1. William Day (lithographer) of printer & photocopier
William Day snr (17971845) was a lithographer and watercolour artist in partnership with Louis Haghe, forming the lithographic firm of Day & Haghe, famous in early Victorian London. The firm printed lithographs dealing with an enormous variety of topics, including hunting scenes, topographical views and genre images.
Their work was so technically superior that in 1838, they were appointed 'Lithographers to the Queen.' His son William Day jnr is recorded as being 27 years in the 1851 census and with the occupation of copperplate engraver and printer, living at 19 Lorraine Place, Islington, married to Elizabeth Rees (24 years old) from Gloucester, and with 2 sons William J. (2 yrs) and James R.
(1 yr). Appearing in the same census record is William Day jnr's elder sister Caroline A Nicholls (30 years) married to John R Nicholls (38 years). William Day snr probably had a second son, John Bellence Day, who in 1854 married a Rose Isabel Rees, sister of Elizabeth.
Rose shows up in the 1861 census in Claines, Worcestershire as a visitor from Buenos Aires and married to a lithographer. The 1881 census has Caroline Nicholls staying with Dr. W.
G. Grace and his wife Agnes Nicholls Day, her niece, the daughter of William Day jnr., who was also W.
G. Grace's first cousin.
Jos Vizinho of printer & photocopier
Jos Vizinho, (also known in English as Joseph Vecinho), was a Portuguese Jew, born in the town of Covilh, court physician and scientist at the end of the fifteenth century. He was a pupil of Abraham Zacuto, under whom he studied mathematics and cosmography, on which latter subject he was regarded as an eminent authority by John II of Portugal. He was sent by the king to the coast of Guinea, there to measure the altitude of the sun, doubtless by means of the astrolabe as improved by Jacob ben Machir.
When, in 1484, Christopher Columbus laid before the king his plan for a western route to the Indies, it was submitted to a junta, or commission, consisting of the Bishop of Ceuta, "Mestre Jos" (Jos Vizinho), the court physician Rodrigo, a Jewish mathematician named Moiss, and Martin Behaim. The junta finally decided against Columbus' plans; and when the matter came up before the council of state Pedro de Menezes opposed them also, basing his arguments upon Jos Vizinho's criticisms. Though Vizinho did not favor Columbus, the latter had personal intercourse with him, and obtained from him a translation of Zacuto's astronomical tables.
Columbus carried this translation with him on his voyage, and found it extremely useful; it was found in his library after his death. Jos Vizinho's translation of Zacuto's tables was published by the Jewish printer Samuel d'Ortas in Leiria under the title "Almanach Perpetuum," 1496.
John Morton (trade unionist) of printer & photocopier
John Morton (born 1925) is a trade unionist and former musician. Born in Wolverhampton, Morton learned to play the piano while he was a child. On leaving school, he started an apprenticeship as a printer, but his love of swing music led him to leave to play in a band.
He joined the Musicians' Union, and gradually rose to prominence, winning election to its Executive Committee, and leading a boycott of Wolverhampton's Scala Ballroom over its policy of only admitting white people. Morton worked full-time for the union for a few years, but moved to become a lecturer in industrial relations at Solihull College. Despite this, he remained on the Executive Committee and, when General Secretary Hardie Ratcliffe announced his retiral, he asked Morton to run for the post.
Morton won election as general secretary, focusing much of his time on opposing the closure of orchestras, and negotiating with broadcasters, particularly the new independent local radio stations. He also became President of the International Federation of Musicians (FIM). He was elected to the General Council of the Trades Union Congress, serving from 1975 to 1985, and again from 1986 until his retirement.
Politically, he was considered to have moved from the left-wing of the union to the centre or right during this period. Morton retired as general secretary in 1990, but remained president of the FIM until 2002, and president emeritus of the FIM thereafter.
