Knowledge Related to Soap Shaker

A soap shaker is a box entirely made from wire metal mesh with a handle. The box may be opened so as to be able to place in this box a piece or pieces of bar soap. These may be pieces that have become too small to be used as hand soap.

Knowledge Related to Soap Shaker 1

The box may now be securely closed. Held by its handle the box may be vigorously shaken in a water filled bucket or other container. The shaking will move the water through the box.

The result is that the water will become soapy, rich with suds to be used for all kinds of cleaning purposes. This way even small pieces of bar soap could be re-used and are not wasted. The use of a soap shaker was common early to mid 20th century.

The invention and sale of powdered or liquid soap diminished its use.

· Other Related Knowledge of Shaker

IPOC International Growth Fund of Shaker

IPOC International Growth Fund, which controls several Russian telecoms, was competing against Alfa Group for control of a large share in Megafon. Galmond's disputed 25% share in Megafon was held by Leonid Rozhetskin's LV Finance, a company which sold its share on 5 August 2003 for $200 million through several shell companies to Altimo a subsidiary of Alfa Group, the company fronted by Russian oligarch Mikhail Fridman.

But, Galmond had an agreement to purchase LV Finance's 25% share in MegaFon already in 2001. Alfa Group was at the centre of many disputes involving disputed ownership of telecommunications operations. These companies included Norwegian Telenor, Swedish-Finnish TeliaSonera, Turkey's Turkcell and others.

Knowledge Related to Soap Shaker 2

IPOC International Growth Fund even launched a RICO suit in the United States against Alfa Group and its associates. Early 2004 while Leonid Reiman was Deputy Minister of Transport and Communications, Gossvyaznadzor (Russian: ) stated that it is unclear how taxes are paid by VimpelCom OJSC and Impulse Design Bureau OJSC, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of VimpelCom. Reiman suggested that the two merge.

While the courts came to a decision, however, Megafon greatly increase its market share in the key Moscow region as VimpelCom was held back from expanding into that region. At the time, Alfa has a significant share in Vimpel. In Geneva, the International Chamber of Commerce arbitration tribunal ruled that IPOC International Growth Fund had legal right to the 25% share in MegaFon and that Alfa Grouup did not have a genuine and proper commercial transaction when it tried to obtain the stake.

During the proceedings, Kroll, a private investigations firm, had surveilled the chairman of the Geneva panel. In March 2004 on a tip from Alfa Group that IPOC International Growth Fund was involved in money laundering activities, Paula Cox, the Bermuda Minister of Finance, hired KPMG to independently investigate the IPOC International Growth Fund and eleven other associated companies for any improper activities. On 9 March 2005, TeliaSonera, TeleComInvest, and IPOC International Growth Fund signed a shareholders' agreement in which they would actively pursue MegaFon's public listing.

From the spring to October of 2005, Richard Burt's Due Diligencec performed Project Yucca for BGRd in which the auditing firm KPMG was infiltrated for Alfa Group's benefit by Due Diligence in order to obtain information about KPMG's audit of the IPOC International Growth Fund.e Later, the Bermuda government accused the IPOC International Growth Fund, which is associated with Bermuda and BVI registered owners of Russian telecoms, of money laundering and also accused Due Diligence of impersonating secret service personnel. Author Eamon Javers in his book "Broker, Trader, lawyer, Spy", describes the infiltration by Alfa Group's agents into the KPMG investigation and the attempt to influence and manipulate the result of the investigation.

In November 2005, The Financial Times reported that Jeffrey Galmond established through court documents that Leonid Reiman is the sole beneficiary of the Fiduciare Commerce Trust which indirectly controls OAO Telecominvest. In 2006, the beneficial owner of IPOC International Growth Fund was found to be Leonid Reiman according to a Zurich ruling by the International Chamber of Commerce. In February 2007, Galmond was accused by the Bermuda Minister of Finance, Paula Cox of minor infringements of local business requirements.

She asked the supreme court to wind up IPOC International Growth Fund, a company owned by Galmond, along with several other companies associated with Galmond. Galmond and IPOC worked to solve the issue. One step taken was for IPOC to fund a report by KPMG into its operations.

KPMG's report, which cost its client(s) US$13 million, found no evidence that Galmond was not the beneficial owner of the MegaFon stake, or Alfa's claim that money going into IPOC funds was the proceeds of money laundering. In April 2007 Finance Minister Paula Cox instructed the Registrar of Companies to file the petition to wind-up IPOC International Growth Fund and eight related companies. The move was aimed at protecting Bermuda's reputation as a jurisdiction.

Bermuda also received around $22.5 million as its share of $45 million confiscated on 1 May 2008 from IPOC International Growth Fund in a criminal prosecution in the British Virgin Islands, where three IPOC-owned companies were domiciled. In July 2007, Altimo, which is owned by Mikhail Fridman's Alfa Group, won in its dispute with the IPOC International Growth Fund and received ownership of the 25.

1% stake in MegaFon which was formerly owned by LV Finance. Both Altimo and IPOC International Growth Fund jointly decided to "end all court actions and end legal claims against each other." At that time, IPOC through its holdings in TeleComInvest held a 39.

3% share of MegaFon and Alfa Group through Altimo held a 25.1% stake in MegaFon.

------

Zahra and George's model of Shaker

Cohen and Levinthal have focused a lot on investments in R&D to develop ones absorptive capacity, but many other researchers showed later on that several other areas could be explored to develop an organizations absorptive capacity.

This led to a review of the concept by Shaker Zahra and Gerry George and a reformulation of the definition that expanded greatly the concept and further defined it as being made of two different absorptive capacities: potential absorptive capacity and realized absorptive capacity. Their new definition of absorptive capacity is: a set of organizational routines and processes by which firms acquire, assimilate, transform and exploit knowledge to produce a dynamic organizational capability. Potential Absorptive CapacityZahra and George presented the potential absorptive capacity is made of two elements.

First there is knowledge acquisition which refers to a firms capability to identify and acquire externally generated knowledge that is critical to its operations. Second, there is assimilation capability which refers to the firms routines and processes that allow it to analyze, process, interpret and understand the information obtained from external sources. Potential absorptive capacity makes the firm receptive to acquiring and assimilating external knowledge.

Realized Absorptive CapacityRealized absorptive capacity is made up of transformation capability on one hand that can be defined as a firms capability to develop and refine the routines that facilitate combining existing knowledge and the newly acquired and assimilated knowledge. On the other hand, realized absorptive capacity is also made of the exploitation capability of a firm which is basically the capacity of a firm to apply the newly acquired knowledge in product or services that it can get financial benefit from. Realized absorptive capacity is a function of the transformation and exploitation capabilities.

Zahra and George go on to suggest a series of indicators that can be used to evaluate each element of absorptive capacity. Knowledge acquisition capability (the number of years of experience of the R&D department, the amount of R&D investment) Assimilation capability (the number of cross-firm patent citations, the number of citations made in a firms publications to research developed in other firms) Transformation capability (the number of new product ideas, the number of new research projects initiated) Exploitation capability (the number of patent, the number of new product announcements, the length of product development cycle)George and his colleagues (Zou, Ertug, George, 2018) conduct a meta-analysis of absorptive capacity and they find that: (1)Absorptive capacity is a strong predictor of innovation and knowledge transfer, and its effects on financial performance are fully mediated by innovation and knowledge transfer; (2) The firm size-absorptive capacity relationship is positive for small firms but negative for larger firms. The firm age-absorptive capacity relationship is negative for mature firms and not significant for young firms; (3) Social integration mechanisms, knowledge infrastructure, management support, and relational capability all have a positive and significant impact on the absorptive capacity-innovation relationship (whereas they do not find the breadth of external search or competitive intensity to impact that relationship).

Environmental dynamism has a marginally significant negative impact on the absorptive capacity-innovation relationship; and (4) They also find that the absorptive capacity-innovation relationship is stronger when absorptive capacity is measured by surveys rather than when absorptive capacity is measured by archival proxies. A refined model of Absorptive CapacityA more recent contribution proposed to (a) reintroduce the original first component in Cohen and Levinthal's model. The contribution noted (b) that transformation is not a step after assimilation, but represents an alternative process.

Consequently, it suggested that (c) the neat distinction between potential absorptive capacity and realized absorptive capacity does not hold any more. ad (a): Firms often fail to identify and absorb new external knowledge; recognizing the value of new external knowledge is often biased and needs to be fostered; it is not automatic. Managers have often problems in assessing the value of new external knowledge when it is not relevant for the current demands of key customers.

ad (b): Both assimilation and transformation involve some degree of change of the new knowledge and its combination with the existing knowledge. When the new knowledge fits existing cognitive schemas well, it is assimilated. When the new knowledge cannot be assimilated, the cognitive structures must be transformed.

Firms transform their knowledge structures when knowledge cannot be assimilated. Transformation does not follow assimilation, it is an alternative to it. ad (c): As transformation is an alternative to assimilation and not sequential to assimilation, it becomes part of potential absorptive capacity in Zahra and George's model; consequently, realized absorptive capacity simply relabels the component of exploitation.

Further, without the effect of realized capacity, potential capacity cannot have any effect on a firm's competitive advantage; potential absorptive capacity cannot be meaningful separated from realized absorptive capacity in empirical studies on value creation. Accordingly, firms with high levels of absorptive capacity (1) recognize the value of new external knowledge, (2) acquire, (3) assimilate or transform, and (4) exploit new external knowledge. However, Zahra and George argue that the concept has a too broad definition as well as no clear dimensions or scales, evidenced by the variations among different studies that have used the absorptive capacity theory.

Bosch et al. contend that absorptive capacity should not be based only on prior related knowledge, as Cohen and Levinthal originally proposed, but rather, organizational culture and combinative capabilities should be considered as antecedents to a firms absorptive capacity. For example, a business culture that appreciates and supports continued learning has a higher absorptive capacity than other business cultures that do not support individual learning and development.

To further clarify concepts related to the absorptive capacity theory, Wheeler introduced an application derived from the dynamic capability and absorptive capacity theories for business innovations. Wheelers Net-Enabled Business Innovation Cycle facilitates understanding and predicting how firms transform its prior orientation and internal resources associated with net-enablement into business innovation and economical growth.

