Knowledge Related to New Hampshire State Hospital

Coordinates: 431156N 713243W / 43.19889N 71.54528W / 43.19889; -71.54528The New Hampshire State Hospital was originally constructed in 1842 in Concord, New Hampshire, as the seventeenth such mental institution in the country to cater to the state's mentally ill population.

• Other Related Knowledge of sterilizer

Sodomy laws in Australia of sterilizer

Australia inherited the United Kingdom's sodomy laws on white colonisation after 1788. These were retained in the criminal codes passed by the various colonial parliaments during the 19th century, and by the state parliaments after Federation.

Following the Wolfenden report, the Dunstan Labor government in South Australia introduced a "consenting adults in private" defence in 1972. This defence was initiated as a bill by Murray Hill, father of former Defence Minister Robert Hill, and repealed the state's sodomy law in 1975. The Campaign Against Moral Persecution during the 1970s raised the profile and acceptance of Australia's gay and lesbian communities, and other states and territories repealed their laws between 1976 and 1990. The exceptions were Tasmania and Queensland.

Male homosexuality (i.e., sodomy) was decriminalised in South Australia in 1975, and in the Australian Capital Territory in 1976, followed by Victoria in 1980, and New South Wales and the Northern Territory in 1984. Western Australia did the same in 1989. The states and territories that retained different ages of consent or other vestiges of sodomy laws later began to repeal them: Western Australia did so in 2002, and New South Wales and the Northern Territory did so in 2003. Tasmania decriminalised sodomy in 1997 following the High Court case Croome v Tasmania.

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Timothy Ray Brown: the 2008 cured Berlin patient of sterilizer

The most famous Berlin patient is Timothy Ray Brown. He is originally from Seattle, Washington. He was diagnosed with HIV in 1995 and began antiretroviral therapy. In 2006, Brown was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). His physician, Dr. Gero Htter, at Charit Hospital in Berlin, arranged for him to receive a hematopoietic stem cell transplant from a donor with the "delta32" mutation on the CCR5 receptor. This mutation, found at relatively high frequencies in Northern Europeans (16%), results in a mutated CCR5 protein. The majority of HIV cannot enter a human cell without a functional CCR5 gene. An exception to this is a small minority of viruses that use alternate receptors, such as CXCR4 or CCR2. Those individuals who are homozygous for the CCR5 mutation are resistant to HIV and rarely progress to AIDS. Brown received two stem cell transplants from one donor homozygous for the delta32 mutation: one in 2007 and one in 2008. Brown stopped taking his antiretroviral medication on the day of his first transplant. Three months after the first stem cell transplant, levels of HIV rapidly plummeted to undetectable levels while his CD4 T cell count increased. In addition, blood and tissue samples from areas of the body where HIV is known to hide were tested. The results were published in the New England Journal of Medicine. As of 2011, Brown remains off antiretroviral therapy and is considered cured, although some debate exists whether there is no trace of the virus in his body (a "sterilizing" cure) or whether he simply no longer needs treatment (a "functional" cure).

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Knowledge Related to New Hampshire State Hospital 1

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Filmed as an episode of Star Trek: New Voyages of sterilizer

With Gerrold's permission, Carlos Pedraza rewrote "Blood and Fire" for the fan series Star Trek: New Voyages.

In a 2007 interview, Gerrold detailed the background for the original script, rooted in the stigma of AIDS, the different incarnations of the story and being approached by the production team of Star Trek: New Voyages. The team initially just asked permission to produce "Blood and Fire", but from there Gerrold's involvement grew from denying doing a rewrite himself but giving permission to use the script, to reviewing the script, to minor rewrites, to more rewrites and addition and deletions. Gerrold later ended up directing the two-part episode totalling 98 minutes. Gerrold commended Carlos Pedraza for doing excellent work on the initial rewrite, translating the script from the original TNG setting to the TOS setting. He also noted the fan production's professionalism and respect for the storytelling.

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Puerto Rico before the United Nations of sterilizer

Concepcin de Gracia and Julio Pinto Ganda took Puerto Rico's case before the United Nations and sustained that Puerto Ricans should have the right to a consultation before being sent to any war. He also protested the sterilization practices in the U.S. of Puerto Ricans and the passive immigration of Puerto Ricans to the U.S.

In 1955 he represented Puerto Rico in a conference held in Bandung, Indonesia sponsored by the United Nations. He also represented the PIP at the 1949 conference of the Organization of American States held in Havana, Cuba, and at the 1957 conference in Maracay, Venezuela. In 1964 he represented the PIP at a United States Congress commission on Puerto Rico's political status. Gilberto Concepcin de Gracia died on March 15, 1968 in Santurce, Puerto Rico.

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Australian federal and state response of sterilizer

In its response, the federal government of Australia conceded that Toonen had been a victim of arbitrary interference with his privacy, that he was personally and actually affected by the laws challenged by him, and that the laws could not be justified on public health or moral grounds, but noted that the government of Tasmania denied that he had been the victim of a violation of the Covenant. The federal government noted that, while the state pointed out that no prosecutions or investigations had been made under the relevant Sections since 1984, the risk of prosecution or investigation remained.

The government of Tasmania argued that the retention of the Sections in question was justified and partly motivated by an effort to stem the spread of HIV/AIDS in the state, and that the laws were further justified on moral grounds; the federal government did not accept either claim, noting that laws against homosexuality in all other parts of Australia had been repealed, and that discrimination on the basis of sexuality was unlawful in three of six Australian states and the two self-governing internal Australian territories.

The federal government requested the committee's guidance in interpreting whether sexual orientation could be subsumed under the term "... or other status" in article 26, requiring examination of the issues of:

whether Tasmanian laws drew a distinction on the basis of sex or sexual orientation;

whether Toonen was a victim of discrimination;

whether there were reasonable and objective criteria for the distinction; and

whether Tasmanian laws were a proportional means to achieve a legitimate aim under the Covenant.

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General jurisdiction and judicial immunity of sterilizer

One significant effect of the classification of a court is the liability that a judge from that court might face for stepping beyond the bounds of that court. Judges are able to claim judicial immunity for acts that are not completely beyond their jurisdiction. For example, if a probate judge were to sentence a person to jail, that judge would not have immunity and could be sued because a probate judge has no jurisdiction to effect a criminal sentence. However, a judge in a court of general jurisdiction who happened to be overseeing a probate case would be immune from suit for sending a party to jail, because handing down a criminal sentence is not completely beyond the jurisdiction of such a judge.

In the United States, this principle was established by the Supreme Court in Stump v. Sparkman, 435 U.S. 349 (1978). The Court found in that case that an Indiana judge was immune from a suit brought by a young woman whom the judge had ordered to be sterilized, at the behest of the woman's mother. Because the Indiana court was a court of general jurisdiction, and no law of Indiana expressly prohibited the judge from issuing such an order, the Supreme Court found that the order was not completely beyond the jurisdiction of that judge.

Knowledge Related to New Hampshire State Hospital 2

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Involvement in the psychedelic movement of sterilizer

In 1960, Kleps ordered 500mg of a hallucinogen, mescaline sulfate, in the mail and ingested it. He experienced a psychedelic trip that influenced severe changes in his life and outlook. Kleps ceased employment with Lynchburg Training School,

reportedly being fired in 1964 for writing a pro-marijuana paper.

His wife divorced him in December 1966.

Arthur Kleps joined Timothy Leary at Millbrook in 1967.

He founded the Neo-American Church and sought protection for the right to use marijuana and hallucinogens as religious sacraments. He testified before the US Senate's Judiciary Committee in May 1966, defending citizens' rights to use these drugs to explore consciousness.

We are not drug addicts. We are not criminals. We are free men, and we will react to persecution the way free men have always reacted.

Eventually a test case in 1968 signaled the judiciary's unwillingness to extend the same rights to drug use to the Neo-American Church as is permitted to Native American tribes who use peyote for similar purposes.

Kleps continued affiliation with the church. He later authored two books: The Boo Hoo Bible: The Neo-American Church Catechism and Handbook (1971) and Millbrook: A Narrative of the Early Years of American Psychedelianism (1975)

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Art in Public Spaces of sterilizer

In 2010 and 2011, Bewegung Nurr erected a temporary memorial to the Sinto German boxing champion Johann Wilhelm Trollmann. Trollmann won the German light-heavyweight title in 1933, but was stripped of his victory by the Nazis, sterilized, arrested by the Gestapo, and finally murdered in Neuengamme concentration camp. The memorial erected by Bewegung Nurr, titled "9841", was first displayed on June 9, 2010 in Viktoriapark, Berlinthe anniversary of the day in 1933 when Trollmann won his light-heavyweight boxing title. The memorial was displayed again in Hannover in 2011 on the Ballhofplatz.

In July 2014, Bewegung Nurr created the project "Haus der 28 Tren" ("The House of the 28 Doors"), a pavilion erected on Tempelhof Field in Berlin as a memorial to refugees who lost their lives attempting to enter Europe. The structure was later moved to Oranienplatz in Berlin, where it fell victim to arson on March 31, 2015.

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Brocos and his support for eugenics of sterilizer

Modesto Brocos never denied his support for eugenics theories. In 1930, thirty-five years after painting, the artist released the book Viaje a Marte ("Viaje a Marte"), a science fiction. In it, the painter appears as a character who recounts his visit on a planet where there is a policy of reproduction controlled by the state - the Agricultural Army and the Humanitarian Sisters - all volunteers and whites. Even though it is a book of fiction, Brocos makes explicit his eugenic and racist ideas when, in one of the excerpts of the work, he says that humanity was not satisfied, because there still had to be a "unification of races". He adds that in earlier times, with the "yellow" race, mestizaje had been easier, but that with the black race, although there was the same process, the color "presented difficulties to be mixed."