Charles Troedel of printer & photocopier
Charles Troedel (1835/6 Hamburg 1906) (born Johannes Thedor Carl Troedel) was a German-born lithographic printer prominent in Melbourne during the late 19th century. He was apprenticed to his father at the age 13 and at the age of 24, emigrated to Melbourne, arriving in Williamstown on board the Great Britain in 1860. Trading as Troedel & Co, and from 1910 Troedel & Cooper, his company had close links with many well-known artists of that era.
One of his apprentices was Arthur Streeton who was still working for him before being discovered by Tom Roberts and Frederick McCubbin. His name was well known in the printing industry for over 100 years. In 1863, Franois Cogn convinced Troedel that a book of Melbourne views would be a financial success.
This artwork was ultimately published as 12 monthly subscriptions of 2 views per month and known as the Melbourne Views. A bound copy of the full 24 views is held in the National Gallery of Australia, Canberra. Troedel carried out the lithography for Ferdinand von Mueller's landmark work Eucalyptographia.
A descriptive atlas of the eucalypts of Australia and the adjoining islands published between 1879 and 1884. A handsomely illustrated volume of Troedle's work was published in 2020 (Printed on Stone: The Lithographs of Charles Troedel By Amanda Scardamaglia, Melbourne Books).
Bibliography of printer & photocopier
Loughnan, Robert Andrew (1929). The Remarkable Life Story of Sir Joseph Ward: 40 Years a Liberal. New Century Press.
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William Henry Wesley of printer & photocopier
William Henry Wesley (18411922) was an engraver, artist, astronomer and administrator, who worked as assistant secretary of the Royal Astronomical Society from 1875 to his death in 1922. Wesley was born at Stapenhill, Staffordshire, England, the son of a printer and publisher. He moved with his family to London in 1855, and became an apprentice to an engraver.
He developed a reputation as a skilled technical artist, preparing and engraving diagrams for scientific publications. Wesley was asked by the astronomer Arthur Cowper Ranyard to prepare an engraving of the Sun's corona from photographs of the 1871 total solar eclipse. When the position of assistant secretary to the Royal Astronomical Society became vacant, Cowper Raynard pushed Wesley to apply.
Wesley was appointed. The assistant secretary was the society's primary administrative official. William Henry Wesley reorganised and updated the administration of the society.
He prepared a catalogue of its extensive library. He travelled to Algiers to observe the total solar eclipse of 28 May 1900. He concluded that photography was capable of recording more detail in the Sun's corona than could be seen visually through a telescope.
Wesley prepared diagrams for scientific publications. This included charts of the Milky Way and maps of the Moon's surface. Wesley was an author of articles in the Dictionary of National Biography, including the short one about the astronomer Arthur Cowper Ranyard.
7. Edward Wakefield (New Zealand politician) of printer & photocopier
Felix Edward Wakefield (22 May 1845 10 August 1924) was the son of Felix Wakefield, one of Edward Gibbon Wakefields younger brothers. Edward was born in Launceston, Tasmania, brought up in New Zealand, and educated in France and at King's College London.
He married Agnes Mildred Hall on 15 July 1874 at Christchurch. She was the daughter of George Williamson Hall, and John Hall was thus her uncle. Edward and Agnes had four children: Edward Howard St George Wakefield (1875); Gerald Seymour Wakefield (1877); Grace Josephine Wakefield (1879); and Mildred Wakefield (1881).
Wakefield was a journalist and then a colourful, volatile and ambitious politician in New Zealand, who showed considerable promise, though this was not quite fulfilled; "He was among the best parliamentary debaters of the time; admired for his wit and power of argument." He was the Member of Parliament for Geraldine 18751881, then for Selwyn 18841887, when he resigned. He won an 1884 by-election against John McLachlan, and was then elected unopposed in 1884 general election some five months later.
He served as Colonial Secretary in the short 1884 ministry of Harry Atkinson; from 28 August to 3 September 1884. Wakefield subsequently concentrated on writing, producing New Zealand after Fifty Years (1889). Later he moved to America, then London.
Having become blind in old age, he was made a brother of the Charterhouse in recognition of his service, and resided there at the almshouse; he died there in 1924.