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Portable 3d X-ray Machine Based on Stargazing Technology Could soon also Be Used to Detect Cancer

A portable X-ray imaging machine used to track stars millions of miles away could be developed for detecting early cancers.2D X-ray machines can often miss signs of cancer until the disease is advanced, but 3D scanners provide a much fuller picture and gives a higher accuracy in disease detection.Unlike large and expensive traditional 2D X-ray machines they are portable - allowing for an X-ray to be taken in a GP's office.

Portable 3d X-ray Machine Based on Stargazing Technology Could soon also Be Used to Detect Cancer 1

This makes the scans and technology cheaper to operate than the hefty hospital based machines.Scroll down for videoCurrently, X-ray is the main imaging method used in healthcare diagnosis and provides a 2D picture of patient's body.But images made using 2D X-ray scanners not only fail to be detailed enough for accurate diagnosis, the hefty machines mean that additional trips to specialist units are often required.

While CT scanner do offer 3D imaging, they are equally heavy and high cost, and imaging is often delayed as a result.The new 3D scanner, which the UK Space Agency is spending 1million to develop, will be based on the same technology as that used for studying stars and promises to be low cost.This is partly because the Adaptix 3D X-ray machine is a 'miniaturised machine' that allows patients get X-rays inside GP surgeries, reducing the demand for hospital scanners.

The machine include field emitters used previously by spacecrafts belonging to the European Space Agency in the mapping of stars using X-ray fibres - a project known as XMM Newton in which the UK played a major role.They also emit less than 10 per cent of the radiation from low-dose CT scans and only one to two per cent of the more widely used, full-dose diagnostic CT.Professor Tony Young, NHS Englands national clinical director for innovation, said: 'Using stargazing technology to spot cancer is exactly the type of advanced innovation that could improve care for patients by speeding up diagnosis and helping to deliver our Long Term Plan which will save half a million lives.

According to the UK government's website:'The demanding environment of space means that investments in the sector generate new knowledge and innovations that extend far beyond the space industry.

