MeCan's X-ray Protection Lead Gloves

MeCan's X-ray Protection Lead Gloves

2021-06-23
MeCan
48

On this page, you can find quality content focused on x-ray protection lead gloves. You can also get the latest products and articles that are related to x-ray protection lead gloves for free. If you have any questions or want to get more information on x-ray protection lead gloves, please feel free to contact us.

x-ray protection lead gloves is important for Guangzhou MeCan Medical Limited to expand the market. The adoption of constantly improved production techniques and the implementation of strict quality control system during the production ensure the stable quality and relatively low defective rate of the product. Besides, with the advantages of strong functionality, high performance, and low cost, the product is highly cost-effective.MeCan has strived to improve the brand awareness and social influence of the products with a view to increase the targeted market share, which is finally achieved by making our products stand out from the other counterparts thanks to our MeCan branded products' original design, advanced manufacturing techniques adopted and sound brand values that are clearly delivered in them, which contributes to further increase the influence of our brand. Professional and helpful customer service can also help win customer loyalty. At MeCan, customer's question will be responded rapidly. Besides, if our existing products like x-ray protection lead gloves do not meet needs, we also provide customization service.
recommended articles
Case Info Center AI Blog
How Much Does a Hospital Bed Cost - Prices
How Much Does a Hospital Bed Cost - Prices
Ballpark Estimate: $200 to $500/month to rent; $500 to $2,000 to buy. The familiarity of your home environment is often the most comfortable place to recuperate from a serious illness, injury, or surgery. But most homes are not equipped to meet all of the different health concerns of someone recovering from a medical problem. Therefore, if you or someone you care for is incapacitated, you may wonder how to turn a home into the best and safest medical setting. Some medical supply companies sell or lease hospital beds that you can use at home to care for a loved one with a variety of health needs and requirements. Unlike "regular" beds, which are stationary, hospital beds can be adjusted for different purposes. For instance, the back or feet can be raised, or the bed can be separated into special sections to make it possible to use medical equipment, due to needed testing, or simply to increase the patient's comfort level. The height of the hospital bed can also be adjusted in most cases. The way these tasks are performed though, varies depending on the type of hospital bed you select. There are three basic styles of hospital beds: manual, semi-electric, or full electric beds. The difference in these types is exactly how the features are operated. In a manual hospital bed, the foot and head portions are usually moved using a hand crank. The same is true of the bed height. Semi-electric hospital beds have a control panel that allow users to move the head and foot of the bed, but in order to change the hospital bed height, this much be done manually with a crank. Electric hospital beds have a panel that allows users to control all of these features automatically. Many hospital beds also feature side rails, such as those that are used with small children, which can be important to keep the patient safe and to prevent falling. You can get automatic rails, which can be lowered or raised with the push of a button, or rails that you add yourself that need to be moved manually. You can expect a hospital bed to be on wheels, which makes it easy to change the bed's location as desired. Just be sure to lock the wheels when the hospital bed is stationary so there's no danger that the bed will inadvertently move when you are not expecting it. If you need to accommodate any special medical equipment, such as intravenous bags, oxygen, or monitoring equipment, many hospital beds also have attached poles that can make it easy to use these supplies and keep them out of the way. Among the many other extras you can select include a table tray that fits over the hospital bed and a trapeze that can be used to help the caregiver lift and lower the patient smoothly. When you need a hospital bed at home for medical reasons, you can talk to your insurance company and find out if they will cover some, or all, of the bed's expense. Medicare will also cover a hospital bed when it's medically necessitated. To qualify for coverage, your doctor will be required to fill out some paperwork. Your doctor should also be able to recommend a company that can provide you with a hospital bed to buy or rent. (If Medicare is the insurance provider, you can go to Medicare.gov to access a searchable directory of approved vendors.) You can also do a search online to find options that are available in your area, or stores that can deliver a hospital bed right to your door if you order over the Internet. A few of the numerous online medical supply companies include Specialty Medical, Health Care Supply Pros and The Homecare Warehouse. Other Factors to Consider When shopping for a hospital bed, you will need to determine first if you plan to rent or buy this equipment. Many private insurance companies and Medicare will likely cover the rental (minus any co-pays and deductions), but if you purchase the hospital bed, you will need to pay for it yourself. In some cases if you rent the hospital bed with an option to buy, the rental price can be applied toward the cost of the hospital bed. (For instance, Medicare offers this option after they make 10 monthly payments. If you decide to purchase the hospital bed outright, Medicare will also cover some of the hospital bed's maintenance.) Other Factors to Consider Include: Do you prefer a semi-electric or full electric hospital bed, or will a manual model serve your purposes? Is incontinence an issue, making it essential that the hospital bed be easy to strip and clean? What type of mattress for the hospital bed do you want? The choices range from a basic foam design to a deluxe model with inner springs. Keep in mind that for a bariatric (obese) patient, you will need a hospital bed and mattress that are extra sturdy and will offer the utmost support. Finally, what other accessories would be helpful with day-to-day needs and preferences? All of the answers should help guide you on what type of hospital bed you will need. What you can expect to spend on a hospital bed depends on exactly what features you select. A twin-size hospital bed will be on the lower price end, while a full-sized will usually be more expensive. A high-quality mattress, side rails, and other deluxe features will also add to the price. Whether you plan to buy the hospital bed outright or to rent for a while will also affect your final cost. Here are some ballparks of what to expect with a basic hospital bed in each scenario. A semi-electric hospital bed costs about $200 to $250 a month to rent. A full electric hospital bed costs around $250 to $500 a month to rent. A full electric bariatric hospital bed costs between $350 to $600 a month to rent. In addition, some companies may charge a bed set-up fee for a price of between $50 and $100 on top of the monthly rental cost. Renting a hospital bed can cost from $100 to $350 a month. A basic manual hospital bed price starts as low as $500 to buy. A heavy-duty full electric bariatric hospital bed can cost as much as $5,000 to buy. Buying a hospital bed can cost between $500 and $5,000, depending on what you select. Any special features that do not come standard with the hospital bed you choose, such as the mattress and bed rails, will be extra. You can figure these will cost about $100 each to purchase an economical option and the price can go up to $400.1. How Is It THREE Different Veterans Hospitals Have Been Spreading HIV With Dirty Medical Equipment?Actually, I think most, if not all, hospital staffs will tell you there's a greater chance of being infected while in the hospital than not in it2. Hot bending PVC PVC plate bending processing PC plastic extrusion of PVC processingAll red hot bending PVC PVC plate bending processing PC plastic extrusion of PVC processing molding, shenzhen all rhett professional processing of PVC/PC board processing parts, products can be according to customer requirements, CAD drawings technical requirements or to sample, to precision cutting of PVC/PC board, drilling, hot bending, hot pressing, finalize the design processing, make its fixed in certain Angle and the shape of a particular, accuracy is above 98%, and the device can be fully supporting. Rhett all mechanical parts involved in the large machine equipment nameplate, shield, medical equipment, or other electronic products of panels, screen plate, and a display or the adornment effect of the fixed panel, display shelves, boxes, trays, etc., material related to PC, PMMA, PVC, PP, wood, etc.; Rhett equipment is made in reference to the domestic advanced technology CNC machine, computer automatic control processing, machining accuracy is high, does not damage the surface, machining process, the deformation. Machining surface smooth not sting, small cutting slot, fine craftsmanship, high precision, quick speed, good quality, on time delivery, With our innovative technology to make your products more perfect and delicate; Welcome various merchants to consulting with us. We will be dedicated service, perfect product for you to create more business opportunities, higher profits!3. Is it illegal to own two Medical Equipment Companies? Where can i find laws against that?Employees and owners have different rules, so back off. I say that because, the same rules that apply to employees do not necessarily apply to owners. I can show up late, but my staff better be on time; just one small example. It is assumed that the individual can keep the interests of one company separate from another. Some people own dozens of similar businesses. Is the owner also an employee? Kind of a big deal.
The Most Innovative Hospital Bed
The Most Innovative Hospital Bed
The introduction of hospital bedHospital beds are essential when you need to take care of a sick or injured person. They are used for several reasons like in cases of emergencies, for elderly patients, and during surgery. But the main reason why we use hospital beds is to sleep.Many people think that hospitals only provide comfortable bed to their patients.Tips for hospital bedThis introduction is about tips for hospital bed.How to use hospital bed?In the past, hospitals used to be very expensive. But nowadays, they are not even needed anymore.The specifications of hospital bedA bed is a piece of furniture that can be put in a room. It provides comfort for the patient. It also needs to be sturdy enough to support the weight of the patient and avoid them getting injured during their stay at the hospital.The specification of a bed is very complex and comes with many specifications. There are different kinds of beds available that all need to be met within certain parameters like minimum/maximum bed height, length and number of holes or slots for drainage, etc.In order to meet these specifications, there are different types of beds available such as inflatable ones, folding ones etc. However these do not provide any comfort which is one reason why patients stay in hospitals instead of their homes since they cannot sit comfortably on an inflatable bed all day long! So hospitals have startedThe product instructions of hospital bedThese are instructions that a patient will receive on the hospital bed in case of emergency.The application of hospital bedBy using the latest AI technologies, we can make hospitals more efficient and get a better service.
