Introduction to Surgical Instruments

1. Sources of surgical instruments

Morales y Marn, J.L., Francisco Bayeu, vida y obra, Zaragoza, Moncayo, 1995. .mw-parser-output cite.citationfont-style:inherit.mw-parser-output .citation qquotes:"""""""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registrationcolor:#555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:12px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output code.cs1-codecolor:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none;font-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-errorfont-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-formatfont-size:95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left:0.2em.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-right:0.2em.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inheritISBN84-7675-021-8 El arte de los Bayeu, Expo 92 (Sevilla). Pabelln de Aragn, 1991. ISBN84-404-9266-9

Los Bayeu, Caja de Ahorros y Monte de Piedad de Zaragoza, Aragn y Rioja (Ibercaja, Obra Social y Cultural), 1979. ISBN84-500-3272-5

Sambricio, V. De, Francisco Bayeu, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientficas, 1956. ISBN84-00-00566-X

Francisco Bayeu in the Enciclopedia en Lnea @ the Museo del Prado.

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2. Life of surgical instruments

Aitken was born in Bishophill, York in 1861. She was the daughter of Henry Martin Aitken, a surgical instrument manufacturer, and his wife, Elizabeth Atkinson. She had an elder sister and a younger brother Charles Aitken who would lead the Tate Gallery. Her father believed in educating his daughters. He died in 1875 but he requested that Edith should attend the North London Collegiate School (NLCS) where her elder sister, Rose, was already teaching. Rose had attended Girton College and in 1879 Edith left NLCS and followed her sister. She became a scientist and took the natural sciences tripos. She had a first class pass of Part 1 exams and would have taken a degree had she been male. As it was she had to obtain an M.A. from Dublin.

She practised at some important schools. Her first post was at Manchester High School for Girls which she left in 1883 to join Nottingham Girls' High School. She was at Notting Hill High School in 1886 where in 1891 she published an Elementary Textbook of Botany She returned to Frances Buss's North London Collegiate School as a science teacher and in 1899 she left to teach chemistry at Bedford College. Whilst she was there the South African War was in progress and it was complete by 1902.

Aitken became the first headmistress of Pretoria High School for Girls. The war had ended and she was determined to bring together cultural groups. The school's motto came from NLSC but the School Charter was new. She modeled the school after Frances Buss's North London Collegiate School where she and her sister had taught. She also adopted the motto, "We work in hope" to apply to the new girls school. In the school's first magazine she wrote:

"On the first re-opening nearly half the girls were of Dutch extraction. The school was opened and conducted with the earnest hope that here girls of different races and different denominations might meet in the commonwealth of letters which gave Erasmus and Shakespeare to the World; to acquire there, in accordance with the ideals of Christian Duty, the healthy physique, the trained mind and the disciplined character which should fit each to live worthily in that state of life unto which it should please God to call her.

Aitken employed Dutch speaking staff and she took lessons in Dutch. The school expanded and in 1915 the school was given new buildings and in 1917 playing fields. By 1923 when Aitken retired the school was acknowledged as the best in South Africa. Two years after she retired and she finally got the Cambridge degree that she had earned in the 19th century.

Aitken made her last visit to Pretoria in 1938. She died in Wrecclesham in 1940.

Introduction to Surgical Instruments 1

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3. Peter Amollo Odhiambo of surgical instruments

Peter Amollo (P. A.) Odhiambo, MBBS, MMed (Surg), FRCS (Edin), FCS (ECSA), FACC, is a Kenyan consultant thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon. He is Kenya's first cardio-thoracic surgeon and a professor of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery at the University of Nairobi. He is a founder and former chairman of the Kenya Cardiac Society, and a former president of the Pan African Society of Cardiology (PASCAR). Odhiambo is the chairman of the Kenya Tobacco Control Board. He is also the founder and editor of Medicom, the African Journal of Hospital Medicine.

In 1986, Odhiambo was given an award for an outstanding contribution in medicine by the Giant Federation of Kenya, and in 1993 he received another award from PASCAR for his distinguished service to cardiology in Africa. He was the tenth dean of Nairobi University's Faculty, now School of Medicine, serving from 1992 to 1996. During his tenure, he successfully steered the faculty towards cost-sharing through its most difficult period for both staff and students. In 2012, he was given the Mater Hospital Recognition Award, followed, in 2013, by the SSK award for Outstanding Role in Medical Education and Teaching. He conceptualized and then chaired the University of Nairobi Teaching Hospital Project. He has written two books: Tobacco Versus Health and Making Sense of Cessation of Tobacco.

Odhiambo has campaigned widely against drug abuse and is at the forefront in the fight for the liberation of tobacco farmers in East Africa. He has steered the Kenya Tobacco Control Board to a successful level enabling the board be legally institutionalized. He has also played a key role in ensuring that the legal mandate of the board is within the laid down legal framework as per the Tobacco Control Act of 2007, thus the Board has all the necessary instruments to operate legally. In 2008, Odhiambo won an award from the World Health Organization for his accomplishments in the area of tobacco control. In 2016 he won the WHO World No-Tobacco Day Award to Board I Chair. He worked tirelessly behind the scenes to create awareness on the dangers of shisha (hookah), and was instrumental in the Kenya government's decision to ban shisha in the country.

He is involved in many community projects in his home village of Kanyaluo, found in Rachuonyo District in Western Kenya's Homa Bay County. He is a founder member and chairman of the Karachuonyo Development Society.

In 1998, Odhiambo's son, James Ocholla Odhiambo "Jordan", was gunned down by Kenyan policemen, for no cause, on his way home from the Nairobi Campus of the United States International University, where he was a student. The tragedy, which exposed corruption in the Kenya Police at that time, received wide media coverage and was a major source of motivation for Odhiambo's interest in, and consequent campaigns toward, the efficiency and effectiveness of the Kenya Police.

Odhiambo was educated at the Calcutta Medical College, Nairobi University, the University of Edinburgh and McGill University. He resides in Nairobi with his family.

