Knowledge About Oxygen Therapy
1. Biography of oxygen therapyNeubauer was born in Wilmington, Delaware, on January 16, 1924. He received his undergraduate education at the College of William and Mary, and his medical degree in 1947 at the University of Virginia. After first practicing in Wilmington and Philadelphia, he established a practice in internal medicine in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. He was Chief of Staff and Director of Medical Development at the Cleveland Clinic there, which he had helped found under the earlier name of Beach Hospital.------2. Courses offered of oxygen therapyThe college offered a number of courses including:Public Services (Uniformed)HairdressingBeauty TherapyBusinessConstructionHorticultureIT TrainingSportBasic Skills (English and Maths)IT SkillsChildcareHealth and Social CareFoundation studies (courses for adults with learning difficulties and disabilities)Access to Higher EducationGCSEs (Mathematics and English)A wide range of full-time, part-time and flexible courses for adults.Courses for Businesses (including First Aid, Health and Safety, Management Training)------3. Photochemical internalization of oxygen therapyPhotochemical internalization (PCI) is a drug and gene therapy delivery method originally developed to improve the release of macromolecules and hydrophilic chemotherapeutic agents from endosomes and lysosomes to the cytosol of targeted cancer cells. PCI is based on the use of endosomal and lysosomal localizing amphiphilic photosensitizers which, after activation by light, induce photochemical reactions resulting in destruction of endocytic membranes mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS). The photochemical destabilization of the membrane of the endocytic vesicle result in an endosomal escape of the entrapped drugs. The technology was invented by Professor Kristian Berg at the Norwegian Radium Hospital------4. Surfactant therapy of oxygen therapySurfactant therapy is the medical administration of exogenous surfactant. Surfactants used in this manner are typically instilled directly into the trachea. When a baby comes out of the womb and the lungs are not developed yet, they require administration of surfactant in order to process oxygen and survive. This condition that the baby has is called newborn respiratory distress syndrome, and it is treatable. Surfactant coat the smallest parts of the lungs called the alveoli and helps for oxygen to go in and for carbon dioxide to go out. How surfactant does this is by not allowing the alveoli to collapse and to retain their inflated shape when the baby exhales.In premature babies the type II pneumocytes, special lung cells that make surfactant, are not working yet. This means that the baby needs to get surfactant until that baby can make the surfactant on his own. In addition, the baby will need to be monitored and checked regularly as well as intubated or put on CPAP so that he can breathe. This means that until he is able to make surfactant and breathe on his own, he needs to be watched carefully by doctors and nurses.------5. William C. Stadie of oxygen therapyWilliam Christopher Stadie (June 15, 1886 September 12, 1959) was a researcher, a Diabetes specialist. He was John Herr Musser Emeritus Professor of Research Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. He also served as an editor of the Diabetes, the journal of the American Diabetes Association. Other distinctions included: honorary degree of the University of Pennsylvania, the Phillips Medal of the American College of Physicians (1941), the Kober Medal for 1955 from the Association of American Physicians and the Banting Medal of the American Diabetes Association. During the 1918 influenza epidemic Stadie invented oxygen therapy for treatment of cyanosis, a condition resulting from pneumonia.------6. Criticisms of oxygen therapyAn article in Nature Reviews Cancer in 2010 pointed out that five of the 'hallmarks' were also characteristic of benign tumours. The only hallmark of malignant disease was its ability to invade and metastasize.An article in the Journal of Biosciences in 2013 argued that original data for most of these hallmarks is lacking. It argued that cancer is a tissue-level disease and these cellular-level hallmarks are misleading.------7. Percutaneous transtracheal ventilation of oxygen therapyPercutaneous transtracheal ventilation is the delivery of oxygen to the lungs through an over-the-needle catheter inserted through the skin into the trachea using a high pressure gas source is considered a form of conventional ventilation.Percutaneous transtracheal ventilation may be mistaken for transtracheal jet ventilation, which is not considered conventional ventilation and refers to high-frequency ventilation; a low tidal volume ventilation and needs specialized ventilators only available in critical care units.