Introduction to Printer & Photocopier

1. William Day (lithographer) of printer & photocopier

William Day snr (17971845) was a lithographer and watercolour artist in partnership with Louis Haghe, forming the lithographic firm of Day & Haghe, famous in early Victorian London. The firm printed lithographs dealing with an enormous variety of topics, including hunting scenes, topographical views and genre images.

Introduction to Printer & Photocopier 1

Their work was so technically superior that in 1838, they were appointed 'Lithographers to the Queen.' His son William Day jnr is recorded as being 27 years in the 1851 census and with the occupation of copperplate engraver and printer, living at 19 Lorraine Place, Islington, married to Elizabeth Rees (24 years old) from Gloucester, and with 2 sons William J. (2 yrs) and James R.

(1 yr). Appearing in the same census record is William Day jnr's elder sister Caroline A Nicholls (30 years) married to John R Nicholls (38 years). William Day snr probably had a second son, John Bellence Day, who in 1854 married a Rose Isabel Rees, sister of Elizabeth.

Rose shows up in the 1861 census in Claines, Worcestershire as a visitor from Buenos Aires and married to a lithographer. The 1881 census has Caroline Nicholls staying with Dr. W.

G. Grace and his wife Agnes Nicholls Day, her niece, the daughter of William Day jnr., who was also W.

Introduction to Printer & Photocopier 2

G. Grace's first cousin.

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2.

Jos Vizinho of printer & photocopier

Jos Vizinho, (also known in English as Joseph Vecinho), was a Portuguese Jew, born in the town of Covilh, court physician and scientist at the end of the fifteenth century. He was a pupil of Abraham Zacuto, under whom he studied mathematics and cosmography, on which latter subject he was regarded as an eminent authority by John II of Portugal. He was sent by the king to the coast of Guinea, there to measure the altitude of the sun, doubtless by means of the astrolabe as improved by Jacob ben Machir.

When, in 1484, Christopher Columbus laid before the king his plan for a western route to the Indies, it was submitted to a junta, or commission, consisting of the Bishop of Ceuta, "Mestre Jos" (Jos Vizinho), the court physician Rodrigo, a Jewish mathematician named Moiss, and Martin Behaim. The junta finally decided against Columbus' plans; and when the matter came up before the council of state Pedro de Menezes opposed them also, basing his arguments upon Jos Vizinho's criticisms. Though Vizinho did not favor Columbus, the latter had personal intercourse with him, and obtained from him a translation of Zacuto's astronomical tables.

Columbus carried this translation with him on his voyage, and found it extremely useful; it was found in his library after his death. Jos Vizinho's translation of Zacuto's tables was published by the Jewish printer Samuel d'Ortas in Leiria under the title "Almanach Perpetuum," 1496.

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3.

John Morton (trade unionist) of printer & photocopier

John Morton (born 1925) is a trade unionist and former musician. Born in Wolverhampton, Morton learned to play the piano while he was a child. On leaving school, he started an apprenticeship as a printer, but his love of swing music led him to leave to play in a band.

He joined the Musicians' Union, and gradually rose to prominence, winning election to its Executive Committee, and leading a boycott of Wolverhampton's Scala Ballroom over its policy of only admitting white people. Morton worked full-time for the union for a few years, but moved to become a lecturer in industrial relations at Solihull College. Despite this, he remained on the Executive Committee and, when General Secretary Hardie Ratcliffe announced his retiral, he asked Morton to run for the post.

Morton won election as general secretary, focusing much of his time on opposing the closure of orchestras, and negotiating with broadcasters, particularly the new independent local radio stations. He also became President of the International Federation of Musicians (FIM). He was elected to the General Council of the Trades Union Congress, serving from 1975 to 1985, and again from 1986 until his retirement.

Politically, he was considered to have moved from the left-wing of the union to the centre or right during this period. Morton retired as general secretary in 1990, but remained president of the FIM until 2002, and president emeritus of the FIM thereafter.

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4.

Charles Troedel of printer & photocopier

Charles Troedel (1835/6 Hamburg 1906) (born Johannes Thedor Carl Troedel) was a German-born lithographic printer prominent in Melbourne during the late 19th century. He was apprenticed to his father at the age 13 and at the age of 24, emigrated to Melbourne, arriving in Williamstown on board the Great Britain in 1860. Trading as Troedel & Co, and from 1910 Troedel & Cooper, his company had close links with many well-known artists of that era.

One of his apprentices was Arthur Streeton who was still working for him before being discovered by Tom Roberts and Frederick McCubbin. His name was well known in the printing industry for over 100 years. In 1863, Franois Cogn convinced Troedel that a book of Melbourne views would be a financial success.

This artwork was ultimately published as 12 monthly subscriptions of 2 views per month and known as the Melbourne Views. A bound copy of the full 24 views is held in the National Gallery of Australia, Canberra. Troedel carried out the lithography for Ferdinand von Mueller's landmark work Eucalyptographia.

A descriptive atlas of the eucalypts of Australia and the adjoining islands published between 1879 and 1884. A handsomely illustrated volume of Troedle's work was published in 2020 (Printed on Stone: The Lithographs of Charles Troedel By Amanda Scardamaglia, Melbourne Books).

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5.

Bibliography of printer & photocopier

Loughnan, Robert Andrew (1929). The Remarkable Life Story of Sir Joseph Ward: 40 Years a Liberal. New Century Press.

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6.

William Henry Wesley of printer & photocopier

William Henry Wesley (18411922) was an engraver, artist, astronomer and administrator, who worked as assistant secretary of the Royal Astronomical Society from 1875 to his death in 1922. Wesley was born at Stapenhill, Staffordshire, England, the son of a printer and publisher. He moved with his family to London in 1855, and became an apprentice to an engraver.

He developed a reputation as a skilled technical artist, preparing and engraving diagrams for scientific publications. Wesley was asked by the astronomer Arthur Cowper Ranyard to prepare an engraving of the Sun's corona from photographs of the 1871 total solar eclipse. When the position of assistant secretary to the Royal Astronomical Society became vacant, Cowper Raynard pushed Wesley to apply.

Wesley was appointed. The assistant secretary was the society's primary administrative official. William Henry Wesley reorganised and updated the administration of the society.

He prepared a catalogue of its extensive library. He travelled to Algiers to observe the total solar eclipse of 28 May 1900. He concluded that photography was capable of recording more detail in the Sun's corona than could be seen visually through a telescope.

Wesley prepared diagrams for scientific publications. This included charts of the Milky Way and maps of the Moon's surface. Wesley was an author of articles in the Dictionary of National Biography, including the short one about the astronomer Arthur Cowper Ranyard.

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7. Edward Wakefield (New Zealand politician) of printer & photocopier

Felix Edward Wakefield (22 May 1845 10 August 1924) was the son of Felix Wakefield, one of Edward Gibbon Wakefields younger brothers. Edward was born in Launceston, Tasmania, brought up in New Zealand, and educated in France and at King's College London.

He married Agnes Mildred Hall on 15 July 1874 at Christchurch. She was the daughter of George Williamson Hall, and John Hall was thus her uncle. Edward and Agnes had four children: Edward Howard St George Wakefield (1875); Gerald Seymour Wakefield (1877); Grace Josephine Wakefield (1879); and Mildred Wakefield (1881).