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Knowledge Related to Shaker Mountain
Knowledge Related to Shaker Mountain
Shaker Mountain, 1,835 feet (559 m), is a prominent peak in the Taconic Mountains of western Massachusetts. The mountain is located in Pittsfield State Forest and is named after the nearby Hancock Shaker Village, a former Shaker religious colony and now a historic site. The summit is wooded and is traversed by the 5 mi (8.0 km) Shaker Trail, a loop trail that begins at the historic site. The mountain is wooded with northern hardwood tree species. Shaker Mountain is located within Hancock, Massachusetts. The Taconic ridgeline continues north from Shaker Mountain as Doll Mountain and west as Holy Mount The mountain drains into Shaker Brook and Lily Brook, thence to the Housatonic River and Long Island Sound. · Other Related Knowledge of boston shaker Hannah Poling of boston shaker Hannah, Jon's daughter, was born in 1999 and received five vaccines in one day in 2000 at the age of 19 months; this occurred because she had fallen behind on her vaccine schedule as a result of a series of ear infections. According to Kathleen Seidel, the Poling family filed a case with the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program on October 25, 2002. In 2006, Jon, along with three other researchers, all of whom were affiliated with Johns Hopkins at the time, published a case report and chart review retrospective series regarding the association of mitochondrial disease and autism in the Journal of Child Neurology. In 2008, after the government conceded his daughter's vaccine injury case, Dr Poling said, Many in the autism community and their champions believe that the result in this case may well signify a landmark decision as it pertains to children developing autism following vaccinations. This still remains to be seen, but currently there are almost 5,000 other cases pending. Hannah's case had originally been placed with the almost 5,000 Autism Omnibus cases pending hearing 5 years before her case was conceded administratively. Others have speculated that in the Poling case, all that was really conceded was that "the vaccines, given to Hannah in 2000, aggravated a pre-existing condition namely, mitochondrial disease that then manifested as autism-like symptoms." Similarly, Rahul K. Parikh contended that ".this was not a case of vaccines causing autism. Rather, this is a case where the court deemed it plausible that vaccines aggravated an underlying disease caused by bad mitochondria, and that some of the symptoms Hannah showed were similar to autism," and Julie Gerberding said, "Let me be very clear that the government has made absolutely no statement indicating that vaccines are a cause of autism." It has also been noted that Hannah's mitochondrial disease is very rare, and that no evidence proves that it is possible for vaccines to cause or worsen mitochondrial diseases, with Chuck Mohan of the United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation noting that "there is very little scientific research in this area." In addition, Paul Offit has argued that the VICP's concession to Hannah was "poorly reasoned" and contended that this program had "turned its back on science" in recent years. Offit also noted that "whereas it is clear that natural infections can exacerbate symptoms of encephalopathy in patients with mitochondrial enzyme deficiencies, no clear evidence exists that vaccines cause similar exacerbations." Another unclear aspect of Hannah's case is whether she had a pre-existing mitochondrial disorder that vaccinations aggravated, or whether vaccinations caused that disorder. Hannah's mother, Terry Poling, has stated that "The government chose to believe the first theory," but added that "We dont know that she had an underlying disorder." However, the Polings' neurologist, Andrew Zimmerman, wrote in a letter to the Polings' attorneys that there was a pre-existing mitochondrial dysfunction. Dr. Zimmerman wrote, "The cause for regressive encephalopathy in Hannah at age 19 months was underlying mitochondrial dysfunction, exacerbated by vaccine-induced fever and immune stimulation that exceeded metabolic energy reserves." On July 21, 2008, Steven Novella posted an article on Neurologica, his blog, in which he briefly mentioned the Poling case, saying, "The case was settled (not judged in Polings favor, but settled) because both sides realized it was a special case that could not be extrapolated to other vaccine-autism cases." In response, Dr. Poling wrote a letter to Dr. Novella in which he states, among other things, that "The only thing unique about my little girls case is the level of medical documentation--5 to 20% of patients with ASDs have mitochondrial dysfunction." Novella's response to this letter, posted on July 23, 2008, argued that "Hannah Polings history has many features that are not typical of autism like a history of otitis media with frequent fevers, seizures, and what sounds like a rare encephalitis that probably did result from vaccines. Even if we put her mitochondrial mutation aside this is not a typical case of autism." On September 3, 2010, autism blogger Matt Carey broke the story about the settlement deal including a $1.5M initial payment and an annuity to cover costs of the life care plan. On September 9, 2010, Sharyl Attkisson also reported that the Poling family were going to receive $1.5 million for the first year alone, and might receive a total of over $20 million over Hannah's lifetime. ------ Background of boston shaker The state of New York approved a piece of legislation which encouraged students to start their school days with the Pledge of Allegiance and a prayer with the text: Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers and our country. Amen.The case was brought by a group of families of public school students in New Hyde Park from the Herricks Union Free School District who sued the school board president William J. Vitale, Jr. The families argued that the voluntary prayer written by the state board of regents to "Almighty God" contradicted their religious beliefs. Led by Steven I. Engel, a Jewish man, the plaintiffs sought to challenge the constitutionality of the state's prayer in school policy. They were supported by groups opposed to the school prayer including rabbinical organizations, Ethical Culture, and Jewish organizations. The acting parties were not members of one particular religious persuasion, or all atheists. Their religious identities were legally identified in court paperwork as two Jews, an atheist, a Unitarian church member, and a member of the New York Society for Ethical Culture. However, despite being listed in the court papers as an atheist, plaintiff Lawrence Roth, who was raised Jewish, later denied that he was an atheist and described himself as religious and a participant of prayer. When religious affiliation was discussed during preparations for the case, Roth claimed he was "a very religious person, but not a churchgoer" and that he that he said prayers but was unsure of what prayer could accomplish. This resulted in the group's lawyer telling him "You're the atheist." Roth later stated "apparently, you have to have an atheist in the crowd, so we started from there." The plaintiffs argued that opening the school day with such a prayer violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution (as applied to the states through the Fourteenth Amendment), which states, in part, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion". The governments of twenty-two states submitted an amicus curiae brief to the Supreme Court urging affirmance of the New York Court of Appeals decision that upheld the constitutionality of the prayer. The American Jewish Committee, the Synagogue Council of America, and the American Ethical Union each submitted briefs urging the Court to instead reverse and rule that the prayer was unconstitutional. ------ Biography of boston shaker Berger is a long-time supporter of alternative energy solutions to global environmental problems. He has repeatedly called attention to the nation's excessive dependence on foreign oil and the huge economic and environmental costs, and risks. He has outlined strategies for a clean, renewable energy economy in his books and articles which have appeared in publications such as Huffington Post, Scientific American, The Boston Globe, The Christian Science Monitor, The Los Angeles Times, Huffington Post, and Renewable Energy World. Berger's writing on energy and natural resource issues has helped to launch the environmental restoration movement, beginning with his book Restoring the Earth in 1985. Education and WorkIn 1966, John J. Berger earned a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science from Stanford University. Prior to his work on energy and the environment, Berger was an innovator in journalism. In 1970, he co-founded Alternative Features Service, Inc. to support the development of alternative and college newspapers and radio stations in the U.S. with syndicated press materials that especially highlighted the creation of alternative institutions, such as free clinics, people's banks, free universities, and alternative housing. In 1976, after publishing his first book, Nuclear Power: The Unviable Option, with introduction by Nobel Laureate Dr. Linus Pauling and a foreword by Senator Mike Gravel, he was invited by David Brower to become Friends of the Earth's Energy Projects Director in San Francisco.: Just a few years later, in 1979, he became a technical editor at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California. The next year, Berger was awarded an MA in Energy and Natural Resources from the University of California, Berkeley. In 1980 and 1981, Berger taught courses in energy technology and policy at Vista College and the University of San Francisco. In 1984, Berger began two years of postgraduate research on land-use policy in Sacramento at the University of California, Davis. In 1985, he published Restoring the Earth: How Americans Are Working to Restore Our Damaged Environment and became the executive director of Restoring the Earth, an environmental organization based in Berkeley, California. Berger then went on to receive a PhD in Ecology from the University of California, Davis in 1990 and served as visiting Associate Professor of Environmental Policy at the Graduate School of Public Affairs of the University of Maryland and Professor of Environmental Science at the University of San Francisco. His awards include: a Switzer Foundation Environmental Fellowship for graduate study, a year-long fellowship for study at the University of Tunis in Tunisia, a summer writing fellowship at the Blue Mountain Center in the Adirondacks; and selection to participate in a summer-study program at the Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory for Genetic Research. Berger is also an independent energy and environmental consultant. He is currently (2016) an Affiliated Research Fellow at UC Berkeley's Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory. ------ Selected publications of boston shaker Poling, J. S.; Karanian, J. W.; Salem Jr, N.; Vicini, S. (1995). "Time- and voltage-dependent block of delayed rectifier potassium channels by docosahexaenoic acid". Molecular Pharmacology. 47 (2): 381390. PMID 7870048.mw-parser-output cite.citationfont-style:inherit.mw-parser-output .citation qquotes:"""""""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registrationcolor:#555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:12px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output code.cs1-codecolor:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none;font-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-errorfont-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-formatfont-size:95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left:0.2em.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-right:0.2em.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inherit Poling, J. S.; Vicini, S.; Rogawski, M. A.; Salem Jr, N. (1996). "Docosahexaenoic acid block of neuronal voltage-gated K channels: Subunit selective antagonism by zinc". Neuropharmacology. 35 (7): 969982. doi:10.1016/0028-3908(96)00127-X. PMID 8938727. Poling, J. S.; Rogawski, M. A.; Salem Jr, N.; Vicini, S. (1996). "Anandamide, an endogenous cannabinoid, inhibits Shaker-related voltage-gated K channels". Neuropharmacology. 35 (7): 983991. doi:10.1016/0028-3908(96)00130-X. PMID 8938728.
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Knowledge Related to Crushed Red Pepper
Knowledge Related to Crushed Red Pepper
Crushed red pepper or red pepper flakes is a condiment or spice consisting of dried and crushed (as opposed to ground) red chili peppers. This condiment is most often produced from cayenne-type peppers, although commercial producers may use a variety of different cultivars, usually within the 30,000-50,000 Scoville unit range. The village of Bukovo, North Macedonia is often credited with the creation of crushed red pepper. The name of the villageor a derivative of itis now used as a name for crushed red pepper in general in a number of Southeast European languages: " /" (bukovska piper/bukovec, Macedonian), "bukovka" (Serbo-Croatian and Slovene) and "" (bkovo, Greek). Crushed red pepper shakers have become a standard on tables at Mediterranean restaurants and especially pizza parlors around the world. Often there is a high ratio of seeds, which are popularly believed to contain the most spice. Crushed red pepper is used by food manufacturers in pickling blends, chowders, spaghetti sauce, pizza sauce, soups and sausage. Crushed red pepper in Turkey, served as a common condiment with very few seeds, is known as pul biber in English. One specially prepared variety of it is the Urfa pul biber (isot). · Other Related Knowledge of Shaker Managerial and coaching career of Shaker BurySmith began his managerial career with Bury in November 1973, taking over from Allan Brown. At the age of 29 he was the youngest manager in the Football League. He had initial success, guiding Bury to promotion from the Fourth Division in the fourth automatic place at the end of the 197374 season. He stabilised the Gigg Lane outfit in the Third Division in 197475 with a 14th-place finish. They went on to finish 13th in 197576, before finishing five points off the promotion places in 197677. He was sacked by Bury on 16 November 1977 after a poor start to the season. The "Shakers" finished the 197778 campaign in 15th place under the stewardship of Bob Stokoe. Port ValeA day after leaving Bury he was appointed as manager of Port Vale. He replaced club legend Roy Sproson, and was given a large war chest to spend after a successful lottery scheme was set up at Vale Park. He took over with the club in 21st place in the Third Division. His first game in charge was a 00 draw with Midland Counties League side Arnold in the First Round of the FA Cup. In January, veteran defender Graham Hawkins was signed as a player-coach from Blackburn Rovers for 6,000. Forward Neville Chamberlain also joined the club as a professional, becoming the club's first black pro. John Froggatt also joined the club, signing from Colchester United for 10,000. Chairman Arthur McPherson celebrated this abandonment of frugality by declaring "we are going places". Local journalist Chris Harper slated the board for their decisions, calling them 'berserk'. Froggatt scored fifteen seconds into his debut in a 40 win over Exeter City. However this would be as good as it got for both Froggatt and Vale that season. In February, Vale beat Fort Lauderdale Strikers in a friendly, but also started a five games sequence without a win. Ged Stenson arrived the next month from Everton for a 'bargain' 3,000, and John Lumsdon joined on loan from Stoke City. Vale improved, and were unbeaten in six of their seven March games, with Chamberlain scoring on his debut. Yet on 28 March they started a club-record streak of twelve home games without a win that would continue into the following season. Encouragement came from the youth side, who reached the Quarter