1. Protector of Aborigines of 3d printer
After arriving in Sydney in November 1838, Sievwright lived briefly with his wife, Christina, and their seven children in Melbourne. The whole family then moved to live among the Aborigines in the Geelong area.
This was on the edge of the area assigned to him, known as the Western District, covering about 40,000 square kilometres. British and Irish settlers had begun arriving in the District about three years earlier, but at the time thousands of Aboriginal people still far outnumbered the Europeans. As a Protector of Aborigines, Sievwright was commissioned by the British government to represent the Aboriginal people, and to protect them "from cruelty, oppression and injustice" and "from encroachments upon their property".
In February 1841, Sievwright and his family moved further into his district to set up a new camp at Lake Keilambete, near present-day Terang. A year later, he moved to Mt Rouse, near present day Penshurst, again urging the Aborigines of the district to join him. Sievwright's difficulties were considerable, not speaking the languages of the Aborigines under his care, and most of them coming into contact with Europeans for the first time.
Nevertheless, at each of his camps he launched limited agricultural training programs in return for food, when traditional food supplies became scarcer as more European settlers arrived with sheep and cattle. At the same time, he launched a series of investigations into the killing of Aboriginal people. His efforts to seek prosecutions of Europeans involved in killings made him extremely unpopular among the white settlers.
One squatter recorded in his private journal that by February 1840, Sievwright had already become "the most unpopular man that ever breathed". Around the same time, the Port Phillip Gazette reported that Sievwright was "in very bad odour" with the squatters of the Western District. "These gentlemen, it appears, cut him upon all occasions, and will not suffer him to enter their houses.
" In August 1842, Sievwright was told that he'd been suspended without pay because of charges against his moral character, dating back to 1839. Port Phillip's Superintendent Charles La Trobe told NSW Governor George Gipps in Sydney that even if the charges against Sievwright were false, they had been "from the outset fatal to him and his recent career". Chief Protector Robinson had already backed a plan to sack Sievwright months earlier.
Even before Sievwright learned of his suspension at Mt Rouse, it had been reported in Melbourne by the Port Phillip Gazette. At the same time, the Gazette referred to a threat by the colonial government to refuse squatting licences in part of the Western District where Sievwright had reported the recent murders of three Aboriginal women and a child. "There is still some doubt if the whole affair has not been exaggerated," it said.
After it became apparent that Sievwright's suspension was based at least in part on a letter written by his own wife in 1839, both she and their eldest daughter, Frances, wrote to La Trobe defending him.However, Sievwright remained suspended, and the family slipped into poverty. "Mr Sievwright's situation precluded him from making friends among the white population," a man called Frederic Nesbitt wrote to La Trobe.
"Therefore they are now suffering the penalty of having done their duty to the Aborigines." Geelong Police Magistrate Nicholas Fenwick confirmed the family's plight, telling the Superintendent: "Nobody here it appears will give them anything on credit now that Mr Sievwright has been suspended, and how they manage to get their daily bread, nobody can tell, and their children are in rags." In London, Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, Edward Smith-Stanley, endorsed Gipps' recommendation that Sievwright be dismissed.
"I should wish if possible to avoid pursuing this matter further, as it is not of a character fit for public investigation," he told the Governor. La Trobe and Gipps continued to reject Sievwright's demands for a full inquiry into the allegations that had led to his dismissal. They agreed only to two inquiries into subsequent claims raised in 1844 that he'd misappropriated government stores.
Sievwright told La Trobe he regretted to state that Chief Protector Robinson was his "openly declared enemy", and was withholding documentary evidence that would show the claims had no basis. To further try to clear his name, Sievwright wrote a lengthy letter to the Geelong Advertiser, the voice of the Western District squatters. Over two days in February 1845, it devoted four broadsheet pages to Sievwright's letter.
It incorporated correspondence relating to the Protectorate, his views on what he viewed as its maladministration by Robinson, and the failure of La Trobe to grant his demand for a full inquiry into his dismissal. "We cannot see a man crushed, as Mr Sievwright has been, without crying 'shame'. We confess that until these disclosures were made, we always entertained a strong prejudice against Mr Sievwright, and did not scruple to express it, and we are therefore glad of the opportunity to make reparation," the Advertiser commented.
In May 1845, Sievwright sailed from Melbourne to London, leaving his family in Melbourne, to put his case for an inquiry direct to the British government. He was still trying unsuccessfully at least as late as 1849.