Wakefield was a journalist and then a colourful, volatile and ambitious politician in New Zealand, who showed considerable promise, though this was not quite fulfilled; "He was among the best parliamentary debaters of the time; admired for his wit and power of argument." He was the Member of Parliament for Geraldine 18751881, then for Selwyn 18841887, when he resigned. He won an 1884 by-election against John McLachlan, and was then elected unopposed in 1884 general election some five months later.

He served as Colonial Secretary in the short 1884 ministry of Harry Atkinson; from 28 August to 3 September 1884. Wakefield subsequently concentrated on writing, producing New Zealand after Fifty Years (1889). Later he moved to America, then London.

Having become blind in old age, he was made a brother of the Charterhouse in recognition of his service, and resided there at the almshouse; he died there in 1924.

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Knowledge About Printer & Photocopier
Knowledge About Printer & Photocopier
1. John Morton (trade unionist) of printer & photocopier John Morton (born 1925) is a trade unionist and former musician. Born in Wolverhampton, Morton learned to play the piano while he was a child. On leaving school, he started an apprenticeship as a printer, but his love of swing music led him to leave to play in a band. He joined the Musicians' Union, and gradually rose to prominence, winning election to its Executive Committee, and leading a boycott of Wolverhampton's Scala Ballroom over its policy of only admitting white people. Morton worked full-time for the union for a few years, but moved to become a lecturer in industrial relations at Solihull College. Despite this, he remained on the Executive Committee and, when General Secretary Hardie Ratcliffe announced his retiral, he asked Morton to run for the post. Morton won election as general secretary, focusing much of his time on opposing the closure of orchestras, and negotiating with broadcasters, particularly the new independent local radio stations. He also became President of the International Federation of Musicians (FIM). He was elected to the General Council of the Trades Union Congress, serving from 1975 to 1985, and again from 1986 until his retirement. Politically, he was considered to have moved from the left-wing of the union to the centre or right during this period. Morton retired as general secretary in 1990, but remained president of the FIM until 2002, and president emeritus of the FIM thereafter. ------ 2. Jos Vizinho of printer & photocopier Jos Vizinho, (also known in English as Joseph Vecinho), was a Portuguese Jew, born in the town of Covilh, court physician and scientist at the end of the fifteenth century. He was a pupil of Abraham Zacuto, under whom he studied mathematics and cosmography, on which latter subject he was regarded as an eminent authority by John II of Portugal. He was sent by the king to the coast of Guinea, there to measure the altitude of the sun, doubtless by means of the astrolabe as improved by Jacob ben Machir. When, in 1484, Christopher Columbus laid before the king his plan for a western route to the Indies, it was submitted to a junta, or commission, consisting of the Bishop of Ceuta, "Mestre Jos" (Jos Vizinho), the court physician Rodrigo, a Jewish mathematician named Moiss, and Martin Behaim. The junta finally decided against Columbus' plans; and when the matter came up before the council of state Pedro de Menezes opposed them also, basing his arguments upon Jos Vizinho's criticisms. Though Vizinho did not favor Columbus, the latter had personal intercourse with him, and obtained from him a translation of Zacuto's astronomical tables. Columbus carried this translation with him on his voyage, and found it extremely useful; it was found in his library after his death. Jos Vizinho's translation of Zacuto's tables was published by the Jewish printer Samuel d'Ortas in Leiria under the title "Almanach Perpetuum," 1496. ------ 3. Notable works of printer & photocopier Historical records of New South WalesBladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1893), Historical records of New South Wales, Volume 1, Part 1Cook, 1762-1780, Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer, OL 20445908M.mw-parser-output cite.citationfont-style:inherit.mw-parser-output .citation qquotes:"""""""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registrationcolor:#555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:12px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output code.cs1-codecolor:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none;font-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-errorfont-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-formatfont-size:95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left:0.2em.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-right:0.2em.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inherit Bladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1892), Historical records of New South Wales, Facsimiles of charts to accompany Volume 1, Part 1Cook, 1762-1780, Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer, OL 26242827M Bladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1892), Historical records of New South Wales, Volume 1, Part 2Phillip, 1783-1792, Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer, OL 26242838M Bladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1893), Historical records of New South Wales, Volume 2Grose and Paterson, 1793-1795, Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer Bladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1895), Historical records of New South Wales, Volume 3Hunter, 17961799, Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer, OL 20445904M Bladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1896), Historical records of New South Wales, Volume 4Hunter and King, 1801,1802,1803, Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer, OL 20445905M Bladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1897), Historical records of New South Wales, Volume 5King, 1803-1805, Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer, OL 3048032M Bladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1898), Historical records of New South Wales, Volume 6King and Bligh, 1806-1807, 1808, Sydney: William Applegate Gullick, Government Printer, OL 20531287M Bladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1901), Historical records of New South Wales, Volume 7Bligh and Macquarie, 1809, 1810, 1811, Sydney: William Applegate Gullick, Government Printer, OL 26242863M ------ 4. Bibliography of printer & photocopier Loughnan, Robert Andrew (1929). The Remarkable Life Story of Sir Joseph Ward: 40 Years a Liberal. New Century Press.mw-parser-output cite.citationfont-style:inherit.mw-parser-output .citation qquotes:"""""""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green. svg/9px-Lock-green. svg. png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration abackground-image:url("//upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2. svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2. svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2. svg. png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right . 1em center. mw-parser-output . cs1-subscription,. mw-parser-output . cs1-registrationcolor:#555. mw-parser-output . cs1-subscription span,. mw-parser-output . cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo. svg/12px-Wikisource-logo. svg. png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:12px;background-position:right . 1em center. mw-parser-output code. cs1-codecolor:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none;font-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-errorfont-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0. 3em. mw-parser-output . cs1-subscription,. mw-parser-output . cs1-registration,. mw-parser-output . cs1-formatfont-size:95%. mw-parser-output . cs1-kern-left,. mw-parser-output . cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left:0. 2em. mw-parser-output . cs1-kern-right,. mw-parser-output . cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-right:0. 2em. mw-parser-output . citation . mw-selflinkfont-weight:inherit.
Knowledge About Printer & Photocopier
Knowledge About Printer & Photocopier