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Common Questions for Used Surgical Instruments for Sale
Common Questions for Used Surgical Instruments for Sale
1. I'm a keen amateur photographer. what can I do to ensure my photos reach the maximum number of people?First are you trying to get validation/ likes from your photos?If it's yes to the first question! A like from a none photographer can be like a family or friends saying it's good! But in reality it's may have issues with it! A lot of likes on social media doesn't mean that it a good photo!Sorry I just had to get that out of the way first!Try to get your image critiqued by a photographer! If you want to know how good or bad an photo is. Just be prepared for them to tear apart your work. If they recommend ways to improve it listen! ( photography is art )Now back to the getting many people to see your photos!Use every social media available! Even older ones and new ones.Use PinterestUse hashtagsStart a YouTube Chanel about your photography How to, BTS, How You edit your imageGet a website!Locally around town Ask Business owners if you can bring in framed photo to decorate the store!Join a photography club. Not only you get advice but they are like Instant followers on social media.shoot type of event for parents to post on social media giving you credit as the photographer! ( If they want prints! Sell them)Shoot church Events, or members also do the same thing as number 8! As to photos for online resize your image and quality for viewing online.Find your style/ uniqueness and keep it uniform.If you don't post every day! Keep it consistent by letting everyone know the days you are posting and always post on those days!Only post your best work! That one bad image can kill your followers!just enjoy photography!I'm a keen amateur photographer. what can I do to ensure my photos reach the maximum number of people?.------2. Is laser oncosurgery successful for mouth cancer, and who is the best doctor in India?Such cancers are covered under broad classification of head and neck cancers. onwards on molecular basis they could be either, Squamous cell carcinoma is the predominant malignancy that occurs in the oral cavity. Minor salivary gland cancers and sarcomas are less common.Traditional surgical approaches are generally used for patients with early stage oral cavity cancer. Although minimally invasive surgery, such as transoral laser resection or robotic surgery, has been used, the relative advantages of one surgical technique versus another have not been well established. The primary benefit of minimally invasive technology is its ability to access structures such as the oropharynx and larynx, which are not easily approached with standard instruments. However, early stage oral cavity tumors are usually accessible via traditional transoral approaches.Most early stage oral cavity cancers can be excised without major, long-term, functional or cosmetic deformity. Swallowing function is generally excellent with appropriate reconstruction and postoperative rehabilitation. Likewise, short-term perturbations in speech (eg, difficulty pronouncing the letter "t" after tongue surgery) can be corrected to normal or near-normal function. As an example, an oral cavity cancer patient employed in telephone sales would generally be expected to be able to return to full-time work within three months of surgery.Wish it helps.Is laser oncosurgery successful for mouth cancer, and who is the best doctor in India?.------3. Now it is clear that demonetization has caused mayhem and destruction. Who should be accountable and punished?The foolish, child-like people who thought that YT was just going to keep paying so well for views are being punished for their naive ignorance. How could anyone think that was going to last? If you couldn't see that one coming a mile away, you're blind
Knowledge About Surgical Instruments
Knowledge About Surgical Instruments
1. Technology development trend of the attractor of Surgical instrumentsWith the need of the development of technology and management, medical attractor also in development, in general there are several trends: 1, the centralized In the ward, operating room equipment with the negative pressure interface, convenient, safe, easy to mass deployment, facilitate management at the same time, lower cost, become a development direction of medical attractor. 2, intelligent R attract fields, etc., are all intelligent devices. 3, miniaturization, Because of the portable attractor is subject to factors such as human and volume, so we can not meet larger negative pressure value, only suitable for temporary emergency situations.------2. Electric attractor classification according to the use of Surgical instrumentsElectric attractor divided three kinds: according to the use the normal electric attractor, abortion type electric attractor, gastric lavage type electric attractor. 1, ordinary electric attractor is made of pumping blood, pus, water, specially used in the treatment such as sputum, can't do other treatments used. The attractor compared with other types of electric attractor, there are difference between two points: one is to have two 5000 ml air cylinder, and two bottles of 500 ml reservoir: part ii is a negative pressure automatic control, to help maintain the negative pressure value of the set range. At present, the new type of gastric lavage machine is equipped with positive pressure and negative pressure manual and automatic control functions, not easy jam, very suitable for clinical emergency treatment.------3. The advantages of centralized control attractor of Surgical instrumentsThrough a wall type flowmeter connection attract head to control the size of the negative pressure and avoid dirt suction negative pressure pipe. Negative pressure center unified control, facilitate unified management, reduce the cost. Because central negative pressure need good houses and decorate the pipe in the building, so the mobility is not as good as electric attractor, need in conditional can be used only when, generally the larger hospitals adopt this type.
Knowledge About Surgical Instruments
Knowledge About Surgical Instruments
1. Background of surgical instrumentsFrances Davis was a student at Southeastern Community College and applied for the nursing program. Davis also had a hearing impairment, thus, her hearing was very poor and she relied mostly on lip-reading, even with a hearing aid. When she was interviewed, the problem was quickly noticed and she was told to consult an audiologist. Davis was diagnosed with a bilateral, sensori-neural hearing loss, and even with an improvement with a hearing aid she would only be able to dictate speech when someone spoke directly to her.The Executive Director of the State Board of Nursing reviewed her application and decided that it would not be safe for her to be a student in the program or to be a nurse. It was also decided that the accommodations that would have to be made for Davis would stop her from fully benefiting from the program. Davis asked the board to review the application once again, but was denied.After the second attempt, Davis filed a lawsuit claiming the school was denying her of the Fourteenth amendment and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.------2. Leopold Ritter von Dittel of surgical instrumentsLeopold Ritter von Dittel (May 29, 1815 July 28, 1898) was an Austrian urologist born in Fulnek, a community now located in the Czech Republic.Dittel received his medical doctorate in 1840 from the University of Vienna, and as a young man worked as a physician in Trentschin-Teplitz. From 1853 to 1857, he was an assistant to Johann von Dumreicher (1815-1880) and a surgical assistant at the university hospital in Vienna. Later, he became surgeon-in-chief of the Allgemeines Krankenhaus, and in 1865 attained the title of associate professor.He is credited for developing a number of innovative diagnostic and surgical practices in the field of genitourinary medicine. He is remembered for his pioneer diagnostic work with the cystoscope, a device that was a recent invention of urologist Maximilian Nitze (18481906). In urology, the cystoscope is used for endoscopic detection of bladder tumors and other urinary disorders. With Felix Legueu (18631939) and mile Forgue (18601943), the "Dittel-Forgue-Legueu operation" is named, defined as a surgical procedure for closure of vesicovaginal fistulae (VVF).A medical instrument used for treatment of stenosis of the urethra known as a "Dittel urethral sound" is named after him.------3. Written works of surgical instrumentsUeber Klumpfuss, (1851) - treatise on clubfoot.Skoliose, (1853) - treatise on scoliosisBeitrge zur Pathologie und Therapie der Mnnlichen Geschlechtstheile, (1859) - Contributions to the pathology and treatment of male genitalia.Sekundre Luxation des Hftgelenkes, (1861) - Secondary dislocation of hip.Der Kathederismus, (1864)Beitrag zur Lehre der Hypertrophie der Prostata, in Oesterreichischer Medizinischer Jahrbericht, (1867) - Contribution to the teaching of hypertrophy of the prostate.Der Steinsauger, in Allgemeine Wiener Medizinische Zeitung, (1870)Die Stricturen der Harnrhre (in Franz von Pitha - Theodor Billroth's Handbuch der Chirurgie), (1872) - Strictures of the urethra.Zur Behandlung der Hypertrophie der Vorsteherdrse in Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift, (1876) - For treatment of hypertrophy of the prostate gland.Operationen der Blasensteine, (1880) - Operations for bladder stones.Nierencalculose, (1881) - kidney calculus.