Finals of the FA Youth Cup. With four games to go, Vale were one point clear of the drop, however by losing all of their remaining games the "Valiants" ended the 197778 season in 21st place and were relegated into the Fourth Division. Smith was appointed as manager of Swindon Town in May 1978, with the club having to pay a compensation fee of 10,500 to Port Vale. His assistant, Dennis Butler, stayed on at the club and was appointed as his successor. Swindon TownDespite still being a relatively young manager, Smith guided Swindon to a Third Division promotion challenge in his first season in charge - missing out by three points after losing the last two games of the season. His two signings, Alan Mayes and Andy Rowland, formed a deadly strike partnership, and were both selected on the PFA Team of the Year. The following season Swindon beat Stoke City, Wimbledon and Arsenal to reach the League Cup semi-final. They lost out to Wolverhampton Wanderers when Wolves scored the winner five minutes from the end of the second leg. However Town squandered a promising league position to finish the campaign in tenth place. During the campaign his team recorded an 80 win over former club Bury. Having spent large amounts of money, particularly on 150,000 left-back David Peach and 110,000 midfielder Glenn Cockerill, expectations were high at Swindon for the 198081 season. However, Smith was sacked in October 1980 after Swindon lost their first five games and were stuck in the relegation zone. They finished the campaign in 17th place under the stewardship of John Trollope. Newport CountyIn 1981, he joined the coaching staff at Blackpool and in July 1982 moved to be a coach at Newport County. He was appointed manager of Newport in June 1985, and kept the club rooted to 18th in the Third Division in 198586, before a run of seven straight defeats saw the club hovering above the relegation places and ultimately cost him his job. His replacement John Relish managed to steer the club to safety. CoachingHe coached Cardiff City between 1989 and July 1990 after being brought to the club by manager Frank Burrows. Later that year he became assistant manager to Colin Addison at Hereford United. He joined the coaching staff at Swansea City in March 1991, and the following year manager Frank Burrows appointed him as his assistant. In October 1995 he became manager of Swansea after the departure of Burrows, but resigned just 80 days later in December of the same year. A playing revolt at Vetch Field led to the resignation of his replacement, Kevin Cullis, before the "Swans" finished 199596 in the Second Division relegation zone under the stewardship of Jan Mlby. In 1996 Smith was appointed to the coaching staff at Sheffield Wednesday by David Pleat, where he performed a variety of roles before leaving in the summer of 1999. ------ Cochranites (aka "The Society of Free Brethren and Sisters") of Shaker Jacob Cochran was said to have promoted the restoration of the apostolic Christian church, a popular sentiment at that time. He also claimed success in miracle-working and exorcism. Cochran also instituted holy dancing and a frenzy called reaping in which participants are "thrown into the greatest agitations; a violent exertion of the arms and body, for a long time together.To other violent motions of the arms and body, they give the appellation of winnowing, and separating the chaff from the wheat: another they call, gathering and burning the chaff." Cochran dismissed traditional concepts of marriage, citing passages in the bible where seven wives shared one man. As early as 1818-1819 the group was referring to spiritual wifery. Cochran would assign women to the men since legal marriages were not considered valid. He would also shift these women between men as he saw fit as their prophet. It was said that about half of the women in the group were once assigned to him. Ephraim Stinchfield, who observed the community on a number of occasions, recorded 16 pages of "abominations" including unwed couples staying together, and Cochran's habit of taking young women into private rooms for extended periods of time. After their meeting was over, I retired and spent the rest of the evening with six of this society, one of whom called himself an ordained minister in their society. I had now for the first time, an opportunity of inquiring into their distinguishing peculiar tenets. They, like all other enthusiasts, pretended to light superior to that of any other religious society, since the Apostles; and the power of healing the sick, raising the dead, and casting out devils -- all of which, they said, had been literally performed among them. Extraordinary dreams and visions, they asserted, had been experienced, and wonders wrought. They had private, sometimes dark, meetings; in which none, but such as were bound by oath, to the most inviolable secrecy, not to divulge what was transacted in the meeting, upon penalty of eternal damnation, or of having their names blotted out of the book of life, were admitted. That each brother and sister in this fraternity, has a spiritual husband, wife, mate, or yoke fellow, such as they choose, or their leaders choose for them. These spiritual mates, dissolve, or disannul, all former marriage connections; and many of them bed and board together, to the exclusion of all former vows. Such conduct as this, had not become general, and many of them would deny that such things existed among them, though proved by the most solemn declarating of persons of undoubted veracity. I had, before I left this place, such a discovery of the mystery of iniquity, working to the subverson of all social ties, between husband and wife, parents and children, rulers and ruled, ministers and people; the rising generation corrupted by the introduction of such vicious practices, under a cloak of religion, that it seemed as if I should be constrained to run from house to house, and cry day and night, against the abomination that maketh desolate. Cochran also was working towards a communal order where everything was held in common. However, within a few years, Cochran was eventually convicted of gross lewdness, lascivious behavior, and adultery and spent four years in prison. His followers were once said to be in the thousands, but only a handful remained loyal to their prophet after his imprisonment. A few years after his release from prison, Jacob Cochran established a colony for a portion of his followers, in what is now Grove township, Allegany Co., New York. This little-known group lived in close proximity to several people who later became prominent members within the Latter Day Saint Movement including Warren Cowdery, William Marks and Lyman Wightthe first Mormon branches in Allegany County were established in the area immediately surrounding the Cochranite colony, during the early 1830s. Cochran has been called a "John the Baptist" for Mormonism by Saco Valley historian G.T. Ridlon because so many Cochranites were among those who converted to Mormonism and moved west. Although the Cochranites practiced a type of "spiritual wifery" (see above) which sanctioned multiple female partners for each man in the group, their doctrines did not include the precept of "eternal marriage", and thus differed slightly from Utah Mormon polygamy. Latter Day Saint historical sources indicate that Mormon missionaries were laboring successfully to make converts among Maine's Cochranites as early as 1832: at the Church conference held in Saco, Maine on August 21, 1835, at least seven of the newly ordained apostles were in attendance. John C. Bennett, a leading Mormon who was excommunicated, is credited with introducing the Cochranite term spiritual wifery to Mormonism. Bennett's version of the multiple female partners practice appears to have more closely resembled Jacob Cochran's doctrine than it did the precept of polygamy alleged to exist among the Latter Day Saints.
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Knowledge Related to Shaker Loops
Knowledge Related to Shaker Loops
Shaker Loops is a 1978 composition by American composer John Adams, originally written for string septet. A version for string orchestra followed in 1983 and was first performed in April of that year at Alice Tully Hall, New York, by the American Composers Orchestra, conducted by Michael Tilson Thomas. The original "modular" score, published by Associated Music Publisher, has since been withdrawn and replaced by the 1983 "string orchestra" version. The "string orchestra" version can be played either by a septet of soloists or by a string orchestra of any size, where the violins are divided into 3 parts throughout. The work is in four movements. · Other Related Knowledge of Shaker North America of Shaker Anguilla (British dependent territory) Governor - Alan Hoole, Governor of Anguilla (19951996) Robert Harris, Governor of Anguilla (19962000) Chief Minister - Hubert Hughes, Chief Minister of Anguilla (19942000) Antigua and Barbuda Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Antigua and Barbuda (1981present) Governor-General - Sir James Carlisle, Governor-General of Antigua and Barbuda (19932007) Prime Minister - Lester Bird, Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda (19942004) Aruba (constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Governor - Olindo Koolman, Governor of Aruba (19922004) Prime Minister - Henny Eman, Prime Minister of Aruba (19942001) The Bahamas Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of the Bahamas (1973present) Governor-General - Sir Orville Turnquest, Governor-General of the Bahamas (19952001) Prime Minister - Hubert Ingraham, Prime Minister of the Bahamas (19922002) Barbados Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Barbados (1966present) Governor-General - Sir Denys Williams, Acting Governor-General of Barbados (19951996) Sir Clifford Husbands, Governor-General of Barbados (19962011) Prime Minister - Owen Arthur, Prime Minister of Barbados (19942008) Belize Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Belize (1981present) Governor-General - Sir Colville Young, Governor-General of Belize (1993present) Prime Minister - Manuel Esquivel, Prime Minister of Belize (19931998) Bermuda (British dependent territory) Governor - David Waddington, Baron Waddington, Governor of Bermuda (19921997) Premier - David Saul, Premier of Bermuda (19951997) British Virgin Islands (British dependent territory) Governor - David Mackilligin, Governor of the British Virgin Islands (19951998) Chief Minister - Ralph T. O'Neal, Chief Minister of the British Virgin Islands (19952003) Canada Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada (1952present) Governor General - Romo LeBlanc, Governor General of Canada (19951999) Prime Minister - Jean Chrtien, Prime Minister of Canada (19932003) Cayman Islands (British dependent territory) Governor - John Wynne Owen, Governor of the Cayman Islands (19951999) Head of Government - Truman Bodden, Leader of Government Business of the Cayman Islands (19942000) Costa Rica President - Jos Mara Figueres, President of Costa Rica (19941998) Cuba Communist Party Leader - Fidel Castro, First secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba (19652011) President - Fidel Castro, President of the Council of State of Cuba (19762008) Premier - Fidel Castro, President of the Council of Ministers of Cuba (19592008) Dominica President - Crispin Sorhaindo, President of Dominica (19931998) Prime Minister - Edison James, Prime Minister of Dominica (19952000) Dominican Republic President - Joaqun Balaguer, President of the Dominican Republic (19861996) Leonel Fernndez, President of the Dominican Republic (19962000) El Salvador President - Armando Caldern Sol, President of El Salvador (19941999) Grenada Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Grenada (1974present) Governor-General - Sir Reginald Palmer, Governor-General of Grenada (19921996) Sir Daniel Williams, Governor-General of Grenada (19962008) Prime Minister - Keith Mitchell, Prime Minister of Grenada (19952008) Guatemala President - Ramiro de Len Carpio, President of Guatemala (19931996) lvaro Arz, President of Guatemala (19962000) Haiti President - Jean-Bertrand Aristide, President of Haiti (19941996) Ren Prval, President of Haiti (19962001) Prime Minister Claudette Werleigh, Prime Minister of Haiti (19951996) Rosny Smarth, Prime Minister of Haiti (19961997) Honduras President - Carlos Roberto Reina, President of Honduras (19941998) Jamaica Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Jamaica (1962present) Governor-General - Sir Howard Cooke, Governor-General of Jamaica (19912006) Prime Minister - P. J. Patterson, Prime Minister of Jamaica (19922006) Mexico President - Ernesto Zedillo, President of Mexico (19942000) Montserrat (British dependent territory) Governor - Frank Savage, Governor of Montserrat (19931997) Chief Minister - Reuben Meade, Chief Minister of Montserrat (19911996) Bertrand Osborne, Chief Minister of Montserrat (19961997) Netherlands Antilles (constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Governor - Jaime Saleh, Governor of the Netherlands Antilles (19902002) Prime Minister - Miguel Arcangel Pourier, Prime Minister of the Netherlands Antilles (19941998) Nicaragua President - Violeta Chamorro, President of Nicaragua (19901997) Panama President - Ernesto Prez Balladares, President of Panama (19941999) Saint Kitts and Nevis Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Kitts and Nevis (1983present) Governor-General - Sir Cuthbert Sebastian, Governor-General of Saint Kitts and Nevis (19962013) Prime Minister - Denzil Douglas, Prime Minister of Saint Kitts and Nevis (19952015) Saint Lucia Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Lucia (1979present) Governor-General - Sir Stanislaus A. James, Governor-General of Saint Lucia (19881996) George Mallet, Governor-General of Saint Lucia (19961997) Prime Minister - John Compton, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia (19821996) Vaughan Lewis, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia (19961997) Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Territorial collectivity of France) Prefect - Ren Maurice, Prefect of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (19941996) Jean-Franois Carenco, Prefect of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (19961997) President of the General Council - Grard Grignon, President of the General Council of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (19941996) Bernard Le Soavec, President of the General Council of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (19962000) Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (1979present) Governor-General - Sir David Emmanuel Jack, Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (19891996) Sir Charles Antrobus, Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (19962002) Prime Minister - Sir James Fitz-Allen Mitchell, Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (19842000) Trinidad and Tobago President - Noor Hassanali, President of Trinidad and Tobago (19871997) Prime Minister - Basdeo Panday, Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (19952001) Turks and Caicos Islands (British dependent territory) Governor - Martin Bourke, Governor of the Turks and Caicos Islands (19931996) John Kelly, Governor of the Turks and Caicos Islands (19962000) Chief Minister - Derek Hugh Taylor, Chief Minister of the Turks and Caicos Islands (19952003) United States of America President - Bill Clinton, President of the United States (19932001) Puerto Rico (Commonwealth of the United States) Governor - Pedro Rossell, Governor of Puerto Rico (19932001) United States Virgin Islands (Insular area of the United States) Governor - Roy Schneider, Governor of the United States Virgin Islands (19951999) ------ Published works of Shaker Ibur is the author of Both Wings Flappin, Still Not Flyin (2014) and The Little Mrs./Misses (2017), both from PenUltimate Press, Inc. Ibur, Jane, "Us and Them" in Teaching the Arts Behind Bars, ed. Rachel Marie-Crane Williams, (Boston: Northeastern University Press, 2003), 96-105. Literary anthologies"Stray Dogs," "Cat Nap," The First Anthology