1. John Morton (trade unionist) of printer & photocopier John Morton (born 1925) is a trade unionist and former musician. Born in Wolverhampton, Morton learned to play the piano while he was a child. On leaving school, he started an apprenticeship as a printer, but his love of swing music led him to leave to play in a band. He joined the Musicians' Union, and gradually rose to prominence, winning election to its Executive Committee, and leading a boycott of Wolverhampton's Scala Ballroom over its policy of only admitting white people. Morton worked full-time for the union for a few years, but moved to become a lecturer in industrial relations at Solihull College. Despite this, he remained on the Executive Committee and, when General Secretary Hardie Ratcliffe announced his retiral, he asked Morton to run for the post. Morton won election as general secretary, focusing much of his time on opposing the closure of orchestras, and negotiating with broadcasters, particularly the new independent local radio stations. He also became President of the International Federation of Musicians (FIM). He was elected to the General Council of the Trades Union Congress, serving from 1975 to 1985, and again from 1986 until his retirement. Politically, he was considered to have moved from the left-wing of the union to the centre or right during this period. Morton retired as general secretary in 1990, but remained president of the FIM until 2002, and president emeritus of the FIM thereafter. ------ 2. Jos Vizinho of printer & photocopier Jos Vizinho, (also known in English as Joseph Vecinho), was a Portuguese Jew, born in the town of Covilh, court physician and scientist at the end of the fifteenth century. He was a pupil of Abraham Zacuto, under whom he studied mathematics and cosmography, on which latter subject he was regarded as an eminent authority by John II of Portugal. He was sent by the king to the coast of Guinea, there to measure the altitude of the sun, doubtless by means of the astrolabe as improved by Jacob ben Machir. When, in 1484, Christopher Columbus laid before the king his plan for a western route to the Indies, it was submitted to a junta, or commission, consisting of the Bishop of Ceuta, "Mestre Jos" (Jos Vizinho), the court physician Rodrigo, a Jewish mathematician named Moiss, and Martin Behaim. The junta finally decided against Columbus' plans; and when the matter came up before the council of state Pedro de Menezes opposed them also, basing his arguments upon Jos Vizinho's criticisms. Though Vizinho did not favor Columbus, the latter had personal intercourse with him, and obtained from him a translation of Zacuto's astronomical tables. Columbus carried this translation with him on his voyage, and found it extremely useful; it was found in his library after his death. Jos Vizinho's translation of Zacuto's tables was published by the Jewish printer Samuel d'Ortas in Leiria under the title "Almanach Perpetuum," 1496. ------ 3. Notable works of printer & photocopier Historical records of New South WalesBladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1893), Historical records of New South Wales, Volume 1, Part 1Cook, 1762-1780, Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer, OL 20445908M.mw-parser-output cite.citationfont-style:inherit.mw-parser-output .citation qquotes:"""""""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registrationcolor:#555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:12px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output code.cs1-codecolor:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none;font-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-errorfont-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-formatfont-size:95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left:0.2em.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-right:0.2em.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inherit Bladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1892), Historical records of New South Wales, Facsimiles of charts to accompany Volume 1, Part 1Cook, 1762-1780, Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer, OL 26242827M Bladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1892), Historical records of New South Wales, Volume 1, Part 2Phillip, 1783-1792, Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer, OL 26242838M Bladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1893), Historical records of New South Wales, Volume 2Grose and Paterson, 1793-1795, Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer Bladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1895), Historical records of New South Wales, Volume 3Hunter, 17961799, Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer, OL 20445904M Bladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1896), Historical records of New South Wales, Volume 4Hunter and King, 1801,1802,1803, Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer, OL 20445905M Bladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1897), Historical records of New South Wales, Volume 5King, 1803-1805, Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer, OL 3048032M Bladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1898), Historical records of New South Wales, Volume 6King and Bligh, 1806-1807, 1808, Sydney: William Applegate Gullick, Government Printer, OL 20531287M Bladen, F. M. (Frank Murcott), ed. (1901), Historical records of New South Wales, Volume 7Bligh and Macquarie, 1809, 1810, 1811, Sydney: William Applegate Gullick, Government Printer, OL 26242863M ------ 4. Bibliography of printer & photocopier Loughnan, Robert Andrew (1929). The Remarkable Life Story of Sir Joseph Ward: 40 Years a Liberal. 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A Guide to the Magnetic Stirrer;
A Guide to the Magnetic Stirrer;
Whether you are using a magnetic stirrer or a bar stirrer, the stirring parameters and purpose will help you determine which equipment is best for your application. Various shakers are available for laboratory use, each with its own characteristics that make them more suitable for certain applications than others. Magnetic stirrers use a rotating magnetic field to rotate and then agitate (flea) the stirrer immersed in liquid. Magnetic stirrers use a rotating magnetic field to move a stirring bar through liquid samples. The stirring rods are moved by another rotating magnet or a group of electromagnets in the stirring device under the vessel containing the liquid. Likewise, if there are solid particles or crystals in the sample, the magnetic stirrer can grind them between the stirrer and the glass. For example, if the sample is particularly viscous or an increase in viscosity is expected during an experiment, magnetic stirring is likely to be insufficient for the stirring process. Depending on several factors, approaching higher speeds on some magnetic stirrers can cause disconnection, causing the stirrer bar to bounce around the rim of the base of the vessel instead of intentionally rotating to create flow. The magnetic stirrer can stir in both open and closed containers. The effect is best in a flat-bottomed container, ensuring the smooth rotation of the stirring rod and the closest contact with the magnetic stirrer. Magnetic stirrers are rod-shaped, usually with octagonal or circular cross-sections, although there are various special shapes to improve stirring efficiency. Magnetic stirrers are commonly used in chemistry and biology, and they can be used to stir sealed containers or systems without the need for complex rotating seals. They are more popular than gear agitators because they are quieter, more efficient and have no moving external parts damaged or worn (except for the simplest bar magnets). Since glass does not significantly affect the magnetic field, and most chemical reactions are carried out in glass vials or beakers, the stirring rod works well in glassware commonly used in laboratories. The limited rod size means that the magnetic stirrer can only be used for relatively small experiments, 4 liters or less. Due to its small size, the mixer is easier to clean and disinfect than other mixing equipment. Although according to the needs of different users, there are more types of magnetic stirrers on the market, such as single magnetic stirrers, which have basic functions and are easy to use. Integrated stirring system The magnetic stirrer with heating and double control allows independent adjustment of the heating temperature and stirring speed. Submersible Shakers - Sealed shakers that are suitable for immersion in water or oil and can be used over a wide temperature range. Biological Shakers: Designed specifically for shaking biological samples such as cell cultures. Optional accessories The laboratory magnetic stirrer is equipped with a Teflon-coated stirring rod, support arm, adjustable thermometer arm, extension bar, test jar support. The magnetic stirring rod is 1" long (diameter 8mm*length 25mm), which is the size most commonly used as a stirrer accessory. Features excellent quality-the stainless steel stirring rod of this overhead magnetic stirrer is durable and does not corrode or rust , It helps to obtain the most accurate mixing results even in very demanding applications. Powerful motor brings excellent performance-made of high-quality steel, the powerful motor of this electric stirrer can keep longer The service life and drive the mixer at 0 2000 rpm, it is very suitable for any complex stirring tasks in the whole process, reaction or mixing process. Large volumes or more viscous liquids usually require mechanical stirring (eg stir bar). If you are mixing low viscosity liquids in high volumes, a rod mixer may be the right choice for you. Agitators with a viscosity close to water can be agitated with both magnetic and bar agitators, but mixing with a higher viscosity is where the bar agitator shows up best. You can use it to mix liquids or low viscosity liquids to get a homogeneous liquid mixture. Hot plates can be used to mix a wide variety of samples for different purposes. A magnetic stirrer or magnetic stirring plate is commonly used in laboratories to ensure that liquid samples are uniform in consistency and temperature. The speed of the magnetic field is user-controlled, so it can be adjusted for the specific sample being mixed. Unless otherwise indicated, both magnetic