------8. James Haim I. Bicher of oxygen therapyJames Haim I. Bicher (born May 12, 1937 in San Cristbal, Santa Fe, Argentina) is an American radiation oncologist. He is a pioneer in the clinical use of hyperthermia combined with low dose (protracted) radiation therapy (thermoradiotherapy). He is a founder and past president of ISOTT, North American Hyperthermia Group, and the American Society of Clinical Hyperthermic Oncology. Bicher was a student of Bernardo Alberto Houssay, and one of the contributors to the basic principles that allowed later development of Plavix.------9. Southside, Binghamton of oxygen therapyThe Southside, as the name implies, is a neighborhood in the southern section of the New York State city of Binghamton. It is primarily a residential neighborhood with some commercial and industrial activity along Vestal and Conklin avenues.Binghamton and Vestal, east of the remainder of Vestal, west of the town of Conklin and south of the Susquehanna River and the rest of the City of Binghamton.The area's "main drags" are Vestal and Conklin avenues, which, in accordance with their name, connect Binghamton with those neighbors.Due to the large differences between the east and west sections of the Southside, it is home to two neighborhood assemblies; Southside East and Southside West.------10. Discolysis of oxygen therapyDiscolysis, also called chemonucleolysis or nucleolysis, is a treatment for a herniated disc that seeks to alleviate associated neurological symptoms through enzymatic or chemical destruction or softening of the nucleus pulposis. The procedure was first reported by Lyman W. Smith in 1964, and used chymopapain. Discolysis using chymopapain is no longer practiced because of the risk of anaphylaxis and of transverse myelitis.Discolysis has also been used to describe a form of ozone therapy where an oxygen-ozone solution is injected into the intervertebral disc. This method is not well-accepted in part due to a lack of standardization of technique, training and equipment. In the United States, the procedure lacks FDA approval. The authors of a 2018 systematic review noted that only a small number of poor-quality studies on the effects of ozone discolysis in the low back were available, and while they reported efficacy, potentially serious complications were underreported. The authors concluded that ozone discolysis required more study with "adequate and consistent methodologies".------11. Dox of oxygen therapyDox may refer to:Dox, a white dwarf star named SDSSJ12406710 which contains a nearly pure oxygen atmosphere.dox, an IO/FDIS 639-3 code for Bussa languageDox, a type of WarezDornier Do X, the German aircraftBrainloop Dox, a German Enterprse File Sync & Share Solution and registered trademarkDirect oximetryDog-fox hybrid, a supposed hybrid between a fox and a dogDoxing, Internet-based researching and publishing personally identifiable information about an individualDesign of experiments, a statistical approach to experimental design------12. The Hallmarks of Cancer of oxygen therapyThe hallmarks of cancer comprise six biological capabilities acquired during the multistep development of human tumors. The hallmarks constitute an organizing principle for rationalizing the complexities of neoplastic disease. They include sustaining proliferative signaling, evading growth suppressors, resisting cell death, enabling replicative immortality, inducing angiogenesis, and activating invasion and metastasis. Underlying these hallmarks are genome instability, which generates the genetic diversity that expedites their acquisition, and inflammation, which fosters multiple hallmark functions. Conceptual progress in the last decade has added two emerging hallmarks of potential generality to this listreprogramming of energy metabolism and evading immune destruction. In addition to cancer cells, tumors exhibit another dimension of complexity: they contain a repertoire of recruited, ostensibly normal cells that contribute to the acquisition of hallmark traits by creating the tumor microenvironment. Recognition of the widespread applicability of these concepts will increasingly affect the development of new means to treat human cancer.By November 2010, the paper had been referenced over 15,000 times by other research papers, and was downloaded 20,000 times a year between 2004 and 2007.self-published source? As of March 2011, it was Cell's most cited article.In an update published in 2011 ("Hallmarks of cancer: the next generation"), Weinberg and Hanahan proposed two new hallmarks: (1) abnormal metabolic pathways and (2) evading the immune system, and two enabling characteristics: (1) genome instability, and (2) inflammation.