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Rescues on Puerto Rico of sterilizer

Steve and his wife Pamela moved to Puerto Rico as expats through Pam's workclarification needed. Steve had planned to have some fun exploring the island with the many extreme sport activities he enjoys. Everything was heaven until he discovered the infamous "Dead dog beach". Steve discovered hundreds of stray dogs, most were starving, dehydrated and wore the visible scars of human abuse. The dogs had been abandoned at this beach with no food or fresh water. Steve depleted most of their life savings and spent most of his time helping to rehabilitate the dogs. To assist in the effort, he founded the Achates Legacy Rescue Foundation. Volunteers from all over the world help fight for the rights the dogs in Puerto Rico and Mexico. McGarva eventually had to leave the Island after receiving several "death threats and even a few attempts". Steve's rescue efforts appeared in People Magazine and on The Ellen DeGeneres Show. McGarva continues his crusade to fight for animal rights and be the voice for those that can't speak for themselves. McGarva can be found working in Mexico and Puerto Rico hosting free spay and neuter campaigns for the locals and is completely in his element when working directly with the street strays and wrangling up the dogs to be sterilized and treated medically.

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Things You May Want to Know About  Sterilizer
Things You May Want to Know About Sterilizer
An Introduction to sterilizerThe International Women's Health Coalition (IWHC) is a non governmental organization founded in 1984 based in New York City. It focuses on issues relating to women and girls' human rights, health and equality and represents part of the women's movement that recognizes that many challenges to gender equality lie in challenges in health issues and in raising families. The IWHC is one of the oldest currently active global feminist groups..A Growers Guide to Mycology of sterilizerAfter the cook, let the sterilizer cool for 1 hour and then clean the surface of the sterilizer BEFORE opening it. When you open the sterilizer there is a brief pressure differential that sucks some air into the sterilizer as the pressurized air inside the sterilizer escapes, and you want the area/surface as clean as possible when this happens.Cleaning Dr Brown's Baby Bottles? of sterilizerHi, I am the mom of two young boys so I follow mom blogs. But I also work for Dr. Brown's so I thought I could help you with your question. I hope the info helps! First of all, regarding the microwave sterilizer, there should have been instructions included in the sterilizer box. I have the instructions in text format as well as in PDF format. I pasted the text format below but it references diagrams which aren't visible in this format. I can e-mail the PDF version to you if you want. Regarding the washing of the bottles... Bottles should be washed with hot soapy water or in a dishwasher prior to using the sterilizer. The sterilizer is not intended to take the place of washing and will not clean the bottles. After the sanitizing cycle is completed wait at least 3 minutes before removing the sterilizer from the microwave, the bottles can then be placed on a drying rack or and dish rack to dry. Bottles should never be assembled if there is any moisture in the bottle, inserts, reservoirs or nipples because this can cause mold. Cleaning And Assembly•Fully disassemble all parts of the feeding bottle before each use.•Thoroughly wash and rinse all parts in hot water and detergent.•Carefully clean nipples, inserts and reservoirs, making sure each hole is completely clean and clear. Be sure to follow the Instructions Sheet supplied with the baby bottles.•Rinse the lid, steam plate and bottom of the Steam Sterilizer thoroughly with clean water.•Place the steam plate onto the bottom, then turn it 90° to ensure that it is in a secure, fixed position. (See Diagram A)•Pour 6 ounces of water into the center of the bottom. Use a graduated feeding bottle to measure the correct amount. Warning: Never put any liquid other than tap water into the sterilizer.Note: Failure to add the right amount of water may cause damage to the products and/or your microwave.For Use With Wide-Neck Bottles And Related Parts•Up to four wide-neck bottles can be sterilized at one time.•Place the bottle neck facing downward and direct it into the round hole with "" stands. (See Diagram B)•Insert the nipple into the collar, then place it between the bottles. (See Diagram C) Note: After sterilization, hold the outer part of the bottle collar to assemble to avoid nipple contamination.•Place the insert downward into the bottle cover (bottle cover should face down-ward), then position in the middle of the steam plate. (See Diagram D)•Place the reservoirs with the nipples and bottles, then position stoppers near the bottles. (See Diagram E)For Use With Standard Bottles And Related Parts•Up to four standard bottles can be sterilized at one time.•Push the bottles into the steam plate's crescent-shaped holes so that they are supported at an approximately 30° to 40° angle. (See Diagram F)•Insert the nipple downward into bottle collar, then direct it into the round hole with "" stands. (See Diagram G)•Note: After sterilization, hold the outer part of the bottle collar to assemble to avoid nipple contamination.•Place the insert upward, in between the bottle and bottle collar. (See Diagram H)•Bottle covers can be placed in the middle of the steam plate. (See Diagram I)•Place the reservoirs with the bottle collars, then position stoppers near the bottles. (See Diagram J)Microwave Instructions•After properly positioning bottles and parts, place the lid on the sterilizer and insert into microwave. Note: The sterilizer should be placed in the center of the microwave.•The exact time necessary to sterilize the bottles depends on the microwave wattage. Please see the attached TABLE for the correct time.•Warning: Wait at least three minutes after the sanitizing cycle has been completed before removing the sterilizer from the microwave to prevent the risk of scalding. Keep out of the reach of children.Microwave Water Sanitizing time Cooling timewattage (ounces) (minutes) (minutes)1000-1100W 6 5 3800-900W 6 6 3500-700W 6 8 3Note: The Dr. Brown's Microwave Steam Sterilizer is specifically designed for Dr. Brown's bottles and accessories.
2021 06 25
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Understand  Sterilizer
Understand Sterilizer
An overview of sterilizerRaza Khan's books include:Fatawa-e-Mustafwia (Religious rulings Mustafa Raza)Al Malfoozat of Ala Hazrat (Sayings of Ahmed Raza Khan)Saman-e-Bakhshish (Compilation of Islamic Poetry in the Honor of Prophet Muhammad)Taqiya Baazi (Hidden Faces of Wahhabism)Waqat-us-Sinan، Adkhal-us-Sinan، Qahr Wajid DiyanTurq-ul-Huda Wal Irshad Ilaa Ahkam Al Amara Wal JehadTasheeh Yaqeen Bar Khatm-e-NaiyeeenTardush Shaitan An Sabee Lur Rehman (Fatwa Refuting Government of Saudi Arabia For Imposing Tax on Pilgrims in 1365 A.H)No Caste is InferiorHow can we clean or remove the viruses of HCV & HBV from the nail cutter & other things of an infected man ? of sterilizerUV sterilizer or 250 degree C of hot bed sterilizerBest Baby Bottle SterilizerWhat is the best baby bottle sterilizer?The best baby bottle sterilizer for you will depend on your needs and preference. There are several choices of sterilize and ways to sterilize your pumping equipment or bottles. Firstly, microwave sterilizers. These are containers in which you fit the bottles and go into a microwave. They are quick and convenient but obviously you need a microwave to use them. One good thing about microwave sterilizers is that you won't need to descale them.Another option an electric steam sterilizer. This is the one I chose for sterilizing my baby's bottles. The advantages of a steam sterilizer is that its an all one unit so you don't need a microwave. This makes it ideal to take to places if you& are travelling at any point. However, they are usually more expensive than a microwave sterilizer. Also, you have to descale them about once a month.If you do decide on a microwave sterilizer, there are other options you can take with you when travelling including sterilizing bags. Or just make sure there is a microwave wherever you go.Additionally, when choosing a baby sterilizer make sure that it fits any bottles that you may have already bought. Some only fit specific brands of bottle whereas others will accommodate lots of different kinds of bottles.There are also other methods you can use to sanitize and sterilize baby equipement. They include microwave steam sterilizing bags. These are reusuable bags which you can put in the microwave with the equpment you wish to sterlize inside. Other methods include boiling bottles in hot water and put them in a hot wash in the dishwasher. There are advantages and disadvantage with all these methods which are explored in the article.Read on for reviews, a video of how to sterilize your bottles in a microwave and my top recommendations of the best baby sterilizers.How to sterilize a baby bottle with a microwave sterilizerBest Electric Steam SterilizerI liked the stand alone unit of an electric steam sterilizer. It is more expensive but it's great for traveling and using in hotel rooms and places without a microwave which is one reason we chose this one.Best Baby Steriliser in the UKThis article gives the lowdown on the best baby sterilisers available in the UK. It includes the reviews of the Philips Avent brands of sterilisers and the Tommee Tippee sterilisers.Best Baby Bottle SteriliserThis article looks at the types of bottle and bottle sterilisers on the market. I also tell you which one I used and give a review.More MethodsI have described two ways to sterilize baby bottles using special units. But there are other options.Firstly you can sterilize bottles by boiling them. But make sure the bottles you buy are suitable for this. You'll need a large saucepan with a cover. It may be best to get one especially for this purpose. Wash the bottles thoroughly, then submerge them in boiling water for at least 10 minutes. Make sure that there are no air bubbles trapped inside the bottles or teats. Lots of people like this method as it involves no special equipment. Personally, I found it took quite a long time and I liked having a dedicated unit where I could store all my presterilized bottles.Secondly, if you have a dishwasher which uses a cycle of 80 degrees C or more, then you can sterilize the bottles in there. Be aware that bacteria can begin to form on the bottles as soon as you take them out of the dishwasher so its recommended to fill them wiith formula and use them straightaway.Thirdly, you can sterilize bottles using cold water and cold water sterilizing tablet. This can be good if you're going away from home for a few days and won't have access to a microwave or electric sterilizer. There are also micro sterilizing bags. These are good for travel if you have a microwave where you are going. Just wash the bottle and parts, then put the bottle into the bag to microwave them. Read more about this below.Micro Sterilizing BagsFind below some mircrowave steam sterilizing bags. As already mentioned you need to wash the bottle and its parts, then put it into the bag and microwave the bag to sterilize the contents.Comments and FeedbackBabyMomof2 on May 12, 2014:I have the Avent one and can fully recommend it.justinejamie on July 10, 2011:I have Chicco steam sterilizer and it's great. The Philips Avent products I have are my baby's bottles. I love them they're really great.Thanks for sharing this.mikerbowman on November 16, 2010:This is very useful info! I've been looking around at similar models, but I'd never seen the Philips iQ24 before... seems really effective! I will have to check it out. Thank you!
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Knowledge Related to Operation of the Law
Knowledge Related to Operation of the Law