and bar stirrers set the maximum volume based on the viscosity of the water. The cell shaker fits standard 10mm spectral cells and provides fast vertical and horizontal mixing with minimal shaking when placed on a magnetic stirrer. Circulus (tm) magnetic stirrers provide strong turbulence at relatively low speeds, low surface contact and excellent centering characteristics, especially in vessels with a convex bottom. The protruding sphere in the center of the rod raises the agitator blades during rotation and therefore reduces the contact surface, allowing the magnet to rotate freely without stopping. There are triple hooks that use cobalt samarium to provide a stronger connection to the stirrer's internal magnet and reduce the chance of rod twisting. These rods provide more torque and can be useful in applications where high volumes or high viscosity fluids are used. Only available from rare earth elements (samarium-cobalt), the shape and strength of the magnet make these rods especially suitable for viscous solutions. Available in a variety of colors and sizes, micromixers (flea) are especially useful for environmental testing and life sciences applications where small sample volumes need to be prepared and evaluated. Cross rods are generally suitable for stable deep vortex mixing and are a good all-round option. The bar is located at the bottom of the vessel, so it can also be useful in stimulating sedimentation. Place the bowl in the center of the stirring plate and place the stirring bar in the center of the bowl. For an optimal connection, select a container with a thin bottom to minimize the distance between the rod and the drive magnet. The length of the rod should be approximately equal to the size of the magnet to avoid unwinding. The size of the magnet inside the agitator, which can be called a drive magnet, is of great importance when sizing the agitator rod. Some manufacturer's specifications list the maximum recommended stirrer bar length for use with a magnetic stirrer. The stir bar extractor is an independent magnet (also coated with chemically inert PTFE) at the end of the long rod, which can be used to remove the stir bar from the container. Stirring plate magnets are widely used in laboratories in scientific research, colleges and universities, industrial and agricultural departments, and are often used for mixing liquids. Rare earth magnets have higher magnetic strength, making them useful for mixed viscous samples.
A Guide to the Magnetic Stirrer;
A Guide to the Magnetic Stirrer;
Whether you are using a magnetic stirrer or a bar stirrer, the stirring parameters and purpose will help you determine which equipment is best for your application. Various shakers are available for laboratory use, each with its own characteristics that make them more suitable for certain applications than others. Magnetic stirrers use a rotating magnetic field to rotate and then agitate (flea) the stirrer immersed in liquid. Magnetic stirrers use a rotating magnetic field to move a stirring bar through liquid samples. The stirring rods are moved by another rotating magnet or a group of electromagnets in the stirring device under the vessel containing the liquid. Likewise, if there are solid particles or crystals in the sample, the magnetic stirrer can grind them between the stirrer and the glass. For example, if the sample is particularly viscous or an increase in viscosity is expected during an experiment, magnetic stirring is likely to be insufficient for the stirring process. Depending on several factors, approaching higher speeds on some magnetic stirrers can cause disconnection, causing the stirrer bar to bounce around the rim of the base of the vessel instead of intentionally rotating to create flow. The magnetic stirrer can stir in both open and closed containers. The effect is best in a flat-bottomed container, ensuring the smooth rotation of the stirring rod and the closest contact with the magnetic stirrer. Magnetic stirrers are rod-shaped, usually with octagonal or circular cross-sections, although there are various special shapes to improve stirring efficiency. Magnetic stirrers are commonly used in chemistry and biology, and they can be used to stir sealed containers or systems without the need for complex rotating seals. They are more popular than gear agitators because they are quieter, more efficient and have no moving external parts damaged or worn (except for the simplest bar magnets). Since glass does not significantly affect the magnetic field, and most chemical reactions are carried out in glass vials or beakers, the stirring rod works well in glassware commonly used in laboratories. The limited rod size means that the magnetic stirrer can only be used for relatively small experiments, 4 liters or less. Due to its small size, the mixer is easier to clean and disinfect than other mixing equipment. Although according to the needs of different users, there are more types of magnetic stirrers on the market, such as single magnetic stirrers, which have basic functions and are easy to use. Integrated stirring system The magnetic stirrer with heating and double control allows independent adjustment of the heating temperature and stirring speed. Submersible Shakers - Sealed shakers that are suitable for immersion in water or oil and can be used over a wide temperature range. Biological Shakers: Designed specifically for shaking biological samples such as cell cultures. Optional accessories The laboratory magnetic stirrer is equipped with a Teflon-coated stirring rod, support arm, adjustable thermometer arm, extension bar, test jar support. The magnetic stirring rod is 1" long (diameter 8mm*length 25mm), which is the size most commonly used as a stirrer accessory. Features excellent quality-the stainless steel stirring rod of this overhead magnetic stirrer is durable and does not corrode or rust , It helps to obtain the most accurate mixing results even in very demanding applications. Powerful motor brings excellent performance-made of high-quality steel, the powerful motor of this electric stirrer can keep longer The service life and drive the mixer at 0 2000 rpm, it is very suitable for any complex stirring tasks in the whole process, reaction or mixing process. Large volumes or more viscous liquids usually require mechanical stirring (eg stir bar). If you are mixing low viscosity liquids in high volumes, a rod mixer may be the right choice for you. Agitators with a viscosity close to water can be agitated with both magnetic and bar agitators, but mixing with a higher viscosity is where the bar agitator shows up best. You can use it to mix liquids or low viscosity liquids to get a homogeneous liquid mixture. Hot plates can be used to mix a wide variety of samples for different purposes. A magnetic stirrer or magnetic stirring plate is commonly used in laboratories to ensure that liquid samples are uniform in consistency and temperature. The speed of the magnetic field is user-controlled, so it can be adjusted for the specific sample being mixed. Unless otherwise indicated, both magnetic and bar stirrers set the maximum volume based on the viscosity of the water. The cell shaker fits standard 10mm spectral cells and provides fast vertical and horizontal mixing with minimal shaking when placed on a magnetic stirrer. Circulus (tm) magnetic stirrers provide strong turbulence at relatively low speeds, low surface contact and excellent centering characteristics, especially in vessels with a convex bottom. The protruding sphere in the center of the rod raises the agitator blades during rotation and therefore reduces the contact surface, allowing the magnet to rotate freely without stopping. There are triple hooks that use cobalt samarium to provide a stronger connection to the stirrer's internal magnet and reduce the chance of rod twisting. These rods provide more torque and can be useful in applications where high volumes or high viscosity fluids are used. Only available from rare earth elements (samarium-cobalt), the shape and strength of the magnet make these rods especially suitable for viscous solutions. Available in a variety of colors and sizes, micromixers (flea) are especially useful for environmental testing and life sciences applications where small sample volumes need to be prepared and evaluated. Cross rods are generally suitable for stable deep vortex mixing and are a good all-round option. The bar is located at the bottom of the vessel, so it can also be useful in stimulating sedimentation. Place the bowl in the center of the stirring plate and place the stirring bar in the center of the bowl. For an optimal connection, select a container with a thin bottom to minimize the distance between the rod and the drive magnet. The length of the rod should be approximately equal to the size of the magnet to avoid unwinding. The size of the magnet inside the agitator, which can be called a drive magnet, is of great importance when sizing the agitator rod. Some manufacturer's specifications list the maximum recommended stirrer bar length for use with a magnetic stirrer. The stir bar extractor is an independent magnet (also coated with chemically inert PTFE) at the end of the long rod, which can be used to remove the stir bar from the container. Stirring plate magnets are widely used in laboratories in scientific research, colleges and universities, industrial and agricultural departments, and are often used for mixing liquids. Rare earth magnets have higher magnetic strength, making them useful for mixed viscous samples.