------4. Catlin (surgery) of surgical instrumentsA catlin or catling is a long, double-bladed surgical knife. It was commonly used from the 17th to the mid 19th century, particularly for amputations; thereafter its use declined in favor of mechanically driven (and later, electrically driven) oscillating saws.Surgeon William Clowes wrote about the instrument in a medical treatise written in 1596, that amputation required the use of "a very good catlin, and an incision knife," Later, surgeon John Woodall referred to a "catlinge" in a work in 1639. By 1693, when British navy surgeon John Moyle described proper amputation techniques, he wrote that "with your Catling, divide the Flesh and Vessels about and between the bones, and with the back of your Catling, remove the Periosteum that it may not hinder the saw, nor cause greater Torment in the Operation,".The term was thereafter understood to refer to an interosseous knife.------5. Published works of surgical instrumentsHe was the author of the two-part "Anatomische Demonstrationen, oder Sammlung kolossaler Abbildungen aus dem Gebiete der medicinischen Anatomie" (183032) that was later translated into English and published as "Anatomical demonstrations, or, Colossal illustrations of human anatomy" (183132). Other noteworthy published works by Seerig include:De hydroencephaloceles specimine eximio, 1822 (dissertation thesis).ber angeborene Verwachsung der Finger und Zehen und Ueberzahl derselben, 1824 On congenital deformities of the fingers and toes, etc.Nonnulla de fungi durae matris origine et diagnosi, 1825.Armamentarium chirurgicum; oder, Mglichst vollstndige Sammlung von Abbildungen und Beschreibung chirurgischer Instrumente lterer und neuerer Zeit (2 volumes, 183538) Armamentarium chirurgicum, or as complete as possible collection of illustrations and descriptions of surgical instruments from ancient and modern times.------6. Leopold Bettelheim of surgical instrumentsLeopold Bettelheim, Yiddish: Meyer Leb Bettelheim (Hungarian: Bettelheim Leopold, Bettelheim Meyer Lb; February 23, 1777, Hlohovec April 9, 1838) was a Hungarian physician.He was not only eminent in his profession, but was considered a Hebraist of some importance. He lived in Freystdtel, on the Waag, and there held the responsible office of physician-in-ordinary to Count Joseph Erddy, the influential court chancellor of Hungary, in whose private residence are still preserved the surgical instruments used by Bettelheim in saving the lives of the count and his family, together with documents recording some remarkable cures effected by him.In 1830 Bettelheim was the recipient of a gold medal of honor from the emperor Francis I for distinguished services to the royal family and to the nobility.------7. Oral Surgery of surgical instrumentsCryer made several contributions to the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery. He is also known for developing the electrically operated surgical engine for cutting bone for jaw surgery and the spiral osteotome and guard for cranial surgery. In 1904, he designed forces to extract teeth during dental surgery. These forces specifically were universally designed for incisor and their roots. The two forceps were designed for upper and lower teeth. The left and right elevators also developed from his contributions. He initially made the two left and right scaling instruments for the scaling purposes and eventually he was able to use them to elevate dental roots.------8. George Kellogg (inventor) of surgical instrumentsGeorge Kellogg (June 19, 1812 1901) was an American inventor and patent expert.Kellogg was born at New Hartford, Connecticut in 1812 to Isaac Kellogg (1782-1824) and Aurilla Barney (1792-1861). George graduated from Wesleyan University in 1837. From 1838 to 1841, he was principal of the Sumter Academy in Sumterville, South Carolina. He was for some time a manufacturer in Birmingham, Connecticut, and was in the United States revenue service from 1863 to 1866. He established factories in England, was a patent expert, and patented a machine for making jack chains (1844), a dovetailing machine (1849), a type-distributing machine (1852), and improved surgical instruments (1853). He married Jane Elizabeth Crosby (1816-1892) and they had a child, Clara Louise Kellogg.------9. Jules Germain Cloquet of surgical instrumentsJules Germain Cloquet (18 December 1790 23 February 1883) was a French physician and surgeon who was born and practiced medicine in Paris. His older brother, Hippolyte Cloquet (1787-1840) and his younger nephew Ernest Cloquet (1818-1855) were also physicians. In 1821 Jules Cloquet became one of the earliest members elected to the Acadmie Nationale de Mdecine in Paris. In 1836, he was elected Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland.Cloquet was known for his expertise as a surgeon, especially his work with hernial disorders. He was also the first to describe and identify the remnant of the embryonic hyaloid artery. This vestige was to become known as Cloquet's canal.Cloquet's name is associated with three anatomical terms regarding the femoral canal:"Cloquet's hernia": a hernia of the femoral canal"Cloquet's septum": a fibrous membrane bounding the annulus femoralis at the base of the femoral canal"Cloquet's gland": small lymphatic nodes in the femoral canalCloquet was a skilled artist; in his best-known work, Anatomie de l'homme, most of the 1300 illustrations were drawn by him. He was the inventor of several surgical instruments, including an arterial forceps. He also had a keen interest in alternative medical practices such as mesmerism and acupuncture.------10. Decision of surgical instrumentsThe District Court decided that because Davis was not able to work adequately as a nurse, then she was not protected under Section 504, which states that a person must be able to perform all duties of a job, despite their disability.According to The Law and Higher Education, the court stated that In many situations such as an operation room intensive care unit, or post-natal care unit, all doctors and nurses wear surgical masks which would make lip-reading impossible. Additionally, in many situations, a Registered Nurse would be required to instantly follow a physicians instructions concerning procurement of various types of instruments and drugs where the physician would be unable to get the nurses attention by other than vocal means.The decision was overturned by the Fourth Court, saying that the first court did not understand Section 504. After reviewing the case the Supreme Court decided that the ability to hear was crucial in a nurse's daily work, and the accommodations that the program would have to provide was far more than what Section 504 outlines.------11. Career of surgical instrumentsConstable grew up playing music as a part of the Wiseman family from western North Carolina. He began his professional career playing guitar with his mother's husband, the accomplished bluegrass musician Charlie Moore. As a teenager, he found work touring with Doug Dillard. He later moved to California to play with family band the Constables.Despite his equable bluegrass roots, Constable proved himself to be a versatile musician as the years went on. He worked repeatedly in more electric and psychedelic settings with Jam bands Leftover Salmon and String Cheese Incident. During his tenure with Hypnotic Clambake, he was found playing everything from polkas to reggae to Bulgarian music. The Blueridge National Heritage Area states on their website that Constable's banjo playing "can be deceptively eclectic. His influences begin at home and with his family, but Billy's repertoire is vast, and he is comfortable in most musical situations."Constable played regularly with mandolinist Mark Schimick, the Big Daddy Bluegrass Band, and guitarist Larry Keel. He often performed around Boone or Asheville, not far from where he grew up in western North Carolina. He played an active role in the music scene around many parts of Appalachia.------12. Ayre spatula of surgical instrumentsThe Ayre spatula is a device used to collect Pap smear. It is a wooden spatula with U shaped openings on one side and a flat surface on another. The broad end is for vaginal sample collection and the narrow end is for cervical sample collection. It is rotated 360 degrees in the vagina to obtain the cells to be sent for Pap smear examination. Recent studies have shown that long-tipped spatulas (Aylesbury device) or a cytobrush along with an extended-tip spatula are better than Ayre spatula in collecting endocervical cells. However, Ayre spatula continues to be used for cervical sample collection in less-income countries. Ayre spatula is introduced into the cervix after visualizing the os using a speculum. The cytology specimens are obtained by rotating the spatula firmly over the ectocervix and quickly transferring the cells to a slide or jar.The Ayre spatula was invented by James Ernest Ayre and Georgios Papanikolaou. Ayre was granted a patent for it in 1949 and donated the profits from sales of the spatula to the American Cancer Society.