The basic provisions of the 1933 law stated that:(1) Any person suffering from a hereditary disease may be rendered incapable of procreation by means of a surgical operation (sterilization), if the experience of medical science shows that it is highly probable that his descendants would suffer from some serious physical or mental hereditary defect.(2) For the purposes of this law, any person will be considered as hereditarily diseased who is suffering from any one of the following diseases:(1) Congenital Mental Deficiency,(2) Schizophrenia,(3) Manic-Depressive Insanity,(4) Hereditary Epilepsy,(5) Hereditary Chorea (Huntingtons),(6) Hereditary Blindness,(7) Hereditary Deafness,(8) Any severe hereditary deformity.(3) Any person suffering from severe alcoholism may be also rendered incapable of procreation.The law applied to anyone in the general population, making its scope significantly larger than the compulsory sterilisation laws in the United States, which generally were only applicable on people in psychiatric hospitals or prisons.The 1933 law created a large number of "Genetic Health Courts", consisting of a judge, a medical officer, and medical practitioner, which "shall decide at its own discretion after considering the results of the whole proceedings and the evidence tendered". If the court decided that the person in question was to be sterilised, the decision could be appealed to "Higher Genetic Health Court". If the appeal failed, the sterilization was to be carried out, with the law specifying that "the use of force is permissible". The law also required that people seeking voluntary sterilizations also go through the courts.There were three amendments by 1935, most making minor adjustments to how the statute operated or clarifying bureaucratic aspects (such as who paid for the operations). The most significant changes allowed the Higher Court to renounce a patient's right to appeal, and to fine physicians who did not report patients who they knew would qualify for sterilisation under the law. The law also enforced sterilization on the so-called "Rhineland bastards," the mixed-race children of German civilians and French African soldiers who helped occupy the Rhineland.At the time of its enaction, the German government pointed to the success of sterilisation laws elsewhere, especially the work in California documented by the American eugenicists E. S. Gosney and Paul Popenoe, as evidence of the humaneness and efficacy of such laws. Eugenicists abroad admired the German law for its legal and ideological clarity. Popenoe himself wrote that "the German law is well drawn and, in form, may be considered better than the sterilization laws of most American states", and trusted in the German government's "conservative, sympathetic, and intelligent administration" of the law, praising the "scientific leadership" of the Nazis. The German mathematician Otfrid Mittmann defended the law against "unfavorable judgements".In the first year of the law's operation, 1934, 84,600 cases were brought to Genetic Health Courts, with 62,400 forced sterilisations. Nearly 4,000 people appealed against the decisions of sterilisation authorities; 3,559 of the appeals failed. In 1935, it was 88,100 trials and 71,700 sterilizations. By the end of the Nazi regime, over 200 "Genetic Health Courts" were created, and under their rulings over 400,000 people were sterilized against their will.Along with the law, Adolf Hitler personally decriminalised abortion in case of fetuses having racial or hereditary defects for doctors, while the abortion of healthy "pure" German, "Aryan" unborn remained strictly forbidden.• Other Related Knowledge of sterilizerHamburg, Eastern Cape of sterilizerHamburg is a small town with about 1000 inhabitants in the Eastern Cape province, in South Africa. It is located on the coast between the city of East London and the town of Port Alfred.Hamburg is known as a village and holiday resort on the southern bank of the Keiskamma River, 3km from its mouth, 11km southeast of Peddie, 74km south of King William's Town and 96km south-west of East London. It was established in 1857 by members of the British-German Legion after the Crimean War and named after Hamburg in Germany.The Hamburg Nature Reserve is located next to the mouth of the Keiskamma River, near Hamburg.Hamburg boasts many non-profit organisations including the Keiskamma Trust, Keiskamma Music Academy and Hamburg Hounds and Hooves. The Keiskamma Trust promotes health and hope through art, HIV/AIDs treatment, poverty alleviation projects and education initiatives in the village of Hamburg and its surrounding villages. The Keiskamma Music Academy provides music education to children from Hamburg, Bell, Bodiam and Peddie. Hamburg Hounds and Hooves is a project based in Hamburg that educates local animal owners on the proper care of their animals. They actively hold clinics where sick and injured animals are treated, animals are vaccinated against diseases and animals are sterilized to prevent any further overpopulation.------Objective of sterilizerThe objective of the decree was to solve the conflicts between the remensa peasants and their lords, conflicts that had motivated the two wars of the Remences. Negotiations for drafting the decree were very difficult. The king himself became directly involved and was an effective negotiator, at least in the economic sphere.Finally, King Ferdinand dictated the Sentencia Arbitral that allowed the end of the evil customs in exchange for a payment (not only for the "mal s" remena), and postponed the conflict that had lasted more than four centuries between lords and peasants.In exchange for a payment of 60 sous per farmstead, the right to mistreat peasants and many other minor statutory abuses were abolished. Peasants retained the usufruct of the farm, but had to pay homage to the lord and pay emphyteutic and feudal fees, albeit with irrational amounts, more to mark who was really in charge than for economic benefit. The upshot was that the abolition of the feudal system for which the peasants were fighting, was converted only into the possibility of freeing themselves from the evil customs, or "malae consuetudines", as people called it at that time.Signing on behalf of the peasants was Francesc de Verntallat along with 18 syndicates, including Lloren Espgol of Sant Feliu de Pallerols.------Life cycle of sterilizerS.vespae has a similar life cycle to that of S.bombi. Juveniles of S.vespae are passed out in the feces of the host and deposited in the soil. There, the juveniles grow and develop. Later, fertilized adult females infect healthy hornet queens that settle in the soil for hibernation. When these newly infected queens emerge from hibernation they are now carrying adult S.vespae in their abdomen. In the spring, these parasitized queens display behavior that is inappropriate to the time of the year. Normally, in the fall, healthy queen hornets visit various nooks and crannies, such as decayed logs in the forest, to find a spot to hibernate. When the queen finds a suitable site, she lines it with plant fibers that serve as nesting material. However, queen hornets that have been infected by S.vespae have become sterilized due to their undeveloped ovaries and start visiting decaying logs much earlier in the year, during early to mid-summer. Parasitized queen hornets never dig or gather nesting materials when they land at different locations. Instead, they fly from one potential hibernation site to another, each time dropping off a load of S.vespae juveniles. Once deposited in the soil, these juveniles wait for new hosts that settle in for hibernation in the fall and the cycle repeats itself------Related Court Cases of sterilizerMadrigal v. Quilligan (1978)In the 1970s a group of Chicana women brought up a federal class action lawsuit against a hospital in Los Angeles County regarding their sterilizations. Women in the class were allegedly given false information regarding sterilization. The titular plaintiff, Dolores Madrigal, a Latina woman, was allegedly told several times by a medical professional that sterilization could be reversed. Other women involved in the case signed consent forms for their sterilizations because they were allegedly sedated or manipulated by doctors and medical staff. A common reason for forcing the sterilizations of these women was apparently the burden that their future children would be to taxpayers. Many of the women did not discover that they had been sterilized until they visited a doctor.The judge deciding Madrigal held that it was a part of a doctors practice to provide sterilizations to these women based upon their cultural backgrounds. The judge, Judge Curtis, stated in his ruling that miscommunication between the doctors and the women, rather than malice, resulted in the sterilizations. In the words of his final comment, the judge stated, One can sympathize with them for their inability to communicate clearly, but one can hardly blame the doctors for relying on these indicia of consent which appeared to be unequivocal on their face and which are in constant use in the medical center.------Toonen v. Australia of sterilizerToonen v. Australia was a landmark human rights complaint brought before the United Nations Human Rights Committee (UNHRC) by Tasmanian resident Nicholas Toonen in 1994. The case resulted in the repeal of Australia's last sodomy laws when the Committee held that sexual orientation was included in the antidiscrimination provisions as a protected status under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).In 1991, Toonen complained to the Human Rights Committee that Tasmanian laws criminalising consensual sex between adult males in private were a violation of his right to privacy under Article 17 of ICCPR; distinguished between people on the basis of sexual activity, sexual orientation and identity in violation of Article 26; and meant that gay men in Tasmania were unequal before the law.As a result of his complaint, Toonen lost his job as General Manager of the Tasmanian AIDS Council, because the Tasmanian Government threatened to withdraw the council's funding unless Toonen was fired. On 31 March 1994, the Committee agreed that, because of Tasmania's law, Australia was in breach of the obligations under the treaty. In response, the Commonwealth Government passed a law overriding Tasmania's criminalization of gay sex, Australia's last sodomy laws. The Toonen decision has subsequently been referenced by the committee and by other treaty bodies in making rulings.------Contents of sterilizerKaufman advocated the mass extermination through forced sterilization of the German people and the territorial dismemberment of Germany after an Allied victory in World War II.Kaufman summarized Germany Must Perish! in advertisements in The New York Times and New York Post as: "A dynamic volume outlining a plan for the extinction of Germany and containing a map showing possible dissection and apportionment of its territory." Kaufman defended his plan for the "sterilization of all Germans" in an interview published in the September 26, 1941, issue of The Canadian Jewish Chronicle:I believe that the Jews have a mission in life. They must see to it that the nations of the world get together in one vast federation. "Union Now" is the beginning of this. Slowly but surely the world will develop into a paradise. We will have perpetual peace. And the Jews will do the most to bring about this confederation, because they have the most to gain. But how can you get peace if Germany exists? The only way to win an eternal peace is to make the punishment of waging war more horrible than war itself. Human beings are penalized for murder, aren't they? Well, Germany starts all the wars of magnitude. Let us sterilize all Germans and wars of world domination will come to an end!