Anatomy Wheelchair - Wheelchair Components Guide
Anatomy Wheelchair - Wheelchair Components Guide
Find out the components of a manual wheelchair. This page will help you identify the primary components of a manual wheelchair, by the conclusion of this article, you should be able to name and define each wheelchair component. You should be able to identify the primary components of a wheelchair and be able to describe each function properly. The wheelchair wheel rim is the surface on which the tire is mounted. It is likely made from durable lightweight material such as aluminum. The wheelchair wheel rim is connected to the axel by the spokes on the rim. The wheelchair wheel rim is connected through the spokes on the rim, the spokes are the suspension system where the tire and rim are connected at the axel. Wheelchair Spokes are responsible for keeping the wheelchair in a round position. If we are describing the spokes we can go into detail about the wheelchair wheel hub as well. The wheel hub is the center of the wheel where the spokes are connected to. The wheelchair wheel hub also contains the axel of the wheel. The wheelchair caster housing is removable, which permits the ball bearings inside the wheel caster housing to be lubricated. Manual wheelchair components can be defined by name and what they are there for. Push Handles are extensions to the top of the backrest, they project and overlap backwards from the wheelchair and permit a caretaker to help propel the chair from behind. Backrest of a wheelchair is the suspension between the upright components of the seat frame against which the user rests his or her back. Swing away armrests are a type of armrests that allow you to rotate them out of the way, or away from the center of the chair. Swing away armrests may be rotated outward during transfers without having to remove them manually from the wheelchair. Push rims or hand rims, are attached to the outside of the wheelchair wheel, this feature provides the surface where the user will push or pull their hand to propel the wheelchair. The hand rim is made of durable light weight material such as aluminum. Wheelchair Tires provide friction between the chair and the ground. They can be described as three different types: solid rubber, semi-pneumatic, and pneumatic. Solid rubber tires are the most maintenance free and also durable, but they also provide the roughest ride out of the three. Another component of a wheelchair are the swing away release levers which permit the footrests to be rotated or lifted out of the way of the user. During a wheelchair to another seating surface transfer, this feature allows ease of transfer without having to remove them from the chair. The release lever is usually located within reach of the user's hand, above the forks. The wheelchair frame is the main component of a wheelchair, it connects all the other components together for a durable structure that can last a long time. The wheelchair frame can be rigid if designed to be an active or non foldable chair. The chair frame is a tubular structure that supports the wheels and the seat in place. One of the options you can get for your wheelchair is quick release wheels. Some of our wheelchair models come standard with quick release wheels, others allow you to order it as an option. The quick release axel permits the wheel to quickly release and is also easy to disconnect from the wheelchair frame. The axel plate is located next to the wheelchair hub on either side of the chair. The axel plate connects the wheel to the frame, the plate is adjustable and it permits the wheelbase to be extended to increase chair stability or shortened to increase user mobility. The wheelchair brakes are the components that permit the wheels to be locked in place, which prevents any unwanted movement. There are many types of different braking systems available in today's market. They can be positioned in many different locations depending on what they are used for. All brakes extend from the frame to the wheels and always use some form of manual mechanical locking or lever system. Do I know the Anatomy of a Wheelchair? Please fill out the form below to receive information regarding your inquiry. You can give us a call at , or please bare with us while we reply to your inquiry.1. Parse an RPM name into its componentsRpm files can have some funky file names in extreme cases, but generally you can split the NVR on the hyphens. The catch is the N (name) portion of the NVR may contain hyphens and underscores, but the V(version) and R(release) are guaranteed to not have any extraneous hyphens. So you can start by trimming off the VR portion to derive a Name. Building on that you can isolate the Version and Release portion.Just split the hyphen again to isolate the part you need. And obviously clean out the arch and rpm file extension strings, which is a given. Just giving you an idea of how it could be approached in bash2. Document space between components for designersLet's leave CSS aside and talk about the visual design. I assume a website has a reasonable number of the page types: landing, product description, dashboard, etc.a. Include the distance information into the page template. I would create a couple of template pages, that show the specific distance between the H1 and the image/text. For instance, landing page can have 4x between the H1 and image and 2x for the text.b. Include the distance information into the element template. Specify the top-margin of the image for every image size. I guess, there should be some layout-specific image sizes, e.g. hero-image, product-main, product-secondary etc. In this case, I would create a group consisting of an image and a transparent rectangle on top of it, so it will be easy to build the mockup from the pre-defined blocks3. irreducible components of the fibre productCertainly not: even in the case of $X=Y=S=mathbbP^1$ and the two maps $X,Y to S$ are the same and general of degree at least three. In this case one component is the "diagonal" $mathbbP^1$ and the remaining component is a curve of genus 1, I think
How to Clean a Wheelchair
How to Clean a Wheelchair
When a wheelchair is used daily, it does not take long for dirt and grime to build up. The wheelchair may also need to be cleaned as a result of illness, incontinence, or a medical condition. To keep the wheelchair fresh and hygienic, it's important to put in the time and effort needed to clean your wheelchair properly. To prevent the buildup of dirt from everyday use, wipe down the chair regularly. You can do this daily or a couple of times per week, depending on how often the wheelchair is used. If you let dirt build up, the efficiency of the brakes and wheels can be affected. A quick wipe down will keep the chair clean, prevent the buildup of grime, and keep the wheelchair operating properly. Wondering how to clean a wheelchair? You are in the right place. In this guide, we go through everything you need to know. Before learning how to clean your wheelchair, it's important to read the maintenance instructions for any materials or products to avoid. The following products can be used on most chairs and will help to achieve great results. // As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. There are two main types of wheelchairs: electric and manual. The feature that differentiates electric chairs from manual is that they are propelled by batteries, while manual chairs are propelled using your hands. Electric wheelchairs come with various speed adjustment features and you can often choose between front-wheel drive, mid-wheel drive, and rear-wheel drive. If you are looking for something with a good turning circle, go for a mid-wheel design. If you are after something with speed, opt for a rear-wheel model. Manual wheelchairs, on the other hand, are propelled by turning the large wheels with your hands or by someone pushing it from behind using the handles. Because of this, manual wheelchairs are usually lightweight. Obviously, you will need to clean electric wheelchairs in a slightly different way to manual models. As they are electric, you need to be careful not to damage the components. Later, we explore the step by step instructions for cleaning both a manual wheelchair and an electric one. If you are using the wheelchair outside, the wheels can become dirty very quickly. Even if you only use the chair indoors, the tires can still become grubby. To clean the wheels, you can use a bicycle or car tire cleaner. To avoid transferring dirt from outside into your home, you can use wheel covers on your wheelchair. Some people prefer to have two chairs, one for indoor use and the other for outdoor use. That way, the inside wheels wo not be as dirty, so they wo not need to be cleaned as often. However, many people can not afford to have two chairs or prefer to have just one. This means that the wheels need to be cleaned before the chair is brought inside. Remember to use a cleaner than does not stain indoor flooring. With a manual wheelchair, you need to keep the wheels as clean as possible to minimize the dirt transferred to the user's hands when they are moving. If the user suffers from incontinence or wears an adult diaper, wheelchair cushions can accumulate a slight odor. Odors can also build up from spills or sweating if they are not washed regularly. Even waterproof cushions can absorb a small amount of liquid, so they need to be cleaned too. It's best to clean the cushion at the end of the day when the wheelchair is not being used. This will also give it enough time to dry out before being used again. To best cushion cleaners are those made from vinegar or baking soda as they are great at absorbing odors. For best results, use a mild detergent or all-purpose spray to clean the chair's frame. Any brush or sponge can be used to remove stuck-on grime, but the cleaning process should be finished with a microfiber cloth to give the frame a nice shine. Unplug the chair from its power source and disconnect the base. Most chairs can easily be removed using a button or lever. If there is a protective cover over the battery, remove it. Then carefully remove the battery to avoid damaging it during the cleaning process. Use a can of compressed air to blow out any dirt, dust, or debris from the battery area, and any other creases around the base of the chair. Spray the chair base with disinfectant and let it sit for ten minutes. Make sure you do not spray the electrical areas. After ten minutes, carefully wipe the base with a microfiber cloth. Use a toothbrush to clean any dirty spots, including the joystick area. You can also use the toothbrush to clean the wheelchair tires. Repeat steps four and five for the battery cover. Use a vacuum cleaner to go over the seat cushion. If the cushion is vinyl, hand wash it with warm water and mild detergent. If it's leather, use a spray solution of one-quarter water, three-quarters vinegar and wipe clean with a cloth. If the cushion is fabric, use a mixture of mind dish soap, hot water, and cleaning soda. Use a cleaning brush to rub the mixture into the cushion and remove using hot water. Once you've finished cleaning the base and cover, spray the chair again with compressed air to remove leftover dust. Put the wheelchair back together and wipe away any remaining water with a microfiber cloth. Take the wheelchair apart by removing the seat and back cushions and any other fabric parts. Use a can of compressed air to spray dirt from the wheel spokes and any crevices. Dirt, debris, and hair can get caught in these areas and affect mobility. Mix warm water and mild dish soap. Soak a microfiber cloth in the soapy mixture before wringing it out and wiping down the frame. You can also use the antibacterial cleaner if necessary. Use a damp cloth to clean around the wheels and between the wheel spokes. If necessary, use a wire brush to scrub the wheel bolts to remove grease or dirt. Use a clean towel to dry the frame, wheels, and bolts to prevent rust. You can then use the compressed air can again to remove any leftover dust. When everything is dry, reassemble the wheelchair. So, there you have it - how to clean a wheelchair. Whether you've got an electric chair or a manual model, follow the instructions above to keep your wheelchair clean. To prevent dirt from building up, set a routine cleaning schedule with weekly wipe-downs and a monthly deep-clean.1. skateboard trucks with longboard wheels?yeah you can, but beware of wheel bite.2. Will 16-inch Pontiac wheels fit on 15-inch Chevrolet Cavalier wheels?Some will, some wo not and will or wo not depends on the bolt pattern and wheel offset. Make sure they have the same number of lug holes (that's obvious) but also make sure the offset of the wheels is the same. If the offset is the same and the lug bolt pattern is the same it should be a good swap. If they are both factory wheels there will normally be a part number on the wheel someplace which will let you compare specs. But, if either set of wheels is aftermarket you will have to compare the required specs for the car with the aftermarket wheels. In other words if one car is a Sunbird and the other is a Grand Prix the offset may be wrong and you might have clearance problems with brake calipers and suspension parts. Will 16-inch Pontiac wheels fit on 15-inch Chevrolet Cavalier wheels?3. Trailer wheels?Got a Wal-Mart? Most tire stores have them also, whels and tires ready to go.