of Missouri Women Writers, Sheba Review, Inc., Jefferson City, MO, 1987. "If Only," If I Had A Hammer: Women's Work in Poetry, Fiction and Photographs, Papier-Mache Press, Watsonville, CA, 1990. "If Only," The Book of Wisdom, Multnomah Publishers, Inc., Sisters, OR, 1997. "God On Noah," "Grandmother And Me," First Harvest, Brodsky Library Press, St. Louis, MO, 1997. "Remains," Animals in Poetry, Sarasota Poetry Theatre Press, Sarasota, FL, 2001. "Tea," Drumvoices Review Special 10th Anniversary Anthology of Poetry, Fiction and Drama, Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL, 2003. "Gangrene," "The Great Toe," Reflections on a Life With Diabetes: A Memoir in Many Voices, Virtualbookworm.com Publishing Inc., College Station, TX, 2004. "Mrs. Abraham," "Mrs. Stand-in," "Shooting Stars" "Mom & Frank," New Harvest, Brodsky Library Press, St. Louis, MO, 2005. "Daze," Blindness Isnt Black, VSA Arts of Missouri Press, St. Louis, MO, 2009. "Mrs. Noahs Seduction," "Third Year," "Mrs. Noahs Sing-a-long," Winter Harvest, Brodsky Library Press, St Louis, MO, 2011.Literary magazines"After Apple Picking," River Styx, No. 5 World Myths (1979), Big River Association Press, St. Louis, MO. "Chair," "Teeth," Webster Review, Vol. 5, No. 2 (1980), Webster College Press, St. Louis, MO. "She Locks Her Memories," "World's Rim," Phantasmagoria, Vol. II, No. 2 (1981), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "How High Is Maybe," Pastiche, Vol. II, Nos. 9 and 10 (1981), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "Augusta," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. VIII, No. 2 (1981), Saint Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "A Hat Converses With Its Head," Pastiche, Vol. II, Nos. 11 and 12 (1981), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "Dear Daughter, Dear Mother," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. IX, No. 1 (1982), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "The Home With No Means Of Access," Phantasmagoria, Vol. III, No. 1 (1982), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "Office Hours," Pastiche, Vol. III, Nos. 1 and 2 (1982), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "The Girl In The Closet," "The Honk," Slipstream,Vol. III (1983), Slipstream Publications, Niagara Falls, NY. "Click Your Heels," "I Been Sick So Long, It's Begun To Be A Song To Me," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. X, No. 1 (1983), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Haunted," Writer's Information Rhyme Time (1985), Rhyme time/Story time/Mystery time Press, Coeur d'Alene, ID. "The Honk," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. XII, No. 1 (1986), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Family Life," Soulard Culture Squad Review, No. 1 (1986), St. Louis, MO. "A Man Leans Forward," Crazyquilt, Vol. II, No. 3 (1987), Crazyquilt Press, San Diego, CA. "He Took It With Him," Radical Bones, Vol. I, No. 1 (1987), Nanora Sweet Press, St. Louis, MO. "His Bread I Eat, His Song I Sing," "Ingestion," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. XIV, No. 1 (1987), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "The Crying House," Saint Louis Home Magazine (1987), Pershing Publishing Corporation, St. Louis, MO. "My Fathers Secret Life," Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Poetry (1989), Putnam Press, St. Louis, MO. "Corn," "Phone," "Plate," "Glove," "Cards," "River," "Mirror," "Shoes," Webster Review, Vol. XIV, No. 1 (1989), Webster University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Your Face," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. XVI, No. 1 (1989), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Friday Nights," "Sparrows," River Styx, No. 32 (1990), Big River Association Press, St. Louis, MO. "Rebirth," Literati Internazionale, Vol. I, No. 1 (1991), McGraw-Beauchamp Publications, Chicago, IL. "Pieces of My Soul," Break Bread With The World: A Commemorative Collection Of Poems/Anecdotes/Commentaries (1991), Parks Publishing Corporation, East St. Louis, IL. "Spinner Sponn," "Hot Dog Kind of Girl," Spitball, No. 43 (1993), McNaughton & Gunn, Inc. Publications, Cincinnati, OH. "Augusta," Webster Review, No. 17 (1993), Webster University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Ham," Earths Daughters, No. 43/44 (1994), Something Press, Buffalo, NY. "Bowl," California State Poetry Quarterly, Vol. 21, No. 4 (1995), Kimberly Press Inc., Orange, CA. "Water," "God On Noah," Sagarin Review, Vol. 5 (1995), St. Louis College of Jewish Studies Press, St. Louis, MO. "Slaughter," Work, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Fall/Winter 1995/96), Wagging Tale Publications, San Francisco, CA . "Wounds," Mediphors, No. 6. (Fall/Winter 1995), Mediphors Inc., Bloomsburg, PA. "Amtrak Disaster," "Dream Catcher," Eyeball, No. 4. (1997), First Civilizations Inc., St. Louis, MO. "Mrs. Paladin," "Mrs. Rifleman," River Styx, No. 54 (1999), Big River Association Press, St. Louis, MO. "Tea," "1970," "Undress," Drumvoices Review: A Confluence of Literary, Cultural and Vision Arts, Vol. 8, Nos. 1 and 2 (1999), Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL. "Half the Problem," Drumvoices Review: Words from 15 Cities Poetic Voices of Contemporary Urban Cultures, Vol. 9, Nos. 1 and 2 (2000), Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL. "Water," "Cutting Toenails," Sagarin Review, Vol. 5 (2002), St. Louis College of Jewish Studies Press, St. Louis, MO. "Just," Natural Bridge, No. 9 (2003), University of Missouri Press, St. Louis, MO. "Mrs. Noah Looks Back," Runes A Review of Poetry: Storm Issue (2004), Arctos Press, Sausalito, CA. "Forbidden," Lilith, Vol. 30, No. 2 (2005), Lilith Publications, Inc., New York, NY. "Grief," "Night Creatures," "Wings Moist from the Other World," Natural Bridge, No. 15 (2006), University of Missouri Press, St. Louis, MO. "Hibiscus," "The Skull," Boulevard, Vol. 21, Nos. 62 and 63 (2006), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Frying Pan," River Styx, No. 76/77 (2008), Big River Association Press, St. Louis, MO. "Mrs. Noah 3:27," Souwester (2009), Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL. "Mrs. Noah: Lost and Found," Folio, Winter 2010 (2009), American University Press, Washington, DC. "Tea," Drumvoices Review: A Confluence of Literary, Cultural and Vision Arts, Vol. 17 (2011), Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL.
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Knowledge Related to Shaker Mountain
Knowledge Related to Shaker Mountain
Shaker Mountain, 1,835 feet (559 m), is a prominent peak in the Taconic Mountains of western Massachusetts. The mountain is located in Pittsfield State Forest and is named after the nearby Hancock Shaker Village, a former Shaker religious colony and now a historic site. The summit is wooded and is traversed by the 5 mi (8.0 km) Shaker Trail, a loop trail that begins at the historic site. The mountain is wooded with northern hardwood tree species. Shaker Mountain is located within Hancock, Massachusetts. The Taconic ridgeline continues north from Shaker Mountain as Doll Mountain and west as Holy Mount The mountain drains into Shaker Brook and Lily Brook, thence to the Housatonic River and Long Island Sound. · Other Related Knowledge of boston shaker Hannah Poling of boston shaker Hannah, Jon's daughter, was born in 1999 and received five vaccines in one day in 2000 at the age of 19 months; this occurred because she had fallen behind on her vaccine schedule as a result of a series of ear infections. According to Kathleen Seidel, the Poling family filed a case with the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program on October 25, 2002. In 2006, Jon, along with three other researchers, all of whom were affiliated with Johns Hopkins at the time, published a case report and chart review retrospective series regarding the association of mitochondrial disease and autism in the Journal of Child Neurology. In 2008, after the government conceded his daughter's vaccine injury case, Dr Poling said, Many in the autism community and their champions believe that the result in this case may well signify a landmark decision as it pertains to children developing autism following vaccinations. This still remains to be seen, but currently there are almost 5,000 other cases pending. Hannah's case had originally been placed with the almost 5,000 Autism Omnibus cases pending hearing 5 years before her case was conceded administratively. Others have speculated that in the Poling case, all that was really conceded was that "the vaccines, given to Hannah in 2000, aggravated a pre-existing condition namely, mitochondrial disease that then manifested as autism-like symptoms." Similarly, Rahul K. Parikh contended that ".this was not a case of vaccines causing autism. Rather, this is a case where the court deemed it plausible that vaccines aggravated an underlying disease caused by bad mitochondria, and that some of the symptoms Hannah showed were similar to autism," and Julie Gerberding said, "Let me be very clear that the government has made absolutely no statement indicating that vaccines are a cause of autism." It has also been noted that Hannah's mitochondrial disease is very rare, and that no evidence proves that it is possible for vaccines to cause or worsen mitochondrial diseases, with Chuck Mohan of the United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation noting that "there is very little scientific research in this area." In addition, Paul Offit has argued that the VICP's concession to Hannah was "poorly reasoned" and contended that this program had "turned its back on science" in recent years. Offit also noted that "whereas it is clear that natural infections can exacerbate symptoms of encephalopathy in patients with mitochondrial enzyme deficiencies, no clear evidence exists that vaccines cause similar exacerbations." Another unclear aspect of Hannah's case is whether she had a pre-existing mitochondrial disorder that vaccinations aggravated, or whether vaccinations caused that disorder. Hannah's mother, Terry Poling, has stated that "The government chose to believe the first theory," but added that "We dont know that she had an underlying disorder." However, the Polings' neurologist, Andrew Zimmerman, wrote in a letter to the Polings' attorneys that there was a pre-existing mitochondrial dysfunction. Dr. Zimmerman wrote, "The cause for regressive encephalopathy in Hannah at age 19 months was underlying mitochondrial dysfunction, exacerbated by vaccine-induced fever and immune stimulation that exceeded metabolic energy reserves." On July 21, 2008, Steven Novella posted an article on Neurologica, his blog, in which he briefly mentioned the Poling case, saying, "The case was settled (not judged in Polings favor, but settled) because both sides realized it was a special case that could not be extrapolated to other vaccine-autism cases." In response, Dr. Poling wrote a letter to Dr. Novella in which he states, among other things, that "The only thing unique about my little girls case is the level of medical documentation--5 to 20% of patients with ASDs have mitochondrial dysfunction." Novella's response to this letter, posted on July 23, 2008, argued that "Hannah Polings history has many features that are not typical of autism like a history of otitis media with frequent fevers, seizures, and what sounds like a rare encephalitis that probably did result from vaccines. Even if we put her mitochondrial mutation aside this is not a typical case of autism." On September 3, 2010, autism blogger Matt Carey broke the story about the settlement deal including a $1.5M initial payment and an annuity to cover costs of the life care plan. On September 9, 2010, Sharyl Attkisson also reported that the Poling family were going to receive $1.5 million for the first year alone, and might receive a total of over $20 million over Hannah's lifetime. ------ Background of boston shaker The state of New York approved a piece of legislation which encouraged students to start their school days with the Pledge of Allegiance and a prayer with the text: Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers and our country. Amen.The case was brought by a group of families of public school students in New Hyde Park from the Herricks Union Free School District who sued the school board president William J. Vitale, Jr. The families argued that the voluntary prayer written by the state board of regents to "Almighty God" contradicted their religious beliefs. Led by Steven I. Engel, a Jewish man, the plaintiffs sought to challenge the constitutionality of the state's prayer in school policy. They were supported by groups opposed to the school prayer including rabbinical organizations, Ethical Culture, and Jewish organizations. The acting parties were not members of one particular religious persuasion, or all atheists. Their religious identities were legally identified in court paperwork as two Jews, an atheist, a Unitarian church member, and a member of the New York Society for Ethical Culture. However, despite being listed in the court papers as an atheist, plaintiff Lawrence Roth, who was raised Jewish, later denied that he was an atheist and described himself as religious and a participant of prayer. When religious affiliation was discussed during preparations for the case, Roth claimed he was "a very religious person, but not a churchgoer" and that he that he said prayers but was unsure of what prayer could accomplish. This resulted in the group's lawyer telling him "You're the atheist." Roth later stated "apparently, you have to have an atheist in the crowd, so we started from there." The plaintiffs argued that opening the school day with such a prayer violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution (as applied to the states through the Fourteenth Amendment), which states, in part, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion". The governments of twenty-two states submitted an amicus curiae brief to the Supreme Court urging affirmance of the New York Court of Appeals decision that upheld the constitutionality of the prayer. The American Jewish Committee, the Synagogue Council of America, and the American Ethical Union each submitted briefs urging the Court to instead reverse and rule that the prayer was unconstitutional. ------ Biography of boston shaker Berger is a long-time supporter of alternative energy solutions to global environmental problems. He has repeatedly called attention to the nation's excessive dependence on foreign oil and the huge economic and environmental costs, and risks. He has outlined strategies for a clean, renewable energy economy in his books and articles which have appeared in publications such as Huffington Post, Scientific American, The Boston Globe, The Christian Science Monitor, The Los Angeles Times, Huffington Post, and Renewable Energy World. Berger's writing on energy and natural resource issues has helped to launch the environmental restoration movement, beginning with his book Restoring the Earth in 1985. Education and WorkIn 1966, John J. Berger earned a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science from Stanford University. Prior to his work on energy and the environment, Berger was an innovator in journalism. In 1970, he co-founded Alternative Features Service, Inc. to support the development of alternative and college newspapers and radio stations in the U.S. with syndicated press materials that especially highlighted the creation of alternative institutions, such as free clinics, people's banks, free universities, and alternative housing. In 1976, after publishing his first book, Nuclear Power: The Unviable Option, with introduction by Nobel Laureate Dr. Linus Pauling and a foreword by Senator Mike Gravel, he was invited by David Brower to become Friends of the Earth's Energy Projects Director in San Francisco.: Just a few years later, in 1979, he became a technical editor at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California. The next year, Berger was awarded an MA in Energy and Natural Resources from the University of California, Berkeley. In 1980 and 1981, Berger taught courses in energy technology and policy at Vista College and the University of San Francisco. In 1984, Berger began two years of postgraduate research on land-use policy in Sacramento at the University of California, Davis. In 1985, he published Restoring the Earth: How Americans Are Working to Restore Our Damaged Environment and became the executive director of Restoring the Earth, an environmental organization based in Berkeley, California. Berger then went on to receive a PhD in Ecology from the University of California, Davis in 1990 and served as visiting Associate Professor of Environmental Policy at the Graduate School of Public Affairs of the University of Maryland and Professor of Environmental Science at the University of San Francisco. His awards include: a Switzer Foundation Environmental Fellowship for graduate study, a year-long fellowship for study at the University of Tunis in Tunisia, a summer writing fellowship at the Blue Mountain Center in the Adirondacks; and selection to participate in a summer-study program at the Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory for Genetic Research. Berger is also an independent energy and environmental consultant. He is currently (2016) an Affiliated Research Fellow at UC Berkeley's Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory. ------ Selected publications of boston shaker Poling, J. S.; Karanian, J. W.; Salem Jr, N.; Vicini, S. (1995). "Time- and voltage-dependent block of delayed rectifier potassium channels by docosahexaenoic acid". Molecular Pharmacology. 