A Guide to the Magnetic Stirrer;
A Guide to the Magnetic Stirrer;
Whether you are using a magnetic stirrer or a bar stirrer, the stirring parameters and purpose will help you determine which equipment is best for your application. Various shakers are available for laboratory use, each with its own characteristics that make them more suitable for certain applications than others. Magnetic stirrers use a rotating magnetic field to rotate and then agitate (flea) the stirrer immersed in liquid. Magnetic stirrers use a rotating magnetic field to move a stirring bar through liquid samples. The stirring rods are moved by another rotating magnet or a group of electromagnets in the stirring device under the vessel containing the liquid. Likewise, if there are solid particles or crystals in the sample, the magnetic stirrer can grind them between the stirrer and the glass. For example, if the sample is particularly viscous or an increase in viscosity is expected during an experiment, magnetic stirring is likely to be insufficient for the stirring process. Depending on several factors, approaching higher speeds on some magnetic stirrers can cause disconnection, causing the stirrer bar to bounce around the rim of the base of the vessel instead of intentionally rotating to create flow. The magnetic stirrer can stir in both open and closed containers. The effect is best in a flat-bottomed container, ensuring the smooth rotation of the stirring rod and the closest contact with the magnetic stirrer. Magnetic stirrers are rod-shaped, usually with octagonal or circular cross-sections, although there are various special shapes to improve stirring efficiency. Magnetic stirrers are commonly used in chemistry and biology, and they can be used to stir sealed containers or systems without the need for complex rotating seals. They are more popular than gear agitators because they are quieter, more efficient and have no moving external parts damaged or worn (except for the simplest bar magnets). Since glass does not significantly affect the magnetic field, and most chemical reactions are carried out in glass vials or beakers, the stirring rod works well in glassware commonly used in laboratories. The limited rod size means that the magnetic stirrer can only be used for relatively small experiments, 4 liters or less. Due to its small size, the mixer is easier to clean and disinfect than other mixing equipment. Although according to the needs of different users, there are more types of magnetic stirrers on the market, such as single magnetic stirrers, which have basic functions and are easy to use. Integrated stirring system The magnetic stirrer with heating and double control allows independent adjustment of the heating temperature and stirring speed. Submersible Shakers - Sealed shakers that are suitable for immersion in water or oil and can be used over a wide temperature range. Biological Shakers: Designed specifically for shaking biological samples such as cell cultures. Optional accessories The laboratory magnetic stirrer is equipped with a Teflon-coated stirring rod, support arm, adjustable thermometer arm, extension bar, test jar support. The magnetic stirring rod is 1" long (diameter 8mm*length 25mm), which is the size most commonly used as a stirrer accessory. Features excellent quality-the stainless steel stirring rod of this overhead magnetic stirrer is durable and does not corrode or rust , It helps to obtain the most accurate mixing results even in very demanding applications. Powerful motor brings excellent performance-made of high-quality steel, the powerful motor of this electric stirrer can keep longer The service life and drive the mixer at 0 2000 rpm, it is very suitable for any complex stirring tasks in the whole process, reaction or mixing process. Large volumes or more viscous liquids usually require mechanical stirring (eg stir bar). If you are mixing low viscosity liquids in high volumes, a rod mixer may be the right choice for you. Agitators with a viscosity close to water can be agitated with both magnetic and bar agitators, but mixing with a higher viscosity is where the bar agitator shows up best. You can use it to mix liquids or low viscosity liquids to get a homogeneous liquid mixture. Hot plates can be used to mix a wide variety of samples for different purposes. A magnetic stirrer or magnetic stirring plate is commonly used in laboratories to ensure that liquid samples are uniform in consistency and temperature. The speed of the magnetic field is user-controlled, so it can be adjusted for the specific sample being mixed. Unless otherwise indicated, both magnetic and bar stirrers set the maximum volume based on the viscosity of the water. The cell shaker fits standard 10mm spectral cells and provides fast vertical and horizontal mixing with minimal shaking when placed on a magnetic stirrer. Circulus (tm) magnetic stirrers provide strong turbulence at relatively low speeds, low surface contact and excellent centering characteristics, especially in vessels with a convex bottom. The protruding sphere in the center of the rod raises the agitator blades during rotation and therefore reduces the contact surface, allowing the magnet to rotate freely without stopping. There are triple hooks that use cobalt samarium to provide a stronger connection to the stirrer's internal magnet and reduce the chance of rod twisting. These rods provide more torque and can be useful in applications where high volumes or high viscosity fluids are used. Only available from rare earth elements (samarium-cobalt), the shape and strength of the magnet make these rods especially suitable for viscous solutions. Available in a variety of colors and sizes, micromixers (flea) are especially useful for environmental testing and life sciences applications where small sample volumes need to be prepared and evaluated. Cross rods are generally suitable for stable deep vortex mixing and are a good all-round option. The bar is located at the bottom of the vessel, so it can also be useful in stimulating sedimentation. Place the bowl in the center of the stirring plate and place the stirring bar in the center of the bowl. For an optimal connection, select a container with a thin bottom to minimize the distance between the rod and the drive magnet. The length of the rod should be approximately equal to the size of the magnet to avoid unwinding. The size of the magnet inside the agitator, which can be called a drive magnet, is of great importance when sizing the agitator rod. Some manufacturer's specifications list the maximum recommended stirrer bar length for use with a magnetic stirrer. The stir bar extractor is an independent magnet (also coated with chemically inert PTFE) at the end of the long rod, which can be used to remove the stir bar from the container. Stirring plate magnets are widely used in laboratories in scientific research, colleges and universities, industrial and agricultural departments, and are often used for mixing liquids. Rare earth magnets have higher magnetic strength, making them useful for mixed viscous samples.
A Guide to the Magnetic Stirrer;
A Guide to the Magnetic Stirrer;
Whether you are using a magnetic stirrer or a bar stirrer, the stirring parameters and purpose will help you determine which equipment is best for your application. Various shakers are available for laboratory use, each with its own characteristics that make them more suitable for certain applications than others. Magnetic stirrers use a rotating magnetic field to rotate and then agitate (flea) the stirrer immersed in liquid. Magnetic stirrers use a rotating magnetic field to move a stirring bar through liquid samples. The stirring rods are moved by another rotating magnet or a group of electromagnets in the stirring device under the vessel containing the liquid. Likewise, if there are solid particles or crystals in the sample, the magnetic stirrer can grind them between the stirrer and the glass. For example, if the sample is particularly viscous or an increase in viscosity is expected during an experiment, magnetic stirring is likely to be insufficient for the stirring process. Depending on several factors, approaching higher speeds on some magnetic stirrers can cause disconnection, causing the stirrer bar to bounce around the rim of the base of the vessel instead of intentionally rotating to create flow. The magnetic stirrer can stir in both open and closed containers. The effect is best in a flat-bottomed container, ensuring the smooth rotation of the stirring rod and the closest contact with the magnetic stirrer. Magnetic stirrers are rod-shaped, usually with octagonal or circular cross-sections, although there are various special shapes to improve stirring efficiency. Magnetic stirrers are commonly used in chemistry and biology, and they can be used to stir sealed containers or systems without the need for complex rotating seals. They are more popular than gear agitators because they are quieter, more efficient and have no moving external parts damaged or worn (except for the simplest bar magnets). Since glass does not significantly affect the magnetic field, and most chemical reactions are carried out in glass vials or beakers, the stirring rod