------Chemosterilant of sterilizerA chemosterilant is a chemical compound that causes reproductive sterility in an organism. They may be used to control pest populations by sterilizing males. More technically, a chemosterilant is any chemical compound used to control economically destructive or disease-causing pests (usually insects) by causing temporary or permanent sterility of one or both of the sexes or preventing maturation of the young to a sexually functional adult stage.The mating of sterilized insects with fertile insects produces no offspring, and if the number of sterile insects is kept constant, the percentage of sterile insects will increase, and fewer young will be produced in each successive generation. Chemosterilants should be applied in the larval or pupal stage of the insect to give rise to sterile adults or in the newly emerged adults before they become sexually mature.Two types of chemosterilants are commonly used:Antimetabolites resemble a substance that the cell or tissue needs that the organism's body mistakes them for a true metabolite and tries to incorporate them in its normal building processes. The fit of the chemical is not exactly right and the metabolic process comes to a halt.Alkylating agents are a group of chemicals that act on chromosomes. These chemicals are extremely reactive, capable of intense cell destruction, damage to chromosomes and production of mutations.------General jurisdiction and judicial immunity of sterilizerOne significant effect of the classification of a court is the liability that a judge from that court might face for stepping beyond the bounds of that court. Judges are able to claim judicial immunity for acts that are not completely beyond their jurisdiction. For example, if a probate judge were to sentence a person to jail, that judge would not have immunity and could be sued because a probate judge has no jurisdiction to effect a criminal sentence. However, a judge in a court of general jurisdiction who happened to be overseeing a probate case would be immune from suit for sending a party to jail, because handing down a criminal sentence is not completely beyond the jurisdiction of such a judge.In the United States, this principle was established by the Supreme Court in Stump v. Sparkman, 435 U.S. 349 (1978). The Court found in that case that an Indiana judge was immune from a suit brought by a young woman whom the judge had ordered to be sterilized, at the behest of the woman's mother. Because the Indiana court was a court of general jurisdiction, and no law of Indiana expressly prohibited the judge from issuing such an order, the Supreme Court found that the order was not completely beyond the jurisdiction of that judge.------Supplement of the Swiss Federal Constitution claimed by the initiative of sterilizerThe initiative demands that the Swiss Federal Constitution should be amended as follows:Art. 124a Wiedergutmachung fr die Opfer von frsorgerischen Zwangsmassnahmen und Fremdplatzierungen, literally reparation for the victims of welfare step coercive measures and foreign placementsThe Confederation and the Cantons shall provide for compensation for the injustice, which has suffered particular resident, Verdingkinder, administrative supplied, or forcibly sterilized forced adopted people and Fahrende (a Swiss-German term for literally Yeniche people) as a result-driven welfare coercion or foreign placements.To provide an independent scientific review of these measures and promote discussion about it to the public.Art. 196 Ziff. 1212. bergangsbestimmung Zu Art. 124a (Wiedergutmachung fr die Opfer von frsorgerischen Zwangsmassnahmen und Fremdplatzierungen), literally Transitional provision to Art. 124a (reparation for the victims of welfare step coercive measures and foreign placements):The Swiss Confederation establishes a fund in the amount of 500 million Swiss Frances for the victims of welfare step coercive measures and foreign placements that were done before 1981.Eligible are people who were directly affected and hard of such measures. The amount of restitution depends on the sustained injustice. About the payment of benefits, an independent commission has to conclude.The fund is dissolved twenty years after its creation. Any residual amount will be refunded proportionately to the depositors.
2021 07 16
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What Is Plasma Sterilizer?
What Is Plasma Sterilizer?
Here I am sharing about the plasma sterilizer.Plasma sterilizes by a process called oxidation. Plasma is the fourth state of matter like solid, liquid, gas and plasma. Plasma is created when a gas is heated in a strong electromagnetic field. It is an unstable form of matter in which either the number of electrons gets increased or decreased.Plasma is an ionized gas that is not stable either contains a negative or a positive charge. Some examples of naturally occurring plasma are fire, lighting, the stars, and the sun so on.Plasma Sterilizer is also used for software controlled dexterous door locking that means allows operator to release door using the touch screen panel only when it is safe to do.Plasma chamber produce by RF generator on time with specific fiquency. What is plasma sterilizer?.• Related QuestionsHow often should you sterilize baby bottles?Sterilizing bottles typically requires high heat to kill any germs that are on the bottles. An easy option that doesn't require any special equipment is to boil the bottles and nipples. Place them in a pan of water that's deep enough to completely submerge the bottles and accessories. Bring the water to a boil, and simmer the bottles and accessories in the boiling water for 5 minutes.Another option available in most homes is to give the bottles and their accessories a trip through the dishwasher on a high heat setting. Set the wash cycle to "hot," and use a heated drying cycle. Some dishwashers have a specific setting for sanitizing.If you want to sterilize bottles regularly, consider investing in a bottle sterilizer. It uses steam to kill germs in the bottles. You can find freestanding electric sterilizers and units that go into the microwave. Use the manufacturer's instructions to place the individual parts into the sterilizer.How often should you sterilize baby bottles?.------How well do ultraviolet sterilizers work, and do they kill viruses?They work brilliantly, we had one in the genetic labs where I worked many years ago as the UV will destroy any stray DNA that might have got stuck someplace in your equipment and might contaminate your samples.It was also plastered with every warning label in the book and had an opaque cover that you could not actually open when the thing is in operation. It was hazardous enough that it would fry your eyes and skin with remarkably short exposure. It was probably more dangerous that the radiolabelled nucleotides we used once in while.I understand that there are frauds out there who have been flogging ordinary weak UV lamps of the kind you might see in a nightclub, or that we used in the lab to show up flourescent dyes, and passing them off as UV sterilisers. Try not be fooled, those things are even weaker than the ones you get in sunbeds. They won't even cause enough minor skin damage to give you a tan, let alone be powerful enough to frazzle a virus.How well do ultraviolet sterilizers work, and do they kill viruses?------Which infectious agent is the most resistant to sterilization?Among the bacteria the most resistant are spore formers since many spores are not destroyed by "sterilizers" that use boiling water. The only way to destroy those bacteria is by temperature above the boiling point, which is why autoclaves that raise the temperature of water to the temperature creating steam are used to sterilize any substance that might contain pathogenic bacteria. But even in those instruments substances must be packed carefully to be sure the bacteria are exposed to the high temperature. When you are in a beauty salon, or other place that has those small containers marked "sterilizers" - they are not sterilizers, they "sanitize" substances that make most products safe, but if any of the materials they put in those and let them soak in hot water (frequently they do not even bring the water to boiling) happen to be spore forming bacteria, the materials they remove may have spores that can germinate to a form that causes infectious diseases. This is mostly a problem in dental and doctor's offices that rely on these so-called "sterilizers" but salons that do pedicures and other procedures that contaminate instruments can also spread some diseases because of this faulty procedure.Examples of the most serious spore forming pathogenic bacteria are those that cause anthrax, some forms of food poisoning, botulism, tetanus, and other severe disease. Which infectious agent is the most resistant to sterilization?------Can we use disinfectant as a sterilizer?Actually no. Although we talk about the two words as synonymous to each other the words and products are differentA disinfectant kills most of the "bad bugs" while a sterilant kills everything from bacteria to spores to yeast and fungus to virusesSo something that is certified as a disinfectant will NOT necessarily be sterile. This means there may still be spores and other hard to kill organisms.I imagine that there are disinfectants that do sterilize but have only been certified as disinfectants for economic reasons but that is an assumption on my partIf the goal is no bugs then a sterilant is required if all you want to do is kill the most aggressive and sickening stuff then a disinfectant will suffice. I don't know of any sterilants available to the typical consumer BTW so even stuff sold that we all think about are really only disinfectants and not sterilants (Lysol, Clorox Wipes etc)Thanks for the A2A requestDr DThis answer is not a substitute for professional medical advice. This answer is for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or (in the United States) 911 immediately. Always seek the advice of your doctor before starting or changing treatment. Quora users who provide responses to health-related questions are intended third party beneficiaries with certain rights under Quora's Terms of Service we use disinfectant as a sterilizer?This answer is not a substitute for professional medical advice. This answer is for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or (in the United States) 911 immediately. Always seek the advice of your doctor before starting or changing treatment. Quora users who provide responses to health-related questions are intended third party beneficiaries with certain rights under Quora's Terms of Service------What is a procedure of sterilization with the help of autoclave?Instruments exposed to heated pressurized steam, heated up to 268-273˚F about 131 - 134˚C for 20 minutes, How Do Autoclaves Work?How Autoclaves WorkOnce you close the autoclave sterilizer chamber, a vacuum pump removes all the air from inside the device or it is forced out by pumping in steam. If done the first way, the sterilizer is pumped with high pressured steam to quickly raise the internal temperature. On every autoclave there is a thermometer that is waiting for the thermal sweet point, 268-273 degrees Fahrenheit, and then it starts its timer. During the sterilizing process, steam is continuously entering the autoclave to thoroughly kill all dangerous microorganisms. Once the required time of autoclave sterilization has the elapsed, the chamber will be exhausted of pressure and steam allowing the door to open for cooling and drying of the contents.This answer is not a substitute for professional medical advice. This answer is for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or (in the United States) 911 immediately. Always seek the advice of your doctor before starting or changing treatment. Quora users who provide responses to health-related questions are intended third party beneficiaries with certain rights under Quora's Terms of Service is a procedure of sterilization with the help of autoclave?