47 (2): 381390. PMID 7870048.mw-parser-output cite.citationfont-style:inherit.mw-parser-output .citation qquotes:"""""""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registrationcolor:#555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:12px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output code.cs1-codecolor:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none;font-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-errorfont-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-formatfont-size:95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left:0.2em.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-right:0.2em.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inherit Poling, J. S.; Vicini, S.; Rogawski, M. A.; Salem Jr, N. (1996). "Docosahexaenoic acid block of neuronal voltage-gated K channels: Subunit selective antagonism by zinc". Neuropharmacology. 35 (7): 969982. doi:10.1016/0028-3908(96)00127-X. PMID 8938727. Poling, J. S.; Rogawski, M. A.; Salem Jr, N.; Vicini, S. (1996). "Anandamide, an endogenous cannabinoid, inhibits Shaker-related voltage-gated K channels". Neuropharmacology. 35 (7): 983991. doi:10.1016/0028-3908(96)00130-X. PMID 8938728.
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Knowledge Related to Shaker Loops
Knowledge Related to Shaker Loops
Shaker Loops is a 1978 composition by American composer John Adams, originally written for string septet. A version for string orchestra followed in 1983 and was first performed in April of that year at Alice Tully Hall, New York, by the American Composers Orchestra, conducted by Michael Tilson Thomas. The original "modular" score, published by Associated Music Publisher, has since been withdrawn and replaced by the 1983 "string orchestra" version. The "string orchestra" version can be played either by a septet of soloists or by a string orchestra of any size, where the violins are divided into 3 parts throughout. The work is in four movements. · Other Related Knowledge of Shaker North America of Shaker Anguilla (British dependent territory) Governor - Alan Hoole, Governor of Anguilla (19951996) Robert Harris, Governor of Anguilla (19962000) Chief Minister - Hubert Hughes, Chief Minister of Anguilla (19942000) Antigua and Barbuda Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Antigua and Barbuda (1981present) Governor-General - Sir James Carlisle, Governor-General of Antigua and Barbuda (19932007) Prime Minister - Lester Bird, Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda (19942004) Aruba (constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Governor - Olindo Koolman, Governor of Aruba (19922004) Prime Minister - Henny Eman, Prime Minister of Aruba (19942001) The Bahamas Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of the Bahamas (1973present) Governor-General - Sir Orville Turnquest, Governor-General of the Bahamas (19952001) Prime Minister - Hubert Ingraham, Prime Minister of the Bahamas (19922002) Barbados Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Barbados (1966present) Governor-General - Sir Denys Williams, Acting Governor-General of Barbados (19951996) Sir Clifford Husbands, Governor-General of Barbados (19962011) Prime Minister - Owen Arthur, Prime Minister of Barbados (19942008) Belize Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Belize (1981present) Governor-General - Sir Colville Young, Governor-General of Belize (1993present) Prime Minister - Manuel Esquivel, Prime Minister of Belize (19931998) Bermuda (British dependent territory) Governor - David Waddington, Baron Waddington, Governor of Bermuda (19921997) Premier - David Saul, Premier of Bermuda (19951997) British Virgin Islands (British dependent territory) Governor - David Mackilligin, Governor of the British Virgin Islands (19951998) Chief Minister - Ralph T. O'Neal, Chief Minister of the British Virgin Islands (19952003) Canada Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada (1952present) Governor General - Romo LeBlanc, Governor General of Canada (19951999) Prime Minister - Jean Chrtien, Prime Minister of Canada (19932003) Cayman Islands (British dependent territory) Governor - John Wynne Owen, Governor of the Cayman Islands (19951999) Head of Government - Truman Bodden, Leader of Government Business of the Cayman Islands (19942000) Costa Rica President - Jos Mara Figueres, President of Costa Rica (19941998) Cuba Communist Party Leader - Fidel Castro, First secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba (19652011) President - Fidel Castro, President of the Council of State of Cuba (19762008) Premier - Fidel Castro, President of the Council of Ministers of Cuba (19592008) Dominica President - Crispin Sorhaindo, President of Dominica (19931998) Prime Minister - Edison James, Prime Minister of Dominica (19952000) Dominican Republic President - Joaqun Balaguer, President of the Dominican Republic (19861996) Leonel Fernndez, President of the Dominican Republic (19962000) El Salvador President - Armando Caldern Sol, President of El Salvador (19941999) Grenada Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Grenada (1974present) Governor-General - Sir Reginald Palmer, Governor-General of Grenada (19921996) Sir Daniel Williams, Governor-General of Grenada (19962008) Prime Minister - Keith Mitchell, Prime Minister of Grenada (19952008) Guatemala President - Ramiro de Len Carpio, President of Guatemala (19931996) lvaro Arz, President of Guatemala (19962000) Haiti President - Jean-Bertrand Aristide, President of Haiti (19941996) Ren Prval, President of Haiti (19962001) Prime Minister Claudette Werleigh, Prime Minister of Haiti (19951996) Rosny Smarth, Prime Minister of Haiti (19961997) Honduras President - Carlos Roberto Reina, President of Honduras (19941998) Jamaica Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Jamaica (1962present) Governor-General - Sir Howard Cooke, Governor-General of Jamaica (19912006) Prime Minister - P. J. Patterson, Prime Minister of Jamaica (19922006) Mexico President - Ernesto Zedillo, President of Mexico (19942000) Montserrat (British dependent territory) Governor - Frank Savage, Governor of Montserrat (19931997) Chief Minister - Reuben Meade, Chief Minister of Montserrat (19911996) Bertrand Osborne, Chief Minister of Montserrat (19961997) Netherlands Antilles (constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Governor - Jaime Saleh, Governor of the Netherlands Antilles (19902002) Prime Minister - Miguel Arcangel Pourier, Prime Minister of the Netherlands Antilles (19941998) Nicaragua President - Violeta Chamorro, President of Nicaragua (19901997) Panama President - Ernesto Prez Balladares, President of Panama (19941999) Saint Kitts and Nevis Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Kitts and Nevis (1983present) Governor-General - Sir Cuthbert Sebastian, Governor-General of Saint Kitts and Nevis (19962013) Prime Minister - Denzil Douglas, Prime Minister of Saint Kitts and Nevis (19952015) Saint Lucia Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Lucia (1979present) Governor-General - Sir Stanislaus A. James, Governor-General of Saint Lucia (19881996) George Mallet, Governor-General of Saint Lucia (19961997) Prime Minister - John Compton, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia (19821996) Vaughan Lewis, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia (19961997) Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Territorial collectivity of France) Prefect - Ren Maurice, Prefect of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (19941996) Jean-Franois Carenco, Prefect of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (19961997) President of the General Council - Grard Grignon, President of the General Council of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (19941996) Bernard Le Soavec, President of the General Council of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (19962000) Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (1979present) Governor-General - Sir David Emmanuel Jack, Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (19891996) Sir Charles Antrobus, Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (19962002) Prime Minister - Sir James Fitz-Allen Mitchell, Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (19842000) Trinidad and Tobago President - Noor Hassanali, President of Trinidad and Tobago (19871997) Prime Minister - Basdeo Panday, Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (19952001) Turks and Caicos Islands (British dependent territory) Governor - Martin Bourke, Governor of the Turks and Caicos Islands (19931996) John Kelly, Governor of the Turks and Caicos Islands (19962000) Chief Minister - Derek Hugh Taylor, Chief Minister of the Turks and Caicos Islands (19952003) United States of America President - Bill Clinton, President of the United States (19932001) Puerto Rico (Commonwealth of the United States) Governor - Pedro Rossell, Governor of Puerto Rico (19932001) United States Virgin Islands (Insular area of the United States) Governor - Roy Schneider, Governor of the United States Virgin Islands (19951999) ------ Published works of Shaker Ibur is the author of Both Wings Flappin, Still Not Flyin (2014) and The Little Mrs./Misses (2017), both from PenUltimate Press, Inc. Ibur, Jane, "Us and Them" in Teaching the Arts Behind Bars, ed. Rachel Marie-Crane Williams, (Boston: Northeastern University Press, 2003), 96-105. Literary anthologies"Stray Dogs," "Cat Nap," The First Anthology of Missouri Women Writers, Sheba Review, Inc., Jefferson City, MO, 1987. "If Only," If I Had A Hammer: Women's Work in Poetry, Fiction and Photographs, Papier-Mache Press, Watsonville, CA, 1990. "If Only," The Book of Wisdom, Multnomah Publishers, Inc., Sisters, OR, 1997. "God On Noah," "Grandmother And Me," First Harvest, Brodsky Library Press, St. Louis, MO, 1997. "Remains," Animals in Poetry, Sarasota Poetry Theatre Press, Sarasota, FL, 2001. "Tea," Drumvoices Review Special 10th Anniversary Anthology of Poetry, Fiction and Drama, Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL, 2003. "Gangrene," "The Great Toe," Reflections on a Life With Diabetes: A Memoir in Many Voices, Virtualbookworm.com Publishing Inc., College Station, TX, 2004. "Mrs. Abraham," "Mrs. Stand-in," "Shooting Stars" "Mom & Frank," New Harvest, Brodsky Library Press, St. Louis, MO, 2005. "Daze," Blindness Isnt Black, VSA Arts of Missouri Press, St. Louis, MO, 2009. "Mrs. Noahs Seduction," "Third Year," "Mrs. Noahs Sing-a-long," Winter Harvest, Brodsky Library Press, St Louis, MO, 2011.Literary magazines"After Apple Picking," River Styx, No. 5 World Myths (1979), Big River Association Press, St. Louis, MO. "Chair," "Teeth," Webster Review, Vol. 5, No. 2 (1980), Webster College Press, St. Louis, MO. "She Locks Her Memories," "World's Rim," Phantasmagoria, Vol. II, No. 2 (1981), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "How High Is Maybe," Pastiche, Vol. II, Nos. 9 and 10 (1981), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "Augusta," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. VIII, No. 2 (1981), Saint Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "A Hat Converses With Its Head," Pastiche, Vol. II, Nos. 11 and 12 (1981), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "Dear Daughter, Dear Mother," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. IX, No. 1 (1982), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "The Home With No Means Of Access," Phantasmagoria, Vol. III, No. 1 (1982), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "Office Hours," Pastiche, Vol. III, Nos. 1 and 2 (1982), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "The Girl In The Closet," "The Honk," Slipstream,Vol. III (1983), Slipstream Publications, Niagara Falls, NY. "Click Your Heels," "I Been Sick So Long, It's Begun To Be A Song To Me," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. X, No. 1 (1983), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Haunted," Writer's Information Rhyme Time (1985), Rhyme time/Story time/Mystery time Press, Coeur d'Alene, ID. "The Honk," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. XII, No. 1 (1986), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Family Life," Soulard Culture Squad Review, No. 1 (1986), St. Louis, MO. "A Man Leans Forward," Crazyquilt, Vol. II, No. 3 (1987), Crazyquilt Press, San Diego, CA. "He Took It With Him," Radical Bones, Vol. I, No. 1 (1987), Nanora Sweet Press, St. Louis, MO. "His Bread I Eat, His Song I Sing," "Ingestion," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. XIV, No. 1 (1987), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "The Crying House," Saint Louis Home Magazine (1987), Pershing Publishing Corporation, St. Louis, MO. "My Fathers Secret Life," Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Poetry (1989), Putnam Press, St. Louis, MO. "Corn," "Phone," "Plate," "Glove," "Cards," "River," "Mirror," "Shoes," Webster Review, Vol. XIV, No. 1 (1989), Webster University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Your Face," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. XVI, No. 1 (1989), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Friday Nights," "Sparrows," River Styx, No. 32 (1990), Big River Association Press, St. Louis, MO. "Rebirth," Literati Internazionale, Vol. I, No. 1 (1991), McGraw-Beauchamp Publications, Chicago, IL. "Pieces of My Soul," Break Bread With The World: A Commemorative Collection Of Poems/Anecdotes/Commentaries (1991), Parks Publishing Corporation, East St. Louis, IL. "Spinner Sponn," "Hot Dog Kind of Girl," Spitball, No. 43 (1993), McNaughton & Gunn, Inc. Publications, Cincinnati, OH. "Augusta," Webster Review, No. 17 (1993), Webster University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Ham," Earths Daughters, No. 43/44 (1994), Something Press, Buffalo, NY. "Bowl," California State Poetry Quarterly, Vol. 21, No. 4 (1995), Kimberly Press Inc., Orange, CA. "Water," "God On Noah," Sagarin Review, Vol. 5 (1995), St. Louis College of Jewish Studies Press, St. Louis, MO. "Slaughter," Work, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Fall/Winter 1995/96), Wagging Tale Publications, San Francisco, CA . "Wounds," Mediphors, No. 6. (Fall/Winter 1995), Mediphors Inc., Bloomsburg, PA. "Amtrak Disaster," "Dream Catcher," Eyeball, No. 4. (1997), First Civilizations Inc., St. Louis, MO. "Mrs. Paladin," "Mrs. Rifleman," River Styx, No. 54 (1999), Big River Association Press, St. Louis, MO. "Tea," "1970," "Undress," Drumvoices Review: A Confluence of Literary, Cultural and Vision Arts, Vol. 8, Nos. 1 and 2 (1999), Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL. "Half the Problem," Drumvoices Review: Words from 15 Cities Poetic Voices of Contemporary Urban Cultures, Vol. 9, Nos. 1 and 2 (2000), Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL. "Water," "Cutting Toenails," Sagarin Review, Vol. 5 (2002), St. Louis College of Jewish Studies Press, St. Louis, MO. "Just," Natural Bridge, No. 9 (2003), University of Missouri Press, St. Louis, MO. "Mrs. Noah Looks Back," Runes A Review of Poetry: Storm Issue (2004), Arctos Press, Sausalito, CA. "Forbidden," Lilith, Vol. 30, No. 2 (2005), Lilith Publications, Inc., New York, NY. "Grief," "Night Creatures," "Wings Moist from the Other World," Natural Bridge, No. 15 (2006), University of Missouri Press, St. Louis, MO. "Hibiscus," "The Skull," Boulevard, Vol. 21, Nos. 62 and 63 (2006), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Frying Pan," River Styx, No. 76/77 (2008), Big River Association Press, St. Louis, MO. "Mrs. Noah 3:27," Souwester (2009), Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL. "Mrs. Noah: Lost and Found," Folio, Winter 2010 (2009), American University Press, Washington, DC. "Tea," Drumvoices Review: A Confluence of Literary, Cultural and Vision Arts, Vol. 17 (2011), Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL.