------13. Albrecht Theodor Middeldorpf of surgical instrumentsAlbrecht Theodor Middeldorpf (3 July 1824, Breslau 29 July 1868, Breslau) was a German surgeon.He studied medicine at the universities of Breslau and Berlin, receiving his medical doctorate in 1846. As a student, his instructors included Jan Evangelista Purkyn, Johannes Peter Mller and Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach. Following graduation, he worked as assistant under Purkyn at Breslau for a year, then embarked on a study trip to Vienna and Paris. In 1853 he became an associate professor of surgery and ophthalmology at Breslau, and soon afterwards, was named head surgeon of the Allerheiligen-Hospital. In 1856 he became a full professor and director of the surgical-ophthalmologic clinic. During the Second Schleswig War (1864) and Austro-Prussian War (1864), he distinguished himself in the treatment of battle-related injuries.He is best remembered for his pioneer work in galvanocautery, being credited with the standardization of its surgical techniques. In 1854 he published the first monograph in regards to the application of electrical current in surgery. In September 1856 he demonstrated his galvano-surgical methods in Paris, of which, he was awarded the Montyon Prize by the Paris Academy of Sciences.
Who Are the Major Dental Supplies Producer in India?
Who Are the Major Dental Supplies Producer in India?
Dental supplies production requires a lot of precision and highly caliberized machinery and skilled work force. India is not invested in developing the instruments or training the work force. India has few manufacturers who can match the global standards. When it comes to dental instruments there are two prominent players, 3M and GDC. While 3M is US based company they have a dental instruments manufacturing facility in Noida Delhi NCR. GDC is Germany based conglomerate specializing in Dental Instruments and materials. GDC has a facility in Bhatinda Punjab. Their is also a third player API which is partly owned by GDC based in Europe and they have given exclusive marketing rights in India to Ashoosons Ltd, a Delhi based firm. Nothing much is known about their production facilities.3M and GDC also poineer in manufacturing dental cements like GIC, composites but most of their manufacturing is in JapanThe consumables like Dental wax, Orthodontic wires, Cold cure polymer and monomer, Heat cure polymer and monomer are made by Indian producers. Deepthi Dental wax, Maarc Dental Wax, Koinoor Orthodontic wires are popular ones.Dental Instruments and materials ecosystem is patent based and EU-US centric, because the profits from those regions of the world are pretty insane. Indian dentist don't work on such high margins hence no Indian manufacturers invest in dental instruments manufacturing. We still have dental chair manufacturers which are thriving in subcontinent and south east asia. They face a fierce price war between Chinese and Brazilian manufacturers..• Related QuestionsDoes a kneeling chair reduce back pain?No, it doesn't. It maintains a better lumbar curvature, but that couldn't be correlated with back pain.The Balans chair has been introduced with claims that, because of its semi-kneeling position, individuals will experience decreased low-back pain (LBP) as well as improvement in circulation. ... Increased cervical (P .004) and lumbar muscle EMG measurements were noted after sitting in the Balans chair. Pedal cutaneous blood flow was increased by 15% in the Balans chair (P .001). The data do not support the manufacturer's claim that the Balans chair is likely to decrease complaints of LBP (low-back pain) 1. A newer study couldn't find any evidence on low-back pain reduction although kneeling chairs maintain a better lumbar curvature:This study suggests that ergonomically designed kneeling chairs set at 20 degrees inclination do maintain standing lumbar curvature to a greater extent than sitting on a standard computer chair with an overall mean difference of 7.633 degrees. Further research with a greater number of subjects and on different chair designs is warranted 2.But is the opposite (a reduced lumbar curvature) associated with low-back pain? Well, it isn't:Our study aimed to investigate whether lordosis changes with age and is reduced in those with low back pain. ... We were unable to demonstrate any difference in the degree of lordosis among women with or without back pain. Men with low back pain tended to have a less prominent lordosis, but this difference did not reach statistical significance. Therefore, a 'reduced lumbar lordosis' should be regarded as a very weak clinical sign 3.Prolonged standing is a risk factor for back pain, no matter the type of chair:Highly demanding jobs, prolonged standing and awkward lifting appear as the most consistent and important predictors of LBP 4.References:.------What are the attractive features and benefits of plastic chairs?Plastic chairs find its presence in every office and household. With a wide range of design and variety, they could fit in every decor style. Plastic furniture were first designed and made popular by Douglas Simpson and James Donahue in 1946, since then they have become very popular in every part of the world. Some advantages of using plastic Chairs include:Unbreakable : A furniture made from good quality plastic such as PVC seldom breaks. When tested for maximum weight and pressure that plastic furniture could handle and it turns out that good grade plastic furniture are as strong as furniture from any other material.No effect of change in environment: Further, it never cracks when exposed to environmental changes like sunlight and cold. They could be suitably used in air conditioned office rooms as well as for outdoor seats or even for visitors in offices.More elastic strength :The good deal is they do not easily break even when dropped from a height.No effect of termites Plastic furniture do not get affected from termites unlike wood furniture. No rusting they do not rust unlike iron furniture when exposed to air and moisture.Some attractive features of plastic Chairs :Weather Proof: These chairs are weather proof and therefore it can be placed outdoors in patios and gardens.Variety: Plastic chairs are available in a huge range of varieties which include different sizes, colors and styles. It is easy to find chairs which suit different types of home and office decors.Attractive Combinations: Plastic chairs can be found in different attractive combinations. It is easy to find chairs made with a combination of plastic and chrome which appear both elegant and stylish. Styles: These chairs are available in a range of styles which vary according to the comfort factor. There are reclining chairs, study table chairs, kids chairs and various other types which can be bought from online stores at affordable price rates. There are plastic chairs which are padded and upholstered for comfort and elegance. These types of chairs are also made of plastic and steel. It is quite easy to move around these furniture types as it is light in weight.Easy to Maintain: These chairs are easy to maintain and clean. It can be cleaned with soap and water. Durable: These chairs are durable compared to other types of furniture.Less Expensive: Compared to wood and steel chairs, plastic chairs are less expensive. It can be bought at different affordable price rates. Today there are a huge variety of chairs made available through online stores at affordable price rates.One of the reputed plastic chair manufacturer in India is Italica Furniture. They offer high quality, durable & lightweight plastic chairs in India. What are the attractive features and benefits of plastic chairs?------Who would you consider more natural problem solvers, INTJs or INTPs?There's no one-size-fits-all answer. Those points should help you identify the answer on your specific situation:INTPs are more flexible. They would get better results on problems with many intersections, uncertainty and need for exploration; whereas INTJs usually prefer to specialize on narrow fields.Provided with an interesting subject and flexible rules, INTPs absorb information much faster. INTJs are better at execution and implementation. If the problem involves deadlines, decisions and organizing people efficiently, they are definitely better. INTJ's way of operating is almost always more suitable to the way big corporations work. INTPs are more comfortable when they can prototype, fail fast and iterate - experimental environments. INTJs "experiment" within their heads. They are more precise, but might take more time, so they might have better results on problems where you only have one shot. INTPs have wild ideas and solutions and excel at lateral thinking. Although most INTJs would disagree, they are not able to do INTP's HUGE logic leaps. nThere are advantages and disadvantages on both cases: INTJs go from Point A to Point B in the most efficient way, while INTPs go from Point A to Point ????? - his solution will be either orders of magnitude better or worse, depending on the insights he gets. INTJs are competitive, INTPs are easy-going - both adapt better to different contexts and teams.INTP's flexibility also means they work better when things change a lot. INTPs care a lot about information structure and consistency and always see the "logic tree". They are really good at taking new information and comparing it with previous knowledge and decisions. nExample: Suppose a chair manufacturer discovered their consumers would like chairs with different colors.nINTJs tend to "decide based on what they have and move on" - they change the ink color and move on. nINTPs would go back to the most fundamental decisions and remember that a different material would be more receptive to different inks. Perfect logical reasoning is very important for INTPs.Those are really abstract points, though. I don't even think MBTI should be a relevant criteria when determining who would be the best person to solve a problem in real life. Who would you consider more natural problem solvers, INTJs or INTPs?