------What are the experiences of mothers using a UV baby bottle sterilizer and dryer?Some mothers complain that there are many tedious steps in a steam steriliser; some mothers are always worried about the danger of high temperature brought by microwave sterilizer; some mothers say steam sterilizer will take a long time to disinfect a baby bottle; some mothers concern about the mildew under the moist store condition. Therefore, more and more mothers now choose UV baby bottle sterilizer and dryer, 2 in 1 feature to handle all the above comments. This product not only avoid all the disadvantages mentioned above, but also achieve 99% germs killing rate. The following is an experience shared by an American mother using a bottle sterilizer and dryer.With our first baby, we used one of those super-cheap steam sterilizers to clean our son's bottles after every washing. I'd always been concerned about mildew, and working with the hot steam, and how to get bottles sufficiently dry after use. It seems that the negatives possibly outweighed the positives. So when we had twin infants on the way, I decided to look for something better. And lo and behold, I discovered the magic of sterilizers and dryer with UV lamps and circulation fans, that were so popular in Asia. Despite costing nearly 7x what a steam sterilizer does, these things are totally worth it, if you're having to wash several loads of bottles a day. No worries about mildew. Much faster drying than putting on a drying rack. And fewer operations: just load everything up after washing, press a button and go to bed. When you later need the bottles, they'll be ready to go, and completely dry, convenient to operate, quick and safe.What are the experiences of mothers using a UV baby bottle sterilizer and dryer?------What kind of soil does aloe vera prefers?You don't say where you are located in the world so it's hard to know what your soil is like. Succulents in general prefer a fast draining, open, low-organic potting media. Bagged brown potting soil or high-organic, clay soil is not the best choice. Anything with peat will make it very difficult (impossible) to re-wet once it dries out. There are several commercial cactus and succulent potting mixes available either in stores or online. Supplement that with pumice, pearlite or a calcined clay product to create open spaces and a reserve of moisture.Any nonsense you read about putting succulents in tiny pots is just that; nonsense. The pot size needs to be appropriate for the size and mass of the plant. The growth habit of your plant will also help determine the best pot size. Is this a plant that offsets prolifically, like many Aloe do? You might need a larger pot.Depending on your climate you can use either terra cotta or plastic pots. I prefer lower profile pots, sometimes called "tulip" pots. Any pot should have at least one drain hole.Don't bury the plant too deep, the root/stem junction should be just small bit below the potting media level. You can cover the top of the potting media with fine gravel (3-6mm) generally referred to as top dressing, it's optional, but widely used by cactus and succulent growers. This keeps things neat and clean and keeps moisture away from the base of the plant.Now, you can pot your plant in a tiny pot with peat-based soil and it will probably survive, if you want it to thrive it needs a potting mix closer to habitat.Good luck!
2021 07 16
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) for Uv Food Sterilizer
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) for Uv Food Sterilizer
1. How do you set up a Salt Water Aquarium?Ask any saltwater aquarium hobbyist and you'll discover that the process of setting up and stocking an aquarium is definitely worth the work and the wait. Saltwater aquarium setup and stocking requires careful effort, especially now that the Internet has afforded hobbyists access to many rare and/or demanding species of fish and invertebrates. Many of the available species also have special compatibility requirements which you must address during the stocking process. This article details the five phases involved in successfully setting up and stocking a marine aquarium. Phase 1 - Prepare your aquarium water Set up the aquarium and install all filtration equipment. Fill the aquarium with freshwater that has ideally been treated by reverse osmosis. If you must use untreated city water, add a quality liquid dechlorinator to remove chlorine from the water. Next, add salt by carefully following the instructions on the salt mix. Use a hydrometer to monitor and raise salinity to the desired level. Install the aquarium heater and set to the desired temperature. Allow the system to run for a few days to ensure a constant water temperature and proper operation of all equipment. Phase 2 - Build your aquarium "foundation" After your aquarium has run successfully for a few days, start building your "foundation" of aragonite-based substrate and live rock. You might also consider adding 2-3 inches of live sand, which seeds the sand bed with beneficial bacteria and micro-organisms. If you need assistance in determining the proper amount of sand for your aquarium, please feel free to contact Drs. Foster & Smith. After you've added your substrate and live sand, add your live rock. Live rock is porous, aragonite-based rock harvested from the rubble zones of ocean reefs. In addition to harboring large amounts of beneficial bacteria and micro-organisms, live rock also provides aquarium inhabitants with safe hiding spaces and helps maintain healthy water parameters. Live rock offers aesthetic appeal and biological filtration while providing the necessary habitat and nutrition for your fish and invertebrates. You can choose from several varieties of live rock - variations in color, shape, and associated marine life are dependent upon the geographic area in which the live rock originated. As a general rule, add approximately 1-1/2 pounds of rock per gallon of water in your aquarium. The exact amount you should add will vary by the type of rock you choose. Be sure to follow the recommendations that accompany your chosen live rock. Your live rock must be fully cured before you can add any fish or invertebrates to your aquarium. The curing process, which initiates the Nitrogen Cycle, typically takes 4-5 weeks. During this time, you must also perform weekly 25% water changes. To start your live rock curing, stack the rock loosely in your aquarium. Try to build as many caves as possible. This allows fish to swim freely within the rockwork, and provides the rock with good water circulation. Also, be sure to stack your rocks right side up - turn the side of the rock with the most color upward. This will help ensure proper lighting conditions for both the colorful coralline algae, which requires bright light, and the sponges, which require low light. Please note: during the curing process, you must keep the aquarium dark to inhibit algae growth - provide illumination only briefly when checking progress. Phase 3 - Add lighting and an Algae Attack Pack Once your live rock has fully cured, and the biological filtration is mature, you can add your aquaria. However, as a final precaution before adding aquaria, test your ammonia and nitrite levels to ensure they are at 0 ppm. At this time, you should also set up your lighting system with a common appliance timer set to illuminate the aquarium 10-12 hours per day. The following few weeks after adding lighting, you will most likely experience an algae bloom. To combat this, you should add an algae attack pack to your aquarium. Follow the acclimation procedure included with the pack and allow your aquarium's biological filtration to catch up to the new increased biological load. The biological filtration will quickly accommodate the new inhabitants, due to the fully cured live rock in the system. After a few days, test the ammonia and nitrite levels - when they reach 0, you can begin adding fish and invertebrates. Phase 4 - Begin adding fish and invertebrates After you've cured your live rock, illuminated your aquarium, and taken care of any subsequent algae blooms, your aquarium is ready for fish and invertebrates. Before adding any fish and/or invertebrates, be sure you're familiar with any compatibility issues that may exist among your desired species. Also, be sure to stock your aquarium gradually to allow the biological filtration to catch up to the new aquarium inhabitants. When planning your initial and additional aquaria orders, first test ammonia and nitrite levels and make sure the levels reach and remain at zero for at least a few weeks. Once the levels are stable at zero, you can safely order - then add - new fish and/or invertebrates. If you're not already familiar with the temperament, environmental requirements, and maintenance/aquarist expertise level of your desired species, offers helpful, concise quick stats with that information for each fish and/or invertebrate. also offers a comprehensive compatibility chart to help you determine whether your desired species are compatible with one another. The first series of fish and invertebrates you add to your aquarium must be the most docile of your desired species. This will allow them to become accustomed to the aquarium before you add larger, more active, more aggressive species. After giving your new arrivals at least a few weeks to become acclimated, follow up gradually with the larger, more active species. You may also be wondering just how many fish you can successfully keep in your aquarium. While many variables affect that answer, a general rule is to stock no more than an inch of fully grown fish per gallon of water in your aquarium. For example, if you have a 30-gallon aquarium, ideally stock no more than 15 total inches of fully grown fish. Remember to consider your desired fishes' maximum size when calculating this amount. Phase 5 - Add a Detritus Attack Pack Now that you've established your aquarium and added fish and invertebrates, you should add a Detritus Attack Pack to help maintain healthy water parameters. The invertebrates in these attack packs feed on leftover food and waste from fish and other invertebrates. If insufficient detritus-eating invertebrates are present, the unconsumed food and waste will ultimately serve as nutrients for unwanted algae. Simply choose the Detritus Attack Pack that fits the size of your aquarium. In Conclusion The above steps should simplify and demystify the process of successfully setting up and stocking a marine aquarium. Most importantly - and prior to investing in and setting up aquarium equipment - research the needs of your desired fish and invertebrates to ensure from the start that you have the time, energy, and resources to invest into their care. And be sure to resist the temptation to add all your inhabitants at once - by stocking your aquarium slowly, you will greatly increase your inhabitants' chances for survival, as well as your chances for long-term success. With the proper setup, as well as diligence, patience, and care, your saltwater aquarium and its inhabitants will thrive while you enjoy a beautiful, fascinating ocean setting in your own home.
2021 07 16
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Knowledge Related to Margarete Sommer
Knowledge Related to Margarete Sommer