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How to Travel on an Airplane with a Camera: Packing It Right, X-ray Machines, and Magnetic Scanners
How to Travel on an Airplane with a Camera: Packing It Right, X-ray Machines, and Magnetic Scanners
Pack RightYour first step to guaranteeing camera safety during airplane travel is to pack correctly. You should always bring your camera and any delicate equipment with you as carry-on because, no matter how careful airport personal might be, your check-in luggage will be jostled about a fair bit, risking shock damage to the camera. Additionally, the luggage hold can suffer extremes in temperature, which can potentially damage your camera, whether from condensation or from just frying the circuits. Most camera equipment will be fine as checked luggage, on the other hand, if packed with a reasonable amount of padding.Most airplanes have the policy of allowing one personal item and one piece of luggage as carry-on. Itd be a good idea to bring your camera case as that personal item. This will ensure that it is with you at all times so that you can make sure no damage will be dealt to it. A well-padded camera case is a good idea, not just for airplane travel, but also for travel in general. Placing it in the above-head compartments may result in some unwanted jostling, though placing it under the chair in front of you may result in a bit of nudging of the foot. Use your best judgement.Some people have expressed worry that the acceleration that one undergoes during take off can harm the camera. Dont. Even the most poorly made of cameras can undergo such forces just fine, as long as it wont aggravate something thats already broken. So, bring along your camera in peace.Will X-Rays Damage My Camera or Memory?Contrary to the fears of many photographers, standard x-ray equipment has an extraordinarily low risk of damaging your digital camera. Im fact, no digital media can really be affected by x-rays, so dont fret about your laptop either. Undeveloped film, on the other hand, may be wiped by the process, so if you have any then request an individual inspection free of x-rays and and magnetic devices. This is guaranteed by the US Federal Aviation Administration, and similar laws exist in other countries as well.However, if the bag holding your digital camera for whatever reason fails inspection by the x-ray machine, you may be in troublemaybe.Dangers of Magnetic Scanning DevicesThe next step in airport security is using magnetic devices, in particular, metal detecting wands. While these wont necessarily damage your digital equipment, the risk is there. If it comes to an individual inspection, then request to remove your camera and have that inspected without the use of a metal detecting device. So, its probably a good idea to take out your camera before it goes through the x-ray machine, just so that it doesnt get confused with anything that might result in the whole bag being magnetically scanned.CustomsWhile customs wont typically be bothered by possession of photography equipment, if youll be traveling through some of the less well regulated places in the world, consider carry some sort of proof of purchase with you to prove that you did indeed buy your equipment outside of the country, such as a copy of the receipt. Some countries may require that you declare photography equipment, or even search through the files and film, depending on the journalism and censorship laws within the country. Check out the laws of the country before you go so you dont run into any potential trouble.
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The Woman Who Crawled into an X-ray Machine
The Woman Who Crawled into an X-ray Machine
Footage from China went viral recently, after a woman joined her handbag in a security scanner. Kelly Grovier reveals how the image recalls a prehistoric phenomenon.Travelling changes you. Some people become more open and engaged. Others become their luggage. It all happened in a flash last week when a Chinese woman, not wanting to be separated from her belongings at a crowded train station, hopped onto the conveyor belt at a crowded checkpoint in Dongguan Railway Station in southern China and joined her handbag on its juddering journey through the security scanner.Eerie X-ray images captured by the device, which transformed the commuter from anxious flesh into a dark ghostly shudder, have since gone viral. Now crouched on all fours beside a spectral sprawl of purses and scarves, now hunkered into a foetal curl, the shadowy figure is flustered in flickers of radiation into semi-translucent silhouettes of naked fear.The images are among the more mesmerising to trend on social media in recent months, perhaps because they manage to tap into something fundamental about what it means to be a vulnerable passenger drifting perilously through a dangerous world. The commuters unwitting pose for posterity serves as a poignant social document, as telling in its own way as the drawings left behind by our prehistoric ancestors, recorded on the walls of caves: both chronicle the movement of minds through realms of threat and nervous wonder.From the very outset of human culture, the urge to draw and the urge to peer past the outward skin of things to what is concealed beneath, have gone hand in hand. Artists have never been content merely to transcribe external appearances. Invigorated by anxious awe of the beasts they stalked or that stalked them, Mesolithic image-makers from Siberia to India, North America to Malaysia uncannily anticipated modern-day projectional radiography in remarkable rock art drawings that offer glimpses of the internal organs of the animal world around them.Classified by archaeologists as X-ray style, this instinct among ancient draughtsmen demonstrates an astonishingly sophisticated aesthetic one that confounds any crass characterisation as primitive. A well-preserved Aboriginal rock painting of a long-neck turtle, thought to date back thousands of years, discovered in Ubirr (in the East Alligator Region of Kakadu National Park, Australia), is indicative of the curious cutaway style. Although the turtle is clearly portrayed as alive and in full-swim amid a ballet of barramundi, its inner architecture is mysteriously visible, as if it were a respiring dissection of itself.By blurring the boundaries between internal and external worlds, the unknown artist gives us a glimpse too inside his or her own imagination. Placed side-by-side with this weeks image captured by a scanner in China, the Aboriginal painting from Ubirr elevates the portrait of a fearful security stowaway to something strangely soulful: an X-ray of a fragile psyche drifting between the world we can see and one we cant.If you would like to comment on this story or anything else you have seen on BBC Culture, head over to ourFacebookpage or message us onTwitter.And if you liked this story,sign up for the weekly features newsletter, called If You Only Read 6 Things This Week. A handpicked selection of stories from BBC Future, Earth, Culture, Capital and Travel, delivered to your inbox every Friday.
2021 05 24
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Chinese Woman Joins Handbag in X-ray Machine
Chinese Woman Joins Handbag in X-ray Machine
Worried about your bags being stolen at security? One Chinese woman joined her handbag through an X-ray machine to prevent just that. Staff at Dongguan Railway Station in southern China were shocked to find the silhouette of the train commuter on their X-ray monitors.An online video showed the bizarre incident took place on Sunday during the Lunar New Year travel rush.After climbing off the conveyor belt, the woman checked her bags and left. Extraordinary X-ray images show the woman kneeling on all fours behind her luggage, still wearing high-heeled shoes.It is unclear why the woman was so anxious about her handbag, but many people in China carry large amounts of cash when travelling home for Chinese New Year. The commuter had earlier placed her suitcase on the conveyor belt before attempting to walk through the security scanner with a small handbag, footage from Pear Video shows. You may also be interested in:She was then told all bags had to go through the X-ray machine, but she refused to part with her handbag.Her solution was to join her belongings on the conveyor belt, and she climbed out the other side, with one security guard laughing with surprise.Rail station staff in Dongguan have since advised passengers not to enter the X-ray machines, as radiation given off by the scanners could be harmful, local media reported.The woman was one of an estimated 390 million people expected to travel by train for the Chinese New Year holiday, which falls on 16 February.