If You Are Handicapped(in a Wheelchair) Can You Go on a Cruise?
If You Are Handicapped(in a Wheelchair) Can You Go on a Cruise?
Yes,try Ocean Village.Although I do not use a wheelchair there were people on the ship with disabilities who had very good access and support if needed. All the best1. For a report I need to know the necesscities behind caring for a severely handicapped wheelchair bound person.Your sentence structure needs help. Please good care of a parallized patient, also google care of a comatose patient. You need to do this yourself as you need to learn it for some reason. It is quite a list and not everyone is going to take the time to write this essay as that is what it is. I will give you a few hints but take it from there. 1.Bathing each day and turning of patient to prevent bedsores 2.Catheter care 3.. Bowel care 4. Type of bed needed 5. How to get in and out of wheelchair. Coma patient: Same as above but feeding tube? Versus IV. You do not state if this is long tern or short term care. is this person able to do any care themselves Muscle atrophy These are the things to look for. Also mental state and taking care of the patients needs like entertainment, tasks, learning and cognitiveabilites. These are your key words so do the best you can.2. If you are handicapped(in a wheelchair) can you go on a cruise?Yes. They have everything a building would have to make it easy on a person with a disability3. If you are handicapped(in a wheelchair) can you go on a cruise?Yes !!! The last cruise we took there were several people in wheel chairs, including the motorized ones. The ship's staff will help you getting on and off ship at ports and its easy to navigate the ships because there are elevators to all floors. The ships we have been on also had lifts to help handicapped people get into the pool s and hot tubs. You need to spicify your handicap when booking to get the handicapped accessible rooms4. ways for a handicapped wheelchair kid to get to and from work in country without involving a car?a city bus5. If you are handicapped(in a wheelchair) can you go on a cruise?yes!!!! they can not NOT let you go... they are handicap accessible! They have to be... it's a LAW!6. If you were handicapped and in a wheelchair how would you go about finding happiness?I teared up reading your question. Smoke weed. Any cop wourth any respect would not arrest you. Go to movies. Be yourself. I hope you find happiness. I find the nicest most empathetic people are in your situation7. If you are handicapped(in a wheelchair) can you go on a cruise?sure. cruise ships are weelchair accessible8. If you are handicapped(in a wheelchair) can you go on a cruise?of course u can. any doubt about it9. If you are handicapped(in a wheelchair) can you go on a cruise?Yes. I am thinking about taking my Grandmother on a cruise and she would be in a wheel chair or scooter chair. I have even seen people on oxygen. I think they actually rent oxygen equipment. They are very hanicapped friendly. Just reserve a room that is wheelchair accesible. I think those rooms book up more quickly. I always get a good deal at cruisebrothers.com Their number is 800.827.7779. I am not a solicitor, just a satisfied customer!.10. If you are handicapped(in a wheelchair) can you go on a cruise?Yes, all of the large modern ship hjave numerous elevators and widew halls. I would, of course, speak with the Cruise Line directly so they can suggest rooms, etc11. If you are handicapped(in a wheelchair) can you go on a cruise?sure, my husband and that i took a cruise many years in the past. First, very last and easily time. It changed into somewhat complicated to get round on the deliver, the crew changed into unspeakably impolite to me and that i would not feed the nutrients to my dogs. by no skill again12. If you are handicapped(in a wheelchair) can you go on a cruise?Of course you can. Just find someone who would take care of you
Electric Wheelchair? Can Someone Tell Me Basic Operations of Electric Wheelchair?
Electric Wheelchair? Can Someone Tell Me Basic Operations of Electric Wheelchair?
How an electric wheelchair works depends on the different elements that the electric wheelchair has and the type of electric wheelchair that an individual has purchased. The four components in an electric wheel chair include the motor, the battery, the drive, and the wheelchair controller. All of the latter components are used in unison to operate the chair. When electronics were added to wheel chairs, it really started to change the way people regarded them. It gave people with greater disabilities more opportunity for personal mobility which is not only convenient but very rewarding and fulfilling to those who once had to solely rely on others. Perhaps their rise in popularity is the reason why manufacturers began to make them more comfortable too. The seats became more resembling of automobile bucket seats along with the appropriate head rests and even similar fabric and stitching. Even arms were added, which were necessary to comfortably control the joystick or other conveniently placed controls. You also can surf on YouTube and find the video how do electric wheelchairs work. Of course you will gain your knowledge about the basic operations of electric wheelchair. The prices of this wheelchair is more expensive compare the manual wheelchair. Basically the prices range between usd1000 until usd3000. You can refer to source for more information1. Where can I get the market research report on the global 3D projector market?This report studies the global 3D Projectors market status and forecast, categorizes the global 3D Projectors market size (value & volume) by manufacturers, type, application, and region. This report focuses on the top manufacturers in United States, Europe, China, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan and other regions. Optoma, Epson, NEC, Panasonic, Acer, HITACHI, Sharp, VivitekThe study objectives of this report are:tTo analyze and study the global 3D Projectors capacity, production, value, consumption, status (2013-2017) and forecast (2018-2025);tFocuses on the key 3D Projectors manufacturers, to study the capacity, production, value, market share and development plans in future. tFocuses on the global key manufacturers, to define, describe and analyze the market competition landscape, SWOT analysis.tTo define, describe and forecast the market by type, application and region.tTo analyze the global and key regions market potential and advantage, opportunity and challenge, restraints and risks. tTo identify significant trends and factors driving or inhibiting the market growth.tTo analyze the opportunities in the market for stakeholders by identifying the high growth segments.tTo strategically analyze each submarket with respect to individual growth trend and their contribution to the markettTo analyze competitive developments such as expansions, agreements, new product launches, and acquisitions in the markettTo strategically profile the key players and comprehensively analyze their growth strategies. Where can I get the market research report on the global 3D projector market?2. Are there any American bicycle manufacturers left in the USA?American Bicycle Manufacturers3. I have a 96 Grand Cherokee, im looking at buying a upgraded off road bumper, will this effect the airbags?Usually putting a new bumper on a Jeep will effect the airbags; however, recently manufacturers have been much better about making it not effect them. The best thing to do is look for an advertisement for your bumper. Most likely it will tell you about the airbag situation. If not you can always ask quadratec.4. How Do You Decide Between Analog Chip Manufacturers?Where possible, choose ICs that are available from multiple vendors. This means pin- and function-compatible. Most manufacturers ensure that all part numbers used on mass-produced BOMs (bills of material) are multiple-vendor parts unless specifically approved. There are situations in which unique parts are needed, but minimizing the number of parts like this is an important supply chain management function. This puts more work upfront, qualifying multiple parts during the design cycle, but it's better to do this early rather than once something is being mass-produced and the line is down due to a parts shortage5. ITC Classmate: Why is unruled notebook priced higher than ruled notebook for same dimensions and number of pages?There are two reasons why unruled notebooks are typically priced higher than ruled notebooks. The first is that unruled notebooks are usually made with higher quality paper, since the people who use them are not just doing simple writing on them and are using them for diagrams, lettering, or other types of professional work.The second reason is that operations that currently make unruled notebooks are smaller than the big companies and share a smaller market than the mainstream ruled paper notebooks, therefore not being able to lower down their operating costs in order to compete with manufacturers who produce thousands of ruled paper notebooks per day. ITC Classmate: Why is unruled notebook priced higher than ruled notebook for same dimensions and number of pages?
