Knowledge About X-ray Scanner
1. American Science and Engineering of x-ray scanner
American Science and Engineering Inc, (AS&E) is an American manufacturer of advanced X-ray equipment and related technologies, founded in 1958 by Martin Annis, PHd. Annis asked George W. Clark to join him in starting his company. Their primary work in the beginning was as a developer for NASA. Annis brought on as Chairman of the Board of Directors, Bruno Rossi, PhD, of Bruno Rossi of MIT to help guide their efforts. Rossi had earlier confirmed the existence of cosmic rays, and postulated that black holes would emit tremendous bursts of cosmic radiation as they swallowed celestial objects. At the urging of Rossi, Annis brought on board Riccardo Giacconi, from Italy, to work on the effort to develop a detector. As a consultant to American Science and Engineering, Inc., Rossi initiated the rocket experiments that discovered the first extra-solar source of X-rays, Scorpius X-1. Despite Rossi's pivotal discoveries and work in this area, in 2002 Richardo Giacconi alone won the Nobel prize for its discovery and invention Nobel Prize in Physics. The AS&E team made possible the Einstein Observatory (equipped with the first full imaging X-ray telescope on board a satellite, launched in 1978). Throughout his tenure as president of AS&E (from its inception in 1958 until he left in 1993), Annis was a leading inventor/scientist for the company, including inventing the backscatter technology, which enabled the detection of plastic explosives, he also invented the body scanner, originally developed as a machine to detect contraband in/on people for prisons, but later adopted for use in airports. Body scanners are now standard as part of pre-boarding security screenings in airports around the world. . AS&E also produced the first 4th generation CT scanner for commercial use in 1976.
The development of focusing optics for soft X-rays led also to rocket-borne solar observations, the later Skylab space station, and several successive solar observatory satellites (e.g., Yohkoh and Hinode).
These observations enabled major steps forward in our understanding of the physics of the solar corona and of
plasma astrophysics in general.
AS&E provides both transmission X-ray and backscatter X-ray, equipment for airports, seaports, critical infrastructures, border crossings and other locations where security scanning is required. AS&E has also developed a mobile backscatter X-ray van (ZBV).
In June 2016, OSI Systems offered to purchase the company for $269 million, After approval by regulators and shareholders, the deal competed before the end of 2016.
In the 12 months ending March 31, AS&E made $64 million profit on $278 million revenue.
2. Publications of x-ray scanner
Sochurek, Howard (1988), Medicine's new vision, Mack Pub. Co, ISBNÂ 978-0-912734-25-5.mw-parser-output cite.citationfont-style:inherit.mw-parser-output .citation qquotes:"""""""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registrationcolor:#555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon abackground-image:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:12px;background-position:right .1em center.mw-parser-output code.cs1-codecolor:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none;font-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-errorfont-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-formatfont-size:95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left:0.2em.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-right:0.2em.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inherit
Sochurek, Howard; De Visser, John, (illus.) (1973), The new Russians, EMC Corp, ISBNÂ 978-0-88436-000-1CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
Sochurek, Howard; De Visser, John, (illus.) (1973), Lifelines for the new frontier, EMC Corp, ISBNÂ 978-0-88436-006-3CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
Sochurek, Howard; De Visser, John, (illus.) (1973), The first Siberians, EMC Corp, ISBNÂ 978-0-88436-002-5CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
Sochurek, Howard; De Visser, John, (illus.) (1973), Siberia at work, EMC Corp, ISBNÂ 978-0-88436-004-9CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
3. Career of x-ray scanner
Beck attended Angelo State University for a year before joining the United States Navy in 1946, where he worked as an electronics technician. Upon his discharge, Beck enrolled at the University of Chicago, where he earned a B.A. in 1954 and a B.S. in mathematics in 1955.
Beck was appointed chief scientist and director of Argonne Cancer Research Hospital (ACRH) in 1957. In 1977, he was named director of ACRH's successor, Franklin McLean Memorial Research Institute. In 1986, he founded and directed the Center for Imaging Science shared between the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory.
