know that she had an underlying disorder." However, the Polings' neurologist, Andrew Zimmerman, wrote in a letter to the Polings' attorneys that there was a pre-existing mitochondrial dysfunction. Dr. Zimmerman wrote, "The cause for regressive encephalopathy in Hannah at age 19 months was underlying mitochondrial dysfunction, exacerbated by vaccine-induced fever and immune stimulation that exceeded metabolic energy reserves." On July 21, 2008, Steven Novella posted an article on Neurologica, his blog, in which he briefly mentioned the Poling case, saying, "The case was settled (not judged in Polings favor, but settled) because both sides realized it was a special case that could not be extrapolated to other vaccine-autism cases." In response, Dr. Poling wrote a letter to Dr. Novella in which he states, among other things, that "The only thing unique about my little girls case is the level of medical documentation--5 to 20% of patients with ASDs have mitochondrial dysfunction." Novella's response to this letter, posted on July 23, 2008, argued that "Hannah Polings history has many features that are not typical of autism like a history of otitis media with frequent fevers, seizures, and what sounds like a rare encephalitis that probably did result from vaccines. Even if we put her mitochondrial mutation aside this is not a typical case of autism." On September 3, 2010, autism blogger Matt Carey broke the story about the settlement deal including a $1.5M initial payment and an annuity to cover costs of the life care plan. On September 9, 2010, Sharyl Attkisson also reported that the Poling family were going to receive $1.5 million for the first year alone, and might receive a total of over $20 million over Hannah's lifetime. ------ Background of boston shaker The state of New York approved a piece of legislation which encouraged students to start their school days with the Pledge of Allegiance and a prayer with the text: Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers and our country. Amen.The case was brought by a group of families of public school students in New Hyde Park from the Herricks Union Free School District who sued the school board president William J. Vitale, Jr. The families argued that the voluntary prayer written by the state board of regents to "Almighty God" contradicted their religious beliefs. Led by Steven I. Engel, a Jewish man, the plaintiffs sought to challenge the constitutionality of the state's prayer in school policy. They were supported by groups opposed to the school prayer including rabbinical organizations, Ethical Culture, and Jewish organizations. The acting parties were not members of one particular religious persuasion, or all atheists. Their religious identities were legally identified in court paperwork as two Jews, an atheist, a Unitarian church member, and a member of the New York Society for Ethical Culture. However, despite being listed in the court papers as an atheist, plaintiff Lawrence Roth, who was raised Jewish, later denied that he was an atheist and described himself as religious and a participant of prayer. When religious affiliation was discussed during preparations for the case, Roth claimed he was "a very religious person, but not a churchgoer" and that he that he said prayers but was unsure of what prayer could accomplish. This resulted in the group's lawyer telling him "You're the atheist." Roth later stated "apparently, you have to have an atheist in the crowd, so we started from there." The plaintiffs argued that opening the school day with such a prayer violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution (as applied to the states through the Fourteenth Amendment), which states, in part, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion". The governments of twenty-two states submitted an amicus curiae brief to the Supreme Court urging affirmance of the New York Court of Appeals decision that upheld the constitutionality of the prayer. The American Jewish Committee, the Synagogue Council of America, and the American Ethical Union each submitted briefs urging the Court to instead reverse and rule that the prayer was unconstitutional. ------ Biography of boston shaker Berger is a long-time supporter of alternative energy solutions to global environmental problems. He has repeatedly called attention to the nation's excessive dependence on foreign oil and the huge economic and environmental costs, and risks. He has outlined strategies for a clean, renewable energy economy in his books and articles which have appeared in publications such as Huffington Post, Scientific American, The Boston Globe, The Christian Science Monitor, The Los Angeles Times, Huffington Post, and Renewable Energy World. Berger's writing on energy and natural resource issues has helped to launch the environmental restoration movement, beginning with his book Restoring the Earth in 1985. Education and WorkIn 1966, John J. Berger earned a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science from Stanford University. Prior to his work on energy and the environment, Berger was an innovator in journalism. In 1970, he co-founded Alternative Features Service, Inc. to support the development of alternative and college newspapers and radio stations in the U.S. with syndicated press materials that especially highlighted the creation of alternative institutions, such as free clinics, people's banks, free universities, and alternative housing. In 1976, after publishing his first book, Nuclear Power: The Unviable Option, with introduction by Nobel Laureate Dr. Linus Pauling and a foreword by Senator Mike Gravel, he was invited by David Brower to become Friends of the Earth's Energy Projects Director in San Francisco.: Just a few years later, in 1979, he became a technical editor at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California. The next year, Berger was awarded an MA in Energy and Natural Resources from the University of California, Berkeley. In 1980 and 1981, Berger taught courses in energy technology and policy at Vista College and the University of San Francisco. In 1984, Berger began two years of postgraduate research on land-use policy in Sacramento at the University of California, Davis. In 1985, he published Restoring the Earth: How Americans Are Working to Restore Our Damaged Environment and became the executive director of Restoring the Earth, an environmental organization based in Berkeley, California. Berger then went on to receive a PhD in Ecology from the University of California, Davis in 1990 and served as visiting Associate Professor of Environmental Policy at the Graduate School of Public Affairs of the University of Maryland and Professor of Environmental Science at the University of San Francisco. His awards include: a Switzer Foundation Environmental Fellowship for graduate study, a year-long fellowship for study at the University of Tunis in Tunisia, a summer writing fellowship at the Blue Mountain Center in the Adirondacks; and selection to participate in a summer-study program at the Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory for Genetic Research. Berger is also an independent energy and environmental consultant. He is currently (2016) an Affiliated Research Fellow at UC Berkeley's Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory. ------ Selected publications of boston shaker Poling, J. S.; Karanian, J. W.; Salem Jr, N.; Vicini, S. (1995). "Time- and voltage-dependent block of delayed rectifier potassium channels by docosahexaenoic acid". Molecular Pharmacology. 