works well in glassware commonly used in laboratories. The limited rod size means that the magnetic stirrer can only be used for relatively small experiments, 4 liters or less. Due to its small size, the mixer is easier to clean and disinfect than other mixing equipment. Although according to the needs of different users, there are more types of magnetic stirrers on the market, such as single magnetic stirrers, which have basic functions and are easy to use. Integrated stirring system The magnetic stirrer with heating and double control allows independent adjustment of the heating temperature and stirring speed. Submersible Shakers - Sealed shakers that are suitable for immersion in water or oil and can be used over a wide temperature range. Biological Shakers: Designed specifically for shaking biological samples such as cell cultures. Optional accessories The laboratory magnetic stirrer is equipped with a Teflon-coated stirring rod, support arm, adjustable thermometer arm, extension bar, test jar support. The magnetic stirring rod is 1" long (diameter 8mm*length 25mm), which is the size most commonly used as a stirrer accessory. Features excellent quality-the stainless steel stirring rod of this overhead magnetic stirrer is durable and does not corrode or rust , It helps to obtain the most accurate mixing results even in very demanding applications. Powerful motor brings excellent performance-made of high-quality steel, the powerful motor of this electric stirrer can keep longer The service life and drive the mixer at 0 2000 rpm, it is very suitable for any complex stirring tasks in the whole process, reaction or mixing process. Large volumes or more viscous liquids usually require mechanical stirring (eg stir bar). If you are mixing low viscosity liquids in high volumes, a rod mixer may be the right choice for you. Agitators with a viscosity close to water can be agitated with both magnetic and bar agitators, but mixing with a higher viscosity is where the bar agitator shows up best. You can use it to mix liquids or low viscosity liquids to get a homogeneous liquid mixture. Hot plates can be used to mix a wide variety of samples for different purposes. A magnetic stirrer or magnetic stirring plate is commonly used in laboratories to ensure that liquid samples are uniform in consistency and temperature. The speed of the magnetic field is user-controlled, so it can be adjusted for the specific sample being mixed. Unless otherwise indicated, both magnetic and bar stirrers set the maximum volume based on the viscosity of the water. The cell shaker fits standard 10mm spectral cells and provides fast vertical and horizontal mixing with minimal shaking when placed on a magnetic stirrer. Circulus (tm) magnetic stirrers provide strong turbulence at relatively low speeds, low surface contact and excellent centering characteristics, especially in vessels with a convex bottom. The protruding sphere in the center of the rod raises the agitator blades during rotation and therefore reduces the contact surface, allowing the magnet to rotate freely without stopping. There are triple hooks that use cobalt samarium to provide a stronger connection to the stirrer's internal magnet and reduce the chance of rod twisting. These rods provide more torque and can be useful in applications where high volumes or high viscosity fluids are used. Only available from rare earth elements (samarium-cobalt), the shape and strength of the magnet make these rods especially suitable for viscous solutions. Available in a variety of colors and sizes, micromixers (flea) are especially useful for environmental testing and life sciences applications where small sample volumes need to be prepared and evaluated. Cross rods are generally suitable for stable deep vortex mixing and are a good all-round option. The bar is located at the bottom of the vessel, so it can also be useful in stimulating sedimentation. Place the bowl in the center of the stirring plate and place the stirring bar in the center of the bowl. For an optimal connection, select a container with a thin bottom to minimize the distance between the rod and the drive magnet. The length of the rod should be approximately equal to the size of the magnet to avoid unwinding. The size of the magnet inside the agitator, which can be called a drive magnet, is of great importance when sizing the agitator rod. Some manufacturer's specifications list the maximum recommended stirrer bar length for use with a magnetic stirrer. The stir bar extractor is an independent magnet (also coated with chemically inert PTFE) at the end of the long rod, which can be used to remove the stir bar from the container. Stirring plate magnets are widely used in laboratories in scientific research, colleges and universities, industrial and agricultural departments, and are often used for mixing liquids. Rare earth magnets have higher magnetic strength, making them useful for mixed viscous samples.
A Guide to the Magnetic Stirrer;
A Guide to the Magnetic Stirrer;
Whether you are using a magnetic stirrer or a bar stirrer, the stirring parameters and purpose will help you determine which equipment is best for your application. Various shakers are available for laboratory use, each with its own characteristics that make them more suitable for certain applications than others. Magnetic stirrers use a rotating magnetic field to rotate and then agitate (flea) the stirrer immersed in liquid. Magnetic stirrers use a rotating magnetic field to move a stirring bar through liquid samples. The stirring rods are moved by another rotating magnet or a group of electromagnets in the stirring device under the vessel containing the liquid. Likewise, if there are solid particles or crystals in the sample, the magnetic stirrer can grind them between the stirrer and the glass. For example, if the sample is particularly viscous or an increase in viscosity is expected during an experiment, magnetic stirring is likely to be insufficient for the stirring process. Depending on several factors, approaching higher speeds on some magnetic stirrers can cause disconnection, causing the stirrer bar to bounce around the rim of the base of the vessel instead of intentionally rotating to create flow. The magnetic stirrer can stir in both open and closed containers. The effect is best in a flat-bottomed container, ensuring the smooth rotation of the stirring rod and the closest contact with the magnetic stirrer. Magnetic stirrers are rod-shaped, usually with octagonal or circular cross-sections, although there are various special shapes to improve stirring efficiency. Magnetic stirrers are commonly used in chemistry and biology, and they can be used to stir sealed containers or systems without the need for complex rotating seals. They are more popular than gear agitators because they are quieter, more efficient and have no moving external parts damaged or worn (except for the simplest bar magnets). Since glass does not significantly affect the magnetic field, and most chemical reactions are carried out in glass vials or beakers, the stirring rod works well in glassware commonly used in laboratories. The limited rod size means that the magnetic stirrer can only be used for relatively small experiments, 4 liters or less. Due to its small size, the mixer is easier to clean and disinfect than other mixing equipment. Although according to the needs of different users, there are more types of magnetic stirrers on the market, such as single magnetic stirrers, which have basic functions and are easy to use. Integrated stirring system The magnetic stirrer with heating and double control allows independent adjustment of the heating temperature and stirring speed. Submersible Shakers - Sealed shakers that are suitable for immersion in water or oil and can be used over a wide temperature range. Biological Shakers: Designed specifically for shaking biological samples such as cell cultures. Optional accessories The laboratory magnetic stirrer is equipped with a Teflon-coated stirring rod, support arm, adjustable thermometer arm, extension bar, test jar support. The magnetic stirring rod is 1" long (diameter 8mm*length 25mm), which is the size most commonly used as a stirrer accessory. Features excellent quality-the stainless steel stirring rod of this overhead magnetic stirrer is durable and does not corrode or rust , It helps to obtain the most accurate mixing results even in very demanding applications. Powerful motor brings excellent performance-made of high-quality steel, the powerful motor of this electric stirrer can keep longer The service life and drive the mixer at 0 2000 rpm, it is very suitable for any complex stirring tasks in the whole process, reaction or mixing process. Large volumes or more viscous liquids usually require mechanical stirring (eg stir bar). If you are mixing low viscosity liquids in high volumes, a rod mixer may be the right choice for you. Agitators with a viscosity close to water can be agitated with both magnetic and bar agitators, but mixing with a higher viscosity is where the bar agitator shows up best. You can use it to mix liquids or low viscosity liquids to get a homogeneous liquid mixture. Hot plates can be used to mix a wide variety of samples for different purposes. A magnetic stirrer or magnetic stirring plate is commonly used in laboratories to ensure that liquid samples are uniform in