For Handicapped Persons in Wheelchairs, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
For Handicapped Persons in Wheelchairs, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
1. I need to take my wheelchair bound wife and teenage dtr for vacation to Malaysia to a seaside resort?Best places of wheelchair users will be Phuket or Pattaya.(Thailand). As all their famous beaches have tarmacs designed for strollers /wheelchair and bicycles and handicap friendly walkways.She dont have to sit in the room. ***Such facilities not found in malaysian beaches------2. Where can an RV be converted for Wheelchair Accesiblitiy?There is a company in CO called Handicaps Inc. that will convert most any RV - CamperVans to Motorcoach and trailers for wheelchair accessibility with there SuperArm Lift System. The SuperArm has been rated to be the safest on the market and I highly recommend. Email me for referral.------3. anyone know how to find a low interest loan or grant w/ low payments for a handicap person w/ need of home addThis is Mr chris peter,the loan lender who answered you question on yahoo answer.If you have contacted me before regarding the loan you need via to say that you are suppose to contact e via chris_pers_lender@yahoo. com as i am having temporary problem with the first email address.Contact me today via------4. why do handicapped spaces all need to be up front?well, its just so that handicapped people dont sue, especially at amusement parks, if the handicapped places are in the back, then people will sue for inconveinience, however they cannot sue for the parks being big, thats ridiculus. anywhere else, though, its just because handicapped people cant get around eaiser------5. how many schools in america are handicapped accessible?New schools have to be built to be handicapped assessable , older schools may have to be modified if a student requires accommodations, but not all older schools are modified. A school could never turn a student away because of a disability------6. are handicap toilet stalls just for the handicapped?A toilet stall with a handicap sign means that if there is a hanidcapped person in the bathroom the same time you are, they have priority because it is there to accommodate their special needs. Anybody can use it, but should opt to use a vacant regular stall if available------7. Handicapped parking places...and strange people.....!!!?I think he just thought the world owes him because of his handicap and that he should come first befor anyone else- he is really just so unhappy about his own handicap, he has no room for compassion for anyone else------8. Are there any wheelchairs or any motorized carts at six flags for handicapped people ?STROLLER/WHEELCHAIR RENTAL Strollers, wheelchairs and electric convenience vehicles are available for rent just inside the main entrance, on a first-come, first-served basis. To rent these items, a valid driver's license, state identification, military identification, or major credit card may be required.------9. What are the rules of handicap parking?no your not missing anything its them who are missing compassion and courtesy my mom is also in need of a sticker its simple those with a sticker have the right to park there those who dont CANT AND SHOULD NOT------10. I got a handicapped parking citation at school?I have never heard of such a thing as optional handicap stalls but I suppose they could exist in other states either way you need to a picture of the stall and dispute the ticket in court. Handicap fines are not cheap!------11. Do handicapped people have to wait in line for the handicapped bathroom stall?What is most respectable to the access needs of people with disabilities is to give the next turn available in the accessible stall. Yes, they can wait, but should not have to wait while people who do not have access needs ahead of them in line dash in ahead of them------12. Spiritually speaking, why are there handicap parking places at many wilderness trailheads?Why would you say "spiritually speaking" when in reality that's not a spiritual question or situation at all? Handicap parking spaces are placed anywhere the state desires as a result of organizations for people with disabilities demanding them. Once demanded those needs are put into law------13. why do people ask people in wheelchairs how fast does that go?i myself find it better that people ask me the questions instead of just stare i would love it when people ask me questions like this because i give them a whacked out answer like it depends on how big the rockets are and stuff lol it makes things more comfortable------14. Should I kill myself since I'm handicapped? :(?No matter how badly you feel about yourself and how badly you life might feel, never turn to suicide. Your life is precious and you are absolutely perfect the way you are. Things will get better, and hopefully you will realize that people admire you.------15. In Degrassi, What happened to Jimmy? (the guy in the Wheelchair?)?The pschyo additionally understand as rick,did no longer die he shot jimmy after that he observed emma toby and sean and that i think of jt sean tried to take the gun away and shot rick via twist of fate then rick dies------16. Handicapped accessibility in Disney?yes disney is very handicap accessible however i would recommend if at all possible to take your own scooter for there are limited amounts at the park and that will be your longest wait in line and you have to be there first thing or you are not getting one------17. Should obese/overweight people be allowed handicapped parking?Should people who become disabled because the hasve an accident while skiing, on a motorcycle, bungi jumping, or other recreational activity, be allowed handicapped parking. Even though obese people could reduce their weight, if they become disabled, they are still disabled regardless of how they became that way.------18. Moving to Costa Rica in a Wheelchair?you will encounter architechtural barriers, lack of wheelchair accessibiliy. You will be able to hire locals to assist in your home without difficulty, and will find that help very reasonably priced. Housing is affordable, but access with a power wheelchair may be difficult. Good luck on your adventure!.------19. Wheelchair accessible excursions in Cozumel?Many places are wheelchair accessible. Most of the cabs are vans, so you can easily load the wheelchair in a van and drive everywhere. Cabs are inexpensive. You can go anywhere on Cozumel in a wheelchair that you can on foot------20. Why are the handicapped allowed to drive SUVs or anything heavy?so since there has been non handicapped drivers that have crashed they should be forced to drive small cars too? obviously this is just a trolling question...by the way some handicapped people need larger vehicles like a large van so they can have a wheelchair lift to get in and out------21. Why arent handicap parking stalls placed further away? If they have a real problem,they shouldnt be driving.?OMG are you really that ignorant geez sorry we cant all wear our cancer or heart disease on our sleeves to please you maybe we should all just drag a leg behind us to satisfy your ignorance geez are you for real------22. school bus safety transporting wheelchairs?The wheelchair is not supposed to be reclining. There should be a lap and shoulder belt, and if the student is reclining, the seat belts cannot be used correctly. The lap and shoulder belt are attachments that are attached to the floor.------23. What if, a homeowners association rule caused hardship for someone who is handicapped?Homeowners Association think that they are legal entities and they need to dealt with to tell them that they are not. You are a private property owner and you need to find local cases and statutes where others have gone up against their HA's------24. What is the difference between being handicapped and retarded?"retarded" is a word frowned upon these days since the Political Correctness Police have taken over, but yes, it also means handicapped, and in days gone by, they were used interchangeably. Euphemisms such as mentally challenged or intellectually disabled are used more frequently these days.------25. Handicapped man comes to work daily and asks me to open doors for him outside etc?Your mall should have door buttons for handicapped people to push to automatically open the door for him. He has a right to have access to the premises and if your building refuses to place these access benefits, they can be sued------26. Has anyone else noticed the increase in handicap license plates/placards in the last 15-20 years?I think it has to do with more disabled people driving. The population is aging so there are more older people with health concerns. Also there is growing awareness for people with disabilities. People with disabilities are encouraged to be more active so we see more cars with placards------27. Are there any books or just any advice for handicapped parents?I have known many parents with various handicaps, including being in wheelchairs. they are excellent parents and are loved by their children. his insecurity will hurt his parenting far more than being in the wheelchair. there are books he can read to help him------28. Is the pantages theatre handicap assessable?Yes. ADA code requires all public venues to be handicapped accessible. I would either call the box office or visit the box office to see if there are specific handicapped tickets you should buy and if they have seating for people accompanying handicapped patrons. Enjoy the show------29. what is that movie with the handicapped kid and the giant?My Sister love AIR Bud yet Fly away living house Tall thoughts Bridge to Terabithia Jumanji call of the wiild the best-ever superb ET! decrease back to the destiny Cats and canines youngster in King authurs courtroom youngster in camlot LABYRINTH( astounding action picture) dark Crystal------30. Best hotel to stay at with a handicapped person.I dont know about other places but when I stayed at Fistgeralds on Freemont Street they had a tour but of handicap people stay there. Before you make your decision I strongly suggest looking at what says on this subject. See the source listed below.------31. Should Elevators be for the Handicapped only?I resent that. I am not really against taking the stairs down, but with a heavy backpack on most days and unpredictable adult asthma, I usually object to climbing beyond the 3rd floor unless I absolutely must and am not too worried about time------32. Would you date someone that was physically handicapped?I would. There is an extremely large following of people called "devotees" who actually find these people (and sometimes ONLY these people) not only attractive but the epitome of beauty. There is someone out there for everyone, no matter what handicap they have.