Who Are the Major Dental Supplies Producer in India?
Who Are the Major Dental Supplies Producer in India?
Dental supplies production requires a lot of precision and highly caliberized machinery and skilled work force. India is not invested in developing the instruments or training the work force. India has few manufacturers who can match the global standards. When it comes to dental instruments there are two prominent players, 3M and GDC. While 3M is US based company they have a dental instruments manufacturing facility in Noida Delhi NCR. GDC is Germany based conglomerate specializing in Dental Instruments and materials. GDC has a facility in Bhatinda Punjab. Their is also a third player API which is partly owned by GDC based in Europe and they have given exclusive marketing rights in India to Ashoosons Ltd, a Delhi based firm. Nothing much is known about their production facilities.3M and GDC also poineer in manufacturing dental cements like GIC, composites but most of their manufacturing is in JapanThe consumables like Dental wax, Orthodontic wires, Cold cure polymer and monomer, Heat cure polymer and monomer are made by Indian producers. Deepthi Dental wax, Maarc Dental Wax, Koinoor Orthodontic wires are popular ones.Dental Instruments and materials ecosystem is patent based and EU-US centric, because the profits from those regions of the world are pretty insane. Indian dentist don't work on such high margins hence no Indian manufacturers invest in dental instruments manufacturing. We still have dental chair manufacturers which are thriving in subcontinent and south east asia. They face a fierce price war between Chinese and Brazilian manufacturers..• Related QuestionsDoes a kneeling chair reduce back pain?No, it doesn't. It maintains a better lumbar curvature, but that couldn't be correlated with back pain.The Balans chair has been introduced with claims that, because of its semi-kneeling position, individuals will experience decreased low-back pain (LBP) as well as improvement in circulation. ... Increased cervical (P .004) and lumbar muscle EMG measurements were noted after sitting in the Balans chair. Pedal cutaneous blood flow was increased by 15% in the Balans chair (P .001). The data do not support the manufacturer's claim that the Balans chair is likely to decrease complaints of LBP (low-back pain) 1. A newer study couldn't find any evidence on low-back pain reduction although kneeling chairs maintain a better lumbar curvature:This study suggests that ergonomically designed kneeling chairs set at 20 degrees inclination do maintain standing lumbar curvature to a greater extent than sitting on a standard computer chair with an overall mean difference of 7.633 degrees. Further research with a greater number of subjects and on different chair designs is warranted 2.But is the opposite (a reduced lumbar curvature) associated with low-back pain? Well, it isn't:Our study aimed to investigate whether lordosis changes with age and is reduced in those with low back pain. ... We were unable to demonstrate any difference in the degree of lordosis among women with or without back pain. Men with low back pain tended to have a less prominent lordosis, but this difference did not reach statistical significance. Therefore, a 'reduced lumbar lordosis' should be regarded as a very weak clinical sign 3.Prolonged standing is a risk factor for back pain, no matter the type of chair:Highly demanding jobs, prolonged standing and awkward lifting appear as the most consistent and important predictors of LBP 4.References:.------What are the attractive features and benefits of plastic chairs?Plastic chairs find its presence in every office and household. With a wide range of design and variety, they could fit in every decor style. Plastic furniture were first designed and made popular by Douglas Simpson and James Donahue in 1946, since then they have become very popular in every part of the world. Some advantages of using plastic Chairs include:Unbreakable : A furniture made from good quality plastic such as PVC seldom breaks. When tested for maximum weight and pressure that plastic furniture could handle and it turns out that good grade plastic furniture are as strong as furniture from any other material.No effect of change in environment: Further, it never cracks when exposed to environmental changes like sunlight and cold. They could be suitably used in air conditioned office rooms as well as for outdoor seats or even for visitors in offices.More elastic strength :The good deal is they do not easily break even when dropped from a height.No effect of termites Plastic furniture do not get affected from termites unlike wood furniture. No rusting they do not rust unlike iron furniture when exposed to air and moisture.Some attractive features of plastic Chairs :Weather Proof: These chairs are weather proof and therefore it can be placed outdoors in patios and gardens.Variety: Plastic chairs are available in a huge range of varieties which include different sizes, colors and styles. It is easy to find chairs which suit different types of home and office decors.Attractive Combinations: Plastic chairs can be found in different attractive combinations. It is easy to find chairs made with a combination of plastic and chrome which appear both elegant and stylish. Styles: These chairs are available in a range of styles which vary according to the comfort factor. There are reclining chairs, study table chairs, kids chairs and various other types which can be bought from online stores at affordable price rates. There are plastic chairs which are padded and upholstered for comfort and elegance. These types of chairs are also made of plastic and steel. It is quite easy to move around these furniture types as it is light in weight.Easy to Maintain: These chairs are easy to maintain and clean. It can be cleaned with soap and water. Durable: These chairs are durable compared to other types of furniture.Less Expensive: Compared to wood and steel chairs, plastic chairs are less expensive. It can be bought at different affordable price rates. Today there are a huge variety of chairs made available through online stores at affordable price rates.One of the reputed plastic chair manufacturer in India is Italica Furniture. They offer high quality, durable & lightweight plastic chairs in India. What are the attractive features and benefits of plastic chairs?------Who would you consider more natural problem solvers, INTJs or INTPs?There's no one-size-fits-all answer. Those points should help you identify the answer on your specific situation:INTPs are more flexible. They would get better results on problems with many intersections, uncertainty and need for exploration; whereas INTJs usually prefer to specialize on narrow fields.Provided with an interesting subject and flexible rules, INTPs absorb information much faster. INTJs are better at execution and implementation. If the problem involves deadlines, decisions and organizing people efficiently, they are definitely better. INTJ's way of operating is almost always more suitable to the way big corporations work. INTPs are more comfortable when they can prototype, fail fast and iterate - experimental environments. INTJs "experiment" within their heads. They are more precise, but might take more time, so they might have better results on problems where you only have one shot. INTPs have wild ideas and solutions and excel at lateral thinking. Although most INTJs would disagree, they are not able to do INTP's HUGE logic leaps. nThere are advantages and disadvantages on both cases: INTJs go from Point A to Point B in the most efficient way, while INTPs go from Point A to Point ????? - his solution will be either orders of magnitude better or worse, depending on the insights he gets. INTJs are competitive, INTPs are easy-going - both adapt better to different contexts and teams.INTP's flexibility also means they work better when things change a lot. INTPs care a lot about information structure and consistency and always see the "logic tree". They are really good at taking new information and comparing it with previous knowledge and decisions. nExample: Suppose a chair manufacturer discovered their consumers would like chairs with different colors.nINTJs tend to "decide based on what they have and move on" - they change the ink color and move on. nINTPs would go back to the most fundamental decisions and remember that a different material would be more receptive to different inks. Perfect logical reasoning is very important for INTPs.Those are really abstract points, though. I don't even think MBTI should be a relevant criteria when determining who would be the best person to solve a problem in real life. Who would you consider more natural problem solvers, INTJs or INTPs?