consistency and temperature. The speed of the magnetic field is user-controlled, so it can be adjusted for the specific sample being mixed. Unless otherwise indicated, both magnetic and bar stirrers set the maximum volume based on the viscosity of the water. The cell shaker fits standard 10mm spectral cells and provides fast vertical and horizontal mixing with minimal shaking when placed on a magnetic stirrer. Circulus (tm) magnetic stirrers provide strong turbulence at relatively low speeds, low surface contact and excellent centering characteristics, especially in vessels with a convex bottom. The protruding sphere in the center of the rod raises the agitator blades during rotation and therefore reduces the contact surface, allowing the magnet to rotate freely without stopping. There are triple hooks that use cobalt samarium to provide a stronger connection to the stirrer's internal magnet and reduce the chance of rod twisting. These rods provide more torque and can be useful in applications where high volumes or high viscosity fluids are used. Only available from rare earth elements (samarium-cobalt), the shape and strength of the magnet make these rods especially suitable for viscous solutions. Available in a variety of colors and sizes, micromixers (flea) are especially useful for environmental testing and life sciences applications where small sample volumes need to be prepared and evaluated. Cross rods are generally suitable for stable deep vortex mixing and are a good all-round option. The bar is located at the bottom of the vessel, so it can also be useful in stimulating sedimentation. Place the bowl in the center of the stirring plate and place the stirring bar in the center of the bowl. For an optimal connection, select a container with a thin bottom to minimize the distance between the rod and the drive magnet. The length of the rod should be approximately equal to the size of the magnet to avoid unwinding. The size of the magnet inside the agitator, which can be called a drive magnet, is of great importance when sizing the agitator rod. Some manufacturer's specifications list the maximum recommended stirrer bar length for use with a magnetic stirrer. The stir bar extractor is an independent magnet (also coated with chemically inert PTFE) at the end of the long rod, which can be used to remove the stir bar from the container. Stirring plate magnets are widely used in laboratories in scientific research, colleges and universities, industrial and agricultural departments, and are often used for mixing liquids. Rare earth magnets have higher magnetic strength, making them useful for mixed viscous samples.
A Guide to the Magnetic Stirrer;
A Guide to the Magnetic Stirrer;
Whether you are using a magnetic stirrer or a bar stirrer, the stirring parameters and purpose will help you determine which equipment is best for your application. Various shakers are available for laboratory use, each with its own characteristics that make them more suitable for certain applications than others. Magnetic stirrers use a rotating magnetic field to rotate and then agitate (flea) the stirrer immersed in liquid. Magnetic stirrers use a rotating magnetic field to move a stirring bar through liquid samples. The stirring rods are moved by another rotating magnet or a group of electromagnets in the stirring device under the vessel containing the liquid. Likewise, if there are solid particles or crystals in the sample, the magnetic stirrer can grind them between the stirrer and the glass. For example, if the sample is particularly viscous or an increase in viscosity is expected during an experiment, magnetic stirring is likely to be insufficient for the stirring process. Depending on several factors, approaching higher speeds on some magnetic stirrers can cause disconnection, causing the stirrer bar to bounce around the rim of the base of the vessel instead of intentionally rotating to create flow. The magnetic stirrer can stir in both open and closed containers. The effect is best in a flat-bottomed container, ensuring the smooth rotation of the stirring rod and the closest contact with the magnetic stirrer. Magnetic stirrers are rod-shaped, usually with octagonal or circular cross-sections, although there are various special shapes to improve stirring efficiency. Magnetic stirrers are commonly used in chemistry and biology, and they can be used to stir sealed containers or systems without the need for complex rotating seals. They are more popular than gear agitators because they are quieter, more efficient and have no moving external parts damaged or worn (except for the simplest bar magnets). Since glass does not significantly affect the magnetic field, and most chemical reactions are carried out in glass vials or beakers, the stirring rod works well in glassware commonly used in laboratories. The limited rod size means that the magnetic stirrer can only be used for relatively small experiments, 4 liters or less. Due to its small size, the mixer is easier to clean and disinfect than other mixing equipment. Although according to the needs of different users, there are more types of magnetic stirrers on the market, such as single magnetic stirrers, which have basic functions and are easy to use. Integrated stirring system The magnetic stirrer with heating and double control allows independent adjustment of the heating temperature and stirring speed. Submersible Shakers - Sealed shakers that are suitable for immersion in water or oil and can be used over a wide temperature range. Biological Shakers: Designed specifically for shaking biological samples such as cell cultures. Optional accessories The laboratory magnetic stirrer is equipped with a Teflon-coated stirring rod, support arm, adjustable thermometer arm, extension bar, test jar support. The magnetic stirring rod is 1" long (diameter 8mm*length 25mm), which is the size most commonly used as a stirrer accessory. Features excellent quality-the stainless steel stirring rod of this overhead magnetic stirrer is durable and does not corrode or rust , It helps to obtain the most accurate mixing results even in very demanding applications. Powerful motor brings excellent performance-made of high-quality steel, the powerful motor of this electric stirrer can keep longer The service life and drive the mixer at 0 2000 rpm, it is very suitable for any complex stirring tasks in the whole process, reaction or mixing process. Large volumes or more viscous liquids usually require mechanical stirring (eg stir bar). If you are mixing low viscosity liquids in high volumes, a rod mixer may be the right choice for you. Agitators with a viscosity close to water can be agitated with both magnetic and bar agitators, but mixing with a higher viscosity is where the bar agitator shows up best. You can use it to mix liquids or low viscosity liquids to get a homogeneous liquid mixture. Hot plates can be used to mix a wide variety of samples for different purposes. A magnetic stirrer or magnetic stirring plate is commonly used in laboratories to ensure that liquid samples are uniform in consistency and temperature. The speed of the magnetic field is user-controlled, so it can be adjusted for the specific sample being mixed. Unless otherwise indicated, both magnetic and bar stirrers set the maximum volume based on the viscosity of the water. The cell shaker fits standard 10mm spectral cells and provides fast vertical and horizontal mixing with minimal shaking when placed on a magnetic stirrer. Circulus (tm) magnetic stirrers provide strong turbulence at relatively low speeds, low surface contact and excellent centering characteristics, especially in vessels with a convex bottom. The protruding sphere in the center of the rod raises the agitator blades during rotation and therefore reduces the contact surface, allowing the magnet to rotate freely without stopping. There are triple hooks that use cobalt samarium to provide a stronger connection to the stirrer's internal magnet and reduce the chance of rod twisting. These rods provide more torque and can be useful in applications where high volumes or high viscosity fluids are used. Only available from rare earth elements (samarium-cobalt), the shape and strength of the magnet make these rods especially suitable for viscous solutions. Available in a variety of colors and sizes, micromixers (flea) are especially useful for environmental testing and life sciences applications where small sample volumes need to be prepared and evaluated. Cross rods are generally suitable for stable deep vortex mixing and are a good all-round option. The bar is located at the bottom of the vessel, so it can also be useful in stimulating sedimentation. Place the bowl in the center of the stirring plate and place the stirring bar in the center of the bowl. For an optimal connection, select a container with a thin bottom to minimize the distance between the rod and the drive magnet. The length of the rod should be approximately equal to the size of the magnet to avoid unwinding. The size of the magnet inside the agitator, which can be called a drive magnet, is of great importance when sizing the agitator rod. Some manufacturer's specifications list the maximum recommended stirrer bar length for use with a magnetic stirrer. The stir bar extractor is an independent magnet (also coated with chemically inert PTFE) at the end of the long rod, which can be used to remove the stir bar from the container. Stirring plate magnets are widely used in laboratories in scientific research, colleges and universities, industrial and agricultural departments, and are often used for mixing liquids. Rare earth magnets have higher magnetic strength, making them useful for mixed viscous samples.