2021 05 24
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Revealing X-ray Machine Raises Privacy Concerns in Us
Revealing X-ray Machine Raises Privacy Concerns in Us
A new full-body x-ray machine to be tested this month at a US airport has raised concerns about privacy issues with some rights advocates saying the technology amounts to a virtual strip search.WASHINGTON: A new full-body x-ray machine to be tested this month at a US airport has raised concerns about privacy issues with some rights advocates saying the technology amounts to a virtual strip search.The Backscatter machine to be used at Phoenix Sky Harbour International Airport in Arizona will enable screeners to detect non-metallic devices and objects as well as weapons on a person's body, authorities say.But critics, including the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), say the machine constitutes an invasion of privacy as it can display graphic images of nude bodies and its use could pave the way to widespread abuse of the images taken, with some possibly being posted or traded on the Internet."Passengers expect privacy underneath their clothing and they should have to reveal themselves in that way," Jay Stanley, a privacy expert with the ACLU said."This doesn't only concerns genitals but body size, body shape and other things like evidence of masectomies, colostomy appliances or catheter tubes."These are very personal things that people have every right to keep private and personal, aside from the modesty consideration of not wanting to be naked."Federal officials, however, have downplayed such concerns saying that screeners will be able to blur out a person's genitals and that the x-ray image will be erased from the screen once a passenger is cleared through the machine. The Transportation Security Officer operating the system will also not be able to print, store or transmit the image and will be viewing the x-ray in an area not visible to the public.
2021 05 24
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X-ray Machine Opens New Frontier
X-ray Machine Opens New Frontier
Researchers in Palo Alto in the US state of California have developed the most powerful X-ray laser in the world.The Linac Coherent Light Source is being used to see how atoms and molecules move in living systems.The machine is a billion times brighter than the previous generation of lasers.Each X-ray pulse has as much power as the national grid of a large country, and a hundred are produced every second. Prof Mike Dunne, who runs the Palo Alto facility, showed me around. He said the LCLS fired extremely fast bursts of X-rays."Think about a person running the hundred metres," he told me. "The difference between first place and second place is sometimes 1/100th of a second.Take that 1/100th of a second and divide it a million times. Then take one of those divisions and divide it another million times. And that's how fast this burst of X-rays is."The laser was developed at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. Its systems were adapted from a particle collider. But instead of smashing atoms, it enables researchers to see what is going on in living systems and to track chemical reactions as they happen."This genuinely is a revolution," said Prof Dunne. "We can now see for the first time deep inside an atom on the space scale and the time scale that chemistry and biology really happens. It transforms our ability to view the real world."Prof Dunne took me into one of the experimental areas, where the beam hits a sample and lights it up.Researcher Dr Meng Liang was preparing a dish of the material found in the brains of people who have Parkinson's disease. She believes that the new laser has the potential to transform investigation in her field of study. "To actually image these things in real time with the brightness and the fastness that LCLS has will be really special, so we can film them and see them instead of just looking at evidence for these kind of things," she said.In another chamber, Prof Anders Nilsson has for the first time seen how atoms behave in a chemical reaction. He said that the work would help chemists speed up and increase the efficiency of chemical production."I think this is a chemist's dream. We can actually start to understand the processes and from that understanding develop new catalysts," he said.The LCLS has been so successful that the Japanese government has built a similar system. Europe is constructing its own version in Hamburg, Germany. Follow Pallab on Twitter
2021 05 24
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A Sydney Family Found a Needle in an Orange
A Sydney Family Found a Needle in an Orange
Prime Minister meets with strawberry growersA family found a needle in a contaminated orange in Sydney's southwest today.Source:Channel 7JUST when you thought the contaminated fruit epidemic was over, along came another case earlier this evening.A shocked family from Casula in Sydneys southwest found a needle in an orange they purchased from a Woolworths earlier today.Four-year-old Maddie Sheridan found the needle after getting a piece of fruit from her mum, 7 News reports.The supermarket confirmed the find and notified police.Were shocked. We feel violated, Maddies mum said.A family found a needle in a contaminated orange in Sydney's southwest today.Source:Channel 7Investigators will now work to determine when the orange may have been contaminated, as it may have been in storage for several weeks.Its been almost two months since the initial sabotage began in Queensland, which related to the Berry Obsession, Berry Licious and Donnybrook brands.By mid-September, all six states were investigating reports of tampering in strawberries, apples and bananas.The disturbing trend attracted global attention, with police fearing a spate of copycat attacks had seen the crisis extend beyond the original single grower in Queensland.Exporters have now been told they must prove their fruit has been cleared through a metal detector or x-ray machine before the federal Department of Agriculture will issue a permit.A metal detector was installed at a fruit wholesaler in Western Australia in September.An Aussie mother last month said her son found a piece of wire in a cucumber purchased at Woolworths in Melbourne.Source:SuppliedIn October, a 12-year-old boy from Melbourne almost swallowed a piece of thick wire hidden inside a cucumber.As soon as he came out of his room he said: Mum I found a needle in it, the boys mother Maria told 3AWs Tom Elliot last month.I said: come on stop joking and he goes: Mum, Im not joking and showed it to me.I was just beside myself It looked as though it had been snapped with some pliers it was curled on one end of it.Maria said her son was pricked by the wire but that it didnt penetrate him.He was so upset he said, Mum if I had swallowed it could I have died? she said.He was just so worried he was panicking.I just feel I dont know what the world is coming to (Im) too scared to buy food, (I) dont know what to do anymore.The original scare began with a contaminated strawberry in Queensland.Source:SuppliedWA Premier Mark McGowan described the offenders as dropkicks who were liable to 20 years imprisonment.If you undertake this sort of activity you can and will be caught, he told reporters in September.Those people deserve to go to jail.The NSW Police Force has likewise warned copycats that food contamination carries a jail sentence of up to 10 years.More fruits found with needles inside amidst strawberry needle saga
2021 05 24
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