Who Are the Major Dental Supplies Producer in India?
Who Are the Major Dental Supplies Producer in India?
Dental supplies production requires a lot of precision and highly caliberized machinery and skilled work force. India is not invested in developing the instruments or training the work force. India has few manufacturers who can match the global standards. When it comes to dental instruments there are two prominent players, 3M and GDC. While 3M is US based company they have a dental instruments manufacturing facility in Noida Delhi NCR. GDC is Germany based conglomerate specializing in Dental Instruments and materials. GDC has a facility in Bhatinda Punjab. Their is also a third player API which is partly owned by GDC based in Europe and they have given exclusive marketing rights in India to Ashoosons Ltd, a Delhi based firm. Nothing much is known about their production facilities.3M and GDC also poineer in manufacturing dental cements like GIC, composites but most of their manufacturing is in JapanThe consumables like Dental wax, Orthodontic wires, Cold cure polymer and monomer, Heat cure polymer and monomer are made by Indian producers. Deepthi Dental wax, Maarc Dental Wax, Koinoor Orthodontic wires are popular ones.Dental Instruments and materials ecosystem is patent based and EU-US centric, because the profits from those regions of the world are pretty insane. Indian dentist don't work on such high margins hence no Indian manufacturers invest in dental instruments manufacturing. We still have dental chair manufacturers which are thriving in subcontinent and south east asia. They face a fierce price war between Chinese and Brazilian manufacturers..• Related QuestionsDoes a kneeling chair reduce back pain?No, it doesn't. It maintains a better lumbar curvature, but that couldn't be correlated with back pain.The Balans chair has been introduced with claims that, because of its semi-kneeling position, individuals will experience decreased low-back pain (LBP) as well as improvement in circulation. ... Increased cervical (P .004) and lumbar muscle EMG measurements were noted after sitting in the Balans chair. Pedal cutaneous blood flow was increased by 15% in the Balans chair (P .001). The data do not support the manufacturer's claim that the Balans chair is likely to decrease complaints of LBP (low-back pain) 1. A newer study couldn't find any evidence on low-back pain reduction although kneeling chairs maintain a better lumbar curvature:This study suggests that ergonomically designed kneeling chairs set at 20 degrees inclination do maintain standing lumbar curvature to a greater extent than sitting on a standard computer chair with an overall mean difference of 7.633 degrees. Further research with a greater number of subjects and on different chair designs is warranted 2.But is the opposite (a reduced lumbar curvature) associated with low-back pain? Well, it isn't:Our study aimed to investigate whether lordosis changes with age and is reduced in those with low back pain. ... We were unable to demonstrate any difference in the degree of lordosis among women with or without back pain. Men with low back pain tended to have a less prominent lordosis, but this difference did not reach statistical significance. Therefore, a 'reduced lumbar lordosis' should be regarded as a very weak clinical sign 3.Prolonged standing is a risk factor for back pain, no matter the type of chair:Highly demanding jobs, prolonged standing and awkward lifting appear as the most consistent and important predictors of LBP 4.References:.------What are the attractive features and benefits of plastic chairs?Plastic chairs find its presence in every office and household. With a wide range of design and variety, they could fit in every decor style. Plastic furniture were first designed and made popular by Douglas Simpson and James Donahue in 1946, since then they have become very popular in every part of the world. Some advantages of using plastic Chairs include:Unbreakable : A furniture made from good quality plastic such as PVC seldom breaks. When tested for maximum weight and pressure that plastic furniture could handle and it turns out that good grade plastic furniture are as strong as furniture from any other material.No effect of change in environment: Further, it never cracks when exposed to environmental changes like sunlight and cold. They could be suitably used in air conditioned office rooms as well as for outdoor seats or even for visitors in offices.More elastic strength :The good deal is they do not easily break even when dropped from a height.No effect of termites Plastic furniture do not get affected from termites unlike wood furniture. No rusting they do not rust unlike iron furniture when exposed to air and moisture.Some attractive features of plastic Chairs :Weather Proof: These chairs are weather proof and therefore it can be placed outdoors in patios and gardens.Variety: Plastic chairs are available in a huge range of varieties which include different sizes, colors and styles. It is easy to find chairs which suit different types of home and office decors.Attractive Combinations: Plastic chairs can be found in different attractive combinations. It is easy to find chairs made with a combination of plastic and chrome which appear both elegant and stylish. Styles: These chairs are available in a range of styles which vary according to the comfort factor. There are reclining chairs, study table chairs, kids chairs and various other types which can be bought from online stores at affordable price rates. There are plastic chairs which are padded and upholstered for comfort and elegance. These types of chairs are also made of plastic and steel. It is quite easy to move around these furniture types as it is light in weight.Easy to Maintain: These chairs are easy to maintain and clean. It can be cleaned with soap and water. Durable: These chairs are durable compared to other types of furniture.Less Expensive: Compared to wood and steel chairs, plastic chairs are less expensive. It can be bought at different affordable price rates. Today there are a huge variety of chairs made available through online stores at affordable price rates.One of the reputed plastic chair manufacturer in India is Italica Furniture. They offer high quality, durable & lightweight plastic chairs in India. What are the attractive features and benefits of plastic chairs?------Who would you consider more natural problem solvers, INTJs or INTPs?There's no one-size-fits-all answer. Those points should help you identify the answer on your specific situation:INTPs are more flexible. They would get better results on problems with many intersections, uncertainty and need for exploration; whereas INTJs usually prefer to specialize on narrow fields.Provided with an interesting subject and flexible rules, INTPs absorb information much faster. INTJs are better at execution and implementation. If the problem involves deadlines, decisions and organizing people efficiently, they are definitely better. INTJ's way of operating is almost always more suitable to the way big corporations work. INTPs are more comfortable when they can prototype, fail fast and iterate - experimental environments. INTJs "experiment" within their heads. They are more precise, but might take more time, so they might have better results on problems where you only have one shot. INTPs have wild ideas and solutions and excel at lateral thinking. Although most INTJs would disagree, they are not able to do INTP's HUGE logic leaps. nThere are advantages and disadvantages on both cases: INTJs go from Point A to Point B in the most efficient way, while INTPs go from Point A to Point ????? - his solution will be either orders of magnitude better or worse, depending on the insights he gets. INTJs are competitive, INTPs are easy-going - both adapt better to different contexts and teams.INTP's flexibility also means they work better when things change a lot. INTPs care a lot about information structure and consistency and always see the "logic tree". They are really good at taking new information and comparing it with previous knowledge and decisions. nExample: Suppose a chair manufacturer discovered their consumers would like chairs with different colors.nINTJs tend to "decide based on what they have and move on" - they change the ink color and move on. nINTPs would go back to the most fundamental decisions and remember that a different material would be more receptive to different inks. Perfect logical reasoning is very important for INTPs.Those are really abstract points, though. I don't even think MBTI should be a relevant criteria when determining who would be the best person to solve a problem in real life. Who would you consider more natural problem solvers, INTJs or INTPs?