2021 03 23
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Mindful Drinking Is in and an Alcohol-free Cocktail Might Just Be What You Need
Mindful Drinking Is in and an Alcohol-free Cocktail Might Just Be What You Need
The festive season is fast approaching yet for many it is greeted with a certainamount of apprehension.With movements such as Go Sober For October and DryJanuary involving increasing numbers of people, mindful drinking is the buzzword about town.Often, the non-drinker of a party is made to feel inadequate in some way an afterthought whodoesnt deserve any special treatment.Even the word abstaining seems to imply a penance.But things are changing.There has been a shift in attitude towards alcohol recently and many young people are drinking less and demanding more for their tastebuds.I think pub owners are beginning to address the need for a range of more grown up alcohol-free drinks.Obviously a pub makes money from wet sales, yet, no alcohol doesnt mean less profit these days.We have all been the non-drinker at times, whether its down to pregnancy, watching our weight or sugar intake,being the driver,or simply a desire to cut down and wake up rested and alert.It seems that customers are prepared to spend money on something interesting and more thoughtful, that they can drink throughout the evening, when going alcohol free.I have found in thepast that the culprit for tedious drinking has not been theabsence of alcohol, but the lacklustre beverage I have had to sip with a sinking heart. It leaves me wondering, howIwill manage all nightAs a pub owner and somebody who lovesthe complexity of wine, the bitter notes of beer, a too-often sugary alternativedoesnt make the grade, especially with food.WhatI miss when alcohol is removed isthe texture and depth of flavour, and this is where the cocktail can come into its own.Yes, there are good non-alcoholic beers to be had, and a range of interesting mixers that are great to have as back up, but so many delicious concoctions can be made from what we have in the garden or storecupboard.It is fun to experiment and play, as well as being easier on the pocket.My pub hasnt particularly noticed a move towards more mindful drinking outside sober October and dry January, yet there is definitely a cultural shift with the younger generation coming into pubs.I think the new drinkingpalate craves a cleaner taste, with zingyflavours and textures, and just a small addition or an unusual ingredient can transform the mundane to the surprising.Botanicals are the new byword for mixologists making non-alcoholic cocktails interesting,but that can simplybe translated at home into tea infusions or herb and flower syrups.Smoky lapsang souchong can give a hint of the peat found in singlemalts, while Montmorency cherryconcentrate can impart a fruity acidity and depth without sweetness.There is nothing more wonderful than to offer non drinking guests a lovingly created drink to make them feel welcome and part of the gang, and equally to createsomething that compliments any food youhave put time and effort into making.Below is one of my favourite autumnal recipes, blending luscious pear with warm notes of woody rosemary.Non-alcoholicrevelling this season can be a grown up, delicious andsophisticatedaffair with just a little imagination and fun.This is an elegant drink foran autumn evening, as the shadows beginto lengthen and a chill appears in the air.For me, a ripe pear is a luscious and fragrant treat, particularly when paired with a hint of warm, woody rosemary.You will need: tumbler, shaker, strainer60ml pear juice from 2 small pears, or good quality shop-bought pear juice (not from concentrate)30ml freshly squeezed lemon juice25ml Simple Herb Syrup made with rosemary (recipe below)Ice cubesSparkling waterA sprig of rosemary and a slice of pear to garnishCombine the pear juice, lemon juice and rosemary syrup in a cocktail shaker with ice, and shake well.Strain into a rocks glass and top with a splash of sparkling water.Garnish with a sprig of rosemary and a slice of pear. For a longer drink, add more water and a dash of lemonade.The intensity of a herbs flavourvaries throughout the year, so you might need to experiment with these lovely syrups.Just use a teaspoon to test the strength as it simmers, and adjust as necessary.200g sugar200ml waterYour herb/flower of choice, for example:Put the sugar and water in a pan ona low heat, stirring constantly, untilthe sugar dissolves.Bring the syrupto a simmer, add your chosen herb orflower and then continue to simmerfor a further 510 minutes.Remove from the heat and allow to cool.Strain the syrup into a sterilized bottle.
2021 03 23
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Knowledge Related to Shaker Loops
Knowledge Related to Shaker Loops
Shaker Loops is a 1978 composition by American composer John Adams, originally written for string septet. A version for string orchestra followed in 1983 and was first performed in April of that year at Alice Tully Hall, New York, by the American Composers Orchestra, conducted by Michael Tilson Thomas. The original "modular" score, published by Associated Music Publisher, has since been withdrawn and replaced by the 1983 "string orchestra" version. The "string orchestra" version can be played either by a septet of soloists or by a string orchestra of any size, where the violins are divided into 3 parts throughout. The work is in four movements. · Other Related Knowledge of Shaker North America of Shaker Anguilla (British dependent territory) Governor - Alan Hoole, Governor of Anguilla (19951996) Robert Harris, Governor of Anguilla (19962000) Chief Minister - Hubert Hughes, Chief Minister of Anguilla (19942000) Antigua and Barbuda Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Antigua and Barbuda (1981present) Governor-General - Sir James Carlisle, Governor-General of Antigua and Barbuda (19932007) Prime Minister - Lester Bird, Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda (19942004) Aruba (constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Governor - Olindo Koolman, Governor of Aruba (19922004) Prime Minister - Henny Eman, Prime Minister of Aruba (19942001) The Bahamas Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of the Bahamas (1973present) Governor-General - Sir Orville Turnquest, Governor-General of the Bahamas (19952001) Prime Minister - Hubert Ingraham, Prime Minister of the Bahamas (19922002) Barbados Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Barbados (1966present) Governor-General - Sir Denys Williams, Acting Governor-General of Barbados (19951996) Sir Clifford Husbands, Governor-General of Barbados (19962011) Prime Minister - Owen Arthur, Prime Minister of Barbados (19942008) Belize Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Belize (1981present) Governor-General - Sir Colville Young, Governor-General of Belize (1993present) Prime Minister - Manuel Esquivel, Prime Minister of Belize (19931998) Bermuda (British dependent territory) Governor - David Waddington, Baron Waddington, Governor of Bermuda (19921997) Premier - David Saul, Premier of Bermuda (19951997) British Virgin Islands (British dependent territory) Governor - David Mackilligin, Governor of the British Virgin Islands (19951998) Chief Minister - Ralph T. O'Neal, Chief Minister of the British Virgin Islands (19952003) Canada Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada (1952present) Governor General - Romo LeBlanc, Governor General of Canada (19951999) Prime Minister - Jean Chrtien, Prime Minister of Canada (19932003) Cayman Islands (British dependent territory) Governor - John Wynne Owen, Governor of the Cayman Islands (19951999) Head of Government - Truman Bodden, Leader of Government Business of the Cayman Islands (19942000) Costa Rica President - Jos Mara Figueres, President of Costa Rica (19941998) Cuba Communist Party Leader - Fidel Castro, First secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba (19652011) President - Fidel Castro, President of the Council of State of Cuba (19762008) Premier - Fidel Castro, President of the Council of Ministers of Cuba (19592008) Dominica President - Crispin Sorhaindo, President of Dominica (19931998) Prime Minister - Edison James, Prime Minister of Dominica (19952000) Dominican Republic President - Joaqun Balaguer, President of the Dominican Republic (19861996) Leonel Fernndez, President of the Dominican Republic (19962000) El Salvador President - Armando Caldern Sol, President of El Salvador (19941999) Grenada Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Grenada (1974present) Governor-General - Sir Reginald Palmer, Governor-General of Grenada (19921996) Sir Daniel Williams, Governor-General of Grenada (19962008) Prime Minister - Keith Mitchell, Prime Minister of Grenada (19952008) Guatemala President - Ramiro de Len Carpio, President of Guatemala (19931996) lvaro Arz, President of Guatemala (19962000) Haiti President - Jean-Bertrand Aristide, President of Haiti (19941996) Ren Prval, President of Haiti (19962001) Prime Minister Claudette Werleigh, Prime Minister of Haiti (19951996) Rosny Smarth, Prime Minister of Haiti (19961997) Honduras President - Carlos Roberto Reina, President of Honduras (19941998) Jamaica Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Jamaica (1962present) Governor-General - Sir Howard Cooke, Governor-General of Jamaica (19912006) Prime Minister - P. J. Patterson, Prime Minister of Jamaica (19922006) Mexico President - Ernesto Zedillo, President of Mexico (19942000) Montserrat (British dependent territory) Governor - Frank Savage, Governor of Montserrat (19931997) Chief Minister - Reuben Meade, Chief Minister of Montserrat (19911996) Bertrand Osborne, Chief Minister of Montserrat (19961997) Netherlands Antilles (constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Governor - Jaime Saleh, Governor of the Netherlands Antilles (19902002) Prime Minister - Miguel Arcangel Pourier, Prime Minister of the Netherlands Antilles (19941998) Nicaragua President - Violeta Chamorro, President of Nicaragua (19901997) Panama President - Ernesto Prez Balladares, President of Panama (19941999) Saint Kitts and Nevis Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Kitts and Nevis (1983present) Governor-General - Sir Cuthbert Sebastian, Governor-General of Saint Kitts and Nevis (19962013) Prime Minister - Denzil Douglas, Prime Minister of Saint Kitts and Nevis (19952015) Saint Lucia Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Lucia (1979present) Governor-General - Sir Stanislaus A. James, Governor-General of Saint Lucia (19881996) George Mallet, Governor-General of Saint Lucia (19961997) Prime Minister - John Compton, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia (19821996) Vaughan Lewis, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia (19961997) Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Territorial collectivity of France) Prefect - Ren Maurice, Prefect of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (19941996) Jean-Franois Carenco, Prefect of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (19961997) President of the General Council - Grard Grignon, President of the General Council of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (19941996) Bernard Le Soavec, President of the General Council of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (19962000) Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (1979present) Governor-General - Sir David Emmanuel Jack, Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (19891996) Sir Charles Antrobus, Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (19962002) Prime Minister - Sir James Fitz-Allen Mitchell, Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (19842000) Trinidad and Tobago President - Noor Hassanali, President of Trinidad and Tobago (19871997) Prime Minister - Basdeo Panday, Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (19952001) Turks and Caicos Islands (British dependent territory) Governor - Martin Bourke, Governor of the Turks and Caicos Islands (19931996) John Kelly, Governor of the Turks and Caicos Islands (19962000) Chief Minister - Derek Hugh Taylor, Chief Minister of the Turks and Caicos Islands (19952003) United States of America President - Bill Clinton, President of the United States (19932001) Puerto Rico (Commonwealth of the United States) Governor - Pedro Rossell, Governor of Puerto Rico (19932001) United States Virgin Islands (Insular area of the United States) Governor - Roy Schneider, Governor of the United States Virgin Islands (19951999) ------ Published works of Shaker Ibur is the author of Both Wings Flappin, Still Not Flyin (2014) and The Little Mrs./Misses (2017), both from PenUltimate Press, Inc. Ibur, Jane, "Us and Them" in Teaching the Arts Behind Bars, ed. Rachel Marie-Crane Williams, (Boston: Northeastern University Press, 2003), 96-105. Literary anthologies"Stray Dogs," "Cat Nap," The First Anthology of Missouri Women Writers, Sheba Review, Inc., Jefferson City, MO, 1987. "If Only," If I Had A Hammer: Women's Work in Poetry, Fiction and Photographs, Papier-Mache Press, Watsonville, CA, 1990. "If Only," The Book of Wisdom, Multnomah Publishers, Inc., Sisters, OR, 1997. "God On Noah," "Grandmother And Me," First Harvest, Brodsky Library Press, St. Louis, MO, 1997. "Remains," Animals in Poetry, Sarasota Poetry Theatre Press, Sarasota, FL, 2001. "Tea," Drumvoices Review Special 10th Anniversary Anthology of Poetry, Fiction and Drama, Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL, 2003. "Gangrene," "The Great Toe," Reflections on a Life With Diabetes: A Memoir in Many Voices, Virtualbookworm.com Publishing Inc., College Station, TX, 2004. "Mrs. Abraham," "Mrs. Stand-in," "Shooting Stars" "Mom & Frank," New Harvest, Brodsky Library Press, St. Louis, MO, 2005. "Daze," Blindness Isnt Black, VSA Arts of Missouri Press, St. Louis, MO, 2009. "Mrs. Noahs Seduction," "Third Year," "Mrs. Noahs Sing-a-long," Winter Harvest, Brodsky Library Press, St Louis, MO, 2011.Literary magazines"After Apple Picking," River Styx, No. 5 World Myths (1979), Big River Association Press, St. Louis, MO. "Chair," "Teeth," Webster Review, Vol. 5, No. 2 (1980), Webster College Press, St. Louis, MO. "She Locks Her Memories," "World's Rim," Phantasmagoria, Vol. II, No. 2 (1981), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "How High Is Maybe," Pastiche, Vol. II, Nos. 9 and 10 (1981), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "Augusta," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. VIII, No. 2 (1981), Saint Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "A Hat Converses With Its Head," Pastiche, Vol. II, Nos. 11 and 12 (1981), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "Dear Daughter, Dear Mother," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. IX, No. 1 (1982), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "The Home With No Means Of Access," Phantasmagoria, Vol. III, No. 1 (1982), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "Office Hours," Pastiche, Vol. III, Nos. 1 and 2 (1982), Pin Prick Press, Shaker Heights, OH. "The Girl In The Closet," "The Honk," Slipstream,Vol. III (1983), Slipstream Publications, Niagara Falls, NY. "Click Your Heels," "I Been Sick So Long, It's Begun To Be A Song To Me," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. X, No. 1 (1983), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Haunted," Writer's Information Rhyme Time (1985), Rhyme time/Story time/Mystery time Press, Coeur d'Alene, ID. "The Honk," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. XII, No. 1 (1986), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Family Life," Soulard Culture Squad Review, No. 1 (1986), St. Louis, MO. "A Man Leans Forward," Crazyquilt, Vol. II, No. 3 (1987), Crazyquilt Press, San Diego, CA. "He Took It With Him," Radical Bones, Vol. I, No. 1 (1987), Nanora Sweet Press, St. Louis, MO. "His Bread I Eat, His Song I Sing," "Ingestion," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. XIV, No. 1 (1987), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "The Crying House," Saint Louis Home Magazine (1987), Pershing Publishing Corporation, St. Louis, MO. "My Fathers Secret Life," Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Poetry (1989), Putnam Press, St. Louis, MO. "Corn," "Phone," "Plate," "Glove," "Cards," "River," "Mirror," "Shoes," Webster Review, Vol. XIV, No. 1 (1989), Webster University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Your Face," Eads Bridge: A Literary Review, Vol. XVI, No. 1 (1989), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Friday Nights," "Sparrows," River Styx, No. 32 (1990), Big River Association Press, St. Louis, MO. "Rebirth," Literati Internazionale, Vol. I, No. 1 (1991), McGraw-Beauchamp Publications, Chicago, IL. "Pieces of My Soul," Break Bread With The World: A Commemorative Collection Of Poems/Anecdotes/Commentaries (1991), Parks Publishing Corporation, East St. Louis, IL. "Spinner Sponn," "Hot Dog Kind of Girl," Spitball, No. 43 (1993), McNaughton & Gunn, Inc. Publications, Cincinnati, OH. "Augusta," Webster Review, No. 17 (1993), Webster University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Ham," Earths Daughters, No. 43/44 (1994), Something Press, Buffalo, NY. "Bowl," California State Poetry Quarterly, Vol. 21, No. 4 (1995), Kimberly Press Inc., Orange, CA. "Water," "God On Noah," Sagarin Review, Vol. 5 (1995), St. Louis College of Jewish Studies Press, St. Louis, MO. "Slaughter," Work, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Fall/Winter 1995/96), Wagging Tale Publications, San Francisco, CA . "Wounds," Mediphors, No. 6. (Fall/Winter 1995), Mediphors Inc., Bloomsburg, PA. "Amtrak Disaster," "Dream Catcher," Eyeball, No. 4. (1997), First Civilizations Inc., St. Louis, MO. "Mrs. Paladin," "Mrs. Rifleman," River Styx, No. 54 (1999), Big River Association Press, St. Louis, MO. "Tea," "1970," "Undress," Drumvoices Review: A Confluence of Literary, Cultural and Vision Arts, Vol. 8, Nos. 1 and 2 (1999), Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL. "Half the Problem," Drumvoices Review: Words from 15 Cities Poetic Voices of Contemporary Urban Cultures, Vol. 9, Nos. 1 and 2 (2000), Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL. "Water," "Cutting Toenails," Sagarin Review, Vol. 5 (2002), St. Louis College of Jewish Studies Press, St. Louis, MO. "Just," Natural Bridge, No. 9 (2003), University of Missouri Press, St. Louis, MO. "Mrs. Noah Looks Back," Runes A Review of Poetry: Storm Issue (2004), Arctos Press, Sausalito, CA. "Forbidden," Lilith, Vol. 30, No. 2 (2005), Lilith Publications, Inc., New York, NY. "Grief," "Night Creatures," "Wings Moist from the Other World," Natural Bridge, No. 15 (2006), University of Missouri Press, St. Louis, MO. "Hibiscus," "The Skull," Boulevard, Vol. 21, Nos. 62 and 63 (2006), St. Louis University Press, St. Louis, MO. "Frying Pan," River Styx, No. 76/77 (2008), Big River Association Press, St. Louis, MO. "Mrs. Noah 3:27," Souwester (2009), Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL. "Mrs. Noah: Lost and Found," Folio, Winter 2010 (2009), American University Press, Washington, DC. "Tea," Drumvoices Review: A Confluence of Literary, Cultural and Vision Arts, Vol. 17 (2011), Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, IL.
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Knowledge Related to Crushed Red Pepper
Knowledge Related to Crushed Red Pepper
Crushed red pepper or red pepper flakes is a condiment or spice consisting of dried and crushed (as opposed to ground) red chili peppers. This condiment is most often produced from cayenne-type peppers, although commercial producers may use a variety of different cultivars, usually within the 30,000-50,000 Scoville unit range. The village of Bukovo, North Macedonia is often credited with the creation of crushed red pepper. The name of the villageor a derivative of itis now used as a name for crushed red pepper in general in a number of Southeast European languages: " /" (bukovska piper/bukovec, Macedonian), "bukovka" (Serbo-Croatian and Slovene) and "" (bkovo, Greek). Crushed red pepper shakers have become a standard on tables at Mediterranean restaurants and especially pizza parlors around the world. Often there is a high ratio of seeds, which are popularly believed to contain the most spice. Crushed red pepper is used by food manufacturers in pickling blends, chowders, spaghetti sauce, pizza sauce, soups and sausage. Crushed red pepper in Turkey, served as a common condiment with very few seeds, is known as pul biber in English. One specially prepared variety of it is the Urfa pul biber (isot). · Other Related Knowledge of Shaker Managerial and coaching career of Shaker BurySmith began his managerial career with Bury in November 1973, taking over from Allan Brown. At the age of 29 he was the youngest manager in the Football League. He had initial success, guiding Bury to promotion from the Fourth Division in the fourth automatic place at the end of the 197374 season. He stabilised the Gigg Lane outfit in the Third Division in 197475 with a 14th-place finish. They went on to finish 13th in 197576, before finishing five points off the promotion places in 197677. He was sacked by Bury on 16 November 1977 after a poor start to the season. The "Shakers" finished the 197778 campaign in 15th place under the stewardship of Bob Stokoe. Port ValeA day after leaving Bury he was appointed as manager of Port Vale. He replaced club legend Roy Sproson, and was given a large war chest to spend after a successful lottery scheme was set up at Vale Park. He took over with the club in 21st place in the Third Division. His first game in charge was a 00 draw with Midland Counties League side Arnold in the First Round of the FA Cup. In January, veteran defender Graham Hawkins was signed as a player-coach from Blackburn Rovers for 6,000. Forward Neville Chamberlain also joined the club as a professional, becoming the club's first black pro. John Froggatt also joined the club, signing from Colchester United for 10,000. Chairman Arthur McPherson celebrated this abandonment of frugality by declaring "we are going places". Local journalist Chris Harper slated the board for their decisions, calling them 'berserk'. Froggatt scored fifteen seconds into his debut in a 40 win over Exeter City. However this would be as good as it got for both Froggatt and Vale that season. In February, Vale beat Fort Lauderdale Strikers in a friendly, but also started a five games sequence without a win. Ged Stenson arrived the next month from Everton for a 'bargain' 3,000, and John Lumsdon joined on loan from Stoke City. Vale improved, and were unbeaten in six of their seven March games, with Chamberlain scoring on his debut. Yet on 28 March they started a club-record streak of twelve home games without a win that would continue into the following season. Encouragement came from the youth side, who reached the Quarter Finals of the FA Youth Cup. With four games to go, Vale were one point clear of the drop, however by losing all of their remaining games the "Valiants" ended the 197778 season in 21st place and were relegated into the Fourth Division. Smith was appointed as manager of Swindon Town in May 1978, with the club having to pay a compensation fee of 10,500 to Port Vale. His assistant, Dennis Butler, stayed on at the club and was appointed as his successor. Swindon TownDespite still being a relatively young manager, Smith guided Swindon to a Third Division promotion challenge in his first season in charge - missing out by three points after losing the last two games of the season. His two signings, Alan Mayes and Andy Rowland, formed a deadly strike partnership, and were both selected on the PFA Team of the Year. The following season Swindon beat Stoke City, Wimbledon and Arsenal to reach the League Cup semi-final. They lost out to Wolverhampton Wanderers when Wolves scored the winner five minutes from the end of the second leg. However Town squandered a promising league position to finish the campaign in tenth place. During the campaign his team recorded an 80 win over former club Bury. Having spent large amounts of money, particularly on 150,000 left-back David Peach and 110,000 midfielder Glenn Cockerill, expectations were high at Swindon for the 198081 season. However, Smith was sacked in October 1980 after Swindon lost their first five games and were stuck in the relegation zone. They finished the campaign in 17th place under the stewardship of John Trollope. Newport CountyIn 1981, he joined the coaching staff at Blackpool and in July 1982 moved to be a coach at Newport County. He was appointed manager of Newport in June 1985, and kept the club rooted to 18th in the Third Division in 198586, before a run of seven straight defeats saw the club hovering above the relegation places and ultimately cost him his job. His replacement John Relish managed to steer the club to safety. CoachingHe coached Cardiff City between 1989 and July 1990 after being brought to the club by manager Frank Burrows. Later that year he became assistant manager to Colin Addison at Hereford United. He joined the coaching staff at Swansea City in March 1991, and the following year manager Frank Burrows appointed him as his assistant. In October 1995 he became manager of Swansea after the departure of Burrows, but resigned just 80 days later in December of the same year. A playing revolt at Vetch Field led to the resignation of his replacement, Kevin Cullis, before the "Swans" finished 199596 in the Second Division relegation zone under the stewardship of Jan Mlby. In 1996 Smith was appointed to the coaching staff at Sheffield Wednesday by David Pleat, where he performed a variety of roles before leaving in the summer of 1999. ------ Cochranites (aka "The Society of Free Brethren and Sisters") of Shaker Jacob Cochran was said to have promoted the restoration of the apostolic Christian church, a popular sentiment at that time. He also claimed success in miracle-working and exorcism. Cochran also instituted holy dancing and a frenzy called reaping in which participants are "thrown into the greatest agitations; a violent exertion of the arms and body, for a long time together.To other violent motions of the arms and body, they give the appellation of winnowing, and separating the chaff from the wheat: another they call, gathering and burning the chaff." Cochran dismissed traditional concepts of marriage, citing passages in the bible where seven wives shared one man. As early as 1818-1819 the group was referring to spiritual wifery. Cochran would assign women to the men since legal marriages were not considered valid. He would also shift these women between men as he saw fit as their prophet. It was said that about half of the women in the group were once assigned to him. Ephraim Stinchfield, who observed the community on a number of occasions, recorded 16 pages of "abominations" including unwed couples staying together, and Cochran's habit of taking young women into private rooms for extended periods of time. After their meeting was over, I retired and spent the rest of the evening with six of this society, one of whom called himself an ordained minister in their society. I had now for the first time, an opportunity of inquiring into their distinguishing peculiar tenets. They, like all other enthusiasts, pretended to light superior to that of any other religious society, since the Apostles; and the power of healing the sick, raising the dead, and casting out devils -- all of which, they said, had been literally performed among them. Extraordinary dreams and visions, they asserted, had been experienced, and wonders wrought. They had private, sometimes dark, meetings; in which none, but such as were bound by oath, to the most inviolable secrecy, not to divulge what was transacted in the meeting, upon penalty of eternal damnation, or of having their names blotted out of the book of life, were admitted. That each brother and sister in this fraternity, has a spiritual husband, wife, mate, or yoke fellow, such as they choose, or their leaders choose for them. These spiritual mates, dissolve, or disannul, all former marriage connections; and many of them bed and board together, to the exclusion of all former vows. Such conduct as this, had not become general, and many of them would deny that such things existed among them, though proved by the most solemn declarating of persons of undoubted veracity. I had, before I left this place, such a discovery of the mystery of iniquity, working to the subverson of all social ties, between husband and wife, parents and children, rulers and ruled, ministers and people; the rising generation corrupted by the introduction of such vicious practices, under a cloak of religion, that it seemed as if I should be constrained to run from house to house, and cry day and night, against the abomination that maketh desolate. Cochran also was working towards a communal order where everything was held in common. However, within a few years, Cochran was eventually convicted of gross lewdness, lascivious behavior, and adultery and spent four years in prison. His followers were once said to be in the thousands, but only a handful remained loyal to their prophet after his imprisonment. A few years after his release from prison, Jacob Cochran established a colony for a portion of his followers, in what is now Grove township, Allegany Co., New York. This little-known group lived in close proximity to several people who later became prominent members within the Latter Day Saint Movement including Warren Cowdery, William Marks and Lyman Wightthe first Mormon branches in Allegany County were established in the area immediately surrounding the Cochranite colony, during the early 1830s. Cochran has been called a "John the Baptist" for Mormonism by Saco Valley historian G.T. Ridlon because so many Cochranites were among those who converted to Mormonism and moved west. Although the Cochranites practiced a type of "spiritual wifery" (see above) which sanctioned multiple female partners for each man in the group, their doctrines did not include the precept of "eternal marriage", and thus differed slightly from Utah Mormon polygamy. Latter Day Saint historical sources indicate that Mormon missionaries were laboring successfully to make converts among Maine's Cochranites as early as 1832: at the Church conference held in Saco, Maine on August 21, 1835, at least seven of the newly ordained apostles were in attendance. John C. Bennett, a leading Mormon who was excommunicated, is credited with introducing the Cochranite term spiritual wifery to Mormonism. Bennett's version of the multiple female partners practice appears to have more closely resembled Jacob Cochran's doctrine than it did the precept of polygamy alleged to exist among the Latter Day Saints.
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Knowledge Related to Shaker Mountain
Knowledge Related to Shaker Mountain