Selected bibliography of 3d printer
The author is Henri-Jean Martin unless indicated otherwise. Les mtamorphoses du livre. Paris: Albin Michel.
c. 2004. ISBNÂ 2-226-14237-1.
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citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inherit SeriesÂ : Itinraires du savoir. Jean-Marc Chatelain; et al.
(2000). La naissance du livre moderne (XIVe-XVIIe sicles)Â : mise en page et mise en texte du livre franais. Paris: Editions du Cercle de la librairie.
ISBNÂ 2-7654-0776-2. Livre, pouvoirs et socit Paris au XVIIe sicle, 1598-1701 (3d ed.).
Geneva: Droz. 1999. ISBNÂ 2-600-00384-3.
(set); (v. 1); (v. 2).
preface by Roger ChartierÂ ; SeriesÂ : Titre courant, 1420-5254, 14-15Â ; NoteÂ : "Ce livre a d'abord paru en 1969 dans la collection Histoire et civilisation du livre." See also: (1969) (same title and publisher, no ISBN) SeriesÂ : Histoire et civilisation du livre, 3Â ; NoteÂ : "Publications du Centre de recherches d'histoire et de philologie de la IVe section de l'cole pratique des hautes tudes, Paris." Originally presented as the author's thesis, Paris.
Febvre, Lucien; Henri-Jean Martin (1997). The coming of the bookÂ : the impact of printing 1450-1800. London: Verso.
ISBNÂ 1-85984-108-2. tr. by David GerardÂ ; ed.
by Geoffrey Nowell-Smith and David WoottonÂ ; NoteÂ : reprint, other reprints by this publisher 1990 & 1984, originally published (LondonÂ : N.L.B.
, 1976)Â ; Translation of L'apparition du livre. The French bookÂ : religion, absolutism, and readership, 1585-1715. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
1996. ISBNÂ 0-8018-5179-3. SeriesÂ : Johns Hopkins symposia in comparative history, 22nd.
The history and power of writing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1994.
ISBNÂ 0-226-50835-8. tr. by Lydia G.
Cochrane. Print, power, and people in 17th-century France. Metuchen, N.
J.: Scarecrow Press. 1993.
ISBNÂ 0-8108-2477-9. tr. by David GerardÂ ; NoteÂ : Translation of Livre, pouvoirs et socit Paris au 17e sicle.
Originally presented as the author's thesis, Paris. with Roger Chartier and Jean-Pierre Vivet (1989). Histoire de l'dition franaise.
Paris: Fayard-Cercle de la Librairie. ISBNÂ 2-213-02399-9. Check date values in: |year (help) 4 volumes.
with Bruno Delmas (1988). Histoire et pouvoirs de l'crit. Paris: Librairie acadmique Perrin.
ISBNÂ 2-262-00616-4. SeriesÂ : Histoire et dcadence, ISSN 0291-3852Â ; preface by Pierre Chaunu. Le livre franais sous l'Ancien Rgime.
Paris: Promodis/Editions du Cercle de la Librairie. c. 1987.
ISBNÂ 2-903181-57-8. SeriesÂ : Histoire du livre. Pour une histoire du livreÂ : XVe-XVIIIe sicleÂ : cinq confrences.
Naples: Bibliopolis. c. 1987.
SeriesÂ : Lezioni della Scuola di studi superiori in Napoli, 8. with Roger Chartier and Jean-Pierre Vivet (c1982). Histoire de l'dition franaise.
Paris: Bibliothque Nationale. ISBNÂ 2-903181-06-3. Check date values in: |year (help) 4 volumes.
Febvre, Lucien; Henri-Jean Martin (1976). The coming of the book: the impact of printing 1450-1800. N.
ISBNÂ 0-902308-17-3. tr. by David GerardÂ ; ed.
by Geoffrey Nowell-Smith and David WoottonÂ ; SeriesÂ : Foundations of history libraryÂ ; Note: Translation of L'apparition du livre Febvre, Lucien; with Henri-Jean Martin (1971). L'apparition du livre par Lucien Febvre et Henri Jean Martin. Avec le concours de Anne Basanoff et al.
Paris: Albin Michel. SeriesÂ : L'volution de l'humanit no. 30; NoteÂ : Previously published as v.
49 of the Bibliothque de synthse historique "L'evolution de l'humanite". Le Livre et la civilisation crite. Paris: cole nationale suprieure de bibliothcaires.
1968. Histoire du livre. Paris: Bibliothque Nationale.