Margarete (Grete) Sommer (July 21, 1893 June 30, 1965) was a German Catholic social worker and lay Dominican. During the Holocaust, she helped persecuted Jewish citizens, keeping many of them from deportation to death camps.• Other Related Knowledge of sterilizerReinventing the Tribe of Ishmael of sterilizerThe Tribe of Ishmael was largely forgotten in American culture, until 1977, one hundred years since their initial "discovery," when a Unitarian minister name Hugo Prosper Leaming radically reinvented the family's history in his essay The Ben Ishmael Tribe: A Fugitive "Nation" of the Old Northwest. Leaming was fascinated by the Ishmael clan, and his reinvention of their narrative coincided with his own radical reinvention, as he too claimed a tri-racial ethnicity and adopted a Muslim faith. Often lacking evidence, Leaming (later known as Hugo Prosper Leaming Bey, a reflection of his newfound Muslim identity) wrote that the family was a tightly knit nomadic community of African, Native American, and poor white descent, while selectively quoting from the family histories written by McCulloch and Wright. Leaming proclaimed that previous Ishmael campsites formed the nuclei of present-day black communities, and Ishmaelites of the diaspora participated in the rise of black nationalism, perhaps even contributing memories of African Islam to the new Black Muslim movements.To back up this assertion, Leaming chose sections of documents regarding the Tribe of Ishmael to make it appear the family regularly engaged in polygamy, went on pilgrimages similar to the Muslim Hajj, had matriarchal "queens," and avoided alcohol - all for religious reasons. In addition, Leaming claimed that before Noble Drew Ali, Master Wallace Fard Muhammad, Elijah Muhammed and Malcolm X, there was Ben Ishmael, an "earlier Islamic saint or Imam," in America. Leaming simultaneously speculated that the "Ben-Ishmael" family name was actually derived from Arabic to mean " " (Ibn Ismail) or "Son of Ishmael," an Islamic reference to Muslims' supposed lineage through Ishmael, son of Abraham, via Muhammad.Leamings reinvention of the Ishmael story as a diverse, crypto-Muslim tribe, bridging the gap of "African and American Islam," and comprising a "lost-found nation in the wilderness of North America," was discredited by Nathaniel Deutsch in the book Inventing Americas Worst Family: Eugenics, Islam and the Fall and Rise of the Tribe of Ishmael. Deutsch concluded that although much of the fascination with the Tribe of Ishmael has roots in American interest in Islam and the Orient, there is no reason to believe the Ishmael family was anything but a poor Christian family targeted by eugenics researchers.Michael Muhammad Knight has talked about the Ben Ishmael Tribe extensively in books Blue-Eyed Devil and Journey to the End of Islam, where he travels to Indiana and Illinois to visit Mecca, Indiana, Morocco, Indiana, and Mahomet, Illinois in order to learn more about the Ben Ishmael Tribe. His former mentor, Peter Lamborn Wilson introduced him to the history of the Ben Ishmael Tribe and influenced his interest in the group.------Background to the case of sterilizerIn 1991, Nicholas Toonen, a gay activist, challenged two provisions of the Tasmanian Criminal Code: Sections 122(a) and (c), and 123, which criminalized all forms of sexual contact between consenting adult men in private, arguing that their continued existence in the Criminal Code of Tasmania had a profound and harmful impact on many Tasmanian people by fueling discrimination, harassment, and violence against gay and lesbian Tasmanians.According to Toonen's submission to the committee, the lawsempower Tasmanian police officers to investigate intimate aspects of his private life and to detain him, if they have reason to believe that he is involved in sexual activities which contravene the above sections. He adds that the Director of Public Prosecutions announced, in August 1988, that proceedings pursuant to Sections 122(a), (c) and 123 would be initiated if there was sufficient evidence of the commission of a crime.Although in practice the Tasmanian police had not charged anyone under Section 122 with "unnatural sexual intercourse" or "intercourse against nature," or under Section 123 with "indecent practice between male persons" for several years, Toonen argued that because of his high-profile activism, his activities as an HIV/AIDS worker, and his long-term relationship with another man, his private life and liberty were threatened by the continued existence of these laws. He additionally argued that the laws restricted him from "openly exposing his sexuality" and publicizing his views on law reform as this would have been "prejudicial to his employment," contending that the Sections "created the conditions for discrimination in employment, constant stigmatization, vilification, threats of physical violence and the violation of basic democratic rights."Toonen further complained that Tasmanian "figures of authority" (such as members of the Lower House of Parliament; municipal councillors; clergy and the general public) were known to openly make derogatory remarks about gays and lesbians, including statements such as "representatives of the gay community are no better than Saddam Hussein"; "the act of homosexuality is unacceptable in any society, let alone a civilized society"; and "you are 15 times more likely to be murdered by a homosexual than a heterosexual". Some had further suggested that all Tasmanian homosexuals should be exiled to an uninhabited island or be subjected to compulsory sterilization. This, claimed Toonen, constituted a "campaign of official and unofficial hatred" against gays and lesbians, and made it difficult for the Tasmanian Gay Law Reform Group to disseminate information about its activities and advocate the decriminalization of homosexuality.------In the Nazi Party of sterilizerAmong Schlegelberger's many works in this time was a bill for the introduction of a new national currency which was supposed to end the hyperinflation to which the Reichsmark was prone. After Franz Grtner's death in 1941, Schlegelberger became provisional Reich Minister of Justice for the years 1941 and 1942, followed then by Otto Thierack. During his time in office the number of death sentences rose sharply. He authored the bills such as the so-called Poland Penal Law Provision (Polenstrafrechtsverordnung) under which Poles were executed for tearing down German posters. Schlegelberger's attitude towards his job may be best encapsulated in a letter to Reich Minister and Chief of the Reich Chancellery Hans Heinrich Lammers:Dear Reich Minister Dr. Lammers,Upon the Fhrer-order of 24 October 1941 forwarded to me through Mr. State Minister and Chief of the Fhrer's and Reich Chancellor's Presidial Chancellery, I have handed the Jew Markus Luftglass, sentenced to 2 years in prison by the Special Court in Katowice, over to the Gestapo for execution.Heil Hitler!Yourmost obedient SchlegelbergerHowever, in a letter to Hans Heinrich Lammers dated 5 April 1942, Schlegelberger suggested some half-Jews be "spared" and given the choice between "evacuation" or sterilization:The measures for the final solution of the Jewish question should extend only to full Jews and descendants of mixed marriages of the first degree, but should not apply to descendants of mixed marriages of the second degree.With regard to the treatment of Jewish descendants of mixed marriages of the first degree, I agree with the conception of the Reich Minister of the Interior which he expressed in his letter of 16 February 1942, to the effect that the prevention of propagation of these descendants of mixed marriages is to be preferred to their being thrown in with the Jews and evacuated. It follows therefrom that the evacuation of those half-Jews who are no more capable of propagation is obviated from the beginning. There is no national interest in dissolving the marriage between such half-Jews and a full-blooded German.Those half-Jews who are capable of propagation should be given the choice to submit to sterilization or to be evacuated in the same manner as Jews.Upon his retirement from the position on 20 August 1942, Hitler gave Schlegelberger an endowment of RM 100,000; in 1944, Hitler allowed him to buy an estate with the money, something that only agricultural experts were entitled to under the rules in force at the time. This would later weigh against him at Nuremberg, for it showed that Hitler thought highly of Schlegelberger.------Bibliography of sterilizerOpinion: Government seeks more impact from its research investment by B Iddon, Future Medicinal Chemistry, June 2009, Volume 1, Number 3 (Radiation Chemistry of Aqueous Solutions of Indole and its Derivatives by B Iddon, GO Phillips, KE Robbins, JV Davies (University of Salford, 1971)Radiation Sterilization of Pharmaceuticals and Biomedical Products by R Blackburn, B Iddon, JS Moore, GO Phillips, DM Power, TW Woodward (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1975)The Magic of Chemistry by Brian Iddon (BDH, 1985) .mw-parser-output cite.citationfont-style:inherit.mw-parser-output .citation qquotes:"""""""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registrationcolor:#555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:12px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output code.cs1-codecolor:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none;font-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-errorfont-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-formatfont-size:95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left:0.2em.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-right:0.2em.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inheritISBN0-9500439-6-6Bromine Compounds: Chemistry and Applications Edited by D.Price, B. Iddon and B.J. Wakefield (Elsevier, 1998) ISBN0-444-42982-4What Is Science Education For? By David Perks, R Sykes, M Reiss, S Singh, Mary Warnock. A Hunt, E Forster, B Iddon, H Teare, G Lawless and Tony Gilland (Academy of Ideas Ltd, 2006) ISBN1-904025-05-6
2021 07 16
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Knowledge Related to Chronological Lists
Knowledge Related to Chronological Lists
Ongoing ECHR cases: Mihaylova and Malinova v. Bulgaria (36613/08), V.T. v. Bulgaria (51776/08), Dimov v. Bulgaria (57123/08), Kirilov v. Bulgaria (50292/09). Ongoing ECSR case: European Roma and Travellers Forum (ERTF) v. the Czech Republic (104/2014)• Other Related Knowledge of sterilizerInfluence and controversy of sterilizerThe film has a very prominent theme of sterilization, or the loss of the ability to reproduce that eliminates the chance of parentage and future offspring. In the early 20th century, the US was flooded with ideals revolving around eugenics.In 1927, the United States declared that it is in favor of these eugenic processes. Supreme Court Justice, Oliver Wendell Holmes, wrote, ...society can prevent those who are manifestly unfit from continuing their kind. This quote would be later used against the U.S. during the Nazi Nuremberg trials. Because the film is a reflection on the evils of society, it went against the status quo and took a stand. Criticizing sterilization and eugenic activities also meant criticizing the standard thought in American culture.On August 19, 1934, barely a month after Tomorrows Children was released, Adolf Hitler, a known eugenics lobbyist, was the recognized sole-leader of Germany for over 1 1/2 years then. As Hitler began his conquest through Germany, the forced sterilization of the bloodlines of different races and religions of people occurred. Hitlers ideals revolved around humanity becoming its purest by removing the parts he deemed unworthy. Although Hitler began his eugenic practices in 1936, Foy and Wilbur were able to relate the same message through the sterilization of Diane Sinclair's family in the film. Possible references to Hitler's regime in the film include a flag bearing what looks like the Nazi symbol in the background during a conversation between the two doctors. Foy Productions appealed its denied license in 1938 while the Nazi Aryan movement was still gaining power, thus resulting in the film's extremely unfit theme.------Production of sterilizerThe film was the sound film directorial debut of Crane Wilbur. The film industry revolved around certain formulas and general rules for what was okay to talk about. Some producers tested and pushed the limits of society to promote new ideas, however, those who create these hard pressing issues are not members of the Association of Motion Picture Producers. Instead of being backed by this organization, the Foy Productions was forced to present the film to state censorship boards located in New York, Ohio, Kansas, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Maryland.The film received a lot of negative attention for its prominent themes of genetic alcoholism, deformed offspring, and sterilization. The film was only approved in Pennsylvania and Ohio. Since Tomorrows Children deliberately ignored the standard rules of the industry, of leaving these controversial topics alone, the film was denied its license and there was a lot of effort devoted to the delaying of its production. The Producers Association was responsible for most of the obstacles in the films course.The original decision to ban the film came from Censor Irwin Esmond and Dr. Frank Graves in the State Education department. The Appellate Division of the Supreme Court backed Esmond and Graves with 3 votes in favor of the ban and 2 against it. Years later in 1938, Foy Productions urged the US appeals court to revisit Tomorrows Children, especially in New York. Frederick Crane, of the appeals court, screened the film along with 6 others to decide its future in the empire state.