1. Background of all-in-one printer
Early lifeLemma was born on February 13, 1928, in one of woredas in Oromia Region called Ada'a from his father Guya Gemeda and his mother Mare Gobena. At his early age he was obligated to became a cattle herder for his parents were pastoral.
By his leisure time he was painting on the wall of his family's house, and he became a mesmerizing icon for his family. He told that her mother's craft works inspired him in childhood to became a painter. As his painting career grew well, people from surroundings positively influenced his father Guya to sent his son, Lemma, school.
By the age of 14, in 1942, Lemma went to "Lebna Dengel primary school" which is about 10 Kilometre far from his hometown. Lemma had a great ambition to change the socio economic status of his poor family. For this he was aimed to join Teachers Training College.
In 1950, Lemma went to Nazareth Teachers Training College, but not stayed longer over there. For it take seven years to got graduated, Lemma left the college and went to his home-land, and painting. Lemma not became idle, he was fighting to change his parents socio economic status.
When he was in this situation, he had informed that Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia used to come Debrezeth in every weekend. Then Lemma decided to went to Debrezeth and show the portraits of a new model of Airplane. He got a chance to show his work, and the Majesty was become surprised by Lemma's work and sent him to Ethiopian Air Force for training.
He was trained as Airplane Technician and graduated with a great destination in 1954. Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia also congratulated Lemma and gifted him with a painting materials. Then he was sent to Asmara Air Force (when Eretria was under Ethiopia) as a teacher.
Becoming a teacher for Air Force, not distracted his talent. He was continued to learn painting in Italian Painting School which was in Asmara, Ethiopia by his own wage. After 11 year ago, in 1963, Lemma returned back to his home-town.
CareerLemma was begun to translate a book that gifted to him from many foreigners after Asmara's return, among them "Sil yale astemari" was the first one. By the time no modernized printing machine nationally, Lemma became a good printer to multiply and distribute colorfully painted portraits of Ethiopian nations and nationalities', specially Oromo people. Among his notable work 'Kuwanta' was become very meaningful.
On this portrait, Lemma tried to glimpse the Africa's natural resource corruption. On this portrait there are 2 cats those are looking on a meat that hung on horizontally tied rope. AwardsLemma's paintings have been exhibited and sold successfully in America, Sweden, United Kingdom, Nigeria, Kenya and Senegal and let him to won numerous prizes and awards.
Lemma awarded as "A man who is an author of notable work which glimpse three generation" by Native American Heritage Association. For his contribution to the society of Oromia the University of Jimma also awarded him with Honorary Doctorate.
Models of all-in-one printer
The first model under the GAI is the negative income tax (NIT). Negative income tax works on the assumption that families who earn below the low-income threshold should receive aid in the form of direct grants rather than paying taxes. This allows heads of a family unit to use their financial resources as they best see fit rather than being constrained by the traditional income assistance programs, which typically have means tests, time limits and other restrictions.
Experiments using the negative income tax model have been completed in the United States in the late 1960s through the early 1970s. The NIT model was also tested in Canada in the 1970s in Manitoba; it was called the Mincome experiment. It allowed every participating family unit to receive a minimum cash benefit, with every dollar over the benefit amount taxed at 60%.
The results showed a modest impact on labor markets, with family working hours decreasing 5%. These potential economic costs can be offset by the opportunity cost of working. The opportunity cost of working more is spending less time with their families and on education.
Mothers spent more time rearing newborns, and the educational impacts are regarded as a success. Students in these families showed higher test scores and lower dropout rates. There was also an increase in adults doing continuing education.
The second model that falls under the guaranteed annual income concept is the unconditional basic income also known as the universal demogrant (UD) model. This is a payment to all persons regardless of income. It is usually favored by those who see the GAI as a right of citizenship and whose belief in the goal of decreasing poverty through providing the basic income and more equally sharing the economic benefits of society.
3. Life of all-in-one printer
Reading was born in New Jersey. He came across country to California with Samuel J.
Hensley as a member of the Chiles-Walker party in 1843. In 1844, Reading entered the service of General Sutter as a clerk, explorer, and chief of trappers. He received the 26,632-acre (10,778Â ha) Mexican land grant Rancho Buena Ventura in 1844 for the area occupied by today's Redding, California, and Cottonwood, California, along the Sacramento River.
In the Winter of 184445, while Sutter was marching with about one hundred men to join Governor Michaeltorena, Pierson was in command at Sutters Fort. In 1846, Reading was a participant in the Bear Flag Revolt. In the MexicanAmerican War, Reading enlisted under Fremont and was appointed Paymaster of the California Battalion, with the rank of Major.
In 1848 Reading was among the first to visit James W. Marshall's gold discovery in Coloma, California and shortly after engaged extensively in prospecting for gold in Shasta County, and along the Trinity River. In the fall of 1849, Major Reading fitted out an expedition to discover the bay into which he supposed the Trinity and Klamath Rivers must empty.
From 1849 to 1850, Reading operated a store in Sacramento with Samuel J. Hensley and Jacob R. Snyder.
He was the Whig candidate for Governor of California in 1851. In 1854 Reading went to Washington, D.C.
for the US Supreme Court hearing on his land grant claim. There he met and married Fanny Wallace Washington. Reading returned to his Rancho Buena Ventura in Shasta County in 1856, where he remained until his death in 1868.
4. Works of all-in-one printer
Lee was a noted scholar, and studied astrology, but then destroyed the books and manuscripts that he had collected. on the subject.
He continued the Theatrum Historicum of Helvicus from 1629 (Oxford edition, 1651). For the sixth edition (Oxford, 1662) he further supplied a treatise De Antiquitate Academi Oxoniensis, and Tractatulus ad Periodum Julianum spectans, both in the name of the printer H. Hall, and continued the work to that year.
His Chronicum Cestren was published in Daniel King's Vale Royal of England, London, 1656. Other works by Lee were: Orbis Miraculum, or the Temple of Solomon, London, 1659, 1665, printed at the expense of the university of Oxford. This book was plagiarised by Christopher Kelly, who reproduced the last part as Solomon's Temple spiritualized at Dublin in 1803.
It was again published as Kelly's in 1820, at Philadelphia. De Excidio Anti-christi, 1659. What means may be used towards the Conversion of our Carnal Relations?
London, 1661; in Samuel Annesley's Morning Exercises, 1677 and 1844. Contemplations on Mortality, London, 1669. The Visibility of the True Church, in Nathanael Vincent's Morning Exercises, 1675; Annesley, 1845.
How to manage Secret Prayer, in Annesley's Supplement, 1676 and 1844. The Triumph of Mercy, London, 1677; Boston, 1718. Ecclesia Gemens (anon.
), London, 1677, 1678, 1679. Israel Redux, London, 1677, 1678, 1679, including a hitherto unpublished essay on the Ten Tribes by Giles Fletcher. The Joy of Faith, Boston, 1687; London, 1689.
After Lee's death appeared The Great Day of Judgment, an assize sermon, Boston, 1692, 1694, 1696. He published a collection of thirty sermons by John Rowe, under the title of Emmanuel, or the Love of Christ, London, 1680. Lee has been identified as the "S.
L." who wrote the preface to Thomas Mall's History of the Martyrs epitomised.