Why You Want a Veterinary Orthopedic Drill Surgical Saw
Why You Want a Veterinary Orthopedic Drill Surgical Saw
Surgical Instruments Orthopedic Power Veterinary Surgery TPLO Veterinary Saw with 2 Batteries for Animal Surgery. It can also be used for human hand and foot surgery, usually used to pierce bones to fix screw or screw devices. China Veterinary Surgical Instruments Tplo Saw Veterinary Orthopedic Orthopedic Kit Medical Instruments Veterinary Orthopedic Kit Contains all the necessary standard instruments required for orthopedic surgery, all instruments are made of surgical stainless steel used by professionals. Orthopedic drill | Veterinary Surgical Drill | Orthopedic electric drills used in orthopedic surgery. Used to cut bones, for example. Veterinary Prosthetic Implants Veterinary Surgical Drilling Instruments / Micro-Orthopedic Drill Saw NM-300 With a full range of quick-change accessories assembled into a fully functional handpiece, it offers the surgeon an affordable option. The veterinary orthopedic drill is mainly used in bone repair surgery to treat damaged bones. TPLO veterinary saw with 2 batteries for animal husbandry VOI provides the widest selection of implants, screws and instruments in the field of veterinary orthopedics. TPLO Veterinary Saw Band 2 batteries for animal surgery IMEX Veterinary, Inc. is a leading manufacturer of veterinary orthopedic products, and has been providing surgical veterinary products for hospitals and healthcare facilities for more than 30 years. Orthopedic drill bits and medical equipment | companies TPLO veterinary and veterinary saws, with 2 batteries for animal surgery, hundreds of different models of medical and veterinary surgical orthopedic drill bits, global delivery, lifetime support, and international guarantee. The global market for veterinary orthopedic burs. Instruments like ours are inexpensive and allow your veterinarian to perform orthopedic procedures and surgeries without the need to purchase expensive surgical drills or other major equipment. Oscillating saws for bone drills, procedures for implanting anatomical fragments, procedures for treating injuries-you will find all of them on site. When it comes to orthopedic implants, surgical instruments and sutures, you can rely on our innovation, quality and value...all of which provide the most personalized service in the industry. DrillCover Hex-Orthopedic Drill-I love veterinarians * First of all, DrillCover Hex is different from any other orthopedic drilling equipment. Small Animal Orthopedic Surgery Service provides professional veterinary care for animals suffering from bone and joint injuries or diseases. For a long time, we have believed that veterinary clinics are expanding to provide more orthopedic services because we know that the tools needed to perform many orthopedic surgeries and surgeries can be purchased at the lowest cost. They can be sterilized in an autoclave and used for precise incisions of cartilage and subchondral bone in orthopedic surgery (e.g. Perthes Reamer Orthopedic Surgery Drill 18.5cm We know what works and what doesn't. A / O Drill is a portable air drill used to drill holes or insert metal implants such as pins into bone during orthopedic procedures. The multifunctional veterinary drill comes with features such as adjustable height, anti-collision silicone sleeves, sandblasting to minimize reflections during surgery, and more. China Medical Device Manufacturer, Medical Instrument * Mini Electric Surgical Drill approved for Traumatic Joint Surgery. Currently, the college employs four specialist surgeons leading the orthopedics team. The cutting edge of the veterinary bur is mainly used for axial thrust and small cuts. The Orthopaedic Surgery Service Center is committed to promoting the development of orthopedic veterinary medicine through clinical orthopedic disease education, veterinary education and the development of new knowledge through clinical research for veterinary students, so as to provide patients with the highest quality care. We believe that many other veterinary clinics, regardless of size, can provide orthopedic care. These instruments are used to remove small or large areas of bone during orthopedic and neurosurgical procedures. Purchasing instruments to treat animals with orthopedic injuries can pay off with the first two surgical procedures. Periosteal lifters are used to lift muscles from bones during orthopedic and neurosurgical procedures. GerVetUSA offers the most versatile and high quality orthopedic surgical instruments for veterinarians and podiatrists. This instrument is commonly used to contract large muscle groups during neurological and orthopedic procedures. Whether you are an inpatient doctor or a mobile orthopedic surgeon, having the Saw Cover System on your side will expand your orthopedic technology, allow for sterile off-site procedures and provide a pleasant transition from hand-held orthopedic instruments. These retractors are often used for soft tissue, orthopedic, or neurological procedures. Another common use in veterinary surgery is to examine the knee joint to distract the tibia from the femur, allowing menisci to be visualized. This is why we continue to contact veterinarians to show them how cheap orthopedic instruments can be. The SawCover System is a reliable and powerful tool to improve your clinic's orthopedic practice. Motorized burs produce clean axial rotation, hence the round hole provides maximum screw or pin contact with the bone. You get the convenience of a portable instrument without losing the power and confidence you would get from stationary orthopedic equipment. Choosing the right equipment for your surgical environment is the key to maximizing your budget by providing quality care. Jindal Medi Surge-General orthopedic manufacturer Jindal Medi Surge is a one-stop shop for orthopedic implants, instruments and external fixators. Our services include contract manufacturing and contract design. As a leading contract manufacturer, we have accumulated unparalleled experience and unique knowledge in the design and manufacturing constraints of the orthopedics industry. Prosthetic design and technology-special coating * including FDA approved 3D printing talus spacer for the treatment of avascular necrosis. This service cooperates with other specialized VMTH services, using the most advanced diagnostic technology and equipment to fully evaluate patients. If your doctor is not listed as your primary healthcare provider or referring veterinarian, they will not receive a copy of your medical record. If you are unsure about your pet's nutrition, you can contact our nutritional support team. Yes, you will need a referral from your veterinarian; however, you or your veterinarian may be the first to call. This future is closely tied to our ever-growing family of loyal customers.
How to Make a Handmade Surgical Electrocautery
How to Make a Handmade Surgical Electrocautery
Unlike a scalpel, the cauterization pen uses heat from the thread to cut and seal the blood flow, which can minimize the risk of infection and postoperative complications. Both methods differ from electrocautery in that they absorb electrical current through the tissue rather than using it to heat an electrode to be placed at a specific point in the tissue. Electrocoagulation uses an electric current to heat a metal wire, which is then applied to the target tissue to burn or coagulate a specific area of the tissue. Electrocauterization, also known as thermal moxibustion, refers to the process in which a DC or AC current is passed through a durable metal wire electrode, generating heat. These instruments can be used to cut, coagulate and even fuse tissue. Electrosurgical equipment is a more complex radio wave generator that can pass a modified current through the target tissue to achieve the desired surgical effect. Most importantly, electrosurgery is not synonymous with electrocautery, although they use each other's current to achieve their respective treatment goals. The latest modification is a microdissection cautery with a thin electrode tip. You can also use Audo Gauge meters from the SM Peak, EVO or Premium series, as well as from manufacturers such as AEM, Turbosmart or ProG. The frame made of thick aluminum sheet guarantees tightness and trouble-free operation. Our heat insulators are made of the highest quality materials such as fiberglass or MAGMA-type basalt fiber, which guarantees long-term and trouble-free operation. The power and torque mileage is important to provide a wide usable rpm range compared to the maximum peak power available in the several hundred rpm range. Our oil coolers are widely used: in addition to the standard lowering of engine oil temperature, they are often used as radiators for power steering fluid, transmission oil or differential, and for returning fuel to turbulence. With parts from our tuning shop, you will add thrust to your engine, which will generate powerful power and torque for the road.
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