Who Are the Major Dental Supplies Producer in India?
Who Are the Major Dental Supplies Producer in India?
Dental supplies production requires a lot of precision and highly caliberized machinery and skilled work force. India is not invested in developing the instruments or training the work force. India has few manufacturers who can match the global standards. When it comes to dental instruments there are two prominent players, 3M and GDC. While 3M is US based company they have a dental instruments manufacturing facility in Noida Delhi NCR. GDC is Germany based conglomerate specializing in Dental Instruments and materials. GDC has a facility in Bhatinda Punjab. Their is also a third player API which is partly owned by GDC based in Europe and they have given exclusive marketing rights in India to Ashoosons Ltd, a Delhi based firm. Nothing much is known about their production facilities.3M and GDC also poineer in manufacturing dental cements like GIC, composites but most of their manufacturing is in JapanThe consumables like Dental wax, Orthodontic wires, Cold cure polymer and monomer, Heat cure polymer and monomer are made by Indian producers. Deepthi Dental wax, Maarc Dental Wax, Koinoor Orthodontic wires are popular ones.Dental Instruments and materials ecosystem is patent based and EU-US centric, because the profits from those regions of the world are pretty insane. Indian dentist don't work on such high margins hence no Indian manufacturers invest in dental instruments manufacturing. We still have dental chair manufacturers which are thriving in subcontinent and south east asia. They face a fierce price war between Chinese and Brazilian manufacturers..• Related QuestionsDoes a kneeling chair reduce back pain?No, it doesn't. It maintains a better lumbar curvature, but that couldn't be correlated with back pain.The Balans chair has been introduced with claims that, because of its semi-kneeling position, individuals will experience decreased low-back pain (LBP) as well as improvement in circulation. ... Increased cervical (P .004) and lumbar muscle EMG measurements were noted after sitting in the Balans chair. Pedal cutaneous blood flow was increased by 15% in the Balans chair (P .001). The data do not support the manufacturer's claim that the Balans chair is likely to decrease complaints of LBP (low-back pain) 1. A newer study couldn't find any evidence on low-back pain reduction although kneeling chairs maintain a better lumbar curvature:This study suggests that ergonomically designed kneeling chairs set at 20 degrees inclination do maintain standing lumbar curvature to a greater extent than sitting on a standard computer chair with an overall mean difference of 7.633 degrees. Further research with a greater number of subjects and on different chair designs is warranted 2.But is the opposite (a reduced lumbar curvature) associated with low-back pain? Well, it isn't:Our study aimed to investigate whether lordosis changes with age and is reduced in those with low back pain. ... We were unable to demonstrate any difference in the degree of lordosis among women with or without back pain. Men with low back pain tended to have a less prominent lordosis, but this difference did not reach statistical significance. Therefore, a 'reduced lumbar lordosis' should be regarded as a very weak clinical sign 3.Prolonged standing is a risk factor for back pain, no matter the type of chair:Highly demanding jobs, prolonged standing and awkward lifting appear as the most consistent and important predictors of LBP 4.References:.------What are the attractive features and benefits of plastic chairs?Plastic chairs find its presence in every office and household. With a wide range of design and variety, they could fit in every decor style. Plastic furniture were first designed and made popular by Douglas Simpson and James Donahue in 1946, since then they have become very popular in every part of the world. Some advantages of using plastic Chairs include:Unbreakable : A furniture made from good quality plastic such as PVC seldom breaks. When tested for maximum weight and pressure that plastic furniture could handle and it turns out that good grade plastic furniture are as strong as furniture from any other material.No effect of change in environment: Further, it never cracks when exposed to environmental changes like sunlight and cold. They could be suitably used in air conditioned office rooms as well as for outdoor seats or even for visitors in offices.More elastic strength :The good deal is they do not easily break even when dropped from a height.No effect of termites Plastic furniture do not get affected from termites unlike wood furniture. No rusting they do not rust unlike iron furniture when exposed to air and moisture.Some attractive features of plastic Chairs :Weather Proof: These chairs are weather proof and therefore it can be placed outdoors in patios and gardens.Variety: Plastic chairs are available in a huge range of varieties which include different sizes, colors and styles. It is easy to find chairs which suit different types of home and office decors.Attractive Combinations: Plastic chairs can be found in different attractive combinations. It is easy to find chairs made with a combination of plastic and chrome which appear both elegant and stylish. Styles: These chairs are available in a range of styles which vary according to the comfort factor. There are reclining chairs, study table chairs, kids chairs and various other types which can be bought from online stores at affordable price rates. There are plastic chairs which are padded and upholstered for comfort and elegance. These types of chairs are also made of plastic and steel. It is quite easy to move around these furniture types as it is light in weight.Easy to Maintain: These chairs are easy to maintain and clean. It can be cleaned with soap and water. Durable: These chairs are durable compared to other types of furniture.Less Expensive: Compared to wood and steel chairs, plastic chairs are less expensive. It can be bought at different affordable price rates. Today there are a huge variety of chairs made available through online stores at affordable price rates.One of the reputed plastic chair manufacturer in India is Italica Furniture. They offer high quality, durable & lightweight plastic chairs in India. What are the attractive features and benefits of plastic chairs?------Who would you consider more natural problem solvers, INTJs or INTPs?There's no one-size-fits-all answer. Those points should help you identify the answer on your specific situation:INTPs are more flexible. They would get better results on problems with many intersections, uncertainty and need for exploration; whereas INTJs usually prefer to specialize on narrow fields.Provided with an interesting subject and flexible rules, INTPs absorb information much faster. INTJs are better at execution and implementation. If the problem involves deadlines, decisions and organizing people efficiently, they are definitely better. INTJ's way of operating is almost always more suitable to the way big corporations work. INTPs are more comfortable when they can prototype, fail fast and iterate - experimental environments. INTJs "experiment" within their heads. They are more precise, but might take more time, so they might have better results on problems where you only have one shot. INTPs have wild ideas and solutions and excel at lateral thinking. Although most INTJs would disagree, they are not able to do INTP's HUGE logic leaps. nThere are advantages and disadvantages on both cases: INTJs go from Point A to Point B in the most efficient way, while INTPs go from Point A to Point ????? - his solution will be either orders of magnitude better or worse, depending on the insights he gets. INTJs are competitive, INTPs are easy-going - both adapt better to different contexts and teams.INTP's flexibility also means they work better when things change a lot. INTPs care a lot about information structure and consistency and always see the "logic tree". They are really good at taking new information and comparing it with previous knowledge and decisions. nExample: Suppose a chair manufacturer discovered their consumers would like chairs with different colors.nINTJs tend to "decide based on what they have and move on" - they change the ink color and move on. nINTPs would go back to the most fundamental decisions and remember that a different material would be more receptive to different inks. Perfect logical reasoning is very important for INTPs.Those are really abstract points, though. I don't even think MBTI should be a relevant criteria when determining who would be the best person to solve a problem in real life. Who would you consider more natural problem solvers, INTJs or INTPs?