Beck also served as a professor of radiology at the University of Chicago until his retirement in 1998. During his life, Beck published nearly 250 scientific papers and served on several task forces, in the field, especially for the Society of Nuclear Medicine and the International Atomic Energy Agency.
4. Sara Noxx of x-ray scanner
Sara Noxx is a German musician and member of the alternative music scene. She is also a member of the band Essexx who, in 1997, were the winners of the Zillo Band Contest. Her debut solo release was the 1997 Mini-Album Society on Nightshade Productions.
Her 2001 album Exxtasy reached #9 on the DAC. In 2003, Sara released her instrumental album Nonvoxx. In Autumn 2003 the album Equinoxx and the single cd Colder & Colder were released which reached the no. 1 position of all European alternative charts for several weeks.
In 2008, Sara Noxx released a 3-CD set XX-ray including numerous new interpretations, remixes and duets but also a collection of multi-lingual interpretations of her work.
In 2009, her single Superior Love from her Intoxxication album reached #4 on the DAC. To date, Sara Noxx has released three full albums as well as numerous singles, LPs, and special releases.
5. Biography of x-ray scanner
Andrzej Morozowski was born on 13 June 1957 in Warsaw into a Polish-Jewish family, as a son of the communist politician Mordechaj Mozes Morozowski. Morozowski was raised without any religion. After 1968 Polish political crisis his family stayed in Poland.
Morozowski graduated Theatre studies from the Aleksander Zelwerowicz State Theatre Academy in Warsaw. From 1990 to 2000 he worked for Radio ZET and Polish Television. Since 2001 Andrzej Morozowski has been working in the private television TVN 24, where he was presenting many auditions: Skaner polityczny (The Political Scanner), Bohater tygodnia (A hero of the Week), Studio 24, Kuluary (The Couloirs), Rozmowa bardzo polityczna (A very political conversation) and Przewietlenie (The X-ray). In the years 2005-2010 Andrzej Morozowski and Tomasz Sekielski were presenting one of the most popular political shows in Polish television, Teraz my (Now we). Since 2010 he is leading his own show, Tak jest.
He is married with the Gazeta Wyborcza journalist, Agata Nowakowska. They have one son, Jan Morozowski.
6. Life and career of x-ray scanner
Howard J. Sochurek was born in 1924 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He graduated from Princeton University in 1942 then enlisted on 1 December that year to fight in the Second World War.
On return from war, Sochurek first found work with the Milwaukee Journal, then in 1950 secured a position as staff photographer with Life magazine, going on to work from their New York, Chicago, Detroit, New Delhi, Singapore and Paris offices, and for National Geographic, photographing for stories on the Soviet Union, where in 1959 he covered a visit by Christian Dior fashion models to GUM, the USSR's premier department store, on the Middle East, on nationalist Chinese Boy Battalion soldiers in Formosa (1951), traveling also to Mongolia (1962) and Vietnam (1953).
At home, he photographed Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Robert Frost in 1957, Richard Nixons presidential election campaign (1960), Henry Kissinger, and black student activists with Martin Luther King Jr. (1960).
During the Korean War he was parachuted with the 187th Airborne RCT behind enemy lines to photograph American troops, and was sent in 1952 to cover the First Indochina War, documenting the French defeat at Battle of Dien Bien Phu, and subsequently, the Vietnam War.
7. Volume CT of x-ray scanner
Flat-panel Volume CT is a technique under development to make computed tomography images with improved performance (in particular, with improved spatial resolution). The key difference between volume CT and traditional CT is that volume CT uses a two-dimensional x-ray detector orientation (usually in a square panel orientation), to take multiple two-dimensional images. On the other hand, the conventional CT uses a one-dimensional x-ray detector orientation (a row of detectors) to take one-dimensional x-ray images.
A CT machine consists of an x-ray source, an x-ray detector, a series of moving stages (Gantry) and computers to assemble the x-ray data into an image. The x-ray beam used in volume CT is cone shaped, in contrast to the fan shaped beam of the regular CT scanner. This cone shape allows the beam to cover the two-dimensional detector panel.
USES OF VOLUME ACQUISITION CT SCAN is small tumours are not missed in between the slices and easy diagnosis of even small tumours