------Background of sterilizerWomen of color were one of the biggest targets of coerced sterilization in the United States. In North Carolina, 65% of its sterilization operations were performed on African American women, although only 25% of its female population were black. Mary Alice and Minnie were not the only African American minors that were forcibly sterilized during the 1970s. The same family planning clinic the Relfs were serviced by sterilized a total of 11 female minors, 10 of whom were black. This investigation led to a further discovery of even more involuntary procedures of minors all across the United States. From a total of 3,260 government funded birth control clinics, another 80 minors were found to be victims of coerced sterilization. Majority of these girls came from poor families. Medical providers used this as an advantage. Since these families relied heavily on government assistance, medical personnel essentially did whatever they pleased with their patients. The Relf case helped expose thousands of sterilization procedures that did not involve consent, the majority of which involved African American women. One case involved Deborah Blackmon, an African American woman from North Carolina who was involuntarily sterilized at only 14 years old via a total abdominal hysterectomy in January 1972 due to the court judging her to be "severely mentally retarded". Due to her undergoing the procedure under county authority as opposed to state, Blackmon has yet to receive any justice or compensation for the procedure.Involuntary sterilization of mentally disabledThe practice of eugenics played a crucial role as for the reason why coerced sterilization was used. Eugenics is defined as preserving individuals who are considered 'genetically superior' from those who are inferior to them. Those who were deemed 'inferior' included people who were mentally disabled. A policy titled Law 116 stated that those who were 'feeble-minded' and 'diseased' could be permanently sterilized. Lawmakers believed that these individuals were inept in making decisions about their reproductive abilities. They also did not want the mentally ill to pass on their genetics to their offspring. The United States used this statement to justify their reason for the sterilizations previously performed and for future operations.------Relf sterilization of sterilizerThe Relf sisters were vaulted into the national spotlight because of the compulsory sterilization that they endured in 1973.Mary and Minnie's older sister Katie Relf (who was 17 years old in 1973) was not forcibly sterilized at the time her sisters underwent the procedure, but she was operated on before them. However in 1971, when the Montgomery Community Action (MCA) moved the Relf family into public housing, the Family Planning Service of MCA began the unsolicited administration of experimental birth control injections on Katie. In March 1973, Katie, a minor, was taken to the Family Planning Clinic, where she had an intrauterine device, or IUD, insertion procedure. Neither of Katies parents were asked to give permission for Katie to receive this form of birth control, and Katie submitted to the directions of the clinic staff that she accept implantation of the device."Before Mary Alice and Minnie Lee were operated on, they were given Depo-Provera, a birth control shot.In June 1973, two social workers from Montgomery Community visited the Relf residence with concerns that young boys were hanging around Minnie Lee and Mary Alice. Lonnie was not home. The MCA workers told Minnie that her daughters were going to receive some "shots." The three were transported to a hospital, where Mrs. Relf, who could neither read nor write, signed a consent form with a "X." She believed that Mary Alice and Minnie Lee were going to be given birth control shots, just like they've received before.Lonnie returned home and went to visit his daughters at the clinic. When he arrived, the nurses advised him that visiting hours were over and he was not able to see Mary or Minnie. The girls were eventually sent home after the operation was complete. Mr. Relf noticed scar tissue formed on both of his youngest daughters' bodies. He asked his social worker to find out what had actually happened at the clinic. Once Lonnie and Minnie Relf came to the realization that their daughters were sterilized without their consent, they filed for a lawsuit with the help of the Southern Poverty Law Center. Katie Relf would also represent with her sisters in the court case Relf v. Weinberger. The case resulted in prohibiting the use of federal funds for involuntary sterilizations. The defendants in the case, Casper Weinberger and Arnett were found to have "used federal funds and the powers devolved upon them to bring about the use of birth control measures, including sterilization, on the plaintiffs (in the case of O.E.O.) and the class they represent (in the case of O.E.O. and H.E.W.) The defendants Casper Weinberger and Arnett as well as their predecessors in office were found to have acted to deny plaintiffs and their class status the right to procreate, which is a constitutionally protected right, by "failing to establish any guidelines for birth control programs conducted with federal funds, under federal auspices or by failing to distribute such guidelines once formulated."
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) for Sterilizer
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) for Sterilizer
1. What is a procedure of sterilization with the help of autoclave?Instruments exposed to heated pressurized steam, heated up to 268-273ËšF about 131 - 134ËšC for 20 minutes, How Do Autoclaves Work?How Autoclaves WorkOnce you close the autoclave sterilizer chamber, a vacuum pump removes all the air from inside the device or it is forced out by pumping in steam. If done the first way, the sterilizer is pumped with high pressured steam to quickly raise the internal temperature. On every autoclave there is a thermometer that is waiting for the thermal sweet point, 268-273 degrees Fahrenheit, and then it starts its timer. During the sterilizing process, steam is continuously entering the autoclave to thoroughly kill all dangerous microorganisms. Once the required time of autoclave sterilization has the elapsed, the chamber will be exhausted of pressure and steam allowing the door to open for cooling and drying of the contents.This answer is not a substitute for professional medical advice. This answer is for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or (in the United States) 911 immediately. Always seek the advice of your doctor before starting or changing treatment. Quora users who provide responses to health-related questions are intended third party beneficiaries with certain rights under Quora's Terms of Service is a procedure of sterilization with the help of autoclave?------2. What kind of soil does aloe vera prefers?You don't say where you are located in the world so it's hard to know what your soil is like. Succulents in general prefer a fast draining, open, low-organic potting media. Bagged brown potting soil or high-organic, clay soil is not the best choice. Anything with peat will make it very difficult (impossible) to re-wet once it dries out. There are several commercial cactus and succulent potting mixes available either in stores or online. Supplement that with pumice, pearlite or a calcined clay product to create open spaces and a reserve of moisture.Any nonsense you read about putting succulents in tiny pots is just that; nonsense. The pot size needs to be appropriate for the size and mass of the plant. The growth habit of your plant will also help determine the best pot size. Is this a plant that offsets prolifically, like many Aloe do? You might need a larger pot.Depending on your climate you can use either terra cotta or plastic pots. I prefer lower profile pots, sometimes called "tulip" pots. Any pot should have at least one drain hole.Don't bury the plant too deep, the root/stem junction should be just small bit below the potting media level. You can cover the top of the potting media with fine gravel (3-6mm) generally referred to as top dressing, it's optional, but widely used by cactus and succulent growers. This keeps things neat and clean and keeps moisture away from the base of the plant.Now, you can pot your plant in a tiny pot with peat-based soil and it will probably survive, if you want it to thrive it needs a potting mix closer to habitat.Good luck!------3. How well do ultraviolet sterilizers work, and do they kill viruses?They work brilliantly, we had one in the genetic labs where I worked many years ago as the UV will destroy any stray DNA that might have got stuck someplace in your equipment and might contaminate your samples.It was also plastered with every warning label in the book and had an opaque cover that you could not actually open when the thing is in operation. It was hazardous enough that it would fry your eyes and skin with remarkably short exposure. It was probably more dangerous that the radiolabelled nucleotides we used once in while.I understand that there are frauds out there who have been flogging ordinary weak UV lamps of the kind you might see in a nightclub, or that we used in the lab to show up flourescent dyes, and passing them off as UV sterilisers. Try not be fooled, those things are even weaker than the ones you get in sunbeds. They won't even cause enough minor skin damage to give you a tan, let alone be powerful enough to frazzle a virus.How well do ultraviolet sterilizers work, and do they kill viruses?------4. What's the photocatalytic medical air sterilizer working principle?I used Mingtai photocatalytic medical air sterilizer before, its mainly refers to the activation of nano-titanium dioxide photocatalyst through a certain level of light irradiation, resulting in highly oxidizable hydroxyl radicals, through the hydroxyl radical OH locking the air harmful ingredients, decomposition of harmful gases, bacteria and viruses, which effectively degrade toxic and harmful substances in the air and kill micro-organisms.What's the photocatalytic medical air sterilizer working principle?------5. Compared with other medical air sterilizer, what's the UV medical air sterilizer advantage?According to my experience, I think is has below advantages:1. High efficiency sterilization: UV can reach 99% sterilization rate within 1 or 2 seconds for bacteria and virus2. No secondary pollution: Mingtai UV sterilization does not add any chemicals, so it will not produce secondary pollution to the surrounding environment, do not change any component of the air3. Safety: Traditional disinfection need disinfectant such as chloride or ozone, those disinfectant are highly toxic, flammable substances, but Mingtai UV disinfection system does not have such security riskCompared with other medical air sterilizer, what's the UV medical air sterilizer advantage?------6. How often should you sterilize baby bottles?Sterilizing bottles typically requires high heat to kill any germs that are on the bottles. An easy option that doesn't require any special equipment is to boil the bottles and nipples. Place them in a pan of water that's deep enough to completely submerge the bottles and accessories. Bring the water to a boil, and simmer the bottles and accessories in the boiling water for 5 minutes.Another option available in most homes is to give the bottles and their accessories a trip through the dishwasher on a high heat setting. Set the wash cycle to "hot," and use a heated drying cycle. Some dishwashers have a specific setting for sanitizing.If you want to sterilize bottles regularly, consider investing in a bottle sterilizer. It uses steam to kill germs in the bottles. You can find freestanding electric sterilizers and units that go into the microwave. Use the manufacturer's instructions to place the individual parts into the sterilizer.How often should you sterilize baby bottles?.