------33. Do you notice those that park in handicapped parking?I use to be until my mom was terminal with cancer and my dad needed to take care of her and get her medicine from the hospital on a very regular basis, was given a handicap parking badge to make the medicine pickup just marginally easier------34. i am 22 yrs old,i am doing my final year,i m handicapped n wheelchair bound which course help me to get job?Being in a wheelchair actually may help you get any job faster. Sorry to say that, but many employers are afraid of being accused of discrimination and would more readily hire you than a non-handicapped person with the same skills and training------35. Why is it illegal to park in handicapped parking places, but ok to use handicapped toilets?First thing if you handicapped plates or placard its for real. If u think the person is not handicapped whos driving call a cop and get embarassed. In most states the cops will actually check with dmv to verify by drivers license whose the driver.------36. how was I suppose to react?The handicapped stall is intended for those in wheelchairs who have to have the extra space. I can appreciate your situation, but it could be they see yours as very different from someone in a wheelchair. It could probably have been handled in a regular stall.------37. Are there any handicap taxis in Istanbul, Turkey?There are all kind of facilities that have been built exclusively for handicapped people but as far as i know there is no handicap taxis available however, i am sure that a taxi driver will be more than glad to help you out.Hope you have a safe and a pleasant vacation------38. What are some cool things to do in Kentucky? i'm in a wheelchair?The J.B Speed Museum of Art on the University of Louisville Campus is wheelchair accessible. It is the largest art museum in Kentucky. The State House in Frankfort is also another possibility as all government buildings are Handicapped Accessible. Have fun.------39. What benefits are available for adult with Cerebral Palsy who recently came to live with my family?The Easter Seals Program has special adaptive technology for people with different handicaps. He would be able to receive training there. He probably also qualifies for Social Security Disability. Contact the local Social Security Office to fill out the forms. Good Luck------40. what makes u handicapped?i dont consider people who r physically handicaps, handicaps.. i think those people who r capable of doing everything yet r so lazy n dont appreciate their normal body n take advantage of it, as well as those who haf ugly characters.. r handicapped------41. wheelchair bound & can't get out of my bldg, need suggestions.?You need to call the local city which you live in, and most likely they will have a code enforcement office which you can ask if there are local building codes being violated due to the lack of ramps in your building------42. question about handicapped accessible...?more room to move around without banging into the wall or door! the floor is completely flat unlike most other stalls that have a slope to the drain. The level flooring is really important when you have mobility issues like a prosthetic leg.------43. How do you get a handicap parking pass if you are not physically handicapped?Park and walk from far away wont kill you, but make you stronger. Parking near a handi capped space increases your chance of your car getting hit by some mentally challenged driver when your away, because they dont know how to park correctly. Lol------44. What would you most likely be charged with if you were to beat up a handicapped person?it depends on the state. but lets say their from Colorado. with the addition to be charged with assault or battery they could get Additional time and/or charged with a crime against an at risk person.(person with a disability) it called mitigating circumstances
Evaluation of Titanium Ultralight Manual Wheelchairs Using Ansi/resna Standards.
Evaluation of Titanium Ultralight Manual Wheelchairs Using Ansi/resna Standards.
INTRODUCTION Choice of a suitable wheelchair requires serious consideration. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommends testing wheelchairs using American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA) testing standards to assess performance and safety and estimate life expectancy of a wheelchair. Results from ANSI/RESNA standard tests are a source of information about technical quality and performance and allow comparison of results across devices. The content of the standard tests covers many aspects that affect wheelchair usage and selection, such as dimensions, static stability, braking effectiveness, strength, and durability.Dimensions, weight, and turning radius clue consumers in to whether a wheelchair will fit in their homes, working environments, and transportation means. Wheelchair performance in the static stability tests reveals the estimated behavior of the wheelchair on an incline.The results indicate how the stability of the wheelchair is affected by adjustment of the axle and other components. Determining wheelchair strength and durability from retail advertisements and user manuals is difficult. Although medical insurers' prescription guidelines typically require 3 to 5 years before a replacement wheelchair will be covered, previous research has shown that the predicted life expectancy of some wheelchairs is significantly less -. Premature wheelchair failure could potentially injure the users and may require them to pay for replacements, which can cost several thousand dollars. According to Smith et al., wheelchair users expect wheelchairs to improve their quality of life and help them maintain or achieve a desired level of mobility . Users expect their wheelchairs to be comfortable, easy to propel, safe, and attractive . In a survey of wheelchair users with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, the most desirable features of manual wheelchairs were a lightweight frame and a small turning radius .Comfortable propulsion and support, light weight, and small dimensions are very important features, especially for active manual wheelchair users -. A lighter wheelchair has lower rolling resistance, which reduces the force required to propel it. Thus, lighter wheelchairs are suggested for preserving upper-limb function of manual wheelchair users . Developing a lighter and more functional wheelchair is a goal for the design of many manual wheelchairs. The titanium wheelchair is a product in response to this goal.ANSI/RESNA standard tests provide specific testing protocols to evaluate the performance and durability of wheelchairs and serve as a universal platform for data collection and comparison. Reports using ANSI/RESNA standards evaluated aluminum ultralight and steel lightweight wheelchairs. Ultralight wheelchairs lasted more than five times as long as lightweight wheelchairs before failures occurred during fatigue tests -. However, ultralight wheelchairs experienced more repairable component failures, such as bolt or caster-stem failures and screws loosening. Although repairable component failures do not damage frame integrity, multiple component failures require frequent maintenance and may place the user in hazardous situations.Many ultralight wheelchairs have titanium frames and/or components.Since titanium has a higher strength-to-weight ratio than aluminum, if engineered correctly, it could preserve the strength of the wheelchair frame while lowering the weight. Conventional wisdom in our wheelchair clinic has been that people who use titanium chairs benefit from their highly durable and lightweight properties, although no standards testing results of titanium wheelchairs have been reported in the literature.Our goal in this study, similar to prior works in this area, was to test a series of commercially available titanium rigid-frame wheelchairs using ANSI/RESNA testing procedures. The standard test to determine braking effectiveness according to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) was also incorporated in this study , since no braking effectiveness test for manual wheelchairs is included in the current version of the ANSI/RESNA standards. We hypothesized that these titanium wheelchairs would be in compliance with ANSI/ RESNA standards and that they would be more durable than previously tested aluminum ultralight and lightweight wheelchairs.METHODS Study Wheelchairs Twelve titanium rigid-frame wheelchairs representing four models from three manufacturers were tested using ANSI/RESNA wheelchair standard tests: the Invacare Top End (Invacare; Elyria, Ohio), the Invacare A4, the Quickie Ti (Sunrise Medical; Longmont, Colorado), and the TiLite ZRA (TiLite; Kennewick, Washington) (Figure 1). They were the most popular titanium ultralight rigid-frame wheelchairs prescribed at the Center for Assistive Technology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. They were ordered with the same seat dimension specifications and standard components. Because of the cost and time to test wheelchairs, we only tested three wheelchairs of each model.Standards Testing Procedure We completed the whole battery of ANSI/RESNA manual wheelchair standard tests and assessed braking effectiveness using the ISO standard test. This article focuses on the test results of static stability; braking effectiveness; and static, impact, and fatigue strength tests.The dummy used in this study was built according to the requirements of ANSI/RESNA standards.