47 (2): 381390. PMID 7870048.mw-parser-output cite.citationfont-style:inherit.mw-parser-output .citation qquotes:"""""""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registrationcolor:#555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:12px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output code.cs1-codecolor:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none;font-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-errorfont-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-formatfont-size:95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left:0.2em.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-right:0.2em.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inherit Poling, J. S.; Vicini, S.; Rogawski, M. A.; Salem Jr, N. (1996). "Docosahexaenoic acid block of neuronal voltage-gated K channels: Subunit selective antagonism by zinc". Neuropharmacology. 35 (7): 969982. doi:10.1016/0028-3908(96)00127-X. PMID 8938727. Poling, J. S.; Rogawski, M. A.; Salem Jr, N.; Vicini, S. (1996). "Anandamide, an endogenous cannabinoid, inhibits Shaker-related voltage-gated K channels". Neuropharmacology. 35 (7): 983991. doi:10.1016/0028-3908(96)00130-X. PMID 8938728.
بلد الحليب الطازج صحي وطازج
بلد الحليب الطازج صحي وطازج
يعد حليب الأبقار أحد أكثر المشروبات استهلاكًا في جميع أنحاء العالم ، إما على شكل عصائر أو مخفوق الحليب أو الحلويات أو الحلويات أو الكعك أو الحليب العادي فقط. أظهرت العديد من الدراسات البحثية أن المحتوى العالي من البروتين في حليب الأبقار قد لا يكون سهل الهضم من قبل جسم الإنسان ، وبالتالي لا يعتبر علميًا مشروبًا مثاليًا. ومع ذلك ، فإن استخدام حليب الأبقار منذ الشيخوخة في عدد من الطرق المختلفة والأسلاف الأصحاء يثبت أن معظم هذه النظريات خاطئة تقريبًا. الهند هي واحدة من البلدان التي تستخدم هذا المنتج بكميات ضخمة. يعتبر الحليب ومنتجاته المشتقة الأخرى أحد المكونات الأساسية في كل أسرة هندية. يستهلك الهنود الحليب على شكل مشروبات يومية مثل الحليب العادي والشاي والقهوة ومشروبات الأطفال وما إلى ذلك. وأشكال أخرى مثل الزبادي والجبن والجبن والحلويات والحلويات والحلويات وما إلى ذلك. يتم إعطاء الأطفال حليب الأبقار منذ أيامهم الصغيرة ويعتبر شرب الحليب معيارًا اجتماعيًا عاديًا في المجتمع الهندي. على الرغم من أن الأطباء ينصحون بعدم إعطاء أي حليب بخلاف حليب الأم للأطفال ، إلا أن عددًا من العائلات الهندية تبدأ في إعطاء حليب الأبقار لأطفالهم منذ وقت الولادة. يتم إعطاء الحليب الطازج في البلد أهمية كبيرة أيضًا ، لأنه يعتبر في الغالب غير مغشوش وعضوية. على عكس العصور القديمة حيث كان كل منزل تقريبًا يحتوي على عدد قليل من الأبقار ، يفضل الناس الآن شراء الحليب من مصنعي الحليب ومربي الأبقار. عادة ما تنشئ العلامات التجارية الكبرى ومجموعات الأعمال مزارع ضخمة بها عدد كبير من الأبقار وتنتج الحليب بكميات كبيرة. بعض العلامات التجارية التي تنتج أفضل الحليب في الهند ، تضم أفدنة خضراء واسعة وكبيرة من المزارع لتربية الأبقار ، وهي تزود هذه الأبقار بالعلف الصحي والعشب الأخضر الذي يساعد في إنتاج الحليب الصحي. لا يحتوي هذا الحليب على معززات لإمداد الحليب الاصطناعي في شكل حقن هرمونية أو مواد كيميائية أخرى. من الضروري أن يكون حليب الأبقار عضويًا وصحيًا. إن حقن الهرمونات التي تزيد من إمداد الحليب لها عدد من الآثار الجانبية للأشخاص الذين يستهلكون الحليب ، وكثير منها لا يزال قيد البحث. يقال إن معززات الهرمونات هذه تعطي العديد من الآثار الصحية السلبية بما في ذلك الحيض المبكر لدى الفتيات وغيرها من المشكلات الصحية. لذلك ، إذا كنت تستهلك حليب الأبقار ، فمن المستحسن أن يتم استهلاك الحليب الصحي والعضوي من موردي الحليب الجديرين بالثقة. من الصعب بالفعل تحديد علامة تجارية كأفضل علامة تجارية لحليب البقر في الهند ، حيث يوجد عدد من العلامات التجارية في الأسواق الهندية ومعظمها أيضًا خاص بالولاية. من الضروري أن يكون لديك مورد جدير بالثقة ويوظف أخلاقيات جيدة في أعماله لتزويد الحليب سؤال ذي الصلة ما هي وصفات مخفوق البروتين المفضلة لديك لاستخدامها مع مسحوق بروتين الموكا ؟ لقد قمت بعمل الموكا مع PB Fit وأتطلع إلى توسيع وصفاتي. يمكن أن يجعل مسحوق البروتين إضافة رائعة إلى مخزنك ونظامك الغذائي. أفضل شيء في استخدام مخفوق البروتين ومسحوق البروتين هو الراحة. لا يقتصر الأمر على فترة صلاحية أطول بكثير من مصادر البروتين الأخرى مثل اللحوم ، ولكن أيضًا من السهل تحضيرها ومثالية للوجبات أثناء التنقل. احصل على كوب أو أفضل من ذلك ، زجاجة شاكر عصير ، أضف مغرفة من مسحوق البروتين وبعض الماء أو العصير أو الحليب ، وستكون جيدًا. في حين أن مخفوق البروتين المصنوع من المسحوق والماء صالح للشرب ، إلا أنها ستكون وجباتك المفضلة. سوف يقومون بالمهمة في قرصة ، ولكن مع عدد قليل من التعديلات الصغيرةحاول إضافة مسحوق البروتين إلى العصائر المفضلة لديك ، أو خلط مسحوق البروتين والفواكه المجمدة واللبن. إذا كنت في حالة مزاجية لتناول الطعام أو الحلوى ، أضف مغرفة من مسحوق البروتين المفضل لديك إلى الحليب والآيس كريم للحصول على مخفوق الحليب
وافق Keto: Keto Smoothie وصفات! 18 بروتين منخفض الكربوهيدرات يهز الحب على حمية كيتو
وافق Keto: Keto Smoothie وصفات! 18 بروتين منخفض الكربوهيدرات يهز الحب على حمية كيتو
هل هناك أي شيء أفضل من وصفة عصير كيتو جيدة أو 18 على نظام غذائي منخفض الكربوهيدرات ؟ لا سيما عندما يكون استبدال وجبة عالية البروتين طعم مثل اللبن & يساعدك على فقدان الوزن! إذا كنت ترغب في الحصول على عصير كيتو أو ميلك شيك جيد ، فلن يجلب جميع الأولاد إلى الفناء فحسب ، بل يحملهم على جز العشب أثناء وجودهم هناك. أولاً الأخبار السيئة: المواد الغذائية الأساسية الخاصة بك مثل الموز والأناناس والحليب والعسل محملة بالكربوهيدرات السكرية حتى لا تفكر في الصحة. الأخبار الجيدة ؟ هناك أطنان من الكربوهيدرات المنخفضة ، أفضل بكثير بالنسبة لك مقايضات يمكنك استخدامها بسهولة لاستبدال وجبة منخفضة الكربوهيدرات أو وجبة خفيفة لذيذة بنفس القدر والتي ستساعدك على إسقاط بضعة أرطال! 1. إفطار منخفض الكربوهيدرات الأخضر SmoothieEach مكون لا يضفي فقط على لون العصائر الخضراء الرائع ولكنه يوفر العناصر الغذائية الضرورية لبدء يومك. احصل على وصفات هنا. 2. لحظة القهوة المجمدة ، مسحوق البروتين ، و glucomannan ينتفخ مزيج من القهوة المجمدة ومسحوق البروتين ، و glucomannan ينتفخ بسرعة في بودنغ القهوة مذهلة! THM:FP ، منخفض الكربوهيدرات ، قليل الدسم ، خالي من السكر ، بيضة/جوز مجانية 3. كيتو فراولة وكريم سموثي (نباتي ، GF) هذا العصير الحلو والدسم يشبه اللبن المخفوق بالفراولة ، ولكنه أكثر صحة. إذا كنت تستخدم التوت الطازج بدلاً من المجمد ، فلن يكون العصير باردًا جدًا إلا إذا قمت بإضافة الثلج الذي سيسقيه. استخدم التوت المجمد إن أمكن ، أو ارمي التوت الطازج في الثلاجة لمدة ساعة قبل تحقيق نتائج أفضل. اختياريا ، جعل جعل بمثابة الآيس كريم أو علاج المجمدة. يُسكب المزيج المخلوط في وعاء ، ويُجمد حتى يصبح صلبًا تقريبًا ، ويُقدم. أو اصنع المصاصات باستخدام أكواب الديكسي الورقية أو صواني مكعبات الثلج أو أسياخ الشواية الخشبية كعصا إذا لم يكن لديك قوالب من المصاصة. أضف الروم (وبخ من عصير الليمون إذا كان لديك) للفراولة daiquiris ، أو Malibu ، Citron ، Gran Marnier. أضف مسحوق البروتين ، ورذاذ مع صلصة الشوكولاته ، إضافة الفواكه الأخرى (الموز والبرتقال والمانجو والأناناس والخوخ ، وما إلى ذلك) إلى الخليط قبل المزج. الحصول على وصفات هنا. زبدة الفول السوداني كوكي العجين WhiteoutTHM:S ، منخفضة الكربوهيدرات ، خالية من السكر ، خالية من الغلوتين/البيض هذه هي نسختي الصحية من زبدة الفول السوداني كوكي العجين DQ Blizzard! Get وصفات here.5. كيتو منخفض الكربوهيدرات شوكولاتة أفوكادو SmoothieWant عصيرًا منخفض الكربوهيدرات لا يبخل بالنكهة ؟ تعد وصفة الشوكولاتة الخالية من منتجات الألبان من منتجات الألبان وجبة خفيفة لذيذة أو مشروبًا للشفاء. الحصول على وصفات هنا. تشتهر المكونات الموجودة في هذا العصير بترويج الشبع طويل الأمد لإبقائك مستمراً طوال اليوم. يحتوي حليب جوز الهند على الدهون الثلاثية متوسطة السلسلة يتم حرقها مباشرة من الكبد للحصول على وقود سريع. يحتوي الجيلاتين على أحماض أمينية تدعم الناقلات العصبية للشعور الجيد لتقليل الأكل العاطفي. الحصول على وصفات هنا. الشوكولاته الساخنة المجمدة. لا معنى له حتى تتذوقه. ثم تدرك كيف يمكن التقاط نكهة الشوكولاتة الساخنة في مشروب مجمد. وصفة الشوكولاته الساخنة المجمدة هذه هي الصيف منخفضة الكربوهيدرات يجب أن يكون! الحصول على وصفات هنا. 8. كيتو توت العليق & Cheesecake SmoothieRaspberries والشوكولاتة هي مزيج نكهة مثالي! هذا العصير يشبه كعكة الجبن التي تقدم واحدة في كوب. كما كل وصفاتي ، منخفضة الكربوهيدرات ، وسهلة الصنع وعالية الدهون الصحية. لقد استخدمت الجبن الكريمي وكريم الجلد الثقيل ولكن يمكنك جعله خاليًا من منتجات الألبان باستخدام حليب جوز الهند بدلاً من ذلك. الحصول على وصفات هنا. 9. كيتو فانيلا كابتشينو بروتين Smoothieاستمتع بوجبة خفيفة لذيذة وصحية أو وجبة إفطار مع عصير من زبادي الفانيليا وإسبريسو ومسحوق البروتين. احصل على وصفات هنا 10. Keto Low Carb Overnight Flax Meal Smoothieتم إنشاء هذه الوصفة لتكون مرنة للغاية. يمكنك اللعب بسهولة مع وصفة الإفطار منخفضة الكربوهيدرات هذه لجعلها خاصة بك باستخدام المكونات الرئيسية: وجبة الكتان وحليب اللوز واللبن. الحصول على وصفات هنا. 11. بروتين شوكولاتة كيتو اللوز ShakeThis عصير الكيتو الكريمي ، عالي الدهون ، منخفض الكربوهيدرات هو كل ما تحتاجه لتكون في الكيتوزيه. كنت أحب هذا المشروب بعد كل جلسات رياضية. اللوز ، زبدة الفول السوداني ، الشوكولاته: ما الذي يمكن أن يكون أكثر لذيذ من هذا ؟ الحصول على وصفات هنا. 12. Raspberry and Vanilla Keto Smoothie RecipeThis هو عصير قنبلة كيتو الدهون. أنا معجب كبير بفاكهة التوت والفراولة ، لذلك أحب كل قطرة منها. يمكنك أو لا تضيف الطبقة العلوية اعتمادًا على كمية الماكرو الخاصة بك. الحصول على وصفات هنا. سيعطيك هذا العصير الكثير من الفيتامينات ومضادات الأكسدة. وجبة فطور مثالية لأتباع نظام غذائي الكيتون. التوت الأزرق سيعطيك بعض نكهة مميزة. ببساطة مزج المكونات بسلاسة. الحصول على وصفات هنا. انها مجرد من السهل جدا لجعل. حرفيا ، تحتاج فقط إلى مزج المكونات هنا. إذا كنت تريد المزيد من الألياف في عصير الفراولة منخفض الكربوهيدرات ، فما عليك سوى إضافة قشر السيليوم. احصل على وصفات هنا. مع حليب جوز الهند وزيت جوز الهند ، سيمنحك هذا العصير دفعة كبيرة من الدهون والبروتين وهو مثالي تمامًا لنظام غذائي كيتو. أفضل استخدام بذور الكتان بدلاً من بذور الشيا لأنها ليست متاحة كثيرًا في محلي. احصل على وصفات هنا. هذا مشابه لقهوة الرصاص. نعم ، بالتأكيد هناك بعض الاختلاف بين الاثنين. قهوة كيتو المثلجة أكثر سمكا ولها اتساق أكثر. سيخرج هذا ليكون سلسًا جدًا ولا توجد وصفة عصائر محببة. احصل على وصفات هنا. هذا عصير يحرق الدهون مع بعض البروتين الإضافي. عصير كيتو مثالي مع الكربوهيدرات منخفضة والدهون عالية مع البروتين. في البداية ، صنعت نصف الوصفة فقط لأنني لم أكن متأكدًا من استخدام البيض في عصير. لكنها كانت جيدة جدا. احصل على وصفات هنا. هذه ليست وصفة منخفضة الكربوهيدرات ولكن يمكنك بالتأكيد أن تجعلها مرة واحدة في الشهر ومع ذلك تكون في الكيتوزية. هذا سيجعل وجبة إفطار رائعة. إنها وصفة لذيذة تحتوي على حليب جوز الهند والتوت البري الذي يسهل مزجه. الحصول على وصفات هنا. احتفظ بها طازجة وسمةإليك 18 وصفة كيشي لإسعاد صباحك بـ 19 وصفة خبز كيتو بسيطة. نُشرت في الأصل على سؤال ذي الصلة ما هي وصفات مخفوق البروتين المفضلة لديك لاستخدامها مع مسحوق بروتين الموكا ؟ لقد قمت بعمل الموكا مع PB Fit وأتطلع إلى توسيع وصفاتي. يمكن أن يجعل مسحوق البروتين إضافة رائعة إلى مخزنك ونظامك الغذائي. أفضل شيء في استخدام مخفوق البروتين ومسحوق البروتين هو الراحة. لا يقتصر الأمر على فترة صلاحية أطول بكثير من مصادر البروتين الأخرى مثل اللحوم ، ولكن أيضًا من السهل تحضيرها ومثالية للوجبات أثناء التنقل. احصل على كوب أو أفضل من ذلك ، زجاجة شاكر عصير ، أضف مغرفة من مسحوق البروتين وبعض الماء أو العصير أو الحليب ، وستكون جيدًا. في حين أن مخفوق البروتين المصنوع من المسحوق والماء صالح للشرب ، إلا أنها ستكون وجباتك المفضلة. سوف يقومون بالمهمة في قرصة ، ولكن مع عدد قليل من التعديلات الصغيرةحاول إضافة مسحوق البروتين إلى العصائر المفضلة لديك ، أو خلط مسحوق البروتين والفواكه المجمدة واللبن. إذا كنت في حالة مزاجية لتناول الطعام أو الحلوى ، أضف مغرفة من مسحوق البروتين المفضل لديك إلى الحليب والآيس كريم للحصول على مخفوق الحليب
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