Shaker Mountain, 1,835 feet (559 m), is a prominent peak in the Taconic Mountains of western Massachusetts. The mountain is located in Pittsfield State Forest and is named after the nearby Hancock Shaker Village, a former Shaker religious colony and now a historic site. The summit is wooded and is traversed by the 5 mi (8.0 km) Shaker Trail, a loop trail that begins at the historic site. The mountain is wooded with northern hardwood tree species. Shaker Mountain is located within Hancock, Massachusetts. The Taconic ridgeline continues north from Shaker Mountain as Doll Mountain and west as Holy Mount The mountain drains into Shaker Brook and Lily Brook, thence to the Housatonic River and Long Island Sound. · Other Related Knowledge of boston shaker Hannah Poling of boston shaker Hannah, Jon's daughter, was born in 1999 and received five vaccines in one day in 2000 at the age of 19 months; this occurred because she had fallen behind on her vaccine schedule as a result of a series of ear infections. According to Kathleen Seidel, the Poling family filed a case with the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program on October 25, 2002. In 2006, Jon, along with three other researchers, all of whom were affiliated with Johns Hopkins at the time, published a case report and chart review retrospective series regarding the association of mitochondrial disease and autism in the Journal of Child Neurology. In 2008, after the government conceded his daughter's vaccine injury case, Dr Poling said, Many in the autism community and their champions believe that the result in this case may well signify a landmark decision as it pertains to children developing autism following vaccinations. This still remains to be seen, but currently there are almost 5,000 other cases pending. Hannah's case had originally been placed with the almost 5,000 Autism Omnibus cases pending hearing 5 years before her case was conceded administratively. Others have speculated that in the Poling case, all that was really conceded was that "the vaccines, given to Hannah in 2000, aggravated a pre-existing condition namely, mitochondrial disease that then manifested as autism-like symptoms." Similarly, Rahul K. Parikh contended that ".this was not a case of vaccines causing autism. Rather, this is a case where the court deemed it plausible that vaccines aggravated an underlying disease caused by bad mitochondria, and that some of the symptoms Hannah showed were similar to autism," and Julie Gerberding said, "Let me be very clear that the government has made absolutely no statement indicating that vaccines are a cause of autism." It has also been noted that Hannah's mitochondrial disease is very rare, and that no evidence proves that it is possible for vaccines to cause or worsen mitochondrial diseases, with Chuck Mohan of the United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation noting that "there is very little scientific research in this area." In addition, Paul Offit has argued that the VICP's concession to Hannah was "poorly reasoned" and contended that this program had "turned its back on science" in recent years. Offit also noted that "whereas it is clear that natural infections can exacerbate symptoms of encephalopathy in patients with mitochondrial enzyme deficiencies, no clear evidence exists that vaccines cause similar exacerbations." Another unclear aspect of Hannah's case is whether she had a pre-existing mitochondrial disorder that vaccinations aggravated, or whether vaccinations caused that disorder. Hannah's mother, Terry Poling, has stated that "The government chose to believe the first theory," but added that "We dont know that she had an underlying disorder." However, the Polings' neurologist, Andrew Zimmerman, wrote in a letter to the Polings' attorneys that there was a pre-existing mitochondrial dysfunction. Dr. Zimmerman wrote, "The cause for regressive encephalopathy in Hannah at age 19 months was underlying mitochondrial dysfunction, exacerbated by vaccine-induced fever and immune stimulation that exceeded metabolic energy reserves." On July 21, 2008, Steven Novella posted an article on Neurologica, his blog, in which he briefly mentioned the Poling case, saying, "The case was settled (not judged in Polings favor, but settled) because both sides realized it was a special case that could not be extrapolated to other vaccine-autism cases." In response, Dr. Poling wrote a letter to Dr. Novella in which he states, among other things, that "The only thing unique about my little girls case is the level of medical documentation--5 to 20% of patients with ASDs have mitochondrial dysfunction." Novella's response to this letter, posted on July 23, 2008, argued that "Hannah Polings history has many features that are not typical of autism like a history of otitis media with frequent fevers, seizures, and what sounds like a rare encephalitis that probably did result from vaccines. Even if we put her mitochondrial mutation aside this is not a typical case of autism." On September 3, 2010, autism blogger Matt Carey broke the story about the settlement deal including a $1.5M initial payment and an annuity to cover costs of the life care plan. On September 9, 2010, Sharyl Attkisson also reported that the Poling family were going to receive $1.5 million for the first year alone, and might receive a total of over $20 million over Hannah's lifetime. ------ Background of boston shaker The state of New York approved a piece of legislation which encouraged students to start their school days with the Pledge of Allegiance and a prayer with the text: Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers and our country. Amen.The case was brought by a group of families of public school students in New Hyde Park from the Herricks Union Free School District who sued the school board president William J. Vitale, Jr. The families argued that the voluntary prayer written by the state board of regents to "Almighty God" contradicted their religious beliefs. Led by Steven I. Engel, a Jewish man, the plaintiffs sought to challenge the constitutionality of the state's prayer in school policy. They were supported by groups opposed to the school prayer including rabbinical organizations, Ethical Culture, and Jewish organizations. The acting parties were not members of one particular religious persuasion, or all atheists. Their religious identities were legally identified in court paperwork as two Jews, an atheist, a Unitarian church member, and a member of the New York Society for Ethical Culture. However, despite being listed in the court papers as an atheist, plaintiff Lawrence Roth, who was raised Jewish, later denied that he was an atheist and described himself as religious and a participant of prayer. When religious affiliation was discussed during preparations for the case, Roth claimed he was "a very religious person, but not a churchgoer" and that he that he said prayers but was unsure of what prayer could accomplish. This resulted in the group's lawyer telling him "You're the atheist." Roth later stated "apparently, you have to have an atheist in the crowd, so we started from there." The plaintiffs argued that opening the school day with such a prayer violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution (as applied to the states through the Fourteenth Amendment), which states, in part, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion". The governments of twenty-two states submitted an amicus curiae brief to the Supreme Court urging affirmance of the New York Court of Appeals decision that upheld the constitutionality of the prayer. The American Jewish Committee, the Synagogue Council of America, and the American Ethical Union each submitted briefs urging the Court to instead reverse and rule that the prayer was unconstitutional. ------ Biography of boston shaker Berger is a long-time supporter of alternative energy solutions to global environmental problems. He has repeatedly called attention to the nation's excessive dependence on foreign oil and the huge economic and environmental costs, and risks. He has outlined strategies for a clean, renewable energy economy in his books and articles which have appeared in publications such as Huffington Post, Scientific American, The Boston Globe, The Christian Science Monitor, The Los Angeles Times, Huffington Post, and Renewable Energy World. Berger's writing on energy and natural resource issues has helped to launch the environmental restoration movement, beginning with his book Restoring the Earth in 1985. Education and WorkIn 1966, John J. Berger earned a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science from Stanford University. Prior to his work on energy and the environment, Berger was an innovator in journalism. In 1970, he co-founded Alternative Features Service, Inc. to support the development of alternative and college newspapers and radio stations in the U.S. with syndicated press materials that especially highlighted the creation of alternative institutions, such as free clinics, people's banks, free universities, and alternative housing. In 1976, after publishing his first book, Nuclear Power: The Unviable Option, with introduction by Nobel Laureate Dr. Linus Pauling and a foreword by Senator Mike Gravel, he was invited by David Brower to become Friends of the Earth's Energy Projects Director in San Francisco.: Just a few years later, in 1979, he became a technical editor at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California. The next year, Berger was awarded an MA in Energy and Natural Resources from the University of California, Berkeley. In 1980 and 1981, Berger taught courses in energy technology and policy at Vista College and the University of San Francisco. In 1984, Berger began two years of postgraduate research on land-use policy in Sacramento at the University of California, Davis. In 1985, he published Restoring the Earth: How Americans Are Working to Restore Our Damaged Environment and became the executive director of Restoring the Earth, an environmental organization based in Berkeley, California. Berger then went on to receive a PhD in Ecology from the University of California, Davis in 1990 and served as visiting Associate Professor of Environmental Policy at the Graduate School of Public Affairs of the University of Maryland and Professor of Environmental Science at the University of San Francisco. His awards include: a Switzer Foundation Environmental Fellowship for graduate study, a year-long fellowship for study at the University of Tunis in Tunisia, a summer writing fellowship at the Blue Mountain Center in the Adirondacks; and selection to participate in a summer-study program at the Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory for Genetic Research. Berger is also an independent energy and environmental consultant. He is currently (2016) an Affiliated Research Fellow at UC Berkeley's Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory. ------ Selected publications of boston shaker Poling, J. S.; Karanian, J. W.; Salem Jr, N.; Vicini, S. (1995). "Time- and voltage-dependent block of delayed rectifier potassium channels by docosahexaenoic acid". Molecular Pharmacology. 47 (2): 381390. PMID 7870048.mw-parser-output cite.citationfont-style:inherit.mw-parser-output .citation qquotes:"""""""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registrationcolor:#555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:12px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output code.cs1-codecolor:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none;font-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-errorfont-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-formatfont-size:95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left:0.2em.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-right:0.2em.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inherit Poling, J. S.; Vicini, S.; Rogawski, M. A.; Salem Jr, N. (1996). "Docosahexaenoic acid block of neuronal voltage-gated K channels: Subunit selective antagonism by zinc". Neuropharmacology. 35 (7): 969982. doi:10.1016/0028-3908(96)00127-X. PMID 8938727. Poling, J. S.; Rogawski, M. A.; Salem Jr, N.; Vicini, S. (1996). "Anandamide, an endogenous cannabinoid, inhibits Shaker-related voltage-gated K channels". Neuropharmacology. 35 (7): 983991. doi:10.1016/0028-3908(96)00130-X. PMID 8938728.
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Country Fresh Milk  Healthy and Fresh
Country Fresh Milk Healthy and Fresh
Cows milk is one of the most consumed drinks worldwide, either in the form of smoothies, milk shakes, desserts, sweets, cakes or just plain milk. Many research studies have shown that the high protein content in cows milk may not be digestible by the human body and therefore is not scientifically considered an ideal drink. However, the usage of the cows milk since age old times in a number of different ways and healthy ancestors prove most of these theories are almost wrong. India is one of the countries which uses this product in huge quantities. Milk and its other derivative products are considered to be one of the essential ingredients in every Indian household. Indians consume milk in the form of daily drinks such as plain milk, tea, coffee, childrens drinks etc. and other forms such as yoghurt, cheese, cottage cheese, desserts, sweets etc. Children are given cows milk since their young days and drinking milk is considered a normal social norm in the Indian society. Though doctors advise not to give any milk other than mothers breast milk to kids, a number of Indian families start giving cows milk to their children right from the time of birth. Country fresh milk is given huge importance too, since it is mostly considered unadulterated and organic.Unlike age old times where almost every house hold had a few cows, now people prefer to buy milk from milk manufacturers and cow breeders. Big brands and business groups usually establish huge farms with a large number of cows and mass produce milk. Some of the brands which produce the best milk in India, houses green spacious and large acres of farms to rear cows, and they provide these cows with healthy fodder and green grass which helps in producing healthy milk. Such milk has no artificial milk supply boosters in the form of hormone injections or other chemicals.It is essential that the cows milk is organic and healthy. Hormone injections which boost milk supply have a number of side effects to the people who consume the milk, many of which are still under research. These hormone boosters are said to give many negative health effects including early menstruation in girl children and other health issues. Therefore, if consuming cows milk, it is advisable that healthy and organic milk be consumed from trustworthy and reputed milk suppliers. It is indeed difficult to shortlist a brand as the best cow milk brand in India, since a number of brands exist in the Indian markets and most of which are also state specific. It is essential to have a supplier who is trustworthy and who employs good ethics in his business of supplying milk RELATED QUESTION What are your favorite protein shake recipes to use with mocha protein powder? I've done mocha with PB Fit and looking to expand my recipes. Protein powder can make for a great addition to your pantry and your diet.The best thing about using protein shakes and protein powder is the convenience. Not only does it have a much longer shelf-life than other sources of protein like meat, but its also easy to prepare and perfect for on the go meals. Grab a glass or even better, a smoothie shaker bottle, add a scoop of protein powder and some water, juice, or milk and youre good to go.While protein shakes made with powder and water are drinkable, they arent going to be your favorite meals. Theyll do the job in a pinch, but with a few little tweaksTry adding the protein powder to your favorite smoothies, or mix up protein powder, frozen fruit, and yogurt. If youre in the mood for a treat or dessert, add a scoop of your favorite protein powder to milk and ice cream for a decadent milk shake
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