[FIGURE 1 OMITTED] Static Stability The wheelchairs were tested in their most and least stable configurations (forward and rearward directions) in the static stability tests ([section]1 in the ANSI/RESNA wheelchair standards). A 100 kg dummy was loaded into the test wheelchair. The wheelchair was secured on a platform using straps that did not interfere with tipping movement. An engineer increased the platform angle slowly and recorded the angle at which the front casters lifted from the platform just enough for a piece of paper to pass between the casters and platform. In the rearward stability tests, the rear wheels were locked with parking brakes or by securing the wheels with straps that limited the rolling motion of the wheels relative to the frame. In the other portions of the static stability tests, blocks or brackets that did not impede the rolling motion of the wheels were used to stop the wheelchair from rolling downhill.We placed the wheelchair in its least stable position in the rearward direction by moving the rear-wheel axle forward, reclining the backrest backward, and increasing the front seat height by adjusting the caster position. We positioned the wheelchair in the extreme least stable position, since no indication or limitation for the range of the rear-wheel axle position was noted on the wheelchairs or in the user manuals. Most of the wheelchairs in their least stable setting tipped backward on a horizontal plane with the dummy loaded. Although these extremely unstable positions in the rearward direction were not realistic wheelchair settings, we still proceeded and recorded the tests because the purpose of having the standardized tests is to reveal the actual properties of the wheelchair. To address this limitation, we modified the testing procedure by placing the wheelchair facing downhill on the platform and securing it with straps to prevent it from tipping over completely (Figure 2(a)). The slope was then increased, and the angle at which the front casters touched the platform was recorded (Figure 2(b)). The reading was a negative number.Braking Effectiveness In the braking effectiveness tests ([section]3 in the ISO wheelchair standards), we kept the wheelchairs in the same setting as when they came out of the box (the axle was in the most rearward setting), loaded them with a 100 kg dummy, and engaged the rear brakes.The tests were performed on the same platform as the static stability tests. While increasing the slope of the platform, we recorded the angle at which the wheelchair started to slide downhill. The wheelchair was tested in its forward and rearward orientations. Since the steepest slope that fulfills the requirement of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is 7[degrees] (1:8), with a maximum rise of 75 mm (3 in.) for existing buildings and facilities, we expected the wheelchair to be able to stay stationary on a 7[degrees] slope.Static, Impact, and Fatigue Strength Tests (Durability Testing) Static, impact, and fatigue strength tests ([section]8 in the ANSI/RESNA wheelchair standards) evaluate the strength of the wheelchair structure by applying different types of loads on specific components. A pneumatic ram was used to apply static force to the footrest, armrests, and tipping levers (if present) according to the standard. Impact force was applied using a pendulum on several components of the wheelchair (footrest, caster wheels, pushrim) that are prone to impacting objects.Any permanent deformation or component failure was considered a failure as denoted in the standards.Fatigue strength was evaluated by the double-drum and curb-drop tests (DDT and CDT, respectively). Each wheelchair was loaded with a 100 kg dummy during the tests. In the DDT, the position of the drive wheels was set at the midaxle position according to the requirements in the standards. Because the titanium wheelchairs were unstable in this position, we set the rear axles in the most rearward position horizontally and the midposition vertically (which was how they arrived from the suppliers). Other wheelchair settings were set according to the requirements in the standard. The leg length of the dummy was adjusted to fit the wheelchair dimensions, and the feet were fixed on the footrests. The dummy's trunk and legs were secured to the wheelchair, although hip-joint motion was preserved through a spring-loaded damper system that allowed physiological-like motion during the testing. According to the standard, the dummy was positioned centrally on the seat. Generally, the weight of both legs is 32 percent of total body weight . Individuals who are 6 months post spinal cord injury may lose 15 to 46 percent of their lower-limb muscle area .We carefully kept the weight-loading on the front casters within 20 to 25 percent of the total weight of the dummy and the wheelchair to approximate the influence of the occupant's body weight and the weight of the wheelchair and prevent overloading on the casters by adjusting the location of the dummy either in an anterior or posterior direction. The 12 mm-high slats on the drum simulate sidewalk cracks, door thresholds, potholes, and other small obstacles on the rolling surface. Two clamps attached to the rear-wheel axle held the position and balance of the wheelchair on the double-drum machine but allowed vertical movement without appreciable sideward drift (Figure 3). The rear drum runs at a speed of 1 m/s, and the front drum turns 7 percent faster to vary the frequency with which the front and rear wheels encounter the slats. A wheelchair that completed 200,000 cycles on the test machine was considered to have passed the DDT.[FIGURE 2 OMITTED] Only the wheelchairs that passed the DDT continued on to the CDT.In the CDT, the wheelchair was repeatedly dropped freely from a 5 cm height onto a concrete floor to simulate going down small curbs. A wheelchair passes the wheelchair standard tests when it survives 200,000 cycles in the DDT and 6,666 cycles in the CDT without harmful damage . The intensity of the fatigue tests mimics 3 to 5 years of daily use . We repeated the fatigue tests until each wheelchair had permanent damage to determine the exact survival life. For the purpose of comparing fatigue life, we used the following formula to compute the number of equivalent cycles (ECs) ,6-:Total ECs = (DDT cycles) 30 x (CDT cycles). (1) [FIGURE 3 OMITTED] The EC counts the number of cycles before the occurrence of a class III failure in the fatigue test. A wheelchair that obtained an EC score of 400,000 cycles was denoted as passing the minimum requirements of the standard.Failure severity was classified into three levels. Any failures, such as tightening screws or bolts or inflating the tires, that could be repaired by the user or any untrained personnel were counted as class I failures. Class II failures, such as replacing tires or spokes and doing complex adjustments, need to be repaired by a wheelchair or bicycle technician . Permanent damage to the frame or any failure that would put the user in a hazardous situation was counted as a class III failure in this study. In a previous ultralight wheelchair comparison study, three bolt failures were considered class III failures . Multiple minor failures were not counted as class III failures in this study to prevent premature discontinuation that would shelter the durability of the main frame and structure. All the failures were recorded to disclose the frequency and complexity of the repairs needed for each wheelchair.Cost-Effectiveness Knowing the cost-effectiveness of a wheelchair is meaningful. We compared the cost-effectiveness of our test wheelchairs using the value derived from normalizing the number of ECs by the retail price of the wheelchair (cycles/dollar). The higher the value, the more cost-effective the wheelchair was deemed to be .Data Analysis We performed primary analyses for static stability, braking effectiveness, EC, and cost-effectiveness using Kruskal-Wallis tests, followed by Mann Whitney U tests as univariate analyses with the level of significance set at p 7[degrees] slope in the rearward braking effectiveness test. The frame design and the position of the dummy's lower-limbs did play an important role in affecting rearward stability as we discussed previously. The compact dimensions of the wheelchairs with rigid frames increase their maneuverability but decrease their rearward stability.Users have to adjust their trunk posture carefully to compensate for displacement of the center of gravity when pushing one of these four wheelchair models uphill. Novice users must be educated about this behavior and trained in wheelchair skills to manage on slopes.[FIGURE 7 OMITTED] Impact and Static Strength Tests Although the three Invacare wheelchairs that failed in the armrest static strength test were still usable, the compromised material strength of the mounting plates could have caused a catastrophic failure (Figure 5(a)). The TiLite wheelchairs had a similar mounting mechanism for the armrest as the Invacare wheelchairs, but they had a stronger structure, having double plates to support the armrest bar. All of the TiLite wheelchairs failed in the handgrip static strength tests. The hazard will occur when an attendant is pulling the wheelchair backward with an occupant in it. The attendant would tend to fall backward when the handgrips slide off the handles. Moreover, the situation may endanger the user, who could roll away uncontrolled.Fatigue Strength Tests (Durability Testing) This group of titanium wheelchairs survived fewer ECs (their average EC was 246,506 [ or -] 154,086) than was previously reported for aluminum ultralight wheelchairs, but their life expectancy was similar to that of steel lightweight wheelchairs -. Besides, the titanium rigid-frame wheelchairs exhibited less value than the aluminum ultralight and the steel lightweight wheelchairs (Figure 8). Figure 8 shows the value of each wheelchair model for titanium ultralight rigid-frame, aluminum ultralight folding-frame, and steel lightweight wheelchairs, respectively, and the average value of each group according to the results from this and previous studies. Although the results were different among manufacturers, the wheelchairs in each group had similar performances. The survival curves (Figure 9) show each step going down, indicating class III failures of the wheelchairs from each group. With 400,000 ECs the minimum requirement of ANSI/RESNA standards, 80 percent of the aluminum ultralight wheelchairs survived but less than 40 percent of the titanium rigid-frame wheelchairs survived to comply with current standards. The aluminum ultralight wheelchairs lasted about four times longer and had a value of about eight times higher than the wheelchairs in this study. Although a smaller caster size increases the impact load on the frame compared with the larger 203 mm casters on previously tested aluminum wheelchairs, testing these titanium rigid-frame wheelchairs with 80 mm casters is reasonable based on the following.First, 80 mm casters are the standard components of the titanium wheelchairs tested in this study. According to the clinical experience of the clinicians in the Center for Assistive Technology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, most users of this group of wheelchairs were prescribed these casters. Second, 203 mm casters are not available on these wheelchairs because the footrest and likely the users' feet would interfere with the free movement of these larger sized casters. If the test results of a wheelchair with its standard components are not revealed, estimating the quality and properties of the wheelchair after adjustment or with modification may be difficult.