Who Are the Major Dental Supplies Producer in India?
Who Are the Major Dental Supplies Producer in India?
Dental supplies production requires a lot of precision and highly caliberized machinery and skilled work force. India is not invested in developing the instruments or training the work force. India has few manufacturers who can match the global standards. When it comes to dental instruments there are two prominent players, 3M and GDC. While 3M is US based company they have a dental instruments manufacturing facility in Noida Delhi NCR. GDC is Germany based conglomerate specializing in Dental Instruments and materials. GDC has a facility in Bhatinda Punjab. Their is also a third player API which is partly owned by GDC based in Europe and they have given exclusive marketing rights in India to Ashoosons Ltd, a Delhi based firm. Nothing much is known about their production facilities.3M and GDC also poineer in manufacturing dental cements like GIC, composites but most of their manufacturing is in JapanThe consumables like Dental wax, Orthodontic wires, Cold cure polymer and monomer, Heat cure polymer and monomer are made by Indian producers. Deepthi Dental wax, Maarc Dental Wax, Koinoor Orthodontic wires are popular ones.Dental Instruments and materials ecosystem is patent based and EU-US centric, because the profits from those regions of the world are pretty insane. Indian dentist don't work on such high margins hence no Indian manufacturers invest in dental instruments manufacturing. We still have dental chair manufacturers which are thriving in subcontinent and south east asia. They face a fierce price war between Chinese and Brazilian manufacturers..• Related QuestionsDoes a kneeling chair reduce back pain?No, it doesn't. It maintains a better lumbar curvature, but that couldn't be correlated with back pain.The Balans chair has been introduced with claims that, because of its semi-kneeling position, individuals will experience decreased low-back pain (LBP) as well as improvement in circulation. ... Increased cervical (P .004) and lumbar muscle EMG measurements were noted after sitting in the Balans chair. Pedal cutaneous blood flow was increased by 15% in the Balans chair (P .001). The data do not support the manufacturer's claim that the Balans chair is likely to decrease complaints of LBP (low-back pain) 1. A newer study couldn't find any evidence on low-back pain reduction although kneeling chairs maintain a better lumbar curvature:This study suggests that ergonomically designed kneeling chairs set at 20 degrees inclination do maintain standing lumbar curvature to a greater extent than sitting on a standard computer chair with an overall mean difference of 7.633 degrees. Further research with a greater number of subjects and on different chair designs is warranted 2.But is the opposite (a reduced lumbar curvature) associated with low-back pain? Well, it isn't:Our study aimed to investigate whether lordosis changes with age and is reduced in those with low back pain. ... We were unable to demonstrate any difference in the degree of lordosis among women with or without back pain. Men with low back pain tended to have a less prominent lordosis, but this difference did not reach statistical significance. Therefore, a 'reduced lumbar lordosis' should be regarded as a very weak clinical sign 3.Prolonged standing is a risk factor for back pain, no matter the type of chair:Highly demanding jobs, prolonged standing and awkward lifting appear as the most consistent and important predictors of LBP 4.References:.------What are the attractive features and benefits of plastic chairs?Plastic chairs find its presence in every office and household. With a wide range of design and variety, they could fit in every decor style. Plastic furniture were first designed and made popular by Douglas Simpson and James Donahue in 1946, since then they have become very popular in every part of the world. Some advantages of using plastic Chairs include:Unbreakable : A furniture made from good quality plastic such as PVC seldom breaks. When tested for maximum weight and pressure that plastic furniture could handle and it turns out that good grade plastic furniture are as strong as furniture from any other material.No effect of change in environment: Further, it never cracks when exposed to environmental changes like sunlight and cold. They could be suitably used in air conditioned office rooms as well as for outdoor seats or even for visitors in offices.More elastic strength :The good deal is they do not easily break even when dropped from a height.No effect of termites Plastic furniture do not get affected from termites unlike wood furniture. No rusting they do not rust unlike iron furniture when exposed to air and moisture.Some attractive features of plastic Chairs :Weather Proof: These chairs are weather proof and therefore it can be placed outdoors in patios and gardens.Variety: Plastic chairs are available in a huge range of varieties which include different sizes, colors and styles. It is easy to find chairs which suit different types of home and office decors.Attractive Combinations: Plastic chairs can be found in different attractive combinations. It is easy to find chairs made with a combination of plastic and chrome which appear both elegant and stylish. Styles: These chairs are available in a range of styles which vary according to the comfort factor. There are reclining chairs, study table chairs, kids chairs and various other types which can be bought from online stores at affordable price rates. There are plastic chairs which are padded and upholstered for comfort and elegance. These types of chairs are also made of plastic and steel. It is quite easy to move around these furniture types as it is light in weight.Easy to Maintain: These chairs are easy to maintain and clean. It can be cleaned with soap and water. Durable: These chairs are durable compared to other types of furniture.Less Expensive: Compared to wood and steel chairs, plastic chairs are less expensive. It can be bought at different affordable price rates. Today there are a huge variety of chairs made available through online stores at affordable price rates.One of the reputed plastic chair manufacturer in India is Italica Furniture. They offer high quality, durable & lightweight plastic chairs in India. What are the attractive features and benefits of plastic chairs?------Who would you consider more natural problem solvers, INTJs or INTPs?There's no one-size-fits-all answer. Those points should help you identify the answer on your specific situation:INTPs are more flexible. They would get better results on problems with many intersections, uncertainty and need for exploration; whereas INTJs usually prefer to specialize on narrow fields.Provided with an interesting subject and flexible rules, INTPs absorb information much faster. INTJs are better at execution and implementation. If the problem involves deadlines, decisions and organizing people efficiently, they are definitely better. INTJ's way of operating is almost always more suitable to the way big corporations work. INTPs are more comfortable when they can prototype, fail fast and iterate - experimental environments. INTJs "experiment" within their heads. They are more precise, but might take more time, so they might have better results on problems where you only have one shot. INTPs have wild ideas and solutions and excel at lateral thinking. Although most INTJs would disagree, they are not able to do INTP's HUGE logic leaps. nThere are advantages and disadvantages on both cases: INTJs go from Point A to Point B in the most efficient way, while INTPs go from Point A to Point ????? - his solution will be either orders of magnitude better or worse, depending on the insights he gets. INTJs are competitive, INTPs are easy-going - both adapt better to different contexts and teams.INTP's flexibility also means they work better when things change a lot. INTPs care a lot about information structure and consistency and always see the "logic tree". They are really good at taking new information and comparing it with previous knowledge and decisions. nExample: Suppose a chair manufacturer discovered their consumers would like chairs with different colors.nINTJs tend to "decide based on what they have and move on" - they change the ink color and move on. nINTPs would go back to the most fundamental decisions and remember that a different material would be more receptive to different inks. Perfect logical reasoning is very important for INTPs.Those are really abstract points, though. I don't even think MBTI should be a relevant criteria when determining who would be the best person to solve a problem in real life. Who would you consider more natural problem solvers, INTJs or INTPs?
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