------7. Should I have a sterilizer for mushroom spawn production?Should I have a sterilizer for mushroom spawn production? Probably, but it depends on what kind of mushrooms you are growing.There are mushrooms that are not sensitive to contamination / competition - like Trametes versicolor - Wikipedia. I've sometimes gotten mycelia by putting wild specimens into zip lock bags with moist cardboard or moist wood chips. I think Pleurotus ostreatus - Wikipedia isn't fussy about sterilization.Common button mushrooms (agarics), and all of the Psilocybe - Wikipedia will require good sterilization.At home one often uses a pressure cooker, and large ones can often be found used at reasonable prices. Should I have a sterilizer for mushroom spawn production?------8. What are the benefits of a menstrual cup sterilizer?I personally prefer sirona menstrual cup sterilizer.It's very easy to use and compact, leaving your menstrual cup perfectly disinfected and ready to be stored for next cycle. Also it Comes with automatic power-off for complete safety. Sirona Menstrual Cup Sterilizer is 100% BPA-Free, i.e., no harmful industrial chemicals are used in the manufacturing of the sterilizer. Also You can sterilize your cup easily without the hassle of boiling water or wasting your precious time. What are the benefits of a menstrual cup sterilizer?------9. Which infectious agent is the most resistant to sterilization?Among the bacteria the most resistant are spore formers since many spores are not destroyed by "sterilizers" that use boiling water. The only way to destroy those bacteria is by temperature above the boiling point, which is why autoclaves that raise the temperature of water to the temperature creating steam are used to sterilize any substance that might contain pathogenic bacteria. But even in those instruments substances must be packed carefully to be sure the bacteria are exposed to the high temperature. When you are in a beauty salon, or other place that has those small containers marked "sterilizers" - they are not sterilizers, they "sanitize" substances that make most products safe, but if any of the materials they put in those and let them soak in hot water (frequently they do not even bring the water to boiling) happen to be spore forming bacteria, the materials they remove may have spores that can germinate to a form that causes infectious diseases. This is mostly a problem in dental and doctor's offices that rely on these so-called "sterilizers" but salons that do pedicures and other procedures that contaminate instruments can also spread some diseases because of this faulty procedure.Examples of the most serious spore forming pathogenic bacteria are those that cause anthrax, some forms of food poisoning, botulism, tetanus, and other severe disease. Which infectious agent is the most resistant to sterilization?------10. Where can I get the best UV light sterilizer?Hello People,UV light is a reliable, well-studied antimicrobial technology. It works primarily by destroying the DNA inside bacteria, viruses, and fungi. With a good quality UV light sterilizer, you can easily kill the bacteria and disinfect various things like mobile, keys, earphones, masks, and more. It is highly recommended to use it safely with complete instructions.I would suggest you to get it from Landlite Philippines Corporation. It is an online store that provides high-quality UV light sterilization suitable for office, hospital, factory, and big shopping malls. The UV light sterilizer available at Landlite Philippines Corporation kills 99.9% of bacteria and viruses. Also, it has various features like Remote control, adjustable timer, and more.Hope it helps!!Where can I get the best UV light sterilizer?.------11. What is plasma sterilizer?Here I am sharing about the plasma sterilizer.Plasma sterilizes by a process called oxidation. Plasma is the fourth state of matter like solid, liquid, gas and plasma. Plasma is created when a gas is heated in a strong electromagnetic field. It is an unstable form of matter in which either the number of electrons gets increased or decreased.Plasma is an ionized gas that is not stable either contains a negative or a positive charge. Some examples of naturally occurring plasma are fire, lighting, the stars, and the sun so on.Plasma Sterilizer is also used for software controlled dexterous door locking that means allows operator to release door using the touch screen panel only when it is safe to do.Plasma chamber produce by RF generator on time with specific fiquency. What is plasma sterilizer?.------12. What is the difference between sterilizer and sanitizer?A sterilizer is a means to render all biological material 100% inactive. The use of an autoclave utilizes time, heat, and pressure to kill all biologicals inactive. UV radiation exposure given for an adequate time will sterilize surfaces and atomic radiation exposure for a sufficient amount of time will also sterilize materials. A sanitizer is typically only chemical application and will only provide a 99% kill rate to biological materials. There is a very significant difference between 99.99% kill rate versus 100% when there are many, many millions of biologicals present. What is the difference between sterilizer and sanitizer?------13. Using a baby bottle sterilizer for piercing equipment?I'm not familiar with the specs of a baby bottle sterilizer. But instead of an autoclave, I know pressure cookers have been substituted. The better ones have pressure gauges, and start at about $80 and end at some pretty outrageous prices......I just Googled "baby bottle sterilizer". Not sure that I would trust that any more than just boiling the instruments in water.See: ------14. What are the features of a menstrual cup sterilizer?A menstrual cup is an excellent alternative to disposable pads and tampons. Not only that it can be worn for up to 10-12 consecutive hours, it is also reusable. Simply empty the content, wash the cup well, and just reinsert it back again. That's how convenient it is to have one.I use Sirona menstrual cup sterilizer to sterilize my menstrual cup.Following are its features :It should be convenient. Maintains pH balanceQuickBPA freeAutomatic switch offHassle free sterilizingEfficientWhat are the features of a menstrual cup sterilizer?
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Knowledge Related to Jorge Sanjins
Knowledge Related to Jorge Sanjins
Jorge Sanjins (born 31 July 1936 in La Paz, Bolivia) is a Bolivian film director and screenwriter. He founded the production group Grupo Ukamau. He won the ALBA Prize for Arts in 2009.• Other Related Knowledge of sterilizerTransformation of sterilizerIn spring 1973, original members of the Hijas de Cuauhtmoc staff formed a core founding group for Encuentro Femenil, including Anna Nieto-Gmez, Cindy Honesto, Marta Lpez, Corinne Snchez, and Adelaida R. Del Castillo. Hoping to expand the reach of Hijas de Cuauhtmoc, they founded the first Chicana journal centering Chicana scholarship and activism.:133 They aimed to document community issues and struggles as well as rise greater political awareness of Chicana issues among a larger Chicana/o community.:78 Additionally, the publication of Encuentro Femenil not only documented the political mobilization of Chicanas, but it encouraged new forms of Chicana political solidarity and participation.:77------Founding of sterilizerAnna Nieto-Gmez, co-founder of the Hijas de Cuauhtemoc newspaper, found her inspiration from a book written by Fredrick Turner that highlighted a Mexican Revolutionary group named the same. She said that We were motivated to start Hijas because chicana contemporaries were experiencing sexual harassment within chicano movement. ... Male leadership seeking freedom and civil rights for himself and not for the included chicanas. Anna Nieto-Gmez was exposed discrimination at a very early age, and from those experiences, she wanted to fight for the right against discrimination and sexism. She felt that the Feminist movement was a part of their Chicana history. While working as a counselor and instructor at California State University Long Beach, she mentored and organized Chicana undergraduates. As an outcome of that organization process, they published Hijas de Cuauhtmoc. Besides Anna NietoGomez, Cindy Honesto, Marta Lpez, Corinne Snchez, and Adelaida R. Del Castillo are the founders and chief editors of Hijas de Cuauhtmoc. The group Hijas de Cuauhtmoc became a way for women in the Chicana/o movement to organize collectively. They were able to express their experience as young, working-class Chicanas and to address issues that were ignored in the student's movement like for example their critique about machismo in the Chicano movement.:63 The student newspaper presented new forms of feminism as they started the dialogue about the intersection of class and race. These concepts were presented through an innovative mixed-genre format that was equal parts journalism, poetry, photography, art, social critique, recovered women history, and political manifesto".:66 It involved economic and social issues, political consciousness and Mexicana/Chicana history. Moreover, it provided space for many young activists to express their own political insights and visions".:66SupportTo print the first issue, the newspaper received financial support from a Norwalk Mutualista society, a tradition of Mexican migrant communities.:69 In contrast to the support group, other Chicano men, especially Chicanos in the sphere of the Chicano newspaper El Alacrn were less supportive of the arising of a feminist Chicana newspaper.:69------Content of sterilizerThe issues covered subjects like sterilization and reproduction health, welfare and labor rights, employment and gender discrimination, access to health care, Chicana incarceration, family and cultural roles, along with sexism, sexual politics and women's role in the movement.:70Overall the paper encouraged Chicanas to complete their education by providing them with a support group, an organizational tool, and a forum for addressing their concerns as women. Moreover," the newspaper was a vehicle for regional communication where Chicanas spread information about their political activities, campus issues, Mexican history, the growth of Chicana feminism, women in prison, role of women in the movement and a struggle against sexism and sexual politics. Besides working on the issues, members of Hijas de Cuauhtmoc participated in Community organizations and made links among other Chicana groups such as the La Raza Community Center in Eastside Long Beach, the UFW's grape boycott and Teatro Campesino.:69First issueThe first issue was published in March 1971, dealing with the topic of Chicanas studying at California State University at Long Beach:74 as well as Chicana historie, Chicana education, Chicanas in the Prison, Chicana poetry and socio-sexual problems in Chicano organizations and families. Even though the issue was so rich on contend, the article on "Macho Attitudes" received most attention, which was mostly negative.Second issueA month later, in April the second issues were intended to circulate thoughts and ideas produced at the Los Angeles Chicana Educational Conference. The conference was planned in preparation for the first national Chicana Conference, la Conferencia de Mujeres por la Raza, which was to be held in Houston later that year.:74 They also used the newspaper to highlight important events, such as the University Regional Conference in Houston, Texas. Through the advertising, they were able to get 250 attendees to the conference.Third issueThe third Issue came out in June 1971. It provided Information about Chicana Workshops at the May Educational Chicana Conference and contained information about the 5-point program of Hermanidad, the philosophy of Chicana sisterhood.:74
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