------13. Southside West of oxygen therapySouthside West is the area of the Southside west of Pennsylvania Avenue, stretching south and west to the Binghamton and Vestal town lines. The entire area is suburban in character with mansion-like homes on large plots strung along the rolling hills. Most of the Southside West stretches up South Mountain, also Ross Mountain. The schoolchildren attend MacArthur Elementary and, in most cases, West Middle School. Due to displacement from the flood, results for MacArthur Elementary are not available for 2013. Test scores the previous year, based on the lower state standards, showed performance to be similar to state averages. Results for West Middle School indicate 23.3-28.1% of students met the new ELA standards while 16.9-20.6% met the new math standards. Between 28.8-40.8% placed at Level 1 in ELA while 31.3-44.8 placed in Level 1 for Math------14. Medical board discipline of oxygen therapyThe Medical Board of California has disciplined Bicher three times. In 1995, the Board placed him on probation for 18 months. In 2004, in response to new charges, Bicher was placed on five years' probation. In 2006, in response to a new accusation, Bicher admitted no wrongdoing but agreed to have his probationary period extended by two years. In 2009, an Administrative Law judge granted Bicher's requested to have his probationary period terminated early.------15. Deprivation of oxygen therapyDeprivation or deprive may refer to:Deprivation index, a measure of the level of poverty in an areaForfeiture (law), deprivation or destruction of a right in consequence of the non-performance of some obligation or conditionHypoxia (medical), when the body is deprived of adequate oxygen at the tissue levelLishenets (Russian: , lit.'deprivation-person'), a person stripped of right to vote in the Soviet Union of 19181936Loss of consortium, deprivation of the benefits of a family relationship due to injuries caused by a tortfeasor------16. Givosiran of oxygen therapyGivosiran, sold under the brand name Givlaari, is for the treatment of adults with acute hepatic porphyria, a genetic disorder resulting in the buildup of toxic porphyrin molecules which are formed during the production of heme (which helps bind oxygen in the blood). Givosiran is a small interfering RNA (siRNA) directed towards 5-aminolevulinic acid synthase, an important enzyme in the production of heme.The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) considers it to be a first-in-class medication.------17. Breath-holding spell of oxygen therapyBreath-holding spells (BHS) are the occurrence of episodic apnea in children, possibly associated with loss of consciousness, and changes in postural tone.Breath-holding spells occur in approximately 5% of the population with equal distribution between males and females. They are most common in children between 6 and 18 months and usually not present after 5 years of age. They are unusual before 6 months of age. A positive family history can be elicited in 25% of cases. They may be confused with a seizure disorder. They are sometimes observed in response to frustration during disciplinary conflict.------18. Southside East of oxygen therapySouthside East can be defined as the area of the Southside of Binghamton east of Pennsylvania Avenue, stretching south and east to the Binghamton and Conklin town lines. The western section of South Side East is an urban neighborhood with blocks upon blocks of single to multiple-family dwellings. The eastern section is almost exclusively suburban in character in addition to containing some of the city's public housing developments which are composed of townhouses. The schoolchildren of the Southside East district attend Benjamin Franklin Elementary, then East Middle School. On the 2013 NY State English and Math Test scores for Benjamin Franklin Elementary School, depending upon grade, 4.2-10.8% of students met the new state standards in math and 7.2-9.5% met the new state standards in ELA. The majority of students placed in Level 1 for math and ELA. Results for East Middle School show 13.9-14.2% of students met the new state ELA standards and 6-7.6% met the math new state standards. Approximately half of the students placed in Level 1.