[FIGURE 8 OMITTED] The test results of aluminum folding wheelchairs and titanium rigid-frame wheelchairs should be compared directly, even though they have casters of different sizes. The clinical guideline recommends that manual wheelchair users use lighter wheelchairs but gives no specific recommendation on caster size . Thus, manual wheelchair users at any level of injury or wheelchair skill may choose one of the ultralight titanium rigid-frame wheelchairs with 80 mm casters tested in this study or an ultralight aluminum folding-frame wheelchair with 203 mm casters.Therefore, all types of wheelchairs should be tested with their various components to disclose their influence on performance of the wheelchairs and all test results of different types of wheelchairs should be directly compared to provide complete information for the consumer.[FIGURE 9 OMITTED] The wheelchairs in this study had an estimated average usable life of 1.85 to 3.08 years based on the approximation that the intensity of the ANSI/RESNA fatigue tests represents regular use for 3 to 5 years . The Invacare and TiLite wheelchairs include a lifetime warranty, and the Quickie wheelchair includes a 5-year warranty on the titanium frame. A large discrepancy seems to exist between the warranty provided by the manufacturers and the test results in this study. To provide more reliable information to the consumer, manufacturers should disclose their testing methods and setup to determine the durability of their products.Failure Modes Invacare Top End All of the Invacare Top End wheelchairs experienced fractures of the backrest canes. On the Invacare Top End04, we found white, light blue, straw, and gray colors in the weld vicinity on the inner surface of the fracture site (Figure 10). The colors on the inner surface were within the heat-affected zone, which indicates that the titanium had high levels of oxygen contamination during the welding process . The fracture surface in the picture is quite shiny and without plastic deformation. This implies that embrittlement may have contributed to the fracture of the backrest cane.The other two Invacare Top End wheelchairs both fractured in the same area on the backrest canes around the welding site connecting the backrest crossbar (Figure 11 (a)(i)) and the top corner of the gusset (Figure 11(a)(ii)) without the evidence of oxygen contamination. Because of the anterior and posterior movement of the dummy hitting the backrest during the DDT, the superior area of the gusset was in the bending stress concentration point of the cantilever structure .Additionally, a hole is present at the intersection of the backrest and the backrest crossbar (Figure 11(b)-(c)) for inserting the gas flow to prevent oxygen contamination from welding. One of the backrest canes fractured at this hole (Figure 11(c)) because it further weakened the structure strength. The other three fractured backrest canes were broken at the superior edge of the weld area with the crossbar. Heat treatment from welding likely decreased the strength of the titanium canes. The Invacare Top End had the same backrest-cane wall thickness as the Quickie Ti and TiLite ZRA (1.27 mm) and was slightly thinner than the Invacare A4 (2.29 mm) (Table 6). The Invacare Top End was the only model where all chairs fractured at the backrest canes. The four factors--the cantilever structure of the backrest, one weld area for the backrest crossbar on the backrest, a second weld area for the gusset on the backrest, and the hole for inserting the gas shield--all contributed to weaken the structure. Only the depot wheelchairs in our previous comparison study had similar failure rates as the Invacare Top End .[FIGURE 10 OMITTED] Invacare A4 The Invacare A4-06 fractured at the right caster stem and the middle of the right tube in the seat plane in the first round of the DDT (Figure 12). Although the caster stem was made of steel, the beach marks on the fracture surface indicate the occurrence of metal fatigue (Figure 12 b)-(c)) -. Because only one fractured caster stem occurred in this study, it may be considered a defective component due to a small crack developed during manufacturing. However, this finding suggests that caster-stem fracture is possible and may damage the frame and endanger the user.There were five holes around the fracture at the middle of the right seat frame of the Invacare A4-06 (Figure 13 and Figure 14(i)). The other two Invacare A4 wheelchairs that failed in the second round of the DDT had fractures around the screw holes of the mounting plate between the backrest and seat frame and the screw holes for the seat sling (Figure 15 and Figure 14(ii)). All these holes on the frame were for the seat sling, the mounting pieces of the backrest, and the mounting bracket of the T-shaped armrest. It is very intuitive in manufacturing to drill holes for mounting components on a frame; however, the fracture lines passing through the holes implied that the structural strength was decreased by the holes. The drawing with the translucent pattern in Figure 14 shows the proximity of the holes on the frame more clearly.The footrests of the two Invacare A4 wheelchairs repeatedly slid down during the DDT. Although both the Invacare A4 and Top End wheelchairs had footrest tubes clamped by only a set screw (Figure 16(c)), the A4 had a larger discrepancy in the diameter between the tube of the footrest and the outer piece of the main frame (Table 6). The strength of a set screw was not enough to compensate for the discrepancy in tube diameters and the vertical vibration from the dummy's legs during the DDT, so the footrest slid down. In real-world settings, a footrest keeps sliding down, bothering the user, because of the vertical vibration resulting from riding on uneven terrain or the occurrence of clonuses. Although this mounting mechanism of the footrest would not affect the integrity of the main frame, the unanticipated repositioning of the footrest can be inconvenient and potentially cause injury.[FIGURE 11 OMITTED] Quickie Ti and TiLite ZRA The Quickie Ti and TiLite ZRA wheelchairs had the same type of failures at the first or second screw holes near the cantilever turn of the frame. These screw holes are used to mount the sling to the frame (Figure 17). Both models are cantilever frames (Figure 18(a)). The cantilever frame does not have the same lower longitudinal tubes as the box frame. The impact force (Figure 18(a)(i)) produced a bending torque (Figure 18(a)(ii)) that bent the front vertical part of the frame rearward. The bending torque compressed the lower part of the tube (Figure 18 (a)(iii)) and extended the upper part of the tube (Figure 18 (a)(iv)). The first and second screw holes were just rearward of the frame bend and acted as stress concentration points. Therefore, the fracture inevitably occurred at this location. In the box frame design (Figure 18(b)), the lower longitudinal tube helped to distribute the force transmitted to the casters (Figure 18(b)(iii)). This decreased the bending torque on the frame (Figure 18 (b)(ii)). The Invacare A4 had screw holes near the corner of the front frame as well, but the lower stresses helped protect the chair from failure at these stress concentration locations. Alternative ways are available to fix the seat sling onto the frame other than using screws. For example, the Invacare Top End Terminator everyday rigid wheelchair uses Velcro straps to attach the seat sling , which may have ameliorated the premature failures.[FIGURE 12 OMITTED] Wheelchair Material and Design Titanium alloys have higher resistance to brittle fracture than aluminum alloys when a crack is present . Although titanium has desirable mechanical properties, titanium is 1.6 times as heavy as aluminum. Balance between total weight of the product and structural strength needs to be considered carefully. The rigid-frame design and standard use of 80 mm casters are also critical issues that affect the stability and durability of this group of wheelchairs. On the basis of our results, manufacturers and designers need to evaluate the rigid-frame titanium wheelchair designs in greater detail in order to understand the impact of material choices and mechanical design on the strength, durability, and function of the wheelchair. If the future direction will be to classify the wheelchairs with similar rigid-frame designs as those in this article into a specific group, the wheelchair standard tests may be considered to have modified testing methods and normative values for these wheelchair models.[FIGURE 13 OMITTED] [FIGURE 14 OMITTED] [FIGURE 15 OMITTED] [FIGURE 16 OMITTED] Limitations First, the sample size is a limitation of this study. We would have to test 12 to 60 wheelchairs of each model to have statistical power of 0.8, according to the test results in this study. It is not realistic to spend the time and money to test the required number of wheelchairs.Second, a test dummy cannot precisely simulate a real wheelchair user. A real wheelchair user could adjust his or her posture dynamically and avoid a situation that may endanger him- or herself or the wheelchair.For example, repeated impact from the dummy's trunk during the fatigue tests may not occur in real-world situations with this group of wheelchairs, but some users hang their backpacks on the backrests, which also causes bending stress on the backrests. ANSI/RESNA standard tests were originally designed to test K0001 wheelchairs 10 years ago, thus the requirements should not be as harsh for today's technology and manufacturing quality. Moreover, the test dummy weighs less than the maximum weight capacity of the wheelchairs in this study. Although the test dummy does not mimic a real wheelchair user completely, the general physical properties of the dummy actually produce less stress than the maximum weight capacity claimed by the manufacturers. Third, we could only draw general results from standard tests because the information was not thorough enough to discriminate the specific causes or mechanisms attributed to the vital failures in the fatigue tests.Therefore, future studies are needed to address these issues.[FIGURE 17 OMITTED] [FIGURE 18 OMITTED] CONCLUSIONS This group of rigid-frame titanium wheelchairs is widely prescribed. Their highly adjustable rear-wheel axles, ultralight weight, and compact dimensions help decrease physical stress on the user when propelling a wheelchair and increase ease of use. This study revealed important design concerns that need to be addressed. Our results should remind manufactures and designers that each weld point, screw hole, and change in structure and frame design has its impact on the strength and durability of the wheelchair. Our results indicate that manufacturers may need to perform more careful analyses before commercializing new products.Abbreviations: ADA = Americans with Disabilities Act, ANSI = American National Standards Institute, CDT = curbdrop test, DDT = double-drum test, EC = equivalent cycle, ISO = International Organization for Standardization, RESNA = Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America.ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This material was based on work supported by the Department of Veterans Affairs Rehabilitation Research and Development Service (grant B3142C) and the National Science Foundation--Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship program (grant DGE 0333420).The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.Submitted for publication December 7, 2007. Accepted in revised form June 23, 2008.REFERENCES .] RESNA, American National Standards Institute. American national standard for wheelchairs. Arlington (VA): American National Standards Institute; 1998..] Cooper RA, Boninger ML, Rentschler A. Evaluation of selected ultralight manual wheelchairs using ANSI/RESNA standards. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1999;80(4): 462-67. [PMID:.] Cooper RA, Gonzalez J, Lawrence B, Renschler A, Boninger ML, VanSickle DP. Performance of selected lightweight wheelchairs on ANSI/RESNA tests. American National Standards Institute-Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1997;78(10):1138-44. [PMID:.] Cooper RA, Robertson RN, Lawrence B, Heil T, Albright SJ, VanSickle DP, Gonzalez J. Life-cycle analysis of depot versus rehabilitation manual wheelchairs. J Rehabil Res Dev. 1996;33(1):45-55.[PMID:.] Fass MV, Cooper RA, Fitzgerald SG, Schmeler M, Boninger ML, Algood SD, Ammer WA, Rentschler AJ, Duncan J. Durability, value, and reliability of selected electric powered wheelchairs. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004; 85(5): 805-14. [PMID:.] Fitzgerald SG, Cooper RA, Boninger ML, Rentschler AJ.Comparison of fatigue life for 3 types of manual wheelchairs. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2001;82(10):1484-88. [PMID:.] Pearlman JL, Cooper RA, Karnawat J, Cooper R, Boninger ML.Evaluation of the safety and durability of low-cost nonprogrammable electric powered wheelchairs. Arch Phys Med Rehabil.2005;86(12):2361-70. [PMID:.] Smith C, McCreadie M, Unsworth J. Prescribing wheelchairs: The opinions of wheelchair users and their carers. Clin Rehabil.1995;9(1):74-80..] Trail M, Nelson N, Van JN, Appel SH, Lai EC. Wheelchair use by patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: A survey of user characteristics and selection preferences. Arch Phys Med Rehabil.2001;82(1):98-102. [PMID:.] Kittel A, Di MA, Stewart H. Factors influencing the decision to abandon manual wheelchairs for three individuals with a spinal cord injury. Disabil Rehabil. 2002;24(1-3): 106-14. [PMID:.] Rogers H, Berman S, Fails D, Jaser J. A comparison of functional mobility in standard vs. ultralight wheelchairs as measured by performance on a community obstacle course. Disabil Rehabil.2003;25(19):1083-88. [PMID:.] Paralyzed Veterans of America Consortium for Spinal Cord Medicine. Preservation of upper limb function following spinal cord injury: A clinical practice guideline for healthcare professionals. J Spinal Cord Med. 2005;28(5):434-70. [PMID:.] International Organization for Standardization (ISO).Wheelchairs--Part 3: Determination of effectiveness of brakes. ISO 7176-3:2003. Geneva (Switzerland): ISO; 2003..] Winter DA. Biomechanics and motor control of human movement.3rd ed. Hoboken (NJ): John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2005..] Giangregorio L, McCartney N. Bone loss and muscle atrophy in spinal cord injury: Epidemiology, fracture prediction, and rehabilitation strategies. J Spinal Cord Med. 2006;29(5): 489-500.[PMID:.] Cooper RA. Wheelchair standards and testing. Wheelchair selection and configuration. New York (NY): Demos; 1998. p. 165-95..] Munro BH. Selected nonparametric techniques. Statistic methods for health care research. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005. p. 109-36..] Di Marco A, Russell M, Masters M. Standards for wheelchair prescription. Aust Occup Ther J. 2003;50(1):30-39..] TWI Ltd [homepage on the Internet]. Cambridge (England): The Welding Institute; c2008 [updated 2008; cited . Weldability of materials: Titanium and titanium alloys; [about 4 screens]. Available from:.] eFunda [homepage on the Internet]. Sunnyvale (CA): eFunda, Inc; c2008 [updated 2008; cited 2007 Jun . Cantilever loading options; [about 1 screen]. Available from:casestudy_bc_cantilever.cfm/..] Stephens RI, Faterini A, Stephens RR, Fuchs HO. Macro/ micro aspects of fatigue of metals. Metal fatigue in engineering. Wiley-IEEE; 2001. p. 33-41..] Callister J. Materials science and engineering: An introduction. 3rd ed. New York (NY): Wiley; 1994..] Invacare. Owner's operator and maintenance manual. TOP END everyday and sport series wheelchairs. Elyria (OH): Invacare; 2007.Hsin-yi Liu, BS; (1-2) Rory A. Cooper, PhD; (1-3) * Jonathan Pearlman, PhD; (1-2) Rosemarie Cooper, MPT, ATP; (1-2) Samuel Connor, BS (1) (1) Human Engineering Research Laboratories, Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Rehabilitation Research and Development Service, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA; Departments of (2) Rehabilitation Sciences & Technology and (3) Bioengineering and Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA * Address all correspondence to Rory A. Cooper, PhD; Human Engineering Research Laboratories, 151R-1HD, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, 7180 Highland Dr, Pittsburgh, PA 15206; 412-954-5287; fax:412-954-5340. Email: DOI:10.1682/JRRD.2007.12.0204
Was It Ok for Police to Handcuff My Arms to a Hospital Bed and Cuff My Legs One Officer Holdind My L
Was It Ok for Police to Handcuff My Arms to a Hospital Bed and Cuff My Legs One Officer Holdind My L
Yes. I've done it. You were being restrained at that time for the purpose of removing a sample. If you were restrained after that, then you were so for your safety. If the Dr. orders you bound... that's the Dr. not the officer specifically doing so. The officer is acting on behalf of the Dr. not the city. That you have not left home since only follows the reasoning that you need your meds. Please continue to take them and seek more professional counseling.1. Best Hospital Bed Air MattressesHospital air mattresses are specifically designed for individuals that are prone to receiving bed sores or pressure ulcers, such as elderly individuals or bedridden patients. These hospital bed air mattresses function by evenly distributing the weight of a patient. By redistributing a patient's weight, a hospital air mattress significantly reduces pressure placed on the patient's body, and minimizes shear and friction on the integument. In fact, in some cases, these mattresses can even heal bed sores or pressure ulcers. In addition to reducing pressure, a hospital bed air mattress inhibits humidity and moisture from accumulating in the bed, which will naturally provide greater comfort and protect the patient's skin. There are two main technologies of air pressure relief mattresses that will prevent bed sores and pressure ulcers: low air loss and alternating. A low air loss mattress features controlled and adjusted areas to adequately support the unique contours of a patient's body, while simultaneously redistributing weight. An alternating pressure mattress features air cells that oscillate between inflation and deflation so that pressure does not build up in one area. Similarly to a low air loss mattress, an alternating pressure mattress distributes a patient's weight throughout the body, too. These technologies, however, are not necessarily separate. In fact, some of the best air bed hospital mattresses may offer both of these technologies. To determine which technologies a particular mattress features, please peruse the below mattress descriptions. Whichever mattress you decide is the best air bed hospital mattress for your specific and individual needs, you can adjust these mattresses to optimize patient comfort while still remaining within a therapeutic range. Buy your air pressure relief mattress from Vitality Medical and protect your skin from bed sores and pressure ulcers today!2. what material could I put over a hospital bed to make it a hard surface?All hospitals should have access to air beds. These beds are called Kinair beds. For patient satisfaction, they need to accommodate you! You are the important one here..Do not get boards..you tell your nurse that you want a kinair bed. They can order it for you and the bed will feel wonderful on your back. Remember, you are the important one here!! Good luck3. Where can I find Automatic Standing Hospital Bed to buy?no idea, but what a great way to get teenagers out of bed in time for school!4. is it possible to sue for passing out and falling off a hospital bed?Yes. I think so5. Woman Denied Hospital Bed Gives Birth at Home?It would not surprise me. Eurpoean countries and Canada have higher percentage of homebirths and midwives assisting in births as opposed to doctors. I do not know if it is solely because it's cheaper, or if they are just more earthy crunchy. Probably both. Giving birth at home can go well, but a woman should be able to go to a hospital and get a freaking bed.6. Do you brush your teeth in hospital bed?Yes, buzz for the nurse. She will get you a pan to spit in plus water, let her know where your toothbrush is. That's the experience I had during 3 c-sections, when you can not get out of bed til the next day7. Anyone have a hospital bed/mattress for sale, or to give away near Novi, Michigan (Oakland Cty.)?Check on Craigs list, they usually have them cheap on there8. Most Comfortable Hospital Bed?You will probably have to look online or go to a specialty bed store. Most of the time these are custom items that are made to fit your requirements. Look for places that specialize in barrier-free solutions for seniors or people with disabilities. When you find one, call them to see what options they have available. Because these are custom items they will give you more info
no data
no data
Contact us
Leave a message
we welcome custom designs and ideas and is able to cater to the specific requirements. for more information, please visit the website or contact us directly with questions or inquiries.
One-stop medical & laboratory equipment supplier,focus on medical equipments over 10 years
Contact us

If you have a question, please contact at contact info@mecanmedical.com

+86 020 8483 5259
no data
Copyright © 2